List of Governors of Louisiana Article

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Governor of Louisiana)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Governor of Louisiana
Gouverneurs de Louisiane
Seal of Louisiana.svg
John Bel Edwards.jpg
Incumbent
John Bel Edwards

since January 11, 2016
StyleThe Honorable
Residence Louisiana Governor's Mansion
Term lengthFour years, renewable once [1]
PrecursorGovernor of Orleans Territory
Inaugural holder William C. C. Claiborne
FormationApril 30, 1812
(206 years ago)
 (1812-04-30)
Deputy Lieutenant Governor of Louisiana
Salary US$130,000 per year
(2013) [2]

This is a list of the Governors of Louisiana ( French: Gouverneurs de Louisiane), from acquisition by the United States in 1803 to the present day. For earlier governors of Louisiana see List of colonial governors of Louisiana.

Governors

Governor of Orleans Territory

In 1803, Europe was about to become involved in a continental war. The French Empire, led by Napoleon, had begun an aggressive expansionist policy which challenged the interests of United Kingdom. When the Haitian Revolution, with British support, overthrew the French colonial rule on that island, the French Empire began reorganizing its military. To finance this, Napoleon sold the colony of Louisiana to the United States in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803. From 1804 to 1812, the lower area, which would eventually become the modern state, was known as the " Territory of Orleans". The vast area to the north and west of the Mississippi River was called the " Louisiana Territory".

Governor of the Territory of Orleans
Governor Term in office Appointed by
William C C Claiborne rectangleLAState.jpg William C. C. Claiborne December 20, 1803 [a]

July 30, 1812
Thomas Jefferson
James Madison

Governors of Louisiana

Governors of the State of Louisiana
No. Governor Term in office Party Election Lt. Governor [b]
1 William C C Claiborne rectangleLAState.jpg   William C. C. Claiborne July 30, 1812

December 17, 1816
Democratic-
Republican
1812
[c]
Office did not exist
2 Jacques Villere.jpg Jacques Villeré December 17, 1816

December 18, 1820
Democratic-
Republican
1816
3 Governor Thomas B. Robertson.jpg Thomas B. Robertson December 18, 1820

November 15, 1824
Democratic-
Republican
1820
[d]
4 Thibodaux.jpg Henry S. Thibodaux November 15, 1824

December 13, 1824
Democratic-
Republican
5 H.S.Johnson.jpg Henry Johnson December 13, 1824

December 15, 1828
Democratic-
Republican
1824
6 Pierre Derbigny.jpg Pierre Derbigny December 15, 1828

October 6, 1829
National
Republican
1828
[e]
7 ArmandBeauvais.jpg Armand Beauvais October 6, 1829

January 14, 1830
National
Republican
8 Jacques Dupré.jpg Jacques Dupré January 14, 1830

January 31, 1831
National
Republican
9 AndreRoman.jpg Andre B. Roman January 31, 1831

February 4, 1835
National
Republican
1830
10 EDWhiteSr.jpg Edward Douglass White Sr. February 4, 1835

February 4, 1839
Whig 1834
9 AndreRoman.jpg Andre B. Roman February 4, 1839

January 30, 1843
Whig 1838
11 Alexandre Mouton jeune.jpg Alexandre Mouton January 30, 1843

February 12, 1846
Democratic 1842
12 IsaacJohnson.jpg Isaac Johnson February 12, 1846

January 28, 1850
Democratic 1846   Trasimond Landry
13 Joseph Marshall Walker - Gouverneur.jpg Joseph Marshall Walker January 28, 1850

January 18, 1853
Democratic 1849
[f]
Jean Baptiste Plauché
14 Paul Octave Hébert.jpg Paul Octave Hébert January 18, 1853

January 22, 1856
Democratic 1852
[f]
William W. Farmer
(died October 29, 1854)
Robert C. Wickliffe
15 RobertWickliffe.jpg Robert C. Wickliffe January 22, 1856

January 23, 1860
Democratic 1855 Charles Homer Mouton
(resigned 1856)
William F. Griffin
16 ThomasOvertonMoore.jpg Thomas Overton Moore January 23, 1860

January 25, 1864
Democratic 1859
[g]
Henry M. Hyams
17 Gen. George F. Shepley - NARA - 528647.jpg George Foster Shepley July 2, 1862

March 4, 1864
Military
( Union) [g] [h]
Vacant
18 HWAllen.jpg Henry Watkins Allen January 25, 1864

June 2, 1865
Democratic 1863
( Confederate) [g] [i]
  Benjamin W. Pearce
19 Michael Hahn.jpg Michael Hahn March 4, 1864

March 4, 1865
Republican 1864
( Union) [g] [j]
James Madison Wells
20 James Madison Wells.jpg James Madison Wells March 4, 1865

June 3, 1867
Republican Vacant
1865
[g] [k]
Albert Voorhies [l]
21 Benjamin Franklin Flanders.jpg Benjamin Flanders June 3, 1867

January 8, 1868
Republican Vacant
22 Joshua Baker.jpg Joshua Baker January 8, 1868

June 27, 1868
Democratic
23 Henry Clay Warmoth.jpg Henry C. Warmoth June 27, 1868

December 9, 1872
Republican 1868
[m]
Oscar Dunn
(died November 22, 1871)
P. B. S. Pinchback
24 P. B. S. Pinchback - Brady-Handy.jpg P. B. S. Pinchback December 9, 1872

January 13, 1873
Republican Vacant
25 John McEnery.jpg John McEnery January 13, 1873

May 22, 1873
Democratic 1872
[n]
Davidson B. Penn
26 William P. Kellogg - Brady-Handy.jpg William Pitt Kellogg January 13, 1873

January 8, 1877
Republican Caesar Antoine
27 Stephen B. Packard - History of Iowa.jpg Stephen B. Packard January 8, 1877

April 25, 1877
Republican 1876
[o]
Caesar Antoine
28 Francis T. Nicholls.jpg Francis T. Nicholls January 8, 1877

January 14, 1880
Democratic Louis A. Wiltz
29 Louis Alfred Wiltz.jpg Louis A. Wiltz January 14, 1880

October 16, 1881
Democratic 1879
[p]
Samuel D. McEnery
30 Samuel Douglas McEnery.jpg Samuel D. McEnery October 16, 1881

May 20, 1888
Democratic William A. Robertson
(removed December 24, 1881)
George L. Walton
1884 Clay Knobloch
28 Francis T. Nicholls.jpg Francis T. Nicholls May 20, 1888

May 10, 1892
Democratic 1888 James Jeffries
31 Murphy James Foster.jpg Murphy J. Foster May 10, 1892

May 8, 1900
Democratic 1892 Charles Parlange
(resigned December 11, 1893)
Hiram R. Lott
(died June 2, 1895)
Robert H. Snyder
1896
32 William Wright Heard.jpg William Wright Heard May 8, 1900

May 10, 1904
Democratic 1900 Albert Estopinal
33 Newton Crain Blanchard.jpg Newton C. Blanchard May 10, 1904

May 20, 1908
Democratic 1904 Jared Y. Sanders Sr.
34 Jared Young Sanders.jpg Jared Y. Sanders Sr. May 20, 1908

May 14, 1912
Democratic 1908 Paul M. Lambremont
35 Luther Egbert Hall - Gouverneur von Louisiana.jpg Luther E. Hall May 14, 1912

May 9, 1916
Democratic 1912 Thomas C. Barret
36 Ruffin Golson Pleasant.jpg Ruffin Pleasant May 9, 1916

May 11, 1920
Democratic 1916 Fernand Mouton
37 GovJohnParker.jpg John M. Parker May 11, 1920

May 13, 1924
Democratic 1920 Hewitt Bouanchaud
(resigned April 12, 1924)
Delos R. Johnson
38 GovFuqua.jpg Henry L. Fuqua May 13, 1924

October 11, 1926
Democratic 1924
[q]
Oramel H. Simpson
39 GovOSimpson.jpg Oramel H. Simpson October 11, 1926

May 21, 1928
Democratic Philip H. Gilbert
40 HueyPLong.jpg Huey Long May 21, 1928

January 25, 1932
Democratic 1928
[r]
Paul N. Cyr
(removed March 4, 1931)
Alvin Olin King
41 GovKing.jpg Alvin Olin King January 25, 1932

May 10, 1932
Democratic Vacant
42 Oscar K. Allen.jpg Oscar K. Allen May 10, 1932

January 28, 1936
Democratic 1932
[s]
John B. Fournet
(resigned January 2, 1935)
James A. Noe
43 James Noe portrait.jpg James A. Noe January 28, 1936

May 12, 1936
Democratic Vacant
44 Gov Richard Leche.jpg Richard W. Leche May 12, 1936

June 26, 1939
Democratic 1936
[t]
Earl Long
45 Earl Long portrait.jpg Earl Long June 26, 1939

May 14, 1940
Democratic Coleman Lindsey
46 Sam H. Jones portrait.jpg Sam H. Jones May 14, 1940

May 9, 1944
Democratic 1940 Marc M. Mouton
47 GovernorJamesDavis.jpg Jimmie Davis May 9, 1944

May 11, 1948
Democratic 1944 J. Emile Verret
45 Earl Long portrait.jpg Earl Long May 11, 1948

May 13, 1952
Democratic 1948 Bill Dodd
48 Robert F. Kennon portrait.jpg Robert F. Kennon May 13, 1952

May 8, 1956
Democratic 1952 C. E. "Cap" Barham
45 Earl Long portrait.jpg Earl Long May 8, 1956

May 10, 1960
Democratic 1956 Lether Frazar
47 GovernorJamesDavis.jpg Jimmie Davis May 10, 1960

May 12, 1964
Democratic 1959–60 Taddy Aycock
49 John McKeithen May 12, 1964

May 9, 1972
Democratic 1963–64
1967
50 Edwin Edwards.jpg Edwin Edwards May 9, 1972

March 10, 1980
Democratic 1971–72 Jimmy Fitzmorris
1975
51 Dave Treen.jpg Dave Treen March 10, 1980

March 12, 1984
Republican 1979 Bobby Freeman
50 Edwin Edwards.jpg Edwin Edwards March 12, 1984

March 14, 1988
Democratic 1983
52 Buddy Roemer Congress.jpg Buddy Roemer March 14, 1988

January 13, 1992
Democratic 1987 Paul Hardy
50 Edwin Edwards.jpg Edwin Edwards January 13, 1992

January 8, 1996
Democratic 1991 Melinda Schwegmann
53 GovFoster1 (cropped).JPG Mike Foster January 8, 1996

January 12, 2004
Republican 1995 Kathleen Blanco
1999
54 KBlancoChalmetteIce.jpg Kathleen Blanco January 12, 2004

January 14, 2008
Democratic 2003 Mitch Landrieu
(resigned May 3, 2010)
55 U.S. Governor of Louisiana Bobby Jindal speaking at the 2011 Values Voter Summit in Washington, D.C (cropped).jpg Bobby Jindal January 14, 2008

January 11, 2016
Republican 2007
Scott Angelle
Jay Dardenne
(elected November 22, 2010)
2011
56 John Bel Edwards 2015.jpg John Bel Edwards January 11, 2016

Present
Democratic 2015
[u]
Billy Nungesser

Notes

  1. ^ Claiborne received his commission on October 31, 1803, and proclaimed the acquisition of Louisiana in New Orleans on this date. [3]
  2. ^ Lieutenant governors represented the same party as their governor unless noted.
  3. ^ Louisiana became a state on April 30, 1812, but Claiborne was not sworn in as state governor until July 30. [4]
  4. ^ Robertson resigned to take a joint seat on the United States District Court for both the Eastern and Western Districts of Louisiana; as president of the senate, Thibodaux assumed the duties of governor.
  5. ^ Derbigny died in office; as president of the senate, Beauvais assumed the duties of governor until his term as president ended, at which time the new president, Dupre, assumed the duties. Sources disagree on why Beauvais' term ended; some say he lost his bid to be reelected as senate president, [5], while others say he resigned so that he could run for governor. [6]
  6. ^ a b While all sources state Walker resigned due to objections to the 1852 constitution, [7] [8] [9] there is no mention made of Hébert taking office early; it's possible that Walker's resignation was a symbolic one of protest on his last day, or that it was so close to the end of the term that Hébert simply took office then. No known source elaborates.
  7. ^ a b c d e The area around New Orleans was captured by the Union on April 25, 1862. The control was enough that it operated within the United States as the legitimate state of Louisiana, electing members to the United States House of Representatives. With both governments being considered legitimate, both lines are included in all lists of governors. The schism ended when the Confederate governor fled and the whole state came under Union control.
  8. ^ Shepley was appointed military governor by General Benjamin Butler.
  9. ^ Allen fled to Mexico to avoid capture following the American Civil War.
  10. ^ Hahn resigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate; however, congressmen from the Confederate states were denied their seats in the 39th United States Congress. As lieutenant governor, Wells became governor.
  11. ^ Wells was removed from office by General Philip Sheridan for failing to properly implement Reconstruction reforms. Flanders was appointed by Sheridan to replace Wells, but later resigned due to Major General Winfield Scott Hancock's removing Radical Republicans that Flanders had appointed to positions in state government. Hancock then appointed Baker to replace Flanders.
  12. ^ Represented the Democratic Party.
  13. ^ During the 1872 election, Warmoth endorsed John McEnery for governor, and the State Returning Board, which he appointed, declared McEnery the winner. However, a rival board declared William Pitt Kellogg the winner, and the legislature impeached Warmoth on charges related to the election. Impeached officials are suspended from office, so at this time, Pinchback filled the office. The term expired only 35 days later, at which point impeachment charges were dropped, as Warmoth was no longer governor.
  14. ^ The State Election Board certified McEnery as the winner of the 1872 election; however, a rival board declared Kellogg the winner, and the legislature went with that. Both McEnery and Kellogg declared victory and formed governments, and conflict culminated in the Battle of Liberty Place and the Colfax massacre. President Ulysses S. Grant issued a proclamation on May 22, 1873, declaring Kellogg the winner. [10] [11]
  15. ^ Much like the 1872 election, this election was disputed. Both Packard and Nicholls declared victory and formed governments, until President Rutherford B. Hayes recognized Nicholls as governor in the Compromise of 1877. [12]
  16. ^ Wiltz died in office; as lieutenant governor, McEnery replaced him.
  17. ^ Fuqua died in office; as lieutenant governor, Simpson replaced him.
  18. ^ Long was elected to the United States Senate for a term beginning March 4, 1931; however, he did not take the seat until January 25, 1932. This was in part to prevent Cyr from replacing him as governor. When the senate term began, Cyr took the oath of office as governor and claimed the office; however, Long called this illegitimate, and said that by taking the oath of office of the governor, he had resigned from being lieutenant governor. This opened the way for the president pro tempore of the senate, King, to become lieutenant governor, and ultimately succeed Long. Cyr continued to claim the office of governor on and off until 1932, but ultimately lacked recognition. [13] [14]
  19. ^ Allen died in office; as lieutenant governor, Noe replaced him.
  20. ^ Leche resigned due to scandals; as lieutenant governor, Long replaced him.
  21. ^ Governor Bel Edwards's first term expires January 13, 2020.

References

  1. ^ "Louisiana Constitution of 1974" (PDF). Article IV, section 3. A person who has served as governor for more than one and one-half terms in two consecutive terms shall not be elected governor for the succeeding term.
  2. ^ "CSG Releases 2013 Governor Salaries". The Council of State Governments. June 25, 2013. Retrieved November 23, 2014.
  3. ^ "Claiborne, Proclamation to the People of New Orleans, 1803". Humanities Texas. Retrieved November 12, 2018.
  4. ^ Brown, Everett Somerville (1920). The Constitutional History of the Louisiana Purchase, 1803-1812. University of California Press. p. 195. Retrieved November 12, 2018.
  5. ^ "Armand Beauvais". National Governors Association. Retrieved November 12, 2018.
  6. ^ "Armand Julie Beauvais". Secretary of State of Louisiana. Retrieved November 12, 2018.
  7. ^ "Joseph Marshall Walker". National Governors Association. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
  8. ^ "Joseph M. Walker". Secretary of State of Louisiana. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
  9. ^ White, J. T. (1900). The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography. 10. p. 77. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
  10. ^ "William Pitt Kellogg is officially named Governor of Louisiana by President Grant". University of Richmond. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
  11. ^ "Statutes of the United States of America passed at the First Session of the Forty-Third Congress". United States Government Printing Office. p. 293. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
  12. ^ Kelman, Ari (April 24, 2008). ""The Surrender Complete"". The New York Times. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
  13. ^ "Alvin Olin King". National Governors Association. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
  14. ^ "Alvin O. King". Secretary of State of Louisiana. Retrieved November 13, 2018.

External links