Ingram Stainback Article

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Ingram Stainback
Ingram Stainback.jpg
9th Territorial Governor of Hawaii
In office
August 24, 1942 – May 8, 1951
Appointed by Franklin D. Roosevelt
Preceded by Joseph Poindexter
Succeeded by Oren E. Long
Personal details
Born
Ingram Macklin Stainback

(1883-05-12)May 12, 1883
Somerville, Tennessee
DiedApril 12, 1961(1961-04-12) (aged 77)
Honolulu, Hawaiʻi
Alma mater Princeton University
University of Chicago

Ingram Macklin Stainback (May 12, 1883 – April 12, 1961) was an American politician. He served as the ninth Territorial Governor of Hawaii from 1942 to 1951.

Early life

Stainback was born in 1883 in Somerville, Tennessee. His father, Charles A. Stainback Sr, was a lawyer and his brother, Charles A. Stainback, was a Democratic state senator. [1]

Stainback received his undergraduate degree from Princeton University and his Juris Doctor from the University of Chicago. [1]

Tombstone of Ingram Macklin Stainback, Oahu Cemetery

Career

Stainback, a well-connected Democrat, came to Hawaii shortly after graduation and was appointed by Democratic Governor Lucius E. Pinkham in 1914 to the post of Territorial Attorney General. [2] He resigned in 1917 to join the Army and rose to the rank of major. When the war ended he returned to private practice in Hawaii.

Previous to his administration, Stainback was a United States District Attorney and then a judge on the U.S. District Court for the Territory of Hawaii. He was appointed to the office by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. It is likely that his friendships with then-Secretary of State Cordell Hull and Senator Kenneth McKellar, both Tennesseans, played a role in his appointment. However, Stainback was essentially powerless for the first two years of his term since Gov. Joseph B. Poindexter had allowed the military to take over the government on December 7, 1941. During that time, Hawaii was governed by Army generals Walter Short, Delos Emmons, and Robert C. Richardson, Jr.

A conservative Democrat, Stainback, whose full powers were restored on April 13, 1944, played a significant role in the lifting of martial law in wartime Hawaii. Stainback believed Communists were plotting to take over the Hawaiian Islands. He also provided a genesis for Hawaii's Democratic Revolution of 1954 by decrying the land monopolies in Hawaii and calling for land reform. Upon resigning his post on May 8, 1951, Stainback had served eight years, eight months and six days, the longest of any appointed governor up to that point. [3]

On September 26, 1951, he was appointed by President Harry S. Truman as an associate judge to the Hawaii Supreme Court. Stainback argued for Commonwealth status similar to Puerto Rico instead of statehood, arguing that Hawaii would benefit from the federal tax exemption.

Death and legacy

Stainback died in 1961 in Honolulu, Hawaiʻi and is buried at Oahu Cemetery.

Stainback is memorialized on the island of Hawaii by the Stainback Highway, a little-used 18-mile road that leads from the Hawaii Belt Road near Hilo at 19°39′49″N 155°3′40″W / 19.66361°N 155.06111°W / 19.66361; -155.06111 (Stainback Highway) to Kulani Correctional Facility, a medium security state prison at 19°33′0″N 155°18′4″W / 19.55000°N 155.30111°W / 19.55000; -155.30111 (Kulani). [4] His son, Macklin Fleming, was an Associate Justice of the California Court of Appeal and an early opponent of affirmative action. [5] [6]

References

  1. ^ a b Morton, Dorothy Rich (1989). Crawford, Charles W., ed. Tennessee County History Series: Fayette County. Memphis, Tennessee: Memphis State University Press. p. 60. ISBN  9780878701322 – via Internet Archive.
  2. ^ "Stainback, Ingram Macklin office record". state archives digital collections. state of Hawaii. Archived from the original on 2011-10-07. Retrieved 2009-11-19.
  3. ^ "Past Governors". State of Hawaii office of the Governor. Retrieved 2009-11-19.
  4. ^ "Kulani Correctional Facility". Hawaii state department of public safety. Retrieved 2009-11-19.
  5. ^ "The black quota at Yale Law School" (PDF). The Public Interest. 1969. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-03-05.
  6. ^ http://www.courts.ca.gov/documents/Fleming_Macklin_Biography.pdf

External links

Ingram Stainback at Find a Grave

Political offices
Preceded by
Joseph Poindexter
Territorial Governor of Hawaii
1942–1951
Succeeded by
Oren E. Long