|University||University of Houston|
|Conference||American Athletic Conference|
|Athletic director||Chris Pezman|
|Football stadium||TDECU Stadium|
|Basketball arena||Fertitta Center|
|Baseball stadium||Darryl & Lori Schroeder Park|
|Fight song||Cougar Fight Song|
|Colors||Scarlet and Albino
The Houston Cougars are the athletic teams representing the University of Houston. Informally, the Houston Cougars have also been referred to as the Coogs,  UH, or simply Houston. Houston's nickname was created by early physical education instructor of the university and former head football coach of the Washington State Cougars John R. Bender, as he had grown fond of the name during his time there. The teams compete in the NCAA's Division I and the Football Bowl Subdivision as members of the American Athletic Conference.
The official school colors of the University of Houston are scarlet red and albino white, and the mascot is a cougar named Shasta. Houston's traditional rival has been Rice with whom the Cougars shared a conference for thirty-three non-consecutive years (see also Houston–Rice rivalry).
Houston has had notable sports teams in its history, including Phi Slama Jama and the sixteen-time national champion men's golf team. The university's campus is home to many on-campus athletic facilities including TDECU Stadium (on the site of the former Robertson Stadium), Hofheinz Pavilion, and Darryl & Lori Schroeder Park.
Prior to 1960, Houston was a member of several athletic conferences including the Lone Star Conference, Gulf Coast Conference, and Missouri Valley Conference. From 1960 until 1971, Houston competed as an independent. From 1971 until 1996, Houston's sports teams were a part of the Southwest Conference. After the dissolution of that conference in 1996, the Cougars became charter members of Conference USA. Houston remained a member of Conference USA until 2013, when they joined their current conference.
|Men's sports||Women's sports|
|Track and field†||Swimming and diving|
|Track and field†|
|† – Track and field includes both indoor and outdoor|
The most recently added sport was women's golf. Two players represented UH as individuals in the 2014 season (played during the 2013–14 school year), and a complete team was formed starting in the 2014–15 season. 
UH fielded its first varsity intercollegiate football team in 1946. The Houston Cougars football team currently competes in the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision. After completing 18 seasons in C-USA in 2012, the Cougars joined the American Athletic Conference in 2013. The team played its home games at Robertson Stadium before it was closed and demolished after the 2012 season. The Cougars divided their home schedule in their first AAC season between Reliant Stadium and BBVA Compass Stadium; the new TDECU Stadium opened on the Robertson Stadium site in 2014.
The Cougars are coached by Dana Holgorsen as of January 2019 , who was named Head Coach following the firing of Major Applewhite on December 30, 2018 after going 0-3 in bowl games and losing 70-14 against Army. 
The Houston Cougars men's basketball team represents the University of Houston in NCAA Division I men's basketball competition. The Cougars Men's basketball team plays in the American Athletic Conference. The team last played in the NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament in 2018. The Cougars are currently coached by Kelvin Sampson. Due to ongoing renovations to Hofheinz Pavilion, which will be renamed Fertitta Center when it reopens during the 2018–19 season, the Cougars played their 2017–18 home games in the Health and Physical Education Arena (H&PE Arena) at Texas Southern University.
Notable players for the UH Men's basketball team include Basketball Hall of Famers Hakeem Olajuwon and Clyde Drexler (who would win two and one NBA Championships respectively, both for the hometown Houston Rockets in 1994–95, with Olajuwon being the Finals MVP for both titles) and also were part of the legendary Cougars fraternity Phi Slama Jama, as well as Otis Birdsong and Hall of Famer Elvin Hayes (who would win one NBA Championship with the Washington Bullets in 1978). Each of these players has had his number retired. Notable coaches for the Cougars are Guy Lewis and Clyde Drexler. Notable games for the Cougars include the first nationally syndicated NCAA basketball game, the Game of the Century.
The women's team has made the NCAA Tournament in 1988, 1992, 2004, 2005, and 2011. The women played their entire 2017–18 home schedule at H&PE Arena.
Along with the university's other athletic teams, the baseball team is a member of the American Athletic Conference as a Division I team. They play their home games at Darryl & Lori Schroeder Park and are currently coached by Todd Whitting. The Houston Cougars baseball program has appeared in numerous NCAA Regionals, Super Regionals, and College World Series.
Houston has won 17 NCAA team national championships. 
- Men's (17)
- see also:
The University of Houston Rugby Club plays college rugby in the Red River Conference of Division 1-A Rugby against traditional rivals such as Texas, Texas Tech, Texas A&M, and TCU. The UH Rugby Club previously played Division III college rugby.  The UH Rugby Club is a registered organization sponsored by the UH campus recreation department. 
Houston's most meaningful current rivalry is with cross-town Rice University, which is a member of Conference USA. The Cougars and Rice Owls have competed in football, annually with a few exceptions, for a trophy known as the " Bayou Bucket", referencing one of the city of Houston's nicknames as the "Bayou City."
Historically, the University of Texas was one of Houston's principal rivals, especially after Houston joined the now-defunct Southwest Conference. This rivalry gave rise to the Houston Cougar Paw tradition. 
Most of the university's major sports facilities are located along Cullen Boulevard, the central traffic artery through the campus. At times in the past, some of the university's teams have played their home games at off-campus venues such as the Astrodome and Rice Stadium. The men's golf program competes off campus because it does not have a dedicated golf course on campus. University of Houston's current sports facilities include the following: 
- TDECU Stadium – Football
- Fertitta Center – Men's and Women's Basketball
- Darryl & Lori Schroeder Park – Baseball
- Cougar Softball Stadium – Softball
- Tom Tellez Track at Carl Lewis International Complex – Outdoor Track & Field and Soccer
- John E. Hoff Courts – Tennis
- CRWC Natatorium – Swimming & Diving
- Athletics/Alumni Center – (Home venues: indoor tennis, Indoor track and field, Volleyball), (Practice: Football and Basketball), (Training: All Sports)
- Yeoman Fieldhouse – Indoor Track & Field
- Redstone Golf Club – Men's and Women's Golf
- Dave Williams Golf Academy – Men's and Women's Golf
- "Logos - University of Houston". June 6, 2018. Retrieved August 1, 2018.
- "University of Houston Official Athletic Site". Uhcougars.Com. October 17, 1947. Retrieved September 30, 2016.
- "Houston Athletics to Add Women's Golf in 2013–14" (Press release). University of Houston Sports Information. October 15, 2012. Retrieved April 29, 2013.
- Examiner.com, University Houston Cougars begin a new rugby era, September 20, 2010
- University of Houston, Student Affairs, Department of Campus Recreation, http://www.uh.edu/recreation/sport_clubs/index.html
- Houston Cougars Traditions. UH Athletics. Retrieved October 13, 2007.
- Facilities, UH Athletics, Retrieved August 19, 2007.
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