The Governor of Tennessee is the head of the government, elected statewide, and holds office for a four-year term for maximum of two consecutive terms.
The Tennessee General Assembly, the state legislature, consists of the 33-member Senate and the 99-member House of Representatives. Senators serve four-year terms, and House members serve two-year terms. Each chamber chooses its own speaker, e.g., the Lieutenant Governor and Speaker of the Senate of Tennessee is elected by the Senate from among its members. Constitutional officials in the legislative branch are elected by a joint session of the legislature.
The highest court in Tennessee is the state Supreme Court. It has a chief justice and four associate justices. No more than two justices can be from the same Grand Division. The Supreme Court of Tennessee also appoints the Attorney General, a practice that is not found in any of the other 49 states in the Union. Both the Court of Appeals and the Court of Criminal Appeals have 12 judges. The trial courts are the:
- Tennessee Circuit Courts (31 judicial districts)
- Tennessee Chancery and Probate Courts (31 judicial districts)
- Tennessee Criminal Courts (31 judicial districts)
- Tennessee Municipal and City Courts
- Tennessee Juvenile and Family Courts
- Tennessee General Session Courts
- Tennessee State Capitol in Nashville