Juanita García Peraza Article

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Juanita García Peraza
Juanita Garcia Peraza.JPG
Peraza was the founder of the only non-Catholic denomination religion of Puerto Rican origin.
BornJune 24, 1897
Hatillo, Puerto Rico
DiedFebruary 21, 1970
San Juan, Puerto Rico
Nationality Puerto Rican
Occupationreligious leader
Notes
Peraza was known as "Mita", the name by which the congregation and their religion are known by.

Juanita García Peraza, [note 1] also known as "Mita" (June 24, 1897 – February 21, 1970) was the founder of the "Mita congregation", the only non-Catholic denomination religion of Puerto Rican origin.

Early years

García Peraza was born in Hatillo, Puerto Rico, and raised by her parents, both belonging to wealthy Catholic families that had immigrated to Puerto Rico from the Canary Islands in the 1830s. Her father had previously married one of his cousins, of the prominent García family of the Arecibo, Puerto Rico, region; well-known Puerto Rican writer René Marqués García is one of her nephews. After divorcing his cousin, her father married Peraza's mother, from another Canarian family. When her family moved to their townhouse in Arecibo, Peraza became extremely ill. She made a promise to Mita God that if she was cured, she would always serve him. [1]

Peraza considered it a miracle that she was cured of her illness and she decided to keep her promise. She was one of the first Puerto Rican women to preach religion in Puerto Rico. Soon, she became a leader in the church she attended. This, however, made the majority of the male church members feel uncomfortable with her presence and they told her that she was no longer welcome there. [2]

"Mita"

Peraza's house in Arecibo

García Peraza left the Roman Catholic and converted to the protestant religion of the Iglesia de Dios Pentecostal M.I., and then left the church with 11 other members who followed her to start their own religion. In 1940, she and her followers founded their own church in Arecibo, and in 1947 she relocated to the current location of Hato Rey a suburb of San Juan. They claimed that "The Holy Spirit Spirit of Life" revealed to García Peraza the new name of "Mita". They started calling themselves "Mitas" and their religion " the Mita congregation". According to the Mita faith, Mita is the new name of the Holy Ghost on earth and Mita God has chosen a successor before (Peraza) dies. [3] [Reference book by David Ramos Torres, Historia de la Iglesia de Dios Pentecostal, M.I., Una Iglesia Ungida Para Hacer Mision (1994), page 127, and the other reference book by Jesus Santos Medina, PhD, Veredas Que Confunden, Un Análisis Histórico y Teológico de Sectas Religiosas (2010), pages 14-16.]

Under García Perazas' leadership, the church founded many small businesses which provided work, orientation, and help for its members. The first branch of the church outside of Puerto Rico was established in New York City. The church has expanded to Mexico, Colombia, Venezuela, Dominican Republic, Costa Rica, Panama, El Salvador, Canada, Curaçao, Ecuador and Spain. [3]

Legacy

Juanita "Mita" García Peraza died on February 21, 1970 in San Juan, Puerto Rico. Teófilo Vargas Sein ("Aarón"), was appointed Prophet of God. Puerto Rico honored Juanita García Peraza's memory by naming an elementary school after her in San Juan. [4]

Notes

  1. ^ This name uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is Garcia and the second or maternal family name is Peraza.

See also

References

External links