|Green Mountain Central Institute & Goddard Seminary|
|Type||Private coeducational Low Residency|
|President||Dr. Steven James (interim) |
|Location||Plainfield, Vermont, United States|
|Campus||Rural 175 acres (71 ha)|
|Colors||Blue and white|
Goddard College is a low-residency college with three locations in the United States: Plainfield, Vermont; Port Townsend, Washington; and Seattle, Washington. The college offers undergraduate and graduate degree programs. With predecessor institutions dating to 1863, Goddard College was founded in 1938 as an experimental and non-traditional educational institution based on the ideas of John Dewey: that experience and education are intricately linked. 
Goddard College operates on an intensive low-residency model. Each student designs his or her own curriculum and the college uses a student self-directed, mentored system in which faculty issue narrative evaluations of student's progress instead of grades. The intensive low-residency model requires students to come to campus every six months for approximately eight days when students engage in a variety of activities and lectures from early morning until late in the evening and create detailed study plans. During the semester, students study independently, sending in "packets" to their faculty mentors every few weeks. When low-residency education began at Goddard, packets were actual packets of paper sent via the mail, but with the advancement of the internet, most packets are sent electronically and may contain artwork, audio files, photography, video and web pages in addition to writing. The schedule and format of these packets differ from program to program, and content varies with each student-faculty correspondence, but almost always focuses on research, writing, and reflection related to each student's individualized study plan.
Goddard offers a Bachelor of Arts (BA), Bachelor of Fine Arts (BFA), Master of Arts (MA), Master of Fine Arts (MFA), along with several concentrations and Licensures. It enrolls approximately 700 students, 30% of whom are undergraduates. It employs 110 faculty and 90 staff.
- 1 History
- 2 Campuses
- 3 The Eliot D. Pratt Center and Library
- 4 Goddard College Community Radio (WGDR and WGDH)
- 5 Haybarn Theatre
- 6 Notable people
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Goddard College began in 1863 in Barre, Vermont, as the Green Mountain Central Institute. In 1870, it was renamed as Goddard Seminary in honor of Thomas A. Goddard (1811-1868) and his wife Mary (1816-1889).  Goddard was a prominent merchant in Boston, and was one of the school's earliest and most generous benefactors.  Founded by Universalists, Goddard Seminary was a four-year preparatory high school, primarily for Tufts College. For many years the Seminary prospered. But the opening of many good public high schools in the 20th century made many of the New England academies obsolete. To attempt a rescue, the trustees added a Junior College to the Seminary in 1935, with a Seminary graduate, Royce S. "Tim" Pitkin, as President. 
Royce S. "Tim" Pitkin was a progressive educator and follower of John Dewey, William Heard Kilpatrick and other, similar proponents of educational democracy. In 1936, under his leadership, the Seminary concluded that in order for Goddard to survive, an entirely new institution would need to be created. A number of prominent educators and laymen agreed with him. Pitkin was supported by Stanley C. Wilson, ex- governor of Vermont and chairman of the Goddard Seminary Board of Trustees; Senators George Aiken and Ralph Flanders and Dorothy Canfield Fisher.  Pitkin was able to persuade the Board of Trustees to embrace a new style of education, one that substituted individual attention, democracy, and informality for the traditionally austere and autocratic educational model. On March 13, 1938, Goddard College was chartered. In July 1938 the newly formed Goddard College moved to Greatwood Farm in Plainfield, Vermont.
The new Goddard was an experimental and progressive college. For its first 21 years of operation, Goddard was unaccredited and small, but built a reputation as one of the most innovative colleges in the country.  Especially noted were Goddard's use of discussion as the basic method in classroom teaching; its emphasis on the whole lives of students in determining personal curricula; its incorporation of practical work into the life of every student; and its development of the college as a self-governing learning community in which everyone had a voice.  In 1959 Goddard College was accredited. As of 2015 it is accredited by the New England Association of Schools and Colleges. 
One of the founding principles upon which Goddard was founded was that the College should provide educational opportunities for adults.  It became clear that there was a great need for a program through which adults who had not completed college could obtain degrees without disrupting their family lives or careers. The Adult Degree Program (ADP), created by Evalyn Bates, was established in 1963. It was the first low-residency adult education program in the country. 
Over the years many experimental programs were designed at Goddard. These programs included the Goddard Experimental Program for Further Education, Design Build Program, Goddard Cambridge Program for Social Change, Third World Studies Program, Institute for Social Ecology, Single Parent Program and many others.
Having narrative transcripts instead of traditional letter grades, as well as learner-designed curricula, Goddard was one of the founding members of the Union for Experimenting Colleges and Universities, which also included Franconia, Nasson, Antioch, and others.
In 2002, after 54 years, the college terminated its traditional age residential undergraduate degree program and became an exclusively low-residency college. Three years later, the college expanded to the West Coast and established a residency site in Port Townsend, Washington. In July 2011 Goddard began to offer their education program (non-licensure only) in Seattle, Washington.
In 2014, the graduating class of the college's undergraduate program selected convicted murderer and Goddard alumnus Mumia Abu-Jamal as commencement speaker.  Abu-Jamal, who had attended Goddard as an undergraduate in the 1970s, completed his Goddard degree from prison via mail while serving his sentence for the 1982 murder of Philadelphia police officer Daniel Faulkner.  The decision to invite Abu-Jamal to speak was criticized by Faulkner's widow,  US Senator Pat Toomey, the Vermont Troopers Association, the Vermont Police Chiefs Association, the Fraternal Order of Police, and the Pennsylvania Department of Corrections.    The college's interim President, Bob Kenny, supported the right of students to select a commencement speaker of their choosing.  On October 5, the school released his commencement speech. The pre-recorded speech did not mention Mumia's murder conviction.  
Goddard College Greatwood Campus
Goddard College Clockhouse
|Area||15 acres (6.1 ha)|
|Architect||James T. Kelley; Arthur Shurcliff|
|Architectural style||Shingle Style, Tudor Revival|
|NRHP reference #||96000253 |
|Added to NRHP||March 7, 1996|
The campus in Plainfield was founded in 1938 on the grounds of a late 19th-century model farm: The Greatwood Farm & Estate consists of shingle style buildings and gardens designed by Arthur Shurcliff. The Village of Learning, consisting of eleven dormitory buildings, was constructed adjacent to the ensemble of renovated farm buildings in 1963 to accommodate an increasing student population. The Pratt Center & Library, sited to be at the heart of a larger campus, was constructed in 1968. No other significant new construction has been added to the campus since that time. On March 7, 1996 the Greatwood campus was recognized for its historic and architectural significance with its inclusion on the National Register of Historic Places. 
A US Army post from 1902 to 1953,  much of the fort has been renovated and turned into a year-round, multi-use facility dedicated to lifelong learning which houses several organizations that comprise Fort Worden State Park. The fort sits on a bluff overlooking the Strait of Juan de Fuca and Admiralty Inlet near Port Townsend, Washington.
The MA in Education program, originally held in the Plainfield-based low-residency program, expanded into Columbia City, one of Seattle's most ethnically and racially diverse neighborhoods, in 2011.
The program is unique in that it trains students in bilingual preschool education. Students can focus on such areas as intercultural studies, dual language, early childhood, cultural arts, and community education, and then create their plan of studies for each semester. The program is also different in that it is designed to serve students who cannot leave their families and communities for the residency. The “community campus” is housed in different buildings in the area.
The Eliot D. Pratt Center and Library, located in Plainfield, Vermont serves the entire Goddard College community, and is open to the public. Its holdings contain over 70,000 physical items and access to over 20 electronic databases. The building also houses several administrative offices, an Archives room with artifacts from the 1800s to present, an Art Gallery, and WGDR (91.1 FM), a college/community radio station serving Central Vermont since 1973.
Goddard is home to Goddard College Community Radio, a community-based, non-commercial, listener-supported educational radio station with nearly 70 volunteer programmers who live and work in central and northern Vermont and who range in age from 12 to 78 years. WGDR, 91.1 FM, is licensed to Plainfield, Vermont. Its sister station, WGDH, 91.7 FM, is licensed to Hardwick, Vermont. Goddard College Community Radio is the largest non-commercial community radio station in Vermont and is the only non-commercial station in the state other than the statewide Vermont Public Radio network that receives funding from the Corporation for Public Broadcasting.
The Haybarn Theatre was built in 1868 by the Martin Family and was one of the largest barns in Central Vermont. The Haybarn was originally used to store hay, grain and livestock. In 1938 when Goddard College purchased Greatwood Farm they began the process of turning the farm buildings into academic and student spaces. The Haybarn was renovated in order to provide a space for the performing arts.
For almost 75 years the Haybarn Theatre has been a place where the local community and the College come together to enjoy and appreciate the arts. This long tradition continues to this day as the Haybarn hosts educational conferences, student and community performances and the ongoing Goddard College Concert Series.
- Alan Briskin – organizational consultant 
- Lisa Brooks - historian of New England's Native American history 
- Ann Gillespie – actor ( Beverly Hills, 90210) 
- Anna Lee Walters — author 
- Archie Shepp – saxophonist 
- Blakeley White-McGuire – Principal dancer of Martha Graham Dance Company 
- Bradford Graves – sculptor, musician, professor (fine arts, sculpture) 
- Cara Hoffman – novelist 
- Caroline Finkelstein – poet 
- Charlie Bondhus – poet 
- Chris Spirou — politician 
- Christopher Dell - historian, author, literary critic, and employee at the Library of Congress 
- Conrad Herwig – jazz trombonist 
- Daniel Boyarin – professor of Jewish Studies 
- David Gallaher – graphic novelist 
- David Helvarg – journalist and environmental activist 
- David Mamet – writer, director, Pulitzer prize winner in drama ( Glengarry Glen Ross) 
- Deborah Tall — poet 
- Donald Kofi Tucker – politician 
- Ed Allen  – American short story writer
- Elaine Terranova – poet 
- Ellen Bryant Voigt – MacArthur Genius, former State Poet of Vermont 
- Ellen Ratner — White House correspondent 
- Esther Wertheimer – sculptor [ self-published source]
- Evalyn Bates – progressive educator, developed the first low-residency American adult degree program 
- Frances Olsen – professor of law at UCLA 
- Geraldine Clinton Little – poet
- Howard Ashman – actor, playwright (Little Shop of Horrors), lyricist (The Little Mermaid, Beauty and the Beast) 
- J. Ward Carver – Vermont Attorney General, 1925-1931
- Jacqueline Berger — poet 
- James Gahagan – abstract artist 
- Jane O'Meara Sanders – former president of Burlington College, wife of Senator Bernie Sanders 
- Jane Shore – poet 
- Jared Carter – poet 
- Jared Pappas-Kelley – curator, writer, and artist 
- Jay Craven – Vermont film director, screenwriter, and professor
- Jeff McCracken — film and television actor, director, writer, and producer 
- Jennifer McMahon — novelist 
- Jerri Allyn — performance artist 
- John Kasiewicz – guitarist 
- Jon Fishman – rock band member (Phish) 
- Jonathan Katz – comedian, writer, actor, producer (Dr. Katz) 
- Judith Arcana — writer 
- Karen Essex — author, journalist, screenwriter 
- Kenneth R. Timmerman – correspondent, author, activist 
- Kiara Brinkman — author 
- Kris Neely – artist and educator 
- Larry Feign – cartoonist (The World of Lily Wong) 
- Laura McCullough – poet and writer
- Linda McCarriston – poet and professor
- Linnea Johnson – poet
- Madeline Stone — songwriter 
- Mark Doty – poet, National Book Award winner, 2008 
- Martin Hyatt — author 
- Mary Johnson – author and director of A Room of Her Own Foundation 
- Mary Karr – author 
- Matthew Quick – American author of young adult and fiction novels 
- Mayme Agnew Clayton – librarian, and the founder of the Western States Black Research and Education Center 
- Michael Lent – visual artist and curator 
- Miriam Hopkins — film and television actor 
- Monica Mayer – Mexican artist 
- Mumia Abu Jamal – journalist, former Black Panther Party member, convict, author 
- Neil Landau – (former faculty) screenwriter, playwright, television producer 
- Norman Dubie – poet 
- Oliver Foot – British actor, philanthropist, charity worker 
- Page McConnell – rock band member (Phish) 
- Pamela Stewart – poet 
- Paul Zaloom – puppeteer, host of television show Beakman's World 
- Peter Hannan – artist, writer, producer (CatDog) 
- Philip Zuchman – American painter 
- Piers Anthony – English American author 
- Robert Louthan — poet 
- Robert M. Fisher – abstract artist 
- Ronnie Burrage — jazz percussionist 
- Roo Borson —poet 
- Russell Potter – Arctic historian, author 
- Stephen C. Smith – economist, professor, author 
- Sue Owen — poet
- Susan Tichy — poet 
- Susie Ibarra – contemporary composer and percussionist 
- Suzi Wizowaty – author and politician 
- Taina Asili — musician 
- Thomas Yamamoto – art instructor, not technically an alumnus
- Tim Costello (1945–2009), labor and anti-globalization advocate and author 
- Tobias Schneebaum – artist, anthropologist, AIDS activist 
- Tom Griffin – playwright of The Boys Next Door
- Tommie Smith – athlete, activist, educator, gold medal winner at the 1968 Summer Olympics who set seven individual world records
- Tony Curtis (Welsh poet) (born 1946) – Welsh poet and author
- Trey Anastasio – guitarist, singer, songwriter, member of the band Phish 
- Walter F. Scott – (Goddard Seminary) Vermont State Treasurer
- Walter Klenhard — film director, writer and actor
- Walter Mosley – author 
- Wayne Karlin – author 
- William H. Macy – actor 
- William L. White – addiction studies 
- William Wildman Campbell — United States House of Representatives 
- Caryn Mirriam-Goldberg – American writer and third Kansas Poet Laureate who founded Goddard's Transformative Language Arts program 
- David Mamet – American playwright, essayist, screenwriter, and film director 
- Donald Hall — poet and literary critic 
- Ellen Bryant Voigt — helped found Goddard's first low-residency program before moving on to start a similar program at Warren Wilson College 
- Ernie Stires — composer 
- Frank Conroy — author 
- Geoffrey Wolff — author 
- Hameed Sharif “Herukhuti” Williams – African-American liberatory sociologist, cultural studies scholar, sex educator, playwright/poet and award-winning author
- Heather McHugh — poet 
- James Gahagan — sculptor, chairman of Goddard's art department from 1971–79 
- Jane O'Meara Sanders – served one year as interim president of Goddard 
- John Irving — author 
- John Froines – one of the Chicago Seven, taught chemistry in the early 1970s 
- Lisel Mueller – poet 
- Louise Gluck — poet, winner of the National Book Award and Pulitzer Prize for Poetry 
- Marilyn Salzman Webb — activist and journalist who founded Goddard's women's studies program 
- Marvin Bell — first Poet Laureate of the State of Iowa 
- Michael Ryan — poet 
- Murray Bookchin (1921–2006) – American anarchist author, orator, and philosopher
- Peter Schumann and his Bread and Puppet Theater were the theatre-in-residence at Goddard College from 1970–1974 
- Raymond Carver — author  
- Richard Ford — author 
- Robert Hass — poet 
- Stephen Dobyns — poet and novelist 
- Tobias Wolff — author  
- Walter Butts – American poet and the Poet Laureate of New Hampshire.
- Arisa White – current faculty adviser in the BFA Creative Writing Program
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ayton received her bachelor’s degree from UC Berkeley, her master’s degree from Goddard College and a doctoral degree from Sierra University.
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