Len Small Information
|26th Governor of Illinois|
January 10, 1921 – January 14, 1929
|Lieutenant||Fred E. Sterling|
|Preceded by||Frank O. Lowden|
|Succeeded by||Louis L. Emmerson|
|33rd and 39th Treasurer of Illinois|
|Governor||Frank O. Lowden|
|Preceded by||Fred E. Sterling|
|Succeeded by||Andrew Russel|
|Governor||Charles S. Deneen|
|Preceded by||Fred A. Busse|
|Succeeded by||John F. Smulski|
|Member of the
from the 20th district
1902 – 1904
|Succeeded by||Edward C. Curtis|
|Member of the
from the 16th district
1900 – 1902
|Preceded by||Isaac Miller Hamilton|
|Born||June 16, 1862|
Kankakee County, Illinois, U.S.
|Died||May 17, 1936 (aged 73)|
Kankakee, Illinois, U.S.
|Alma mater||Valparaiso University|
Lennington "Len" Small (June 16, 1862 – May 17, 1936) was an American politician. He served as the 26th Governor of Illinois, from 1921 to 1929. He also served as a member of the Illinois state senate from the 16th District from 1901 to 1903 and was Illinois state treasurer, from 1905 to 1907, and from 1917 to 1919.
Small was born in Kankakee County, Illinois, and was educated in the public schools. He attended Northern Indiana Normal School, now Valparaiso University.  He taught school and invested in real estate, eventually owning a farm, a bank, and Kankakee's daily newspaper. In 1883, Small married Ida Moore, and they had three children together. 
Small was the Illinois Treasurer from 1905 to 1907, and again from 1917 to 1919. He was indicted, six months after becoming governor, for embezzling over a million dollars in a money-laundering scheme in which he misplaced state funds into a fake bank while he was state treasurer.  He served as the assistant U.S. Treasurer in charge of the sub treasury at Chicago from 1908 to 1912, and was a delegate to Republican National Convention from Illinois in 1908, 1912, and 1932.
As governor, Small pardoned 20 members of the Communist Labor Party of America, convicted under the Illinois Sedition Act. He also pardoned or paroled over 1000 convicted felons, including Harry Guzik, brother of the Chicago Outfit's Jake Guzik, of Posen, Illinois, who was convicted of kidnapping young girls and forcing them into lives of prostitution (then commonly called white slavery). 
In 1923, bootlegger Edward "Spike" O'Donnell of Southside Chicago O'Donnell was released from prison by Small. O'Donnell returned to Chicago as the leader of one of the most powerful bootlegging gangs in the city. 
Small's reputation for corruption finally caught up with him at the ballot box when he was defeated in the 1928 Republican " Pineapple Primary" by a margin of 63% to 37% against Louis Lincoln Emmerson, the incumbent Illinois Secretary of State. Small would make a failed run for governor in 1932.
Small died on May 17, 1936. He is buried at Mound Grove Cemetery in Kankakee, Illinois.
- "Illinois Governor Lennington Small". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 30, 2012.
- "Lennington Small". Find a Grave. Retrieved October 30, 2012.
- "Small, Lennington (1862-1936)". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved October 30, 2012.
- Ridings, Jim (2010). Chicago to Springfield: Crime and Politics in the 1920s. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing. p. 31.
- Benzkofer, Stephan (June 19, 2011). "Len Small: Perhaps the Dirtiest Illinois Governor of Them All". Chicago Tribune. Chicago: Tribune Co. Retrieved June 19, 2017.
- Hoffman, Dennis E. (2010). Scarface Al and the Crime Crusaders: Chicago's Private War Against Capone. Carbondale, IL: SIU Press. p. 129. ISBN 0809330040.
- Keefe, Rose (2003). Guns and Roses: The Untold Story of Dean O'Banion, Chicago's Big Shot Before Al Capone. Nashville, TN: Cumberland House Publishing. p. 149. ISBN 1581823789.
- Kobler, John. Capone. Da Capo Press of Perseus Books Group, New York. 2003. p. 79. ISBN 0306812851
- Ridings, Jim. Len Small: Governors and Gangsters. Side Show Books, Herscher IL. 2009. ISBN 0982408005
- Len Small at Find a Grave
- National Governors Association
- The Political Graveyard
- Genealogy Trails
- Illinois State Archives
Fred A. Busse
Treasurer of Illinois
John F. Smulski
Treasurer of Illinois
Fred E. Sterling
Frank O. Lowden
Governor of Illinois
Louis L. Emmerson