Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania Article

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Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania
Lackawanna County Courthouse 008.jpg
Map of Pennsylvania highlighting Lackawanna County
Location in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania
Map of the United States highlighting Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location in the U.S.
FoundedAugust 13, 1878
Named for Lackawanna River [1]
Seat Scranton
Largest cityScranton
Area
 • Total465 sq mi (1,204 km2)
 • Land459 sq mi (1,189 km2)
 • Water5.8 sq mi (15 km2), 1.3%
Population (est.)
 • ( 2017)210,761
 • Density462/sq mi (178/km2)
Congressional districts 10th, 17th
Time zone Eastern: UTC−5/ −4
Website www.lackawannacounty.org

Lackawanna County is a county in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 214,437. [2] Its county seat and largest city is Scranton. [3]

The county was created on August 13, 1878, following decades of trying to gain its independence from Luzerne County. (The courts were organized in October 1878.) [4] It is Pennsylvania's last county to be created. It is named for the Lackawanna River. [1]

Lackawanna County is included in the Scranton– Wilkes-BarreHazleton, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area ("Wyoming Valley"). It is the second-largest county within the metropolitan area. It lies northwest of the Pocono Mountains. Lackawanna County is located approximately 40 miles from the New Jersey border in Montague, New Jersey, and also located approximately 33 miles from upstate New York in Windsor, New York.

History

A map of Pennsylvania counties in 1836. At the time, Lackawanna County was still part of Luzerne County.

Lackawanna County is a region that was developed for iron production and anthracite coal mining in the nineteenth century, with its peak of coal production reached in the mid-20th century. Scranton, then still part of Luzerne County, became a center of mining and industry. It was the site of the Lackawanna Iron and Coal Company, which later began to produce steel using the Bessemer process. In 1877 at the time of the Scranton General Strike, the company was managed by William Walker Scranton, whose father had been president until his death in 1872. Two of his cousins had been founders of the company and the city.

The county was created on August 13, 1878, following decades of trying to gain its independence from Luzerne County. (The courts were organized in October 1878.) [4] It is Pennsylvania's last county to be created. It is named for the Lackawanna River. [1]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 465 square miles (1,200 km2), of which 459 square miles (1,190 km2) is land and 5.8 square miles (15 km2) (1.3%) is water. [5]

Adjacent counties

Major Highways

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
188089,269
1890142,08859.2%
1900193,83136.4%
1910259,57033.9%
1920286,31110.3%
1930310,3978.4%
1940301,243−2.9%
1950257,396−14.6%
1960234,531−8.9%
1970234,107−0.2%
1980227,908−2.6%
1990219,039−3.9%
2000213,295−2.6%
2010214,4370.5%
Est. 2017210,761 [6]−1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]
1790-1960 [8] 1900-1990 [9]
1990-2000 [10] 2010-2017 [2]

As of the 2010 census, there were 214,437 people residing in the county. 92.0% were White, 2.5% Black or African American, 1.7% Asian, 0.2% Native American, 2.0% of some other race and 1.5% of two or more races. 5.0% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 20.1% identified as of Italian, 19.9% Irish, 13.0% Polish and 11.4% German ancestry. [11]

As of the census [12] of 2000, there were 213,295 people, 86,218 households, and 55,783 families residing in the county. The population density was 465 people per square mile (180/km²). There were 95,362 housing units at an average density of 208 per square mile (80/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.65% White, 1.31% Black or African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.75% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, and 0.66% from two or more races. 1.39% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 22.5% were of Italian, 21.2% Irish, 15.4% Polish and 10.2% German ancestry.

There were 86,218 households out of which 27.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 11.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.3% were non-families; 31.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county, the population was spread out with 21.8% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 19.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.40 males.

County poverty demographics

According to research by The Center for Rural Pennsylvania, which is a legislative agency of the Pennsylvania General Assembly, the poverty rate for County was 15.4% in 2014. [13] The statewide poverty rate was 13.6% in 2014. The 2012 childhood poverty rate by school district was: Abington Heights School District - 15.5% living at 185% or below than the Federal Poverty Level; Carbondale Area School District - 64.7%; Dunmore School District - 33.8%; Lakeland School District - 29.2%; Mid Valley School District - 49.2%; North Pocono School District - 31.3%; Old Forge School District - 41.7%; Riverside School District - 43.4%; Scranton School District - 63.7%; and Valley View School District - 29.4%. [14]

Birth rate

According to the Pennsylvania Department of Health, Lackawanna County's live birth rate was 2,664 births in 1990. The County's live birth rate in 2000 was 2,148 births, while in 2011 it had declined to 2,200 babies. [15] Over the past 50 years (1960 to 2010), rural Pennsylvania saw a steady decline in both the number and proportion of residents under 18 years old. In 1960, 1.06 million rural residents, or 35 percent of the rural population, were children.

Politics and government

Presidential elections results
Presidential election results [16]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 46.3% 48,384 49.8% 51,983 3.9% 4,037
2012 35.7% 35,085 62.9% 61,838 1.5% 1,428
2008 36.4% 39,488 62.2% 67,520 1.4% 1,531
2004 42.3% 44,766 56.3% 59,573 1.4% 1,480
2000 36.4% 35,096 59.6% 57,471 4.0% 3,814
1996 32.6% 26,930 56.1% 46,377 11.3% 9,374
1992 35.2% 33,443 47.4% 45,054 17.4% 16,471
1988 47.4% 42,083 51.4% 45,591 1.2% 1,067
1984 50.6% 48,132 48.2% 45,851 1.3% 1,202
1980 46.4% 44,242 47.4% 45,257 6.2% 5,948
1976 42.2% 43,354 56.1% 57,685 1.7% 1,758
1972 56.1% 58,838 43.4% 45,465 0.5% 566
1968 38.8% 44,388 58.0% 66,297 3.2% 3,706
1964 26.2% 31,272 73.7% 88,131 0.1% 137
1960 38.3% 49,636 61.7% 80,098 0.0% 49
1956 53.6% 64,386 46.4% 55,741 0.1% 79
1952 48.7% 61,644 51.2% 64,926 0.1% 147
1948 41.4% 46,283 57.7% 64,495 0.9% 971
1944 44.3% 47,261 55.5% 59,190 0.1% 127
1940 43.4% 54,931 56.3% 71,343 0.3% 411
1936 38.3% 51,186 60.2% 80,585 1.5% 2,030
1932 45.2% 34,632 53.3% 40,793 1.5% 1,135
1928 46.9% 46,510 53.1% 52,665 0.1% 94
1924 60.4% 37,708 27.0% 16,859 12.6% 7,834
1920 60.6% 40,593 36.7% 24,581 2.8% 1,866
1916 50.8% 17,658 45.3% 15,727 4.0% 1,373
1912 11.6% 3,799 37.8% 12,423 50.7% 16,661
1908 53.4% 18,590 44.4% 15,451 2.2% 747
1904 64.5% 19,923 32.6% 10,068 2.8% 876
1900 51.6% 16,763 45.3% 14,728 3.1% 1,019
1896 59.3% 18,737 37.6% 11,869 3.2% 999
1892 48.4% 10,729 46.7% 10,351 5.0% 1,098
1888 48.5% 10,279 46.5% 9,858 5.0% 1,058
Statue of George Washington (dedicated July 4, 1893) at Lackawanna County Courthouse

As of November 2010, there are 146,383 registered voters in Lackawanna County. [17]

  • Democratic: 96,471 (65.9%)
  • Republican: 38,297 (26.2%)
  • Other parties and independents: 11,615 (7.9%)

The Democratic Party has been historically dominant in county-level politics since the rise of new immigrant populations and their descendants since the mid-19th century. Most of the county is part of Pennsylvania's 17th congressional district Some of the more rural portions are part of Pennsylvania's 10th congressional district.

On the state and national levels, Lackawanna County leans toward the Democratic Party. It has only gone for the Republican candidate three times since 1928: in the national Republican landslides of 1956, 1972, and 1984.

In 2000 Democrat Al Gore won 60% of the vote and Republican George W. Bush won 36%. [18] In 2004 Democrat John Kerry received 56% of the vote and Bush received 42%. [19] In 2006, Democrats Governor Ed Rendell and Senator Bob Casey, Jr., won 70% and 73% of the vote in Lackawanna County, respectively. [20] In 2008 three of four Democrats running statewide carried the county, with Barack Obama receiving 63% of the county vote to 37% for John McCain. [21] In 2016 the county swung dramatically and unexpectedly against the Democrats, with Hillary Clinton becoming the first Democrat to receive less than 50% of the vote in the county since Bill Clinton in 1992.

County commissioners

Patrick M. O'Malley, Democrat

Jerry Notarianni, Democrat

Laureen A. Cummings, Republican

Other county offices

  • Clerk of Judicial Records – Mauri B. Kelly, Democrat
  • Controller – Gary DiBileo, Democrat
  • Coroner – Timothy Rowland, Democrat
  • District Attorney – Mark Powell, Democrat
  • Recorder of Deeds – Evie Rafalko-McNulty, Democrat
  • Register of Wills – Frances Kovaleski, Democrat
  • Sheriff – Mark McAndrew, Democrat
  • Treasurer – Edward Karpovich, Democrat

State representatives

  • Kevin Haggerty, Democrat ( 112th district) - Clifton, Covington, Elmhurst, Madison, Roaring Brook, and Thornhurst Townships; Dunmore and Moscow Boroughs; and Scranton City (eastern two-thirds)
  • Marty Flynn, Democrat ( 113th district) - South Abington Township; Clarks Green, Moosic (partially), Taylor (partially), and Throop Boroughs; and Scranton City (western third)
  • Sid Michaels Kavulich Democrat, ( 114th district) - Fell, Glenburn, Greenfield, Newton, North Abington, Ransom, Scott, and Waverly Townships; Clarks Summit, Moosic, Old Forge, Taylor, and Vandling Boroughs; Carbondale City and Dickson City
  • Karen Boback, Republican ( 117th district) - Benton, La Plume, and West Abington Townships; and Dalton Borough
  • Mike Carroll, Democrat ( 118th district)

State senator

United States representatives

United States senator

Marcellus shale impact fee

Act 13 of 2012, [22] which levied a Marcellus Shale Impact Fee, was signed into law by Governor Tom Corbett on February 14, 2012. The bill provides for the imposition of an unconventional well fee by county (or alternatively municipalities compelling the imposition of an unconventional well fee). A county may impose the fee if unconventional gas wells are located within its borders and it passes an ordinance within 60 days of the effective date of Act 13. A county that did not pass an ordinance imposing a fee is prohibited from receiving funds. This prohibition remains in effect until a county passes an ordinance imposing a fee. [23] [24] In 2014, Lacakawanna County received an impact fee disbursement of $205,082.23 even though there are no wells in the County. The top county recipient was Washington County which received $6,512,570.65 in 2014. [25]

  • 2013 - 1 shale well, impact fee revenues to Lackawanna County - $211,525.71 [26]

Education

Lackawanna County Workforce investment Board - Scranton

Colleges and universities

Map of Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania School Districts

Public school districts

Charter schools

Public vocational technology schools

  • Career Technology Center of Lackawanna County

Intermediate unit

Northeastern Educational Intermediate Unit #19 (NEIU19) provides a wide variety of specialized services to public and private schools. It serves the school communities of Lackawanna County, Wayne County, and Susquehanna County. NEIU19 is governed by a board of appointed officials one from the elected school board of each member public school district. Among the serves are: professional development programs for school employees, background/criminal screening of public school employment applicants, technology support to the schools, and special education services. The Intermediate Unit coordinates and supervises the Special Education transportation.

Diocesan schools

The county is also served by the Diocese of Scranton. The Diocese of Scranton operates four regional systems of diocesan schools, which were established after the area received hundreds of thousands of Catholic immigrants. The Holy Cross School System serves Lackawanna County, and is currently composed of seven elementary centers and one secondary center. The Holy Cross System is the second-largest of the four systems, and Holy Cross High School is the only diocesan high school operating a capacity. The Holy Cross System is the result of diocese-wide consolidations made in 2007 in response to decades of declining enrollment as population declined in the area.

As recently as 2000, Lackawanna County was home to four Catholic high schools and nearly fifteen elementary schools. While the current configuration of sites and schools educates a fraction of the students once enrolled in Catholic schools in Lackawanna County, vast improvements have been made to the curriculum. Millions of dollars of capital gains have been invested in the buildings and technologies of the schools. As part of the ongoing effort to stabilize enrollment and offer a sustainable school system which is "spiritually sound and academically excellent", the Holy Cross System is embarking on a more aggressive advertising campaign to promote Catholic education and establish stronger and more diverse programs at the elementary level.

Sacred Heart Elementary in Carbondale and Marian Catholic Elementary in Scranton were closed in 2011 and were incorporated into LaSalle Academy and All Saint's Academy, respectively. This cut the costs of sustaining two faculties and buildings which collectively operated at less than 50% capacity. It bolstered the enrollments of the hubs of elementary education.

  • Holy Cross High School, Dunmore
  • Our Lady of Peace Elementary, Clarks Green
  • St. Mary of Mount Carmel Elementary, Dunmore
  • LaSalle Academy, Dickson City and Jessup
  • All Saints Academy, Scranton
  • St. Clare/St. Paul Elementary, Scranton

Private schools

As reported by the Pennsylvania Department of Education: [27]

  • Abington Christian School, Clarks Green, GR PreK-8 (Affiliated with the Assemblies of God)
  • Bais Yaakov of Scranton, GR 9-12 (All girls Jewish school)
  • DePaul School for Dyslexia, Scranton [28]
  • Friendship House
  • Geneva Christian School, Olyphant, GR PreK-8
  • Giant Steps Child Development Center – Carbondale
  • Kinder Kampus Preparatory Preschool, Archbald, PreK
  • Little People Daycare School, Scranton, GR PreK-KG
  • Lourdesmont School, Scranton, Special Education (Roman Catholic)
  • Lutheran Academy – Scranton, GR PreK-6
  • Marywood – Tony Damiano Early Childhood Center, Scranton, GR PreK-KG
  • Milton Eisner Yeshiva High School, Scranton, GR 9-12 (All boys Jewish school)
  • Montessori Kindergarten, Scranton, GR PreK-KG
  • New Story, Throop, Special Education
  • NHS Autism School, Scranton, Special Education
  • Northeast Child Care Services – Archbald
  • Pocono Mountain Bible Conference – Gouldsboro
  • Revival Baptist Christian School, Scranton, GR K-12
  • Scranton Hebrew Day School, Scranton, GR K-8
  • Scranton Preparatory School, Scranton, GR 9-12 (Affiliated with the Society of Jesus)
  • St. Gregory's Early Childhood Center, Clarks Green, GR PreK-KG
  • St. Stanislaus Elementary School, Scranton, GR K-8 ( Polish National Catholic Church)
  • Summit Christian Academy, South Abington Township, PreK-12
  • Triboro Christian Academy, Old Forge, K-12, It participates in the state's Pennsylvania System of School Assessment (PSSA) annual testing

Libraries

Abington Community Library
  • Abington Community Library – Clarks Summit
  • Carbondale Public Library – Carbondale
  • Children's Library – Scranton
  • Dalton Community Library – Dalton
  • Nancy Kay Holmes Branch – Scranton
  • North Pocono Public Library – Moscow
  • Scranton Public Library – Scranton
  • Taylor Community Library – Taylor
  • Valley Community Library – Peckville
  • Waverly Memorial Library – Waverly

Recreation

Communities

Political map of Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania, with townships, boroughs, cities and census-designated places labeled. Townships are colored white and boroughs, cities, and CDPs are colored various shades of orange.
Map of Lackawanna County with municipalities and CDPs labeled.
Scenery in Lackawanna County

Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and one town. The following cities, boroughs and townships are located in Lackawanna County:

Cities

Boroughs

Townships

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Lackawanna County. [30]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)

1 Scranton City 76,089
2 Dunmore Borough 14,057
3 Carbondale City 8,891
4 Old Forge Borough 8,313
5 Archbald Borough 6,984
6 Blakely Borough 6,564
7 Taylor Borough 6,263
8 Dickson City Borough 6,070
9 Moosic Borough 5,719
10 Olyphant Borough 5,151
11 Clarks Summit Borough 5,116
12 Jessup Borough 4,676
13 Throop Borough 4,088
14 Jermyn Borough 2,169
15 Chinchilla CDP 2,098
16 Moscow Borough 2,026
17 Mayfield Borough 1,807
18 Mount Cobb CDP 1,799
19 Clarks Green Borough 1,476
20 Simpson CDP 1,275
21 Big Bass Lake (partially in Wayne County) CDP 1,270
22 Dalton Borough 1,234
23 Glenburn CDP 953
24 Vandling Borough 751
25 Waverly CDP 604
26 Eagle Lake CDP 12

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c David Craft (1891). History of Scranton, Penn: With Full Outline of the Natural Advantages, Accounts of the Indian Tribes, Early Settlements, Connecticut's Claim to the Wyoming Valley, the Trenton Decree, Down to the Present Time. H. W. Crew. pp. 18–. Retrieved March 19, 2013.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. Retrieved November 17, 2013.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ a b Henry C. Bradsby, History of Luzerne County, Pennsylvania, Volume 1, 1893, Pages 232-233
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 8, 2015.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved October 11, 2018.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 8, 2015.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 8, 2015.
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 24, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 8, 2015.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 8, 2015.
  11. ^ ""American FactFinder"". Factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved 2018-04-03.
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  13. ^ US Census Bureau (2015). "Poverty Rates by County Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates".
  14. ^ Pennsylvania Budget and Policy Center (2012). "Student Poverty Concentration 2012".
  15. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Health, Birth Age County Reports 1990, 2000 and 2011, 2011
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org.
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 26, 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-03.
  18. ^ "Commonwealth of PA – Elections Information". Archived from the original on 2008-11-27. Retrieved 2009-03-10.
  19. ^ "Commonwealth of PA – Elections Information". Archived from the original on 2008-11-27. Retrieved 2009-03-10.
  20. ^ "Commonwealth of PA – Elections Information". Archived from the original on 2008-05-29. Retrieved 2009-03-10.
  21. ^ "Commonwealth of PA – Elections Information". Archived from the original on 2009-02-21. Retrieved 2009-03-10.
  22. ^ Pennsylvania House of Representatives (February 8, 2012). "HB1950 of Session 2011 OIL AND GAS (58 PA.C.S.) - OMNIBUS AMENDMENTS".
  23. ^ Pennsylvania General Assembly, Act 13 of 2012, February 14, 2012.
  24. ^ Pennsylvania Utility Commission (2012). "Act 13 (Impact Fee)".
  25. ^ Pennsylvania Utility Commission (2015). "Disbursements and Impact Fees 2014".
  26. ^ Pennsylvania Utility Commission (2013). "Lackawanna County Total distribution for year 2013".
  27. ^ PDE. "Education Names & Addresses".
  28. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-08-06. Retrieved 2012-09-26.
  29. ^ "GNIS Account Login". geonames.usgs.gov.
  30. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-12-21. Retrieved 2013-02-10.

Further reading

  • Aileen Sallom Freeman and Jack McDonough, Lackawanna County: An Illustrated History. Montgomery, AL: Community Communications, 2000.
  • Thomas F. Murphy, Jubilee History: Commemorative of the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Creation of Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania: Story of Interesting Events from Indian Occupancy of Valley, Connecticut Settlement, Organization of Luzerne County, Start of Anthracite Industry, and Forty Years Effort to Establish Lackawanna County Topeka, KS: Historical Publishing Co., 1928.
  • Portrait and Biographical Record of Lackawanna County, Pennsylvania. New York: Chapman Publishing Co., 1897.

External links


LACKAWANNA COUNTY PENNSYLVANIA Latitude and Longitude:

41°26′N 75°37′W / 41.44°N 75.61°W / 41.44; -75.61