|Hinsdale, New Hampshire|
Location in Cheshire County, New Hampshire
HINSDALE NEW HAMPSHIRE Latitude and Longitude:
|• Board of Selectmen||Steve Diorio, Chair|
|• Total||22.7 sq mi (58.8 km2)|
|• Land||20.6 sq mi (53.3 km2)|
|• Water||2.2 sq mi (5.6 km2) 9.46%|
|Elevation||217 ft (66 m)|
|• Density||180/sq mi (69/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 ( Eastern)|
|• Summer ( DST)||UTC-4 ( Eastern)|
|GNIS feature ID||0873626|
Hinsdale is a town in Cheshire County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 4,046 at the 2010 census.  Hinsdale is home to part of Pisgah State Park in the northeast, and part of Wantastiquet Mountain State Forest in the northwest.
The main village in town, where 1,548 people resided at the 2010 census,  is defined as the Hinsdale census-designated place (CDP) and is located at the junction of New Hampshire routes 119 and 63.
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Located in the southwestern corner of the state, Hinsdale was chartered in 1753. It was named for Colonel Ebenezer Hinsdale,  member of a prominent Deerfield, Massachusetts family, whose mother had been taken captive in the famed Deerfield Massacre of 1704. Graduated from Harvard College, Hinsdale was ordained to become a missionary for Indians of the Connecticut River Valley. Instead, he would serve as chaplain at Fort Dummer, an important trading post on the Connecticut River, later enlisting as an officer in the army. Then, in 1742, he established Fort Hinsdale, including a trading post and gristmill, reportedly at his own expense. The town's earliest history recounts Indian assaults, raids and captivities. 
Located beside the Connecticut River and connected to Brattleboro, Vermont, by bridge, Hinsdale contains excellent farmland, but has been a significant center of industry as well, especially in the manufacture of paper. In a machine shop here, George A. Long built a self-propelled steam vehicle in 1875, the Long steam tricycle, for which he received one of the nation's earliest automobile patents. The oldest continually-operating post office in the United States, established in 1816, is located on Main Street. 
Hinsdale is in the southwestern corner of New Hampshire, bordered to the west across the Connecticut River by Vermont and to the south by Massachusetts. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 22.7 square miles (59 km2), of which 20.6 square miles (53 km2) is land and 2.2 square miles (5.7 km2) is water, comprising 9.46% of the town. 
The highest point in town is Wantastiquet Mountain, at 1,378 feet (420 m) above sea level, located on the town's northern boundary and overlooking the Connecticut River and Brattleboro, Vermont to the west. The entire town lies within the Connecticut River watershed, with roughly the northwestern two-thirds of town draining into small streams that feed directly into the Connecticut, and with the southeastern third of the town draining into the Ashuelot River, a major tributary of the Connecticut. 
|U.S. Decennial Census |
As of the census of 2010, there were 4,046 people, 1,681 households, and 1,093 families residing in the town. There were 1,827 housing units, of which 146, or 8.0%, were vacant. The racial makeup of the town was 96.5% white, 0.5% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.3% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 0.3% some other race, and 1.6% from two or more races. 1.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 
Of the 1,681 households, 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.5% were headed by married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.0% were non-families. 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.8% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41, and the average family size was 2.85. 
In the town, 21.2% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.2% were from 18 to 24, 23.9% from 25 to 44, 32.1% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.7 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.5 males. 
For the period 2011-2015, the estimated median annual income for a household was $50,217, and the median income for a family was $54,966. Male full-time workers had a median income of $42,781 versus $40,377 for females. The per capita income for the town was $23,995. 10.2% of the population and 4.7% of families were below the poverty line. 7.1% of the population under the age of 18 and 15.6% of those 65 or older were living in poverty. 
- Elisha Andrews, economist and educator
- William Babcock, US congressman
- Charles Anderson Dana, journalist, author and government official
- Jacob Estey, manufacturer of reed organs
- Dan Fitzpatrick, author
- William Haile, merchant, manufacturer and the 26th Governor of New Hampshire
- Henry Hooker, Arizona pioneer
- Philip Labonte, lead singer of All That Remains, currently residing[ citation needed]
- Robert Merrill Lee, General; Supreme Allied Commander Europe
- Anna Marsh, established the Vermont Asylum of the Insane (1834)
- United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 157.
- Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts. pp. 527–529.
- United States Postal Service. "Fun Facts - Postal Facts".
- Brown, Garry (29 December 2008). "Western Mass. fans regret passing of nearby greyhound race track". The Springfield Republican. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001) - Hinsdale town, New Hampshire". U.S. Census Bureau American Factfinder. Retrieved November 8, 2011.
- Foster, Debra H.; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N.; Medalie, Laura (1995). Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers. U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2017 (PEPANNRES): Minor Civil Divisions – New Hampshire". Retrieved November 14, 2018.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (DP-1): Hinsdale town, Cheshire County, New Hampshire". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved October 26, 2017.
- "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2011-2015 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates (DP03): Hinsdale town, Cheshire County, New Hampshire". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved October 26, 2017.
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