|Golden Valley County, North Dakota|
Golden Valley County Courthouse in Beach
Location within the U.S. state of North Dakota
North Dakota's location within the U.S.
|Founded||November 13, 1912 |
|• Total||1,002 sq mi (2,595 km2)|
|• Land||1,001 sq mi (2,593 km2)|
|• Water||1.6 sq mi (4 km2), 0.2%|
|• ( 2017)||1,789|
|• Density||1.7/sq mi (0.7/km2)|
|Time zone||Mountain: UTC−7/ −6|
Golden Valley County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Dakota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 1,680,  making it the fourth-least populous county in North Dakota. The county seat is Beach.  The county was organized on November 13, 1912.  
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Communities
- 5 Politics
- 6 Notable people
- 7 See also
- 8 References
Golden Valley was originally part of Billings County. Voters elected to separate from Billings County in 1910, but litigation prevented formal organization of the county until 1912. The territory in the surrounding area was colloquially referred to as, Rattlesnake Flats, due to the large number of the snakes found in the area. The region was dubbed Golden Valley in 1902 after a group of land surveyors noticed that the sunlight gave the surrounding grasses a distinct golden color. 
The vote in 1910 to create Golden Valley County was 837 for and 756 against. Shortly after the vote was certified, suit was filed against the Billings County Commission to overturn the result. The plaintiffs alleged that the certification of election was improper, and that certain pre-marked "unofficial" ballots printed by supporters of the new county were cast in place of official ballots, and should be voided. The trial court originally ruled in favor of the plaintiffs. The county appealed to the North Dakota Supreme Court, which upheld the county's certification of the election. The court also ruled the pre-marked ballots were invalid, but that the number of invalid votes was not sufficient to overturn the election results.  The court's decision upholding the new county was made on September 19, 1912, and Golden Valley was formally organized on November 13, 1912. 
- McKenzie County (north)
- Billings County (east)
- Slope County (south)
- Fallon County, Montana (southwest)
- Wibaux County, Montana (west)
- Interstate 94
- North Dakota Highway 16
|U.S. Decennial Census
1790-1960  1900-1990 
1990-2000  2010-2017 
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,924 people, 761 households, and 506 families residing in the county. The population density was 1.92 people per square mile (0.74/km²). There were 973 housing units at an average density of 0.97 per square mile (0.37/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.77% White, 0.73% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.31% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. 1.04% of the population is Hispanic or Latino of any race. 49.4% were of German, 13.7% Norwegian and 5.6% Polish ancestry.
There were 761 households out of which 29.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.30% were married couples living together, 4.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.40% were non-families. 31.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the county, the population was spread out with 28.30% under the age of 18, 5.10% from 18 to 24, 22.20% from 25 to 44, 23.00% from 45 to 64, and 21.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 92.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.10 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $29,967, and the median income for a family was $37,105. Males had a median income of $25,478 versus $18,000 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,173. About 10.80% of families and 15.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.40% of those under age 18 and 7.70% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2010 census, there were 1,680 people, 774 households, and 429 families residing in the county.  The population density was 1.7 inhabitants per square mile (0.66/km2). There were 967 housing units at an average density of 1.0 per square mile (0.39/km2).  The racial makeup of the county was 97.4% white, 0.6% American Indian, 0.6% black or African American, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.1% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 0.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.1% of the population.  In terms of ancestry, 69.0% were German, 14.7% were Norwegian, 10.7% were Polish, 7.9% were Irish, 7.5% were English, and 2.5% were American. 
Of the 774 households, 22.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 4.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 44.6% were non-families, and 39.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.85. The median age was 45.9 years. 
The median income for a household in the county was $33,333 and the median income for a family was $47,500. Males had a median income of $32,875 versus $26,750 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,899. About 8.9% of families and 13.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.7% of those under age 18 and 11.4% of those age 65 or over. 
- East Golden Valley
- Elmwood (formerly a township)
- North Golden Valley
- South Golden Valley
- Ernest Viggo Almquist, commercial artist 
- Arthur C. Townley, founder of the North Dakota Nonpartisan League. 
- Long, John H. (2006). "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. Archived from the original on November 11, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 10, 2011. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- "County History". North Dakota.gov. The State of North Dakota. Retrieved February 1, 2015.
- North Dakota Historical Records Survey (1941). Inventory of the County Archives of North Dakota. No. 17, Golden Valley County. Bismarck, North Dakota: North Dakota Historical Records Survey. Retrieved via Ancestry.com.
- Pederson v. Board of Commissioners of Billings County, 23 N.D. 547. , 137 N.W. 484 ( N.D. 1912). Retrieved via Westlaw.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on January 29, 2015. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved December 4, 2018.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
- Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
- "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-14.
- "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-14.
- "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-14.
- "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-03-14.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 12, 2018.
- Frontier Cavalcade, The Dickinson Press, March 14, 1957