Hawkins County, Tennessee Article

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Hawkins County, Tennessee
HawkinsCountyCourthouse.jpg
The Hawkins County Courthouse in Rogersville, built c. 1836, is the oldest courthouse in Tennessee.
Map of Tennessee highlighting Hawkins County
Location in the U.S. state of Tennessee
Map of the United States highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
Founded1787 [1]
Named for Benjamin Hawkins [2]
Seat Rogersville
Largest city Church Hill
Area
 • Total500 sq mi (1,295 km2)
 • Land487 sq mi (1,261 km2)
 • Water13 sq mi (34 km2), 2.5%
Population
 • ( 2010)56,833
 • Density117/sq mi (45/km2)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Eastern: UTC−5/ −4
Website www.hawkinscountytn.gov

Hawkins County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 56,833. [3] Its county seat is Rogersville, [4] Hawkins County is part of the KingsportBristolBristol, TN- VA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is a component of the Johnson City–Kingsport–Bristol, TN-VA Combined Statistical Area, commonly known as the " Tri-Cities" region.

History

The land was given to William Armstrong as a land grant in the 1780s. [5] Armstrong built Stony Point. [5] Armstrong's landholding was established as a county in 1787. [1] [6] It was named for Benjamin Hawkins, a U.S. Senator from North Carolina, the state which it was a part of at that time. [7] In 1797, French King Louis Philippe visited Armstrong's estate. [5]

During the American Civil War, Hawkins County saw combat. The Battle of Rogersville took place on November 6, 1863.

Government

The flag of Hawkins County, in front of the county courthouse.

Hawkins County is governed by a 21-member County Commission, whose members are elected from geographic districts. The chief executive officer of the county is the County Mayor.

County Mayor

The Tennessee Constitution provides for the election of an executive officer – now referred to as the County Mayor – in each county. The County Mayor is elected by popular vote at the regular August election every four years, coinciding with the Governor's election, and may serve an unlimited number of terms. The County Mayor (formerly County Executive) is Chief Executive Officer of the county. The County Mayor exercises a role of leadership in county government and is responsible for the County's fiscal management and other executive functions; however, the other principal officers of the county such as the Sheriff, Trustee, Assessor and most of the various Court Clerks are separately elected, responsible directly to the county's voters, and not under the direct supervision of the county mayor.

The County Mayor is the general agent of the county and may draw warrants upon the General Fund. The County Mayor has custody of county property not placed with other officers, and may also examine the accounts of county officers. The County Mayor is a nonvoting ex-officio member of the County Commission and of all its committees, and may be elected chairman of the county legislative body (a post that the County Mayor is not required to seek or accept). The County Mayor may call special meetings of the County Commission. Unless an optional general law or private act provides otherwise, the County Mayor compiles a budget for all county departments, offices, and agencies, which is presented to the County Commission.

The current Mayor of Hawkins County is Melville Bailey (R-Rogersville).

County Commission

Composition

The Hawkins County Board of Commissioners, also called the County Commission, is the legislative body of the County government and the primary policy-making body in the County. It consists of 21 elected members, three from each of the seven civil districts of Hawkins County. Each member serves a four-year term of office.

The County Commission operates with a committee structure; most Commission business is first considered by a committee of its members before coming to the full Commission. The County Clerk serves as the Secretary to the Board of Commissioners and is responsible for maintaining all official records of the meetings.

Powers and responsibilities

The most important function of the county legislative body is the annual adoption of a budget to allocate expenditures within the three major funds of county government - general, school, and highway - and any other funds (such as debt service) that may be in existence in that particular county. The county legislative body has considerable discretion in dealing with the budget for all funds except the school budget, which in most counties must be accepted or rejected as a whole. If rejected, the school board must continue to propose alternatives until a budget is adopted by both the county school board and the county legislative body.

The county legislative body sets a property tax rate which, along with revenues from other county taxes and fees as well as state and federal monies allocated to the county, are used to fund the budget. The county legislative body is subject to various restrictions in imposing most taxes (such as referendum approval or rate limits, for example), although these do not apply to the property tax. The University of Tennessee's County Technical Assistance Service (CTAS) publishes the County Revenue Manual to assist county officials in identifying sources of county revenue.

The county legislative body serves an important role in exercising local approval authority for private acts when the private act does not call for referendum approval. Private acts, which often give additional authority to counties, must be approved by a two-thirds vote of the members of the county legislative body or be approved by a referendum in order to become effective. The form of local approval required is specified in the private act. The county legislative body annually elects a chairman and a chairman pro tempore. The county legislative body may elect the county executive or a member of the body to be the chairman, although the county executive may refuse to serve. If the county executive is chairman, he or she may vote only to break a tie vote. If a member is chairman, the member votes as a member, but cannot vote again to break a tie. If the county executive is not chairman, he or she may veto most resolutions of the county legislative body, but this veto may be overridden by a majority vote. The majority vote that is required for this and the passage of resolutions or other measures is a majority of the entire actual membership of the county legislative body, and not a majority of the quorum, nor a majority of the authorized membership.

Another important function of the county legislative body is its role in electing county officers when there is a vacancy in an elected county office. The person elected by the county legislative body serves in the office for the remainder of the term or until a successor is elected, depending upon when the vacancy occurred. When filling a vacancy in a county office, the county legislative body must publish a notice in a newspaper of general circulation in the county at least one week prior to the meeting in which the vote will be taken. This notice must state the time, place and date of the meeting and the office to be filled. Also, members of the county legislative body must have at least ten days notice. The legislative body holds an open election to fill the vacancy and allows all citizens the privilege of offering as candidates.

Current members

Geography

Lower Big Creek Valley, viewed from the Amis House
Carter Valley

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 500 square miles (1,300 km2), of which 487 square miles (1,260 km2) is land and 13 square miles (34 km2) (2.5%) is water. [8]

Adjacent counties

State protected area

  • Kyles Ford Wildlife Management Area (part)

Other protected area

Other historic sites

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18006,563
18107,64316.5%
182010,94943.3%
183013,68325.0%
184015,0359.9%
185013,370−11.1%
186016,16220.9%
187015,837−2.0%
188020,61030.1%
189022,2467.9%
190024,2679.1%
191023,587−2.8%
192022,918−2.8%
193024,1175.2%
194028,52318.3%
195030,4946.9%
196030,468−0.1%
197033,72610.7%
198043,75129.7%
199044,5651.9%
200053,56320.2%
201056,8336.1%
Est. 201656,563 [9]−0.5%
U.S. Decennial Census [10]
1790-1960 [11] 1900-1990 [12]
1990-2000 [13] 2010-2014 [3]
Age pyramid Hawkins County [14]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 56,833 people residing in the county. 96.5% were White, 1.3% Black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% Native American, 0.4% of some other race and 1.1% of two or more races. 1.2% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 47.0% were of American, 9.0% English, 8.0% German and 7.4% Irish ancestry. [15]

As of the census [16] of 2000, there were 53,563 people, 21,936 households, and 15,925 families residing in the county. The population density was 110 people per square mile (42/km²). There were 24,416 housing units at an average density of 50 per square mile (19/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.24% White, 1.55% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.23% from other races, and 0.56% from two or more races. 0.78% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 21,936 households out of which 31.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.30% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.40% were non-families. 24.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.30% under the, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 30.00% from 25 to 44, 25.90% from 45 to 64, and 13.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,300, and the median income for a family was $37,557. Males had a median income of $30,959 versus $22,082 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,073. About 12.70% of families and 15.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.40% of those under age 18 and 17.70% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation

Major highways

State Route 172 formerly went into Hawkins County, it now ends in Greene County at Interstate 81 exit 36 in the town of Baileyton.

Airports

The Hawkins County Airport is a county-owned public-use airport located six  nautical miles (7  mi, 11  km) northeast of the central business district of Rogersville, Tennessee. [17]

Communities

Houses in Mount Carmel

Cities

Towns

Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities

Politics

Presidential Elections Results [18]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 80.1% 16,648 16.9% 3,507 3.0% 619
2012 72.5% 14,382 25.7% 5,088 1.9% 367
2008 70.1% 14,756 28.2% 5,930 1.7% 354
2004 66.5% 13,447 33.0% 6,684 0.5% 102
2000 58.9% 10,071 39.5% 6,753 1.6% 274
1996 51.2% 8,164 39.9% 6,367 8.8% 1,410
1992 47.6% 7,758 40.7% 6,623 11.7% 1,904
1988 63.9% 9,356 35.6% 5,212 0.5% 78
1984 66.7% 9,863 32.5% 4,802 0.9% 128
1980 57.9% 7,836 39.1% 5,283 3.0% 410
1976 51.6% 6,407 47.8% 5,931 0.6% 74
1972 72.3% 7,791 24.2% 2,608 3.5% 376
1968 60.8% 6,217 21.6% 2,213 17.6% 1,798
1964 57.7% 5,712 42.3% 4,191
1960 72.5% 7,010 26.7% 2,586 0.8% 76
1956 68.0% 6,916 31.3% 3,180 0.7% 68
1952 68.2% 5,295 31.0% 2,404 0.9% 66
1948 62.5% 3,637 34.7% 2,019 2.8% 163
1944 67.6% 3,692 32.2% 1,756 0.2% 10
1940 60.7% 3,314 38.6% 2,108 0.7% 36
1936 59.0% 3,300 40.8% 2,278 0.2% 11
1932 54.5% 2,890 45.1% 2,391 0.4% 21
1928 71.3% 2,965 28.5% 1,186 0.1% 6
1924 61.2% 2,600 37.6% 1,596 1.2% 51
1920 65.1% 2,650 33.9% 1,381 1.0% 39
1916 60.0% 1,739 39.4% 1,142 0.6% 16
1912 32.7% 828 40.5% 1,026 26.8% 678

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Henry R. Price, " Hawkins County," Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved: 16 October 2013.
  2. ^ Origins Of Tennessee County Names, Tennessee Blue Book 2005-2006, pages 508-513
  3. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 11, 2011. Retrieved December 2, 2013.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. ^ a b c "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Stony Point". National Park Service. Retrieved May 11, 2018. With accompanying pictures
  6. ^ "Tennessee: Individual County Chronologies". Tennessee Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2007. Retrieved April 18, 2015.
  7. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 152.
  8. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
  12. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
  14. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  15. ^ American FactFinder
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  17. ^ FAA Airport Master Record for RVN ( Form 5010 PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective August 25, 2011.
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-03-10.

External links


HAWKINS COUNTY TENNESSEE Latitude and Longitude:

36°26′N 82°57′W / 36.44°N 82.95°W / 36.44; -82.95