Lawrence County, Missouri Article

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Lawrence County, Missouri
Lawrence County MO Courthouse 20151022-120.jpg
Lawrence County Courthouse in Mt. Vernon
Map of Missouri highlighting Lawrence County
Location in the U.S. state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
FoundedFebruary 14, 1845
Named for James Lawrence
Seat Mount Vernon
Largest city Monett
Area
 • Total613 sq mi (1,588 km2)
 • Land612 sq mi (1,585 km2)
 • Water1.6 sq mi (4 km2), 0.3%
Population (est.)
 • ( 2015)38,180
 • Density63/sq mi (24/km2)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/ −5
Website www.lawrencecountymo.org

Lawrence County is a county located in the southwest portion of the U.S. state of Missouri, in the area of the Ozarks. As of the 2010 census, the population was 38,634. [1] Its county seat is Mount Vernon. [2] The county was organized in 1845 and named for James Lawrence, a naval officer from the War of 1812 known for his battle cry, "Don't give up the ship!" [3]

A previous Lawrence County, established in 1815 with its county seat at what is now Davidsonville Historic State Park in Arkansas, covered much of what is now southern Missouri and the northern third of Arkansas. When the Arkansas Territory was created from Missouri Territory in 1819, some of that earlier county became organized as Lawrence County, Arkansas. [4]

Just before that, in 1818, Missouri divided its part of the old Lawrence County into Wayne County and Madison County; with population increases, those counties were later divided into others, including the present Lawrence County.

History

Following the Reconstruction era, southwestern Missouri became increasingly hostile to African Americans, and whites attacked blacks in Lawrence and other counties, seeking to expel them from the region. An African-American man was lynched in Verona, Missouri on January 26, 1894; his name was not recorded. [5] On August 19, 1901, three men were lynched by a white mob in the county seat, Pierce City, in Lawrence County. The mob also burned down some black homes, and drove roughly 30 families, a total of 300 African Americans, out of the city altogether. Whites took over their properties and the African Americans were never compensated for losses. [6]

As a result of such incidents, many African Americans left Southwest Missouri in the early 20th century. [7] [8] The extrajudicial murders were part of a pattern of discrimination, repeated violence and intimidation of African Americans in southwest Missouri from 1894 to 1909. [7] Whites in Greene conducted a mass lynching of three African-Americans in 1906 in the courthhouse square. [8] [7]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 613 square miles (1,590 km2), of which 612 square miles (1,590 km2) is land and 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2) (0.3%) is water. [9]

Adjacent counties

Major highways

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18504,859
18608,84081.9%
187012,97746.8%
188017,58335.5%
189026,22849.2%
190031,66220.7%
191026,583−16.0%
192024,211−8.9%
193023,774−1.8%
194024,6373.6%
195023,420−4.9%
196023,260−0.7%
197024,5855.7%
198028,97317.8%
199030,2364.4%
200035,20416.4%
201038,6349.7%
Est. 201638,381 [10]−0.7%
U.S. Decennial Census [11]
1790-1960 [12] 1900-1990 [13]
1990-2000 [14] 2010-2015 [1]

As of the census [15] of 2000, there were 35,204 people, 13,568 households, and 9,728 families residing in the county. The population density was 57 people per square mile (22/km²). There were 14,789 housing units at an average density of 24 per square mile (9/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.68% White, 0.27% Black or African American, 0.76% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.67% from other races, and 1.37% from two or more races. Approximately 3.39% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 13,568 households out of which 33.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.90% were married couples living together, 9.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.30% were non-families. 24.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.20% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 26.90% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 15.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 97.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,239, and the median income for a family was $36,846. Males had a median income of $27,309 versus $18,990 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,399. About 11.00% of families and 14.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.50% of those under age 18 and 11.80% of those age 65 or over.

Education

Public schools

Private schools

Public libraries

  • Barry-Lawrence Regional Library [16]

Politics

Local

The Republican Party completely controls politics at the local level in Lawrence County. Republicans hold all elected positions in the county.

Lawrence County, Missouri
Elected countywide officials
Assessor Doug Bowerman Republican
Circuit Clerk Steven W. Kahre Republican
County Clerk Gary Emerson Republican
Collector Kelli McVey Republican
Commissioner
(Presiding)
Sam Goodman Republican
Commissioner
(District 1)
Joe Ruscha Republican
Commissioner
(District 2)
Rodney Barnes Republican
Coroner Scott Lakin Republican
Prosecuting Attorney Don Trotter Republican
Public Administrator Pam Fobair Republican
Recorder Pam Robertson Republican
Sheriff Brad DeLay Republican
Surveyor Aaron Austin Republican
Treasurer Kathy Fairchild Republican

State

Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 69.34% 11,565 26.87% 4,482 3.79% 632
2012 57.51% 9,022 39.91% 6,261 2.58% 405
2008 49.15% 8,118 47.94% 7,918 2.91% 482
2004 70.22% 11,069 28.55% 4,500 1.23% 194
2000 58.24% 7,447 39.93% 5,106 1.82% 233
1996 54.20% 6,695 42.13% 5,204 3.68% 454

Lawrence County is divided into two legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives, both of which are held by Republicans.

Missouri House of Representatives — District 157 — Lawrence County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Mike Moon 11,632 74.17% -1.94
Independent Stephanie Davis 4,050 25.83% +25.83
Missouri House of Representatives — District 157 — Lawrence County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Mike Moon 6,407 76.11% -23.89
Democratic Vince Jennings 2,011 23.89% +23.89
Missouri House of Representatives — District 157 — Lawrence County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Don Ruzicka 13,426 100.00%
  • District 158 — Scott Fitzpatrick (R- Shell Knob). Consists of a part of the southwest corner of the county, including about half of Pierce City.
Missouri House of Representatives — District 158 — Lawrence County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Scott Fitzpatrick 434 100.00%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 158 — Lawrence County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Scott Fitzpatrick 246 100.00% +16.55
Missouri House of Representatives — District 158 — Lawrence County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Scott Fitzpatrick 373 83.45%
Constitution Sue Beck 74 16.55%

All of Lawrence County is a part of Missouri’s 29th District in the Missouri Senate and is currently represented by David Sater (R- Cassville.

Missouri Senate — District 29 — Lawrence County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican David Sater 14,298 100.00%
Missouri Senate — District 29 — Lawrence County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican David Sater 13,580 100.00%

Federal

U.S. Senate — Missouri — Lawrence County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Roy Blunt 11,525 69.04% +14.46
Democratic Jason Kander 4,336 25.98% -11.41
Libertarian Jonathan Dine 440 2.64% -5.39
Green Johnathan McFarland 192 1.15% +1.15
Constitution Fred Ryman 199 1.19% +1.19
U.S. Senate — Missouri — Lawrence County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Todd Akin 8,510 54.58%
Democratic Claire McCaskill 5,830 37.39%
Libertarian Jonathan Dine 1,252 8.03%

All of Lawrence County is included in Missouri's 7th Congressional District and is currently represented by Billy Long (R- Springfield) in the U.S. House of Representatives.

U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 7th Congressional District — Lawrence County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Billy Long 11,622 70.77% +12.23
Democratic Genevieve Williams 3,813 23.22% -6.55
Libertarian Benjamin T. Brixey 987 6.01% -5.68
U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 7th Congressional District — Lawrence County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Billy Long 5,078 58.54% -6.22
Democratic Jim Evans 2,583 29.77% +1.17
Libertarian Kevin Craig 1,014 11.69% +5.05
U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri’s 7th Congressional District — Lawrence County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Billy Long 9,956 64.76%
Democratic Jim Evans 4,397 28.60%
Libertarian Kevin Craig 1,020 6.64%

Political culture

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [17]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 77.9% 13,089 17.3% 2,901 4.9% 821
2012 72.5% 11,421 25.5% 4,017 2.0% 317
2008 67.5% 11,263 30.6% 5,097 2.0% 325
2004 70.8% 11,194 28.5% 4,506 0.7% 106
2000 64.4% 8,305 32.8% 4,235 2.8% 363
1996 49.5% 6,099 36.2% 4,465 14.3% 1,768
1992 43.5% 5,608 36.2% 4,666 20.3% 2,617
1988 60.7% 6,911 39.0% 4,432 0.3% 36
1984 69.2% 8,370 30.8% 3,720
1980 61.7% 7,921 36.4% 4,670 2.0% 252
1976 51.9% 5,784 47.7% 5,315 0.3% 38
1972 73.0% 8,445 27.0% 3,130
1968 59.7% 6,834 32.4% 3,710 7.9% 898
1964 48.7% 6,047 51.4% 6,383
1960 65.2% 8,406 34.8% 4,483
1956 60.6% 7,372 39.4% 4,789
1952 65.3% 8,029 34.4% 4,232 0.3% 34
1948 53.6% 5,392 46.2% 4,649 0.2% 17
1944 63.8% 6,836 36.0% 3,859 0.3% 27
1940 57.9% 7,317 41.8% 5,279 0.4% 45
1936 49.7% 6,185 49.7% 6,184 0.6% 70
1932 38.6% 4,146 59.7% 6,411 1.6% 175
1928 63.2% 6,328 36.4% 3,646 0.4% 43
1924 49.4% 4,499 41.3% 3,768 9.3% 849
1920 61.3% 6,093 35.6% 3,532 3.1% 310
1916 50.8% 3,228 44.2% 2,809 4.9% 313
1912 23.4% 1,312 42.5% 2,384 34.2% 1,920
1908 50.9% 3,028 42.5% 2,532 6.6% 392
1904 52.6% 3,077 40.5% 2,372 6.9% 406
1900 50.4% 3,552 47.1% 3,313 2.5% 177
1896 46.5% 2,962 52.9% 3,369 0.7% 44
1892 44.4% 2,623 41.1% 2,428 14.4% 851
1888 47.5% 2,460 42.1% 2,181 10.5% 542

Missouri presidential preference primary (2008)

Voters in Lawrence County from both political parties supported candidates who finished in second place in the state at large and nationally.

  • Former Governor Mike Huckabee (R- Arkansas) received more votes, a total of 2,628, than any candidate from either party in Lawrence County during the 2008 presidential primary.
Lawrence County, Missouri
2008 Republican primary in Missouri
John McCain1,412 (26.19%)
Mike Huckabee2,628 (48.75%)
Mitt Romney1,022 (18.96%)
Ron Paul232 (4.30%)
Lawrence County, Missouri
2008 Democratic primary in Missouri
Hillary Clinton2,040 (61.58%)
Barack Obama1,155 (34.86%)
John Edwards (withdrawn)93 (2.81%)

Communities

Cities

Villages

Census-designated place

Other unincorporated places

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. Retrieved September 10, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 184.
  4. ^ "1815 city got off to fine start". Arkansas Democrat-Gazette (behind paywall). 1 November 2015. Retrieved 2 November 2015.
  5. ^ "Lynching in Missouri", Saline County, Missouri/MOGenWeb Project, 1996-2018; accessed 12 April 2018
  6. ^ "Pierce City: August 19th, 1901". oaahm.omeka.net. Ozarks Afro-American History Museum Online. Retrieved 2016-10-31.
  7. ^ a b c Kimberly Harper, White Man's Heaven: The Lynching and Expulsion of Blacks in the Southern Ozarks, 1894-1909, University of Arkansas Press, 2012
  8. ^ a b Lynching in America/ Supplement: Lynchings by County, 3rd edition, Montgomery, Alabama: Equal Justice Initiative, 2015, p. 7
  9. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 13, 2014. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  11. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
  12. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
  13. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
  14. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014.
  15. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  16. ^ Breeding, Marshall. "Barry-Lawrence Regional Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017.
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-25.

External links


LAWRENCE COUNTY MISSOURI Latitude and Longitude:

37°07′N 93°50′W / 37.11°N 93.83°W / 37.11; -93.83