High Cliff State Park Article

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High Cliff State Park
ConicalMoundHighCliffStateParkWisconsin.jpg
Map showing the location of High Cliff State Park
Map showing the location of High Cliff State Park
Location of High Cliff State Park in Wisconsin
Map showing the location of High Cliff State Park
Map showing the location of High Cliff State Park
High Cliff State Park (the US)
Location Calumet, Wisconsin, United States
Coordinates 44°09′33″N 88°17′22″W / 44.15917°N 88.28944°W / 44.15917; -88.28944
HIGH CLIFF STATE PARK Latitude and Longitude:

44°09′33″N 88°17′22″W / 44.15917°N 88.28944°W / 44.15917; -88.28944
Area1,187 acres (4.80 km2)
Established1956
Governing body Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources
Website High Cliff State Park
High Cliff Mounds
Location Calumet County, Wisconsin, USA
Nearest city Sherwood
Built500 - 1500 AD
NRHP reference # 96001629
Added to NRHPJanuary 25, 1997 [1]

High Cliff State Park is a 1,187-acre (480 ha) Wisconsin state park near Sherwood, Wisconsin. It is the only state-owned recreation area located on Lake Winnebago. [2] The park got its name from cliffs of the Niagara Escarpment, a land formation east of the shore of Lake Winnebago that stretches north through northeast Wisconsin, Upper Michigan, and Ontario to Niagara Falls and New York State. [2]

A new Master Plan for the park created in 2013 aims to nearly double the size of the park, to add new amenities, and expand conservation efforts. [3]

Activities and amenities

  • Trails: Hiking trails include the .6-mile (0.97 km) limestone-surfaced Indian Mound Trail. The north shoreline of Lake Winnebago can be seen from a 40-foot-tall (12 m) observation tower at the top of the escarpment. Various trails are available for biking, horseback riding, cross-country skiing, snowshoeing, and snowmobiling. [4]
  • The park also offers camping, picnicking, boating, swimming, fishing, and hunting. [4]
  • A statue of Red Bird, the Winnebago ( Ho-Chunk) leader, overlooks the northeast end of Lake Winnebago. [5]

Effigy mounds

The effigy mounds at the top of the escarpment have led to a small part of the park being added to the National Register of Historic Places, listed as High Cliff Mounds. [1] A trail meanders though six long-tailed mounds and several conical mounds. [6] The group originally consisted of a bird and a mound that was most likely a bear. [6] The mounds are consistent with other mound groups found at the peak of the Niagara Escarpment along the eastern shore of Lake Winnebago, including the Calumet County Park Group. [6]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  2. ^ a b "High Cliff State Park". Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. July 19, 2013. Retrieved September 2, 2013.
  3. ^ Wisconsin DNR. "High Cliff State Park 2013 Master Plan" (PDF).
  4. ^ a b "High Cliff State Park: Activities and recreation". Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. July 19, 2013. Retrieved September 2, 2013.
  5. ^ Red Bird statue, other views
  6. ^ a b c Birmingham, Robert A.; Eisenberg, Leslie E. (2000). Indian Mounds of Wisconsin. University of Wisconsin Press. p. 194. ISBN  0-299-16874-3. Retrieved 2008-09-29.

External links