FIBA Article

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International Basketball Federation (FIBA)
Fédération internationale de basket-ball
International Basketball Federation logo.svg
AbbreviationFIBA
Motto"We are basketball"
Formation18 June 1932
Type Sports federation
Location
Region served
Worldwide
Membership
213 national federations
Official language
English and French [1]
President
Horacio Muratore
Secretary General
Vacant
Key people
Borislav Stanković
George Vassilakopoulos
Manfred Ströher
Website www.fiba.basketball

The International Basketball Federation, more commonly known as FIBA, FIBA World, or FIBA International ( /ˈfbə/ FEE-bə), from its French name Fédération internationale de basket-ball, is an association of national organizations which governs international competition in basketball. Originally known as the Fédération internationale de basket-ball amateur (hence FIBA), in 1989 it dropped the word amateur from its official name but retained the acronym; the "BA" now represents the first two letters of basketball.

FIBA defines the international rules of basketball, specifies the equipment and facilities required, regulates the transfer of athletes across countries, and controls the appointment of international referees. A total of 213 national federations are now members, organized since 1989 into five zones or "commissions": Africa, Americas, Asia, Europe, and Oceania.

The FIBA Basketball World Cup is a world tournament for men's national teams held every four years. Teams compete for the Naismith Trophy, named in honor of basketball's Canadian creator James Naismith. The tournament structure is similar but not identical to that of the FIFA World Cup in football; these tournaments occurred in the same year from 1970 through 2014, but starting in 2019, the Basketball World Cup will move to the year following the FIFA World Cup. A parallel event for women's teams, the FIBA Women's Basketball World Cup, is also held quadrennially; from 1986 through 2014, it was held in the same year as the men's event but in a different country. The women's tournament will continue to be held in the same year as the FIFA World Cup.

In 2009 FIBA announced three new tournaments: two 12-team U-17 World Championships (one each for men and women) to be played in July 2010, and an eight-team FIBA World Club Championship to be launched in October 2010. However, the FIBA World Club Championship did not materialize. In its place, FIBA instead relaunched its original world club championship for men, the FIBA Intercontinental Cup, in 2013.

The newest worldwide FIBA tournaments for national teams are in the three-player half-court variation, 3x3. The FIBA 3x3 U-18 World Championships were inaugurated in 2011, and the FIBA 3x3 World Championships for senior teams followed a year later. All events initially included separate tournaments for men's, women's, and mixed teams, but mixed championships are no longer contested. The U-18 championships, held annually, feature 32 teams in each individual tournament. The senior championships have 24 teams in each individual tournament, and are held in even-numbered years.

History

Old FIBA logo.
FIBA divides the world into 5 commissions, each roughly based on a continent.
FIBA in Mies.

The association was founded in Geneva in 1932, two years after the sport was officially recognized by the IOC. Its original name was Fédération internationale de basket-ball amateur. Eight nations were founding members: Argentina, Czechoslovakia, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Portugal, Romania, and Switzerland. During the 1936 Summer Olympics held in Berlin, the Federation named James Naismith (1861–1939), the founder of basketball, as its Honorary President.

FIBA has organized a World Championship, now known as World Cup, for men since 1950 and a Women's World Championship, now known as the Women's World Cup, since 1953. From 1986 through 2014, both events were held every four years, alternating with the Olympics. As noted above, the men's World Cup will be moved to a new four-year cycle, with tournaments in the year before the Summer Olympics, after 2014.

The Federation headquarters moved to Munich in 1956, then returned to Geneva in 2002. In 1991, it founded the FIBA Hall of Fame; the first induction ceremony was held on 12 September 2007, during EuroBasket 2007. During its 81st anniversary in 2013, FIBA moved into its new headquarters, "The House of Basketball", at Mies. TBA is the current Secretary General of FIBA.

Presidents

Years Name
1932–1939 Canada James A. Naismith (honorary)
1932–1948 Switzerland Leon Bouffard
1948–1960 United States Willard Greim
1960–1968 Brazil Antonio dos Reis Carneiro
1968–1976 Egypt Abdel Moneim Wahby
1976–1984 Philippines Gonzalo Puyat II
1984–1990 France Robert Busnel
1990–1998 United States George E. Killian
1998–2002 Senegal Abdoulaye Seye Moreau
2002–2006 China Dr. Carl Men Ky Ching
2006–2010 Australia Bob Elphinston
2010–2014 France Yvan Mainini
2014–present Argentina Horacio Muratore

Secretaries General

Years Name
1932–1976 United Kingdom Renato William Jones
1976–2002 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Serbia and Montenegro Borislav Stanković
2002–2018 Switzerland Patrick Baumann

Tournaments

World Champions

Tournament FIBA World Cup Year Olympics Year
Men   United States (5) 2014   United States (15) 2016
Women   United States (10) 2018   United States (8) 2016
U-19 Men   Canada (1) 2017   Lithuania (1) 2014
U-19 Women   Russia (1) 2017   United States (1) 2014
U-17 Men   United States (5) 2018 N/A
U-17 Women   United States (4) 2018 N/A

Continental Champions

Tournament FIBA Africa Year FIBA Americas Year FIBA Asia Year FIBA Europe Year FIBA Oceania Year
Men   Tunisia (2) 2017   United States (7) 2017   Australia (1) 2017   Slovenia (1) 2017 N/A
Women   Nigeria (3) 2017   Canada (3) 2017   Japan (4) 2017   Spain (3) 2017 N/A
U-18 Men   Mali (1) 2018   United States (9) 2018   Australia (1) 2018   Serbia (4) 2018   New Zealand (1) 2016
U-18 Women   Mali (7) 2018   United States (10) 2018   China (15) 2016   Germany (1) 2018   Australia (7) 2016
U-16 Men   Mali (1) 2017   United States (5) 2017   Australia (1) 2017   Croatia (4) 2018   Australia (5) 2017
U-16 Women   Mali (5) 2017   United States (4) 2017   Australia (1) 2017   Italy (1) 2018   Australia (5) 2017
  • FIBA Oceania no longer conducts senior-level championships for either sex. Since 2017, that region's members have competed for FIBA Asia senior championships. FIBA Oceania continues to hold age-grade championships.

3x3 World Champions

Tournament FIBA 3x3 World Cup Year
Men   Serbia (4) 2018
Women   Italy (1) 2018
U-23 Men   Russia (1) 2018
U-23 Women   Russia (1) 2018
U-18 Men   Belgium (1) 2017
U-18 Women   United States (3) 2017

Awards

Most Valuable Player

Tournament Most Recent Awardee Team Year
Men Kyrie Irving   United States 2014
Women Maya Moore   United States 2014
U-19 Men R. J. Barrett   Canada 2017
U-19 Women Maria Vadeeva   Russia 2017
U-17 Men Jalen Green   United States 2018
U-17 Women Jordan Horston   United States 2018

Nike FIBA World rankings

Sponsors

References

  1. ^ 2014 General Statutes of FIBA, Article 47.1

External links