Hennepin County, Minnesota Article

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Hennepin County, Minnesota
County
Hennepin County
Hennepin County Government Center 5.jpg
The Hennepin County Government Center, located in the county seat of Minneapolis. Its stylized letter "H" shape serves as the logo for Hennepin County.
Logo of Hennepin County, Minnesota
Logo
Map of Minnesota highlighting Hennepin County
Location in the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location in the U.S.
FoundedMarch 6, 1852 [1]
Named for Louis Hennepin
Seat Minneapolis
Largest cityMinneapolis
Area
 • Total607 sq mi (1,572 km2)
 • Land554 sq mi (1,435 km2)
 • Water53 sq mi (137 km2), 8.7%
Population (est.)
 • ( 2016)1,232,483
 • Density2,082/sq mi (804/km2)
Congressional districts 3rd, 5th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/ −5
Website www.hennepin.us

Hennepin County ( /ˈhɛnəpɪn/ HEN-ə-pin) is a county in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 census the population was 1,152,425. [2] It is the most populous county in Minnesota and the 35th-most populous county in the United States; more than one in five Minnesotans live in Hennepin County. Its county seat is Minneapolis, [3] the state's most populous city. The county is named in honor of the 17th-century explorer Father Louis Hennepin. [4]

Hennepin County is included in the Minneapolis- St. Paul- Bloomington, MN- WI Metropolitan Statistical Area.

The center of population of Minnesota is in Hennepin County, in the city of Minneapolis.

History

Hennepin County was created in 1852 by the Minnesota Territorial Legislature. Father Louis Hennepin's name was chosen because he originally named St. Anthony Falls and recorded some of the earliest accounts of the area for the Western world. Hennepin County's early history is closely linked to the establishment of the cities of Minneapolis and St. Anthony. [5] The history of Hennepin County is cataloged at the Hennepin History Museum, located in Minneapolis.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 607 square miles (1,570 km2), of which 554 square miles (1,430 km2) is land and 53 square miles (140 km2) (8.7%) is water. [6] Hennepin is one of 17 Minnesota counties with more savanna soils than either prairie or forest soils, and is one of only two Minnesota counties with more than 75% of its area in savanna soils (the other is Wright County).

Soils of Hennepin County [7]

The highest waterfall on the Mississippi River, the Saint Anthony Falls (discovered by Louis Hennepin) is in Hennepin County next to downtown Minneapolis, but in the 19th century, the falls were converted to a series of dams. Barges and boats now pass through locks to move between the parts of the river above and below the dams.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
186012,849
187031,566145.7%
188067,013112.3%
1890185,294176.5%
1900228,34023.2%
1910333,48046.0%
1920415,41924.6%
1930517,78524.6%
1940568,8999.9%
1950676,57918.9%
1960842,85424.6%
1970960,08013.9%
1980941,411−1.9%
19901,032,4319.7%
20001,116,2008.1%
20101,152,4253.2%
Est. 20161,232,483 [8]6.9%
U.S. Decennial Census [9]
1790-1960 [10] 1900-1990 [11]
1990-2000 [12] 2010-2016 [2]
Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data
Located across the street from the Government Center, the Hennepin County Public Safety Facility serves as the county jail

2010

As of the 2010 Census, there were 1,152,425 people, 475,913 households, and 272,885 families residing in the county. The racial makeup of the county was 74.4% White, 11.8% Black or African American, 0.9% Native American, 6.2% Asian, 3.4% from other races, and 3.2% from two or more races. 6.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

According to the 2010–2015 American Community Survey, the largest ancestry groups were German (26.3%), Norwegian (12.6%), Irish (10.8%), and Swedish (8.3%). [13]

2000

At the 2000 Census, there were 1,116,200 people, 456,129 households, and 267,291 families residing in the county. The population density was 774/km² (2,005/mi²). There were 468,824 housing units at an average density of 325/km² (842/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 80.53% White, 8.95% Black or African American, 1.00% Native American, 4.80% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 2.06% from other races, and 2.60% from two or more races. 4.07% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 456,129 households out of which 28.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.30% were married couples living together, 9.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.40% were non-families. 31.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county 24.00% of the population was under the age of 18, 9.70% was between 18 and 24, 33.70% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 11.00% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 97.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $51,711, and the median income for a family was $65,985 (these figures had risen to $60,115 and $79,970 respectively as of a 2007 estimate) Accounting for inflation, these figures rise again to $76,202.87 for individuals, and $92,353.46 for households, adjusted for 2014 dollars. [14] Males had a median income of $42,466 versus $32,400 for females. The per capita income for the county was $28,789. About 5.00% of families and 8.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.50% of those under age 18 and 5.90% of those age 65 or over.

Hennepin County is the wealthiest county in Minnesota and one of the 100 highest-income counties in the United States.

Besides English, languages with significant numbers of speakers in Hennepin County include Arabic, Hmong, Khmer, Lao, Russian, Somali, Spanish, and Vietnamese. [15]

Law and government

Commissioners

Like all counties in Minnesota, Hennepin is governed by an elected and nonpartisan board of commissioners. In Minnesota, county commissions usually have five members, but Hennepin, Ramsey, Dakota, Anoka and St Louis counties have seven members. Each commissioner represents a district of approximately equal population. In Hennepin the county commission appoints the medical examiner, county auditor- treasurer and county recorder. The sheriff and county attorney are also elected on a nonpartisan ticket. The county government's headquarters are in downtown Minneapolis in the Hennepin County Government Center. The county oversees the Hennepin County Library system (which merged with the Minneapolis Public Library system in 2008), and Hennepin County Medical Center.

The county commission elects a chair who presides at meetings. Commissioners as of January 2, 2018

District Commissioner In office
since
Current term
expires in January
1st Mike Opat 1993 2021
2nd Linda Higgins 2012 2019
3rd Marion Greene 2014 2019
4th Peter McLaughlin 1991 2019
5th Debbie Goettel 2017 2021
6th Jan Callison (chair) 2009 2021
7th Jeff Johnson 2009 2021

Key staff

Hennepin County's normal operations are coordinated by the County Administrator David Hough, Deputy County Administrator for Health and Human Services Jennifer DeCubellis, Assistant County Administrator for Operations Chester Cooper, Assistant County Administrator for Public Works Carl Michaud, and Assistant County Administrator for Public Safety Mark Thompson. Under Administrator Hough's leadership, the number senior management positions in the county has grown by 40%.

Politics

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [16]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 28.2% 191,770 63.1% 429,288 8.7% 58,919
2012 35.3% 240,073 62.3% 423,982 2.4% 16,010
2008 34.8% 231,054 63.4% 420,958 1.8% 11,768
2004 39.4% 255,133 59.3% 383,841 1.2% 8,007
2000 39.3% 225,657 53.6% 307,599 7.1% 40,590
1996 33.2% 173,887 54.4% 285,126 12.5% 65,293
1992 30.6% 179,581 47.5% 278,648 21.9% 128,390
1988 44.6% 240,209 54.4% 292,909 1.0% 5,444
1984 48.0% 253,921 51.5% 272,401 0.6% 2,912
1980 38.6% 194,898 47.4% 239,592 14.0% 70,882
1976 43.8% 211,892 53.3% 257,380 2.9% 14,106
1972 51.6% 228,951 46.5% 205,943 1.9% 8,464
1968 41.8% 170,002 54.1% 220,078 4.2% 16,944
1964 39.0% 154,736 60.8% 241,020 0.2% 971
1960 51.3% 198,992 48.5% 188,250 0.2% 939
1956 55.0% 183,248 44.8% 149,341 0.2% 523
1952 53.5% 180,338 46.1% 155,388 0.4% 1,415
1948 42.9% 121,169 53.8% 151,920 3.2% 9,145
1944 43.7% 116,781 55.7% 148,792 0.7% 1,747
1940 45.5% 122,960 53.7% 145,168 0.8% 2,230
1936 33.1% 81,206 58.8% 144,289 8.1% 19,985
1932 41.9% 91,087 54.8% 119,234 3.3% 7,245
1928 60.2% 125,472 38.8% 80,851 1.0% 2,124
1924 59.0% 101,120 6.3% 10,806 34.7% 59,401
1920 64.6% 90,517 20.6% 28,911 14.8% 20,741
1916 40.8% 27,957 53.1% 36,395 6.1% 4,204
1912 29.6% 14,379 32.0% 15,530 38.3% 18,596 [17]
1908 58.7% 27,787 34.2% 16,169 7.1% 3,357
1904 73.7% 31,437 13.4% 5,708 12.9% 5,503
1900 62.4% 26,902 33.6% 14,498 3.9% 1,695
1896 55.5% 26,786 42.5% 20,515 2.0% 987
1892 49.9% 20,603 39.9% 16,448 10.2% 4,209

Transportation

Major highways

Airports

Economy

See also: Economy of Minnesota

Major Companies and Employers

As the economic center of Minnesota and the Upper Midwest, Hennepin County is home to many major companies in a diverse section of industries. As of the 2018 estimate, there are twelve Fortune 500 companies headquartered in Hennepin County, five of which are located in Minneapolis.

Fortune 500 Companies in Hennepin County [18]
Company Name National Rank Revenue ($millions),

2018 Estimate

Headquarters City Industry
UnitedHealth Group 5 201,159 Minnetonka Managed Healthcare
Target 39 71,879 Minneapolis General Retailing
Best Buy 72 42,151 Richfield Electronics Retailing
U.S. Bancorp 122 23,996 Minneapolis Banking and Finance
SuperValu 180 16,009 Eden Prairie Food Distribution and Retailing
General Mills 182 15,619.8 Golden Valley Food Processing
C.H. Robinson 193 14,869.4 Eden Prairie Transportation
Ameriprise Financial 252 12,075 Minneapolis Financial Services
Xcel Energy 266 11,404 Minneapolis Electricity and Natural Gas Utility
Thrivent Financial 343 8,527.9 Minneapolis Financial Services
Mosaic 382 7,409.4 Plymouth Fertilizer Manufacturing
Polaris 496 5,504.8 Medina Snowmobile Manufacturing
From 2014 to 2015, employment in Hennepin County, MN grew at a rate of 2.61%, from 664,619 employees to 681,944 employees. The most common employment sectors for those who live in Hennepin County, MN, are Healthcare & Social Assistance, Manufacturing, and Retail trade. This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Hennepin County, MN, though some of these residents may live in Hennepin County, MN and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.
Tree Map of Employment by Industries in Hennepin County (2015)

Hennepin County is also home to several major private companies such as Carlson and Cargill, both located in Minnetonka, the latter of which is the largest privately-owned company in the United States. [19]

Along with these major companies, Hennepin County also contains several large employers, as listed below. According to the 2016 American Community Survey, the largest overall industries in Hennepin County are healthcare and social assistance (96,511 workers), manufacturing (80,324), and retail trade (75,861). [20]

Largest Employers in Hennepin County [21]
Employer Number of Employees Industry
University of Minnesota 18000 Education
Target Stores Inc 10000 Retail
Pharmacy at Park Nicollet 9000 Healthcare
Park Nicollet Methodist Hospital 8200 Healthcare
Park Nicollet Clinic 8000 Healthcare
University of Minnesota Medical Center 8000 Healthcare
University of Minnesota Masonic Children's Hospital 7658 Healthcare
Ameriprise Financial Inc 7000 Financial Services
Park Nicollet Urgent Care 7000 Healthcare
Best Buy Inc 6000 Electronics Retail

Economic Indicators

According to the 2016 American Community Survey, the average household income in Hennepin County is $71,200. The GINI Index for 2016 was 0.461, lower than the national average of 0.485 [20]. As of 2016, nearly 132,000 residents of Hennepin County were living under the poverty line, a full 10.9% of the county. [20] This figure is lower than the national average of 14%.

Education

Colleges and universities in the county include:

Recreation

Minnehaha Falls is the main attraction and namesake of Minnehaha Park.

Parks

Hennepin County, and in particular the city of Minneapolis, is renowned for its expansive and high-quality park system. The Minneapolis park system has been called the best-designed, best-financed, and best-maintained in America [22]. The Minneapolis park system has been named the top park system in the country by the Trust for Public Land for 5 consecutive years as of 2017 [23]. Many of the Minneapolis' numerous parks are linked by the Grand Rounds National Scenic Byway, a series of interconnected parks and paths in the city that extends for 51 miles. The byway is divided into seven districts: Downtown Riverfront, Mississippi River, Minnehaha, Chain of Lakes, Theodore Wirth, Victory Memorial, and Northeast [24]. The byway includes many major destinations in Minneapolis, including Nicollet Island, St. Anthony Falls, Stone Arch Bridge, Mill Ruins Park, Mississippi National River and Recreation Area, Minnehaha Creek, Minnehaha Park, Lake Hiawatha, Lake Nokomis, Lake Harriet, Bde Maka Ska, Lake of the Isles, Cedar Lake, and Theodore Wirth Park.

Outside of Minneapolis, Hennepin County is part of the Three Rivers Park District, a park system containing 20 parks and 10 trails spanning the Twin Cities metro area.

Spoonbridge and Cherry, the center of the Minneapolis Sculpture Garden

Culture

See also: Arts in Minneapolis

Numerous art institutions in Minneapolis make Hennepin County a national center for the arts. It contains some of the largest and most well-known centers for art in the country, including the Minneapolis Institute of Art, Walker Art Center, Weisman Art Museum, and the Minneapolis Sculpture Garden. Major art centers include Northeast Minneapolis and the Minneapolis neighborhood of North Loop. Minneapolis is home to many important artist organizations such as the Traffic Zone Center for Visual Art, the Handicraft Guild, and the Northeast Minneapolis Arts Association.

Hennepin County is also home to a thriving theater scene, highlighted by the Guthrie Theater, located in downtown Minneapolis. It is home to many theater companies such as Mixed Blood, Skewed Visions, Brave New Workshop, and Children's Theatre Company. Other notable theaters include the Orpheum Theatre, the State Theatre, and the Pantages Theatre. Additionally, many other cities in Hennepin County are home to local community theaters, such as Eden Prairie, Minnetonka, Orono, Osseo, and Plymouth.

U.S. Bank Stadium, home of the Minnesota Vikings, was constructed in 2016, and was the site of Super Bowl LII.

Sports

Of the "Big Four" sports leagues in the US, three are located in Minneapolis: the Minnesota Twins play in Target Field, the Minnesota Timberwolves play in Target Center, and the Minnesota Vikings play in U.S. Bank Stadium. Additionally, among major sports leagues, the Minnesota Lynx also play in Target Center, and Minnesota United FC currently plays in TCF Bank Stadium, home of the University of Minnesota Golden Gophers, although they will be moving to Allianz Field in Saint Paul for the 2019 season [25].

Cities

Unorganized territory

See also

References

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved March 18, 2014.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 11, 2011. Retrieved September 1, 2013.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 155.
  5. ^ JoEllen Haugo and Mary Jo Laakso (2001). "History of Minneapolis". Minneapolis Public Library. Archived from the original on August 15, 2007. Retrieved September 7, 2007.
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
  7. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 49-52. ISBN  978-0-615-50320-2.
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 15, 2014.
  13. ^ "2015 American Community Survey".
  14. ^ "Inflation Calculator". www.dollartimes.com.
  15. ^ " Welcome Languages Archived July 8, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.." Hennepin County Public Library. Retrieved on July 8, 2010.
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org.
  17. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 11,489 votes, while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 5,820 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 668 votes, and Socialist Labor candidate Arthur Reimer received 619 votes.
  18. ^ "Fortune 500 Companies 2018: Who Made the List". Fortune. Retrieved 2018-11-15.
  19. ^ "America's Largest Private Companies". Forbes. Retrieved 2018-11-15.
  20. ^ a b c "Hennepin County, MN". Data USA. Retrieved 2018-11-26.
  21. ^ Team, XPAND Corporation: America's Career InfoNet Development. "America's Career InfoNet: Largest Employers". www.careerinfonet.org. Retrieved 2018-11-26.
  22. ^ Cameron, Mark (1996-12). "Reviews : The American City: What Works, What Doesn't Alexander Garvin McGraw-Hill. New York, New York 1995. 475 pages. $59.95". Journal of Planning Education and Research. 16 (2): 148–149. doi: 10.1177/0739456x9601600210. ISSN  0739-456X. Check date values in: |date= ( help)
  23. ^ "Minneapolis parks garner top honor five years running". Southwest Journal. 2017-05-26. Retrieved 2018-12-10.
  24. ^ "Grand Rounds Scenic Byway System". www.minneapolisparks.org. Retrieved 2018-12-10.
  25. ^ "Sports Teams : Explore Minnesota". www.exploreminnesota.com. Retrieved 2018-12-10.

External links


HENNEPIN COUNTY MINNESOTA Latitude and Longitude:

45°00′N 93°28′W / 45.00°N 93.47°W / 45.00; -93.47