José Ferrer Article

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José Ferrer
Jose Ferrer - 1952.jpg
Ferrer in 1952
BornJosé Vicente Ferrer de Otero y Cintrón
(1912-01-08)January 8, 1912
San Juan, Puerto Rico, U.S.
DiedJanuary 26, 1992(1992-01-26) (aged 80)
Coral Gables, Florida, U.S.
Resting place Santa María Magdalena de Pazzis Cemetery
OccupationActor, director
Years active1935–1992
Spouse(s) Uta Hagen (1938–1948)
Phyllis Hill (1948–1953)
Rosemary Clooney
(1953–1961 and 1964–1967)
Stella Magee (1977–1992)
Children6, including Miguel and Rafael Ferrer
Relatives Tessa Ferrer (granddaughter)
Awards National Medal of Arts (1985)

José Vicente Ferrer de Otero y Cintrón [1] (January 8, 1912 – January 26, 1992), known as José Ferrer, was a Puerto Rican actor and theatre and film director. He was the first Puerto Rican-born actor, as well as the first Hispanic actor, to win an Academy Award (in 1950 for Cyrano de Bergerac).

In 1947, Ferrer won the Tony Award for his theatrical performance of Cyrano de Bergerac, and in 1952, he won the Distinguished Dramatic Actor Award for The Shrike, and also the Outstanding Director Award for directing the plays The Shrike, The Fourposter, and Stalag 17.

Ferrer's contributions to American theatre were recognized in 1981, when he was inducted into the American Theater Hall of Fame. [2] In 1985, he received the National Medal of Arts from Ronald Reagan, becoming the first actor to receive that honor. On April 26, 2012, the United States Postal Service issued a stamp in Ferrer's honor in its Distinguished Americans series.

Early life

Ferrer was born in San Juan, Puerto Rico, the son of María Providencia Cintrón, who was from the small coastal town of Yabucoa, Puerto Rico, and Rafael Ferrer, an attorney and writer from San Juan. He was the grandson of Gabriel Ferrer Hernández, a doctor and advocate of Puerto Rican independence from Spain. He had two younger sisters, Elvira and Leticia. [3]

The family moved to New York in 1914. Ferrer studied at the Swiss boarding school Institut Le Rosey. [4]

In 1933, Ferrer completed his bachelor's degree in architecture at Princeton University, where he wrote his senior thesis on "French Naturalism and Pardo Bazán". Ferrer was also a member of the Princeton Triangle Club and played piano in a band, “José Ferrer and His Pied Pipers.” Ferrer then studied Romance languages at Columbia University for 1934-35.

Career

Theatre

Paul Robeson (Othello) and Ferrer (Iago) in the 1943 Theatre Guild production of Othello

Ferrer's first professional appearance as an actor was at a "showboat" theater on Long Island in the summer of 1934.

In 1935 Ferrer was the stage manager at the Suffern Country Playhouse, operated by Joshua Logan who Ferrer had known at Princeton. Ruth Gordon and Helen Hayes recommended him to Jed Harris.

Ferrer made his Broadway debut in 1935 in A Slight Case of Murder which ran 69 performances.

He could also be seen in Stick-in-the-Mud (1935) and Spring Dance (1936). Ferrer's first big success was in Brother Rat (1936–38) which ran for 577 performances. In Clover only ran for 3 performances. How to Get Tough About It (1938) also had a short run, as did Missouri Legend (1938).

Mamba's Daughters (1938) ran for 163 performances. Ferrer followed it with Key Largo (1938–39) with Paul Muni and directed by Guthrie McClintic, which went for 105 shows and was later turned into a film.

Ferrer had a huge personal success in the title role of Charley's Aunt (1940–41), partly in drag, under the direction of Joshua Logan. It went for 233 performances.

Ferrer then replaced Danny Kaye in the revue Let's Face It! (1943).

Theatre Director & Cyrano

Ferrer made his debut on Broadway as director with Vickie (1942) in which he also starred. It only had a short run.

He played Iago in Margaret Webster's Broadway production of Othello (1943–44), which starred Paul Robeson in the title role, Webster as Emilia, and Ferrer's wife, Uta Hagen, as Desdemona. That production still holds the record for longest-running repeat performance of a Shakespearean play presented in the United States, going for 296 performances. (It would be revived in 1945).

Ferrer produced and directed, but did not appear in, Strange Fruit (1945–46), starring Mel Ferrer.

Among other radio roles, Ferrer starred as detective Philo Vance in a 1945 series of the same name. [5]

Cyrano de Bergerac

Ferrer in costume in an unnamed play at Maple Leaf Gardens

Ferrer may be best remembered for his performance in the title role of Cyrano de Bergerac, which he first played on Broadway in 1946. Ferrer feared that the production would be a failure in rehearsals, due to the open dislike for the play by director Mel Ferrer (no relation), so he called in Joshua Logan (who had directed his star-making performance in Charley's Aunt) to serve as "play doctor" for the production. Logan wrote that he simply had to eliminate pieces of business which director Ferrer had inserted in his staging; they presumably were intended to sabotage the more sentimental elements of the play that the director considered to be corny and in bad taste. [6] The production became one of the hits of the 1946/47 Broadway season, winning Ferrer the first Best Actor Tony Award for his depiction of the long-nosed poet/swordsman.

Ferrer directed, but did not appear in, As We Forgive Our Debtors (1947), which ran 5 performances. There was another short run for Volpone (1947) which Ferrer adapted and played the title role. [7]

Early Films

Ferrer made his film debut in the Technicolor epic Joan of Arc (1948) as the weak-willed Dauphin opposite Ingrid Bergman as Joan. Ferrer's performance earned him an Oscar nomination for Best Supporting Actor.

At the City Centre, he acted in revivals of Angel Street (1948) and The Alchemist (1948) and directed S. S. Glencairn (1948) and The Insect Comedy (1948) (also appearing in the latter).

Ferrer had another Broadway hit with The Silver Whistle (1948–49) which ran for 219 performances. [8] He performed two shows for The Philco-Goodyear Television Playhouse on TV in 1949: Cyrano, playing the title role, and an adaptation of What Makes Sammy Run?, playing Sammy Glick (adapted by Paddy Chayefsky).

Ferrer returned to Hollywood to appear in Otto Preminger's Whirlpool (1949), supporting Gene Tierney, and Richard Brooks' Crisis (1950), opposite Cary Grant.

Film Stardom

Ferrer then played the title role in Cyrano de Bergerac (1950), directed by Michael Gordon and produced by Stanley Kramer. Ferrer won the Best Actor Oscar. The film was widely seen although it lost money. [9]

Ferrer returned to Broadway for a revival of Twentieth Century (1950–51) which he directed and starred in, opposite Gloria Swanson; it went for 233 performances.

Ferrer produced and directed, but did not appear in, Stalag 17 (1951–52), a big hit running for 472 performances. Even more popular was The Fourposter (1951–53) in which he directed Hume Cronyn and Jessica Tandy; it ran for 632 performances.

Ferrer returned to cinema screens in the comedy Anything Can Happen (1952), directed by George Seaton, where Ferrer played an immigrant.

More popular was Moulin Rouge (1952) in which Ferrer played the role of Toulouse-Lautrec under John Huston's direction. [10] Ferrer received 40% of the profits. [11]

Back on Broadway, Ferrer directed and starred in The Shrike (1952), which ran for 161 performances. [12]

His next two shows were as director only: Horton Foote's The Chase (1952) only had a short run but My 3 Angels (1953–54), went for 344 performances. [13]

Ferrer had another cinema hit with Miss Sadie Thompson (1953) starring Rita Hayworth. [14] Ferrer briefly revived some of his shows at the City Centre in 1953: Cyrano, The Shrike, Richard III, Charley's Aunt. [15]

Ferrer in The Caine Mutiny (1954)

He returned to movies with The Caine Mutiny (1954) for Kramer, co-starring with Humphrey Bogart and Van Johnson, playing defence lawyer Barney Greenberg; the film was a huge hit. [16]

Also popular was Deep in My Heart (1955) where Ferrer played Sigmund Romberg which made a profit of over $1 million. [17]

Film Director

Ferrer made his debut as film director at Universal with an adaptation of The Shrike (1955), in which he also starred opposite June Allyson.

Ferrer then performed Cyrano in an episode of Producer's Showcase on television, directed by Mel Ferrer and co-starring Claire Bloom.

He went to England to star in and direct a war movie for Warwick Productions, The Cockleshell Heroes (1955), alongside Trevor Howard; it was a success at the British box office. [18] [19]

Ferrer co-wrote, directed and starred in the film The Great Man (1956), at Universal. He directed and starred in two films for MGM: I Accuse! (1958), where he played Captain Alfred Dreyfus, and The High Cost of Loving (1958) a comedy with Gena Rowlands. Both flopped at the box office.

Back on Broadway, Ferrer co-wrote and directed the stage musical Oh Captain! (1958) with Tony Randall, which only had a short run. He directed and starred in Edwin Booth (1958), playing the title role; it was not a success.

Ferrer took over the direction of the troubled musical Juno (1959) from Vincent J. Donehue, who had himself taken over from Tony Richardson. The show, which starred Shirley Booth, folded after 16 performances and mixed-to extremely negative critical reaction.

However he followed it directing the original stage production of Saul Levitt's The Andersonville Trial (1959–60), about the trial following the revelation of conditions at the infamous Civil War prison. It was a hit and featured George C. Scott, running for 179 performances.

Around this time Ferrer also appeared in television in episodes of General Electric Theater and The United States Steel Hour.

20th Century Fox

Ferrer signed a contract with 20th Century Fox to direct films. He made Return to Peyton Place (1962) and State Fair (1962), both of which were commercial disappointments. [20]

Ferrer had a key support role in the film Lawrence of Arabia (1962) which was a huge success. Although Ferrer's performance was only small he said it was his best on screen.

At Fox he played an investigating police officer in Nine Hours to Rama (1963). He also guest starred on The Greatest Show on Earth. [21]

Ferrer returned to Broadway to star in Noel Coward's musical The Girl Who Came to Supper (1963–64) which ran for 112 performances. [22]

He narrated the very first episode of the popular 1964 sitcom Bewitched, in mock documentary style.

Ferrer went to Germany to make Stop Train 349 (1963) with Sean Flynn. He appeared in the 1964 French film Cyrano et d'Artagnan directed by Abel Gance.

Back in Hollywood Ferrer played Herod Antipas in The Greatest Story Ever Told (1965) and was in Ship of Fools (1965) for Stanley Kramer.

A notable performance of his later stage career was as Miguel de Cervantes and his fictional creation Don Quixote in the hit musical Man of La Mancha. Ferrer took over the role from Richard Kiley in 1966 and subsequently went on tour with it in the first national company of the show. Tony Martinez continued in the role of Sancho Panza under Ferrer, as he had with Kiley.

Ferrer starred in Carl Reiner's Enter Laughing (1967) and did a production of Kismet (1967) on TV. He went to Europe to do Cervantes (1967) and appeared in A Case of Libel (1968) for US TV. He also provided the voice of the evil Ben Haramed in the 1968 Rankin/Bass Christmas TV special The Little Drummer Boy. In 1968 the IRS sent him a tax bill of $122,000 going back to 1962. [23]

1970s

Ferrer appeared in the TV movies The Aquarians (1970), Gideon (1971) and Crosscurrent (1971) and guest starred on The Name of the Game and Banyon. [24]

Ferrer directed The Web and the Rock (1972) on stage in New York and appeared in The Marcus-Nelson Murders (1973), Orson Welles' Great Mysteries (1973), and Columbo.

Around 1973 he narrated A Touch Of Royalty, a documentary on the life and death of Puerto Rico's baseball star Roberto Clemente. Ferrer voiced both versions, Spanish and English.

Ferrer voiced a highly truncated cartoon version of Cyrano for an episode of The ABC Afterschool Special in 1974.

Ferrer appeared in The Missing Are Deadly (1975), Forever Young, Forever Free (1975), Order to Assassinate (1975), Medical Story (1975), The Art of Crime (1975), Truman at Potsdam (1976) (playing Stalin), The Big Bus (1976), Paco (1976)., Voyage of the Damned (1976), Crash! (1976), The Sentinel (1977), Zoltan, Hound of Dracula (1977), Exo-Man (1977), Who Has Seen the Wind (1977), The Rhinemann Exchange, The Private Files of J. Edgar Hoover (1977), Fedora (1978) from Billy Wilder, The Amazing Captain Nemo (1978) (in the title role), and The Swarm. He guest starred on Starsky and Hutch and Tales of the Unexpected.

During the Bicentennial, Ferrer narrated the world premiere of Michael Jeffrey Shapiro's A Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776 for narrator and orchestra with the Philharmonic Symphony of Westchester, Martin Rich, conductor.

Ferrer was a replacement cast member in a production of David Mamet's A Life in the Theatre (1977–78). He produced and starred in White Pelicans (1978) and directed Carmelina (1979) on stage but it only ran 17 performances.

He was in The Fifth Musketeer (1979), The Concorde... Airport '79 (1979), Natural Enemies (1979), The French Atlantic Affair (1979), A Life of Sin, a 1979 film by Puerto Rican director Efraín López Neris which also starred Raúl Julia, Miriam Colon and Henry Darrow, and Battles: The Murder That Wouldn't Die (1980). He did The Merchant on stage in Canada. [25]

1980s

In 1980, he had a role as future Justice Abe Fortas in the made-for-television film version of Anthony Lewis' Gideon's Trumpet, opposite Henry Fonda in an Emmy-nominated performance as Clarence Earl Gideon.

He was also in Battle Creek Brawl (1980), Pleasure Palace (1980), The Dream Merchants (1980), Magnum, P.I., Evita Peron (1981), Berlin Tunnel 21 (1981), Peter and Paul (1981) with Anthony Hopkins, Bloody Birthday (1981), Woody Allen's A Midsummer Night's Sex Comedy (1982), Blood Tide (1982), Blood Feud (1982), This Girl for Hire (1983), The Being (1983) and Mel Brooks' version of To Be or Not to Be (1983).

From 1982-85 he was artistic director of the Coconut Grove Theatre in Miami. [26]

He guest starred on Quincy M.E., Another World, Fantasy Island, Hotel, The Love Boat, Bridges to Cross and Murder, She Wrote.

Ferrer was in The Evil That Men Do (1984), Samson and Delilah (1984), and George Washington (1984). He was the Emperor in Dune (1984) and was in Hitler's S.S.: Portrait in Evil (1985), Seduced (1985), Covenant (1985), Blood & Orchids (1986), Young Harry Houdini, and The Wind in the Willows (1987).

Ferrer made his farewell to Cyrano by performing a short passage from the play for the 1986 Tony Awards telecast.

Ferrer had a recurring role as Julia Duffy's WASPy father in the long-running television series Newhart in the 1980s.

In an interview given in the 1980s, he bemoaned the lack of good character parts for aging stars, and admitted that he now took on roles mostly for the money, such as his roles in the horror potboilers The Swarm, in which he played a doctor, and Dracula's Dog, in which he played a police inspector.

Ferrer's final performances include The Sun and the Moon (1987), American Playhouse (" Strange Interlude" with Kenneth Branagh), Mother's Day (1989), Matlock, Hired to Kill (1990), Old Explorers (1990) and The Perfect Tribute.

He was cast in a Broadway play Conversations with My Father (1991) but had to leave it due to ill health. [27]

Legacy

  • Ferrer was the first Hispanic actor to win an Academy Award.
  • In 2005, the Hispanic Organization of Latin Actors (HOLA) renamed its Tespis Award to the HOLA José Ferrer Tespis Award.
  • Ferrer was honored for his theatrical and cinematic works with an induction into the American Theatre Hall of Fame and a National Medal of Arts, becoming the first actor and Hispanic to be presented with the prestigious award.
  • Ferrer's sons Rafael Ferrer and Miguel Ferrer, his daughter (Letty Ferrer), and his granddaughter Tessa Ferrer also became actors and actresses.
  • Ferrer donated his Academy Award to the University of Puerto Rico. The award was stolen after being misplaced during the remodeling of the university's theater.

Personal life

Ferrer was married five times:

  • Uta Hagen (1938–1948): Ferrer and Hagen had one child, their daughter Leticia (born October 15, 1940). They divorced in 1948, partly due to Hagen's long-concealed affair with Paul Robeson, with whom Hagen and Ferrer had co-starred in the Broadway production of Othello.
  • Phyllis Hill (1948–1953): Ferrer and Hill wed on May 27, 1948, and they moved to Burlington, Vermont in 1950, where they subsequently found it difficult to keep their marriage together. Ferrer returned to Puerto Rico because his mother died. They divorced on January 12, 1953.
  • Rosemary Clooney (1953–1961): Ferrer first married Clooney on June 1, 1953, in Durant, Oklahoma. [28] They moved to Santa Monica, California, in 1954, and then to Los Angeles in 1958. Ferrer and Clooney had five children in quick succession: Miguel (February 7, 1955 – January 19, 2017), Maria (born August 9, 1956), Gabriel (born August 1, 1957), Monsita (born October 13, 1958) and Rafael (born March 23, 1960). They divorced for the first time in 1961.
  • Rosemary Clooney (1964–1967): Ferrer and Clooney remarried on November 22, 1964, in Los Angeles; however, the marriage again crumbled because Ferrer was carrying on an affair with the woman who would become his last wife, Stella Magee. Clooney found out about the affair, and she and Ferrer divorced again in 1967.
  • Stella Magee (1977–1992): Ferrer married Magee in 1977, and they remained together until his death in 1992.

Death

Ferrer died of colorectal cancer in Coral Gables, Florida, in 1992, shortly after his 80th birthday, and was interred in Santa María Magdalena de Pazzis Cemetery in Old San Juan in his native Puerto Rico.

Filmography

Year Title Role Notes
1948 Joan of Arc The Dauphin, Charles VII Nominated – Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
1949 Whirlpool David Korvo
1950 The Secret Fury José Uncredited
1950 Crisis Raoul Farrago
1950 Cyrano de Bergerac Cyrano de Bergerac
1952 Anything Can Happen Giorgi Papashvily
1952 Moulin Rouge Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actor
1953 Producers' Showcase: "Cyrano de Bergerac" Cyrano de Bergerac Nominated – Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Miniseries or a Movie
1953 Miss Sadie Thompson Alfred Davidson
1954 The Caine Mutiny Lt. Barney Greenwald Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actor
1954 Deep in My Heart Sigmund Romberg
1955 The Shrike Jim Downs Also director
1955 The Cockleshell Heroes Major Stringer Also director
1956 The Great Man Joe Harris Also director
1957 Four Girls in Town Director Uncredited
1958 I Accuse! Capt. Alfred Dreyfus Also director
1958 The High Cost of Loving Jim 'Jimbo' Fry Also director
1961 Return to Peyton Place Voice of Mark Steele Also director, Uncredited
1962 State Fair Director
1962 Lawrence of Arabia Turkish Bey
1963 Nine Hours to Rama Supt. Gopal Das
1963 Stop Train 349 Cowan the Reporter
1964 Cyrano et d'Artagnan Cyrano de Bergerac
1965 The Greatest Story Ever Told Herod Antipas
1965 Ship of Fools Siegfried Rieber
1967 Enter Laughing Mr. Harrison B. Marlowe
1967 Cervantes Hassan Bey
1968 The Little Drummer Boy Ben Haramad Voice
1975 Forever Young, Forever Free Father Alberto Aka: e'Lollipop
1975 El clan de los immorales Inspector Reed
1976 Paco Fermin Flores
1976 The Big Bus Ironman
1976 Voyage of the Damned Manuel Benitez
1976 Crash! Marc Denne
1977 The Rhinemann Exchange Erich Rhinemann
1977 The Sentinel Priest of the Brotherhood
1977 Who Has Seen the Wind The Ben
1977 The Private Files of J. Edgar Hoover Lionel McCoy
1978 The Return of Captain Nemo Captain Nemo
1978 Dracula's Dog Inspector Branco
1978 Fedora Doctor Vando
1978 The Swarm Dr. Andrews
1979 The French Atlantic Affair President Aristide Brouchard
1979 The Fifth Musketeer Athos
1979 The Concorde ... Airport '79 Chief Superintendent Morabito (TV version), Uncredited
1979 Natural Enemies Harry Rosenthal
1980 The Dream Merchants George Pappas
1980 The Big Brawl Domenici
1981 Bloody Birthday Doctor
1981 Peter and Paul Gamaliel
1982 A Midsummer Night's Sex Comedy Leopold
1982 Blood Tide Nereus
1982 And They Are Off Martin Craig
1983 The Being Mayor Gordon Lane
1983 To Be or Not to Be Prof. Siletski
1984 The Evil That Men Do Dr. Hector Lomelin
1984 George Washington Robert Dinwiddie
1984 Dune Padishah Emperor Shaddam IV
1985 Hitler's SS: Portrait in Evil Ludwig Rosenberg
1987 The Wind in the Willow Badger Voice, TV Film
1987 The Sun and the Moon Don Fulhencio

See also

References

  1. ^ Jose Ferrer (American actor) - Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Britannica.com. Retrieved on 2012-05-12.
  2. ^ "26 Elected to the Theater Hall of Fame". The New York Times. Retrieved February 10, 2014.
  3. ^ 1920 United States Federal Census
  4. ^ "Jose Ferrer Was Proud Of Puerto Rican Roots". The New York Times. February 18, 1992.
  5. ^ Old Time Radio Researchers Group, Philo Vance — Single Episodes at the Internet Archive
  6. ^ Logan, Joshua (May 1, 1976). Josh, My Up and Down, In and Out Life. Delacorte Press. pp. 79–80. ISBN  978-0440042358. (Subscription required (help)).
  7. ^ Jose Ferrer New York Times 20 Apr 1947: SM25.
  8. ^ Jose Ferrer-Erwenter The Christian Science Monitor 25 Sep 1948: 11.
  9. ^ Balio, Tino (December 15, 1987). United Artists: The Company That Changed the Film Industry. University of Wisconsin Press. p. 47. ISBN  978-0299114404. (Subscription required (help)).
  10. ^ 'The Top Box Office Hits of 1953', Variety, 13 January 1954
  11. ^ See 304 F. 2d 125 - Commissioner of Internal Revenue v. Ferrer , OpenJurist
  12. ^ 48th Street Salutes Genius of Ferrer By Richard L. Coe. The Washington Post 10 Feb 1952: L1.
  13. ^ " My 3 Angels on Broadway" playbillvault.com, accessed July 19, 2015
  14. ^ 'The Top Box-Office Hits of 1954', Variety Weekly, January 5, 1955
  15. ^ Jose Ferrer Donates Self to City Center Chapman, John. Chicago Daily Tribune 29 Nov 1953: e5
  16. ^ Box Office Information for The Caine Mutiny. The Numbers. Retrieved April 15, 2013
  17. ^ The Eddie Mannix Ledger, Los Angeles: Margaret Herrick Library, Center for Motion Picture Study.
  18. ^ THOMAS M PRYOR Special to The New York Times.. (7 January 1955). "FILM PACT SIGNED BY JOSHUA LOGAN: He Will Make His Debut as Screen Director in 'Picnic' Adaptation for Columbia". New York Times. p. 16.
  19. ^ "BRITISH. FILMS MADE MOST MONEY: BOX-OFFICE SURVEY". The Manchester Guardian. Manchester (UK). 28 Dec 1956. p. 3.
  20. ^ JOSE FERRER ENDS LONG FILM FAMINE: Actor-Director in deal With Fox, Explains 4-Year Lapse By MURRAY SCHUMACH New York Times July 18, 1961: 33.
  21. ^ Jose Ferrer---TV's Reluctant Ham Humphrey, Hal. Los Angeles Times 11 Aug 1963: d26.
  22. ^ " 'The Girl Who Came to Supper' Broadway" Playbill (vault), accessed December 5, 2016
  23. ^ IRS Cracks Down on Actor Jose Ferrer Los Angeles Times8 May 1968: g23.
  24. ^ Jose Ferrer Set for 'Banyon' Role Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File); Los Angeles, Calif. [Los Angeles, Calif]25 Dec 1970: e38
  25. ^ briefly Jose Ferrer set The Globe and Mail 23 Aug 1979: P.13.
  26. ^ JOSE FERRER STEPS DOWN AS PLAYHOUSE DIRECTOR Los Angeles Times 10 Jan 1985: k8.
  27. ^ Stage, Film Actor Jose Ferrer Dies Los Angeles Times 27 Jan 1992: VYA3
  28. ^ "Just Married to Rosemary Clooney, Jose Ferrer Gives Party for Olivia DeHavilland". The Day, July 14, 1953.

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