- This article is about a city on the island of Marajó; for the island, see Ilha Grande do Gurupá; for the Portuguese colonial land grant, see captaincy of Gurupá.
Location in the State of Pará
GURUPá Latitude and Longitude:
|• Total||8,540.032 km2 (3,297.325 sq mi)|
|Elevation||20 m (70 ft)|
|• Density||3.4/km2 (9/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-3 ( BRT)|
Gurupá or Santo Antonio de Gurupá is a municipality on the Amazon River in state of Pará, northern Brazil located near the world's largest river island, Marajó, 300 km upstream from the upper mouth of the river on the Atlantic coast. 
The city is a center for palm heart extraction and commerce. It is a municipal seat and major river boat port.
Gurupá is derived from an indigenous language word or sound for the warble of a pica-pau bird, a species of woodpecker.
Gurupá was founded in 1609 as a Dutch trading post that they called Mariocai, after the indigenous peoples living there. It was the third of three trading posts established by the Dutch along the lower reaches of the Amazon and Xingu Rivers. The Dutch traded for dye, timber and mother-of-pearl. They also cultivated sugarcane along the Xingu river, to the south of Gurupa. It was subsequently conquered and occupied by the Portuguese in 1623, where they built the fort of Santo Antonio de Gurupá (St. Anthony of Gurupá). It became the royal captaincy of Gurupá in 1633 in recognition of its strategic military and trading position. It was absorbed into Grao-Pará in 1756.
- "Job" (PDF). Retrieved 2018-05-12.
- Pace, Richard (1998). The Struggle for Amazon Town: Gurupá Revisited. Lynne Rienner Publishers. ISBN 9781555873523.
- Wagley, Charles (1953). Amazon town: a study of man in the tropics. London, Oxford & New York: Oxford Univ. Press.
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