Lawrence County, Illinois Article

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Lawrence County, Illinois
Lawrence County Courthouse in Lawrenceville.jpg
Lawrence County Courthouse in Lawrenceville
Map of Illinois highlighting Lawrence County
Location in the U.S. state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
Founded1821
Named for James Lawrence
Seat Lawrenceville
Largest cityLawrenceville
Area
 • Total374 sq mi (969 km2)
 • Land372 sq mi (963 km2)
 • Water2.0 sq mi (5 km2), 0.5%
Population
 • ( 2010)16,833
 • Density45/sq mi (17/km2)
Congressional district 15th
Time zone Eastern: UTC−5/ −4
Website www.lawrencecounty
illinois.com

Lawrence County is the easternmost county in the U.S. state of Illinois (excluding water boundaries). According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 16,833. [1] Its county seat is Lawrenceville. [2]

History

Lawrence County was formed in 1821 out of Crawford and Edwards counties. It was named for Captain James Lawrence, who was killed in action during the War of 1812 while commanding the frigate USS Chesapeake. [3] Mortally wounded, he gave his men the famous last order, "Don't give up the ship."

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 374 square miles (970 km2), of which 372 square miles (960 km2) is land and 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2) (0.5%) is water. [4]

Climate and weather

Lawrenceville, Illinois
Climate chart ( explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
2.6
 
 
36
18
 
 
2.5
 
 
42
22
 
 
3.6
 
 
53
32
 
 
4.3
 
 
65
42
 
 
5.1
 
 
75
52
 
 
4.1
 
 
84
61
 
 
4.7
 
 
88
65
 
 
3.7
 
 
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3.2
 
 
80
54
 
 
3.2
 
 
68
42
 
 
4.3
 
 
54
33
 
 
3.2
 
 
42
23
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel [5]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Lawrenceville have ranged from a low of 18 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 88 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −26 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 104 °F (40 °C) was recorded in June 1988. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.51 inches (64 mm) in February to 5.13 inches (130 mm) in May. [5]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18303,668
18407,09293.3%
18506,121−13.7%
18609,21450.5%
187012,53336.0%
188013,6639.0%
189014,6937.5%
190016,52312.5%
191022,66137.1%
192021,380−5.7%
193021,8852.4%
194021,075−3.7%
195020,539−2.5%
196018,540−9.7%
197017,522−5.5%
198017,8071.6%
199015,972−10.3%
200015,452−3.3%
201016,8338.9%
Est. 201616,377 [6]−2.7%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]
1790-1960 [8] 1900-1990 [9]
1990-2000 [10] 2010-2013 [1]
2000 census age pyramid for Lawrence County

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 16,833 people, 6,130 households, and 4,056 families residing in the county. [11] The population density was 45.2 inhabitants per square mile (17.5/km2). There were 6,936 housing units at an average density of 18.6 per square mile (7.2/km2). [4] The racial makeup of the county was 87.3% white, 9.6% black or African American, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.7% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.3% of the population. [11] In terms of ancestry, 12.7% were German, 10.4% were American, 9.5% were Irish, and 7.8% were English. [12]

Of the 6,130 households, 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.7% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.8% were non-families, and 30.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age was 39.7 years. [11]

The median income for a household in the county was $38,771 and the median income for a family was $45,565. Males had a median income of $40,949 versus $25,991 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,297. About 14.8% of families and 17.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.9% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over. [13]

Communities

Cities

Villages

Unincorporated towns

Townships

Nine townships make up Lawrence County. They are:

Politics

In its early days, Lawrence County was a Democratic-leaning swing county, voting Republican only twice up to 1892 when it supported Ulysses S. Grant in 1872 and Benjamin Harrison in 1888. It did not vote for a losing Republican candidate until Wendell Willkie carried the county in 1940 due to isolationist sentiment. Since that time, however, Lawrence County – like so many in Southern Illinois – has become powerfully Republican due to opposition to Democratic Party social liberalism. [14] The only Democrat to gain an absolute majority in the county since 1936 has been Lyndon Johnson in 1964, although Bill Clinton obtained pluralities in both 1992 and 1996.

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [15]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 74.6% 4,521 21.3% 1,290 4.1% 247
2012 64.4% 3,857 33.6% 2,011 2.0% 121
2008 51.9% 3,403 46.0% 3,016 2.1% 139
2004 61.9% 4,162 37.4% 2,518 0.7% 49
2000 54.6% 3,594 42.9% 2,822 2.5% 162
1996 40.2% 2,568 44.9% 2,871 14.9% 953
1992 35.8% 2,681 43.7% 3,270 20.5% 1,537
1988 53.6% 3,655 46.0% 3,140 0.4% 28
1984 61.4% 4,686 38.3% 2,924 0.4% 28
1980 56.7% 4,453 38.6% 3,030 4.8% 373
1976 51.5% 4,345 47.9% 4,044 0.6% 53
1972 65.4% 5,347 34.5% 2,818 0.2% 16
1968 54.6% 4,883 34.4% 3,075 11.1% 988
1964 44.9% 4,176 55.2% 5,136
1960 62.5% 6,120 37.4% 3,667 0.1% 13
1956 61.9% 6,104 38.0% 3,751 0.1% 7
1952 61.5% 6,207 38.4% 3,875 0.0% 4
1948 49.4% 4,472 48.5% 4,391 2.1% 194
1944 55.8% 5,191 43.0% 4,003 1.2% 111
1940 51.2% 6,061 47.5% 5,625 1.2% 147
1936 44.4% 5,060 54.1% 6,168 1.5% 170
1932 40.2% 4,194 58.4% 6,100 1.4% 147
1928 60.2% 5,851 39.1% 3,806 0.7% 69
1924 51.5% 4,607 45.9% 4,103 2.6% 235
1920 54.2% 4,720 42.5% 3,707 3.3% 287
1916 44.5% 4,481 50.1% 5,052 5.4% 543
1912 30.4% 1,617 47.9% 2,550 21.7% 1,153
1908 47.2% 2,197 48.4% 2,253 4.5% 209
1904 50.6% 1,969 44.0% 1,712 5.3% 207
1900 48.0% 1,961 49.5% 2,021 2.5% 101
1896 49.4% 1,972 48.8% 1,948 1.8% 71
1892 45.3% 1,523 46.8% 1,572 7.9% 267

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. Retrieved July 6, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 182.
  4. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12.
  5. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Lawrenceville, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 6, 2014.
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2014.
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12.
  12. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12.
  13. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-12.
  14. ^ Cohn, Nate; ‘Demographic Shift: Southern Whites’ Loyalty to G.O.P. Nearing That of Blacks to Democrats’, New York Times, April 24, 2014
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-11-09.

External links


LAWRENCE COUNTY ILLINOIS Latitude and Longitude:

38°43′N 87°44′W / 38.72°N 87.73°W / 38.72; -87.73