Lakeport Plantation Information
Lakeport Plantation, 2008
|Nearest city||Shives, Arkansas|
LAKEPORT PLANTATION Latitude and Longitude:
|Area||5 acres (2.0 ha)|
|Architectural style||Greek Revival|
|NRHP reference #||74000466 |
|Added to NRHP||November 20, 1974|
In the early 21st century, five acres of land remain associated with the mansion. Restored between 2003 and 2008, it is operated as a museum and Arkansas State University Heritage Site.
The plantation was established in 1831 by Joel Johnson, from a prominent planter family in Scott County, Kentucky. He developed it with slave labor as a cotton plantation. He died in 1846, leaving the plantation's ownership in legal dispute; his son Lycurgus Johnson acquired clear title in 1857.  By 1860, Johnson held more than 150 enslaved African Americans at Lakeport and his other Arkansas properties.
The plantation was highly profitable as cotton prices increased with European demand, though the Civil War took a toll on Johnson's fortunes. Confederate forces burned 158 bales of the plantation's cotton in 1862 to prevent its capture by Union forces. By 1864 tax records show the number of people enslaved at Lakeport had declined to 24, as many people left after the Emancipation Proclamation freed them. Some joined Union lines or gathered in contraband camps.
The end of the Civil War resulted in the emancipation of the remaining slaves. Within a few years, many of the freedmen worked for Johnson either as paid laborers or as sharecroppers, as other jobs were few in the agricultural delta. 
- List of plantations in the United States
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Chicot County, Arkansas
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- DeBlack, Thomas. "Lycurgus Leonidas Johnson (1818–1876)". The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
- Matthew D. Therrell and David W. Stahle, "Tree-Ring Dating of An Arkansas Antebellum Plantation House," Tree-Ring Research 68(2012): 59-67
- Thomas A. DeBlack, A Garden in the Wilderness: The Johnsons and the Making of Lakeport Plantation (Ph.D. dissertation, University of Arkansas, 1995).
- "NRHP nomination for Lakeport Plantation" (PDF). Arkansas Preservation. Retrieved 2014-04-14.
- "Lakeport Plantation timeline". Lakeport Plantation. Arkansas Heritage Sites, Arkansas State University. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
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