Lakeport Plantation Information

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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lakeport_Plantation

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Lakeport Plantation
Lakeport Plantation, Lake Village, Chicot County, Arkansas.jpg
Lakeport Plantation, 2008
Lakeport Plantation is located in Arkansas
Lakeport Plantation
Lakeport Plantation is located in the United States
Lakeport Plantation
Nearest city Shives, Arkansas
Coordinates 33°15′24″N 91°9′19″W / 33.25667°N 91.15528°W / 33.25667; -91.15528
LAKEPORT PLANTATION Latitude and Longitude:

33°15′24″N 91°9′19″W / 33.25667°N 91.15528°W / 33.25667; -91.15528
Area5 acres (2.0 ha)
Builtca. 1859
Architectural styleGreek Revival
NRHP reference # 74000466 [1]
Added to NRHPNovember 20, 1974

Lakeport Plantation is a historic antebellum plantation house near Lake Village, Arkansas. It is on the west side of the Mississippi River and across from Greenville, Mississippi.

In the early 21st century, five acres of land remain associated with the mansion. Restored between 2003 and 2008, it is operated as a museum and Arkansas State University Heritage Site.

History

The plantation was established in 1831 by Joel Johnson, from a prominent planter family in Scott County, Kentucky. He developed it with slave labor as a cotton plantation. He died in 1846, leaving the plantation's ownership in legal dispute; his son Lycurgus Johnson acquired clear title in 1857. [2] By 1860, Johnson held more than 150 enslaved African Americans at Lakeport and his other Arkansas properties.

The plantation's mansion was built circa 1859 for Lycurgus Johnson. [3] [4] It was designed in the Greek Revival architectural style. [5]

The plantation was highly profitable as cotton prices increased with European demand, though the Civil War took a toll on Johnson's fortunes. Confederate forces burned 158 bales of the plantation's cotton in 1862 to prevent its capture by Union forces. By 1864 tax records show the number of people enslaved at Lakeport had declined to 24, as many people left after the Emancipation Proclamation freed them. Some joined Union lines or gathered in contraband camps.

The end of the Civil War resulted in the emancipation of the remaining slaves. Within a few years, many of the freedmen worked for Johnson either as paid laborers or as sharecroppers, as other jobs were few in the agricultural delta. [6]

See also

References

  1. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  2. ^ DeBlack, Thomas. "Lycurgus Leonidas Johnson (1818–1876)". The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture. Retrieved 20 February 2019.
  3. ^ Matthew D. Therrell and David W. Stahle, "Tree-Ring Dating of An Arkansas Antebellum Plantation House," Tree-Ring Research 68(2012): 59-67
  4. ^ Thomas A. DeBlack, A Garden in the Wilderness: The Johnsons and the Making of Lakeport Plantation (Ph.D. dissertation, University of Arkansas, 1995).
  5. ^ "NRHP nomination for Lakeport Plantation" (PDF). Arkansas Preservation. Retrieved 2014-04-14.
  6. ^ "Lakeport Plantation timeline". Lakeport Plantation. Arkansas Heritage Sites, Arkansas State University. Retrieved 20 February 2019.

External links