Juneau County, Wisconsin Article

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Juneau County, Wisconsin
JuneauCountyCourthouse.JPG
Juneau County Courthouse
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Juneau County
Location in the U.S. state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location in the U.S.
43°55′N 90°07′W / 43.92°N 90.11°W / 43.92; -90.11
JUNEAU COUNTY WISCONSIN Latitude and Longitude:

43°55′N 90°07′W / 43.92°N 90.11°W / 43.92; -90.11
Founded1857
Seat Mauston
Largest cityMauston
Area
 • Total804 sq mi (2,082 km2)
 • Land767 sq mi (1,987 km2)
 • Water37 sq mi (96 km2), 4.6%
Population
 • ( 2010)26,664
 • Density35/sq mi (14/km2)
Congressional districts 3rd, 7th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/ −5
Website www.co.juneau.wi.gov

Juneau County is a county located in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 26,664. [1] Its county seat is Mauston. [2]

History

Thunderbird petroglyph at Twin Bluff

Before white settlement, before loggers and explorers, the area that is now Juneau County was the home of Native Americans who left behind artifacts like the thunderbirds etched on the wall at Twin Bluffs [3] and the Gee's Slough mounds outside New Lisbon. [4]

Juneau County was established in 1857 when the State of Wisconsin passed legislation separating lands west of the Wisconsin River from what was then Adams County. [5] After a contest with neighboring New Lisbon, the county seat was established in Maugh's Town, which is known today as Mauston. The county was named after Solomon Juneau, a founder of Milwaukee. [6] [7]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 804 square miles (2,080 km2), of which 767 square miles (1,990 km2) is land and 37 square miles (96 km2) (4.6%) is water. [8]

Major highways

Airports

Adjacent counties

National protected area

United States Military Posts

Demographics

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Juneau County
Historical population
Census Pop.
18608,770
187012,37241.1%
188015,58225.9%
189017,1219.9%
190020,62920.5%
191019,569−5.1%
192019,209−1.8%
193017,264−10.1%
194018,7088.4%
195018,9301.2%
196017,490−7.6%
197018,4555.5%
198021,03914.0%
199021,6502.9%
200024,31612.3%
201026,6649.7%
Est. 201626,274 [9]−1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census [10]
1790–1960 [11] 1900–1990 [12]
1990–2000 [13] 2010–2014 [1]

As of the census [14] of 2000, there were 24,316 people, 9,696 households, and 6,699 families residing in the county. The population density was 32 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 12,370 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.61% White, 0.33% Black or African American, 1.30% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.57% from other races, and 0.74% from two or more races. 1.43% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 41.2% were of German, 9.9% Irish, 8.8% Norwegian, 6.5% Polish and 5.8% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 9,696 households out of which 30.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.5% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.9% were non-families. 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 26.6% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 100.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.4 males.

Communities

10 sided barn south of Mauston
Welcome sign on WIS 173

Cities

Villages

Towns

Unincorporated communities

Politics

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [15]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 60.8% 7,130 34.7% 4,073 4.5% 532
2012 45.8% 5,411 52.8% 6,242 1.5% 174
2008 44.7% 5,148 53.7% 6,186 1.7% 196
2004 52.3% 6,473 46.3% 5,734 1.4% 172
2000 48.1% 4,910 47.1% 4,813 4.9% 495
1996 35.1% 3,226 47.2% 4,331 17.7% 1,625
1992 36.9% 4,051 38.0% 4,177 25.2% 2,765
1988 56.2% 4,869 43.1% 3,734 0.7% 59
1984 63.6% 5,629 35.6% 3,152 0.8% 67
1980 55.1% 5,591 38.3% 3,884 6.6% 665
1976 46.7% 4,242 49.7% 4,512 3.6% 323
1972 60.2% 4,833 36.7% 2,943 3.2% 254
1968 53.6% 3,828 36.3% 2,595 10.1% 719
1964 39.3% 2,976 60.6% 4,583 0.1% 8
1960 60.6% 4,997 39.3% 3,238 0.1% 11
1956 67.6% 5,135 32.0% 2,428 0.5% 35
1952 73.2% 5,978 26.5% 2,163 0.3% 23
1948 55.7% 3,793 42.4% 2,889 1.9% 127
1944 62.0% 4,733 37.4% 2,857 0.6% 47
1940 60.5% 5,268 38.5% 3,354 1.0% 84
1936 37.8% 3,084 55.7% 4,544 6.4% 524
1932 29.4% 2,018 68.8% 4,723 1.9% 129
1928 57.7% 3,777 41.4% 2,708 0.9% 56
1924 31.1% 1,917 6.5% 403 62.4% 3,844
1920 81.2% 4,385 14.3% 774 4.5% 240
1916 58.7% 2,292 36.9% 1,442 4.5% 174
1912 41.5% 1,322 38.8% 1,236 19.7% 629
1908 57.6% 2,454 39.7% 1,691 2.7% 116
1904 70.1% 3,234 27.0% 1,244 2.9% 135
1900 63.4% 2,914 34.5% 1,586 2.2% 100
1896 61.5% 2,832 36.3% 1,671 2.2% 103
1892 47.1% 1,945 47.9% 1,978 5.0% 206

Juneau County can be considered a bellwether in Presidential Elections. The county has a perfect record of being won by the winning candidate in every Presidential Election since 1964.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 12, 2011. Retrieved January 21, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ "Twin Bluff". Mississippi Valley Archaeology Center. Retrieved 2017-11-20.
  4. ^ Birmingham, Robert A.; Leslie E. Eisenberg (2000). Indian Mounds of Wisconsin. Madison, Wisc.: University of Wisconsin Press. p. 204. ISBN  9780299168742.
  5. ^ Wisconsin Acts. 1856. Ch. 130 Approved 13 October 1856. Went into effect 1 January 1857.
  6. ^ Juneau County - Home Retrieved 25 February 2015.
  7. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=NFsBAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover&dq=county,+Nebraska+was+founded+by&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjGy4illvjeAhWri60KHcMCAPcQ6wEINjAC#v=onepage&q=Juneau%20County%2C%20State%20of%20Wisconsin&f=false
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
  12. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 5, 2015.
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-08-13.

Further reading

External links