Heyburn State Park Article

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Heyburn State Park
IUCN category V (protected landscape/seascape)
Heyburn State Park, Idaho.jpg
Heyburn State Park
Map showing the location of Heyburn State Park
Map showing the location of Heyburn State Park
Location in Idaho
Map showing the location of Heyburn State Park
Map showing the location of Heyburn State Park
Location in the United States
Location Benewah County, Idaho, United States
Nearest city Plummer, Idaho
Coordinates 47°21′12″N 116°45′41″W / 47.3532382°N 116.7612847°W / 47.3532382; -116.7612847
HEYBURN STATE PARK Latitude and Longitude:

47°21′12″N 116°45′41″W / 47.3532382°N 116.7612847°W / 47.3532382; -116.7612847
[1]
Area8,076 acres (32.68 km2) [2]
Elevation2,385 ft (727 m) [1]
Max. elevation3,366 ft (1,026 m)
Min. elevation2,128 ft (649 m)
Designation Idaho state park
Established1908 [3]
Named for Weldon B. Heyburn
Administrator Idaho Department of Parks and Recreation
Website Heyburn State Park

Heyburn State Park is a public recreation area in Benewah County, Idaho, in the United States. The state park was founded in 1908 and is the oldest state park in the Pacific Northwest. [3] The park has 5,744 acres (23.2 km2) of land and 2,332 acres (9.4 km2) of water on three lakes: Benewah, Chatcolet, and Hidden. A dam constructed on the Spokane River in Spokane in 1906 raised the level of Lake Coeur d'Alene, connecting it to the park's three lakes. [4] The surface elevation of the lakes is 2,125 feet (648 m) above sea level. [5] The park's year-round recreational opportunities include camping, boating, hiking, horseback riding, fishing, and picnicking. [2]

History

The Coeur d'Alene were the first inhabitants in what is now Heyburn State Park. Originally members called themselves, "Schitsu'umsh," meaning "The Discovered People" or "Those Who Are Found Here." [6] The Natives found an abundance of fish in the three lakes of the park as well as in the Saint Joe River. Waterfowl inhabited the wetlands and deer, bear and various birds were plentiful in the grassy meadows and slopes of the surrounding mountains. [2] Prior to the arrival of European American settlers, the Coeur d'Alene lived in what would become the Idaho Panhandle. The first Europeans to encounter the Coeur d'Alene were French traders and trappers. [7] They found the tribe to be experienced and skilled at trading, thus the name "Coeur d'Alene," meaning "heart of the awl." One French trader described the tribe as "the greatest traders in the world." [7] The tribe ranged over an area of over 4 million acres (16,000 km²) of grassy hills, camas-prairie, wooded mountains, lakes, marshes and river habitat in northern Idaho, eastern Washington and western Montana. [7]

The Coeur d'Alene lands were reduced to approximately 600,000 acres (940 sq mi; 2,430 km2) in 1873 when President Ulysses Grant established the Coeur d'Alene Indian Reservation. Successive government acts trimmed their property to 345,000 acres (540 sq mi; 1,400 km2) [6] Heyburn State Park was formed from 5,500 acres (22 km2) of land and 2,333 acres (9.44 km2) of water that were taken from the Coeur d'Alene on April 20, 1908 when President William H. Taft deeded the land to the state for the creation of Heyburn State Park named for U.S. Senator Weldon Heyburn of Idaho. [2] Heyburn had envisioned Chatcolet National Park, which passed the Senate but stalled in the House. [4]

Construction of many of the park's facilities was performed during the Great Depression by the Civilian Conservation Corps. [8] [9] [10] Members at Camp SP-1 built a lodge, roads, bridges, trails, picnic areas and shelters and campgrounds; many are still in use. [2]

Ecology

Heyburn State Park is home to a variety of habitats. Ponderosa pines, some over 400 years old, are on the mountain sides overlooking grassy hills that are covered with wildflowers. Other trees in the park included cedar, hemlock and white pine. The margins of the lake are marshy homes to wildflowers and plants. [2]

Activities and amenities

The 72-mile (116 km) Trail of the Coeur d'Alenes bike trail passes through the park, crossing the Saint Joe River on a 3,100-foot (940 m) trestle. The river and Hidden Bay, Chatcolet Lake, and Benewah Lake, all sections of the larger Lake Coeur d'Alene, are used for boating, water sports, and fishing. Common game fish include bass, pike and pan fish. The park's marina offers a boat launch, fuel dock, and supplies. [2]

References

  1. ^ a b "Heyburn State Park". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "Heyburn State Park". Idaho Parks and Recreation. Retrieved October 29, 2017.
  3. ^ a b "History: State Lands in Idaho". Idaho Museum of Natural History. Retrieved October 29, 2017.
  4. ^ a b "Heyburn State Park". Outdoor Idaho: State of Our Parks. Idaho Public Television. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
  5. ^ "Benewah Lake". Idaho Department of Fish and Game. Retrieved November 19, 2018.
  6. ^ a b "History". The Coeur d'Alene Tribe. Retrieved November 19, 2018.
  7. ^ a b c "Culture: Ancestral Lands". The Coeur d'Alene Tribe. Retrieved November 19, 2018.
  8. ^ "Heyburn State Park has beauty". Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Wash. August 6, 1937. p. 7. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
  9. ^ "New facilities ready at Heyburn State Park". Spokesnan-Review. Spokane, Wash. June 21, 1960. p. 6. Retrieved October 16, 2015.
  10. ^ Slade, Lou M. (July 22, 1962). "Heyburn has sylvan beauty". Spokesman-Review: Inland Empire Magazine. Spokane, Wash. p. 7. Retrieved October 16, 2015.

External links