Kearny County, Kansas Article

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Kearny County, Kansas
County
Kearny County, Kansas courthouse from SE 1.JPG
Kearny County courthouse in Lakin
Map of Kansas highlighting Kearny County
Location in the U.S. state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
FoundedMarch 20, 1873
Named for Philip Kearny
Seat Lakin
Largest cityLakin
Area
 • Total871 sq mi (2,256 km2)
 • Land871 sq mi (2,256 km2)
 • Water0.4 sq mi (1 km2), 0.05%
Population (est.)
 • ( 2016)3,917
 • Density4.6/sq mi (1.8/km2)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC−6/ −5
Website KearnyCountyKansas.com

Kearny County (county code KE) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 3,977. [1] Its county seat and most populous city is Lakin. [2] The county is named in honor of General Philip Kearny.

History

The original Kearney County was established on March 6, 1873 and was dissolved in 1883, with the land area being split between Hamilton and Finney counties. It was reestablished with its original borders in 1887, and organized on March 27, 1888. The county is named in honor of Philip Kearny, [3] a U.S. Army officer in the Mexican–American War and a Union army general in the American Civil War. In 1889, the name was corrected to Kearny County. [4]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 871 square miles (2,260 km2), of which 871 square miles (2,260 km2) is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2) (0.05%) is water. [5]

Major highways

Time zones

The west half of Kearny County observed Mountain Standard Time until October 28, 1990, when the Kansas Department of Transportation moved the entire county into the Central Time Zone, which 100 of the state's other 104 counties observe. Only four counties (Hamilton, Greeley, Wallace, and Sherman), all of which border Colorado, observe Mountain Time. [6]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880159
18901,571888.1%
19001,107−29.5%
19103,206189.6%
19202,617−18.4%
19303,19622.1%
19402,525−21.0%
19503,49238.3%
19603,108−11.0%
19703,047−2.0%
19803,43512.7%
19904,02717.2%
20004,53112.5%
20103,977−12.2%
Est. 20163,917 [7]−1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census [8]
1790-1960 [9] 1900-1990 [10]
1990-2000 [11] 2010-2016 [1]

Kearny County is included in the Garden City, KS Micropolitan Statistical Area.

As of the 2000 census, [12] there were 4,531 people, 1,542 households, and 1,199 families residing in the county. The population density was 5 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 1,657 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 80.34% White, 0.55% Black or African American, 0.86% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 15.71% from other races, and 2.14% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 26.55% of the population.

There were 1,542 households out of which 43.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.10% were married couples living together, 8.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.20% were non-families. 20.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.35.

In the county, the population was spread out with 34.30% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 27.10% from 25 to 44, 19.20% from 45 to 64, and 11.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 104.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $40,149, and the median income for a family was $43,703. Males had a median income of $30,117 versus $20,179 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,708. About 8.40% of families and 11.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.90% of those under age 18 and 4.80% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Presidential elections

Presidential Elections Results
Presidential Elections Results [13]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 81.7% 1,075 13.2% 174 5.1% 67
2012 79.2% 1,097 19.3% 268 1.5% 21
2008 78.2% 1,159 20.9% 309 0.9% 14
2004 80.9% 1,177 18.7% 272 0.4% 6
2000 75.5% 1,084 22.3% 320 2.2% 31
1996 70.1% 1,041 22.5% 335 7.4% 110
1992 55.2% 943 22.5% 384 22.4% 382
1988 66.0% 1,073 32.3% 524 1.7% 28
1984 78.4% 1,214 20.7% 321 0.8% 13
1980 66.4% 924 26.9% 375 6.7% 93
1976 49.0% 674 47.8% 658 3.3% 45
1972 70.9% 876 26.3% 325 2.8% 35
1968 58.0% 721 34.0% 423 8.0% 99
1964 42.8% 563 56.1% 737 1.1% 15
1960 62.1% 846 37.7% 513 0.2% 3
1956 67.0% 854 32.8% 418 0.2% 3
1952 72.8% 1,012 26.0% 362 1.2% 16
1948 54.4% 676 43.6% 541 2.0% 25
1944 62.5% 612 37.2% 365 0.3% 3
1940 58.0% 721 41.8% 519 0.2% 3
1936 44.6% 586 54.5% 716 0.8% 11
1932 38.9% 529 56.7% 771 4.3% 59
1928 77.2% 854 20.7% 229 2.1% 23
1924 57.6% 635 18.0% 199 24.4% 269
1920 63.7% 617 27.5% 266 8.8% 85
1916 45.3% 538 41.3% 490 13.5% 160
1912 17.0% 113 35.5% 236 47.4% 315 [a]
1908 56.6% 435 39.6% 304 3.8% 29
1904 70.7% 234 28.4% 94 0.9% 3
1900 53.8% 164 44.9% 137 1.3% 4
1896 49.4% 172 50.3% 175 0.3% 1
1892 60.8% 219 39.2% 141
1888 59.4% 367 40.1% 248 0.5% 3

Laws

Following amendment to the Kansas Constitution in 1986, the county remained a prohibition, or "dry", county until 1988, when voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30 percent food sales requirement. [14]

Education

Unified school districts

Communities

2005 KDOT Map of Kearny County ( map legend)

Cities

Townships

Kearny County is divided into seven townships. None of the cities within the county are considered governmentally independent, and all figures for the townships include those of the cities. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Deerfield 17250 Deerfield 1,104 9 (24) 120 (46) 1 (0) 0.66% 38°0′30″N 101°8′55″W / 38.00833°N 101.14861°W / 38.00833; -101.14861
East Hibbard 19550 131 0 (1) 403 (156) 0 (0) 0% 38°9′19″N 101°12′14″W / 38.15528°N 101.20389°W / 38.15528; -101.20389
Hartland 30500 128 0 (1) 388 (150) 0 (0) 0.03% 38°0′44″N 101°24′49″W / 38.01222°N 101.41361°W / 38.01222; -101.41361
Kendall 36450 157 0 (1) 494 (191) 0 (0) 0% 37°46′56″N 101°18′32″W / 37.78222°N 101.30889°W / 37.78222; -101.30889
Lakin 38200 Lakin 2,587 16 (41) 164 (63) 0 (0) 0.04% 37°57′16″N 101°15′45″W / 37.95444°N 101.26250°W / 37.95444; -101.26250
Southside 67025 359 1 (3) 286 (110) 0 (0) 0.06% 37°55′9″N 101°12′12″W / 37.91917°N 101.20333°W / 37.91917; -101.20333
West Hibbard 77050 65 0 (0) 402 (155) 0 (0) 0% 38°10′10″N 101°25′23″W / 38.16944°N 101.42306°W / 38.16944; -101.42306
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. Archived from the original on 2002-08-02.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. Retrieved July 26, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 172.
  4. ^ Hicks, Virginia Pierce (February 1938). "Sketches of Early Days in Kearny County". Kansas Historical Quarterly. VII (1): 54–80. Retrieved 2007-01-04.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. ^ https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/politics/1990/08/11/time-definitely-changing-for-kansas-county/e40bccbb-541d-40ac-9e9b-90cdd10f04fc/
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved July 26, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 26, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 26, 2014.
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  13. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  14. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Archived from the original on 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2007-12-26.
Notes
  1. ^ This total comprises 232 votes (34.9%) for Progressive Theodore Roosevelt and 83 votes (12.5%) for Socialist Eugene V. Debs.

Further reading

External links

County
Maps


KEARNY COUNTY KANSAS Latitude and Longitude:

37°59′N 101°19′W / 37.983°N 101.317°W / 37.983; -101.317