The Harrisonburg Metropolitan Statistical Area is a Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) in Virginia as defined by the United States Office of Management and Budget (OMB). As of the 2000 census, the MSA had a population of 108,193 (though a July 1, 2009 estimate placed the population at 120,271). 
Note: Since a state constitutional change in 1871, all cities in Virginia are independent cities that are not located in any county. The OMB considers these independent cities to be county-equivalents for the purpose of defining MSAs in Virginia.
One county and one independent city are included in the Harrisonburg Metropolitan Statistical Area. 
- Grottoes (partial)
- Harrisonburg (Principal city)
- Mount Crawford
As of the census  of 2000, there were 108,193 people, 38,488 households, and 25,337 families residing within the MSA. The racial makeup of the MSA was 92.19% White, 3.07% African American, 0.15% Native American, 1.35% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.82% from other races, and 1.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.36% of the population.
The median income for a household in the MSA was $35,349, and the median income for a family was $45,711. Males had a median income of $30,285 versus $22,403 for females. The per capita income for the MSA was $16,847.
- "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2009 (CBSA-EST2009-01)" ( CSV). 2009 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2010-03-23. Retrieved 2010-03-25.
- "Metropolitan Statistical Areas and Components" ( TXT). Metropolitan statistical areas and metropolitan divisions defined by the Office of Management and Budget, November 2007. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2008-06-24. Retrieved 2008-09-05.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.