Glasgow, Kentucky Article

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Glasgow, Kentucky
South Green Street in Glasgow, KY
South Green Street in Glasgow, KY
Location of Glasgow in Barren County, Kentucky.
Location of Glasgow in Barren County, Kentucky.
Coordinates: 37°0′1″N 85°55′13″W / 37.00028°N 85.92028°W / 37.00028; -85.92028
GLASGOW KENTUCKY Latitude and Longitude:

37°0′1″N 85°55′13″W / 37.00028°N 85.92028°W / 37.00028; -85.92028
CountryUnited States
State Kentucky
County Barren
Established1799
Named forthe Scottish hometown of the family of William Logan
Government
 • MayorDick Doty
Area
 • Total15.5 sq mi (40.2 km2)
 • Land15.4 sq mi (40.0 km2)
 • Water0.08 sq mi (0.2 km2)
Elevation
755 ft (230 m)
Population
( 2010)
 • Total14,028
 • Estimate 
(2016) [1]
14,594
 • Density908/sq mi (350.6/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 ( Central (CST))
 • Summer ( DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
42141, 42142, 42156
Area code(s) 270 & 364
FIPS code21-31114
GNIS feature ID0492876
Website www.cityofglasgow.org

Glasgow is a home rule-class city [2] in Barren County, Kentucky, United States. It is the seat of its county. [3] The population was 14,028 at the 2010 U.S. census. [4] The city is well known for its annual Scottish Highland Games. In 2007, Barren County was named the number one rural place to live by The Progressive Farmer magazine. [5] Glasgow is the principal city of the Glasgow micropolitan area, which comprises Barren and Metcalfe counties.

Geography

Glasgow is located in central Barren County at 37°0′1″N 85°55′13″W / 37.00028°N 85.92028°W / 37.00028; -85.92028 (37.000375, -85.920229). [6] U.S. Route 31E and U.S. Route 68 intersect at the center of the city, and the Louie B. Nunn Cumberland Parkway passes south of downtown, with access from three exits. Bowling Green is 32 miles (51 km) to the west, Mammoth Cave National Park is 21 miles (34 km) to the northwest, Elizabethtown is 55 miles (89 km) to the north, Columbia is 37 miles (60 km) to the east, and Scottsville is 24 miles (39 km) to the southwest.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Glasgow has a total area of 15.5 square miles (40.2 km2), of which 15.4 square miles (40.0 km2) is land and 0.077 square miles (0.2 km2), or 0.53%, is water. [4]

History

The city of Glasgow was established by the state assembly in 1799. [7] The same year, the community was selected as the seat of a new county, owing to its central location, its large spring, native John Gorin's donation of 50 acres (20 ha) for public buildings, and its being named for the Scottish hometown of the father of William Logan, one of the two commissioners charged with selecting the county seat. A post office was established in 1803, and the town received its city rights in 1809.

Historic homes

All across Glasgow are historic homes that can date back to the early 1800s. The most popular part of town with these homes is South Green Street, this street has many historic houses that have many different architectural styles including Colonial, Federal, and Victorian. Each house has its own unique history and they are owned and taken care of with great pride by their owners.

Western Kentucky University

Western Kentucky University was originally in Glasgow when it was established in 1875, but 10 years later it moved to its present-day location in Bowling Green and serves as WKU's main campus. Since 1998, WKU has operated a regional campus in Glasgow. [8] [9]

Civil War

The Civil War affected many smaller towns like Glasgow. There are many places that were part of the Underground Railroad in Glasgow, such as Big Spring Bottom for keeping horses and the Spotswood House on North Race Street for hiding slaves. Other places include the Old Glasgow Seminary Home on East Main Street, this house has several rooms dug out in the earth with tunnels running into them for keeping the slaves hidden and safe.

George Washington in Glasgow

Former U.S. President George Washington had a half-brother named Augustine Washington, Jr. who was the spouse to Anne Aylett Washington and had a daughter named Elizabeth Washington. Elizabeth Washington married to Alexander Eliot Spotswood and were given a home and land from George Washington (Elizabeth's Uncle) in Glasgow. [10] [11] The home, called "Spotswood" after its first owner, Alexander Spotswood is located at 309 Race Street. [12]

Demographics

As of the census [13] of 2010, there were 14,208 people, 5,994 households, and 3,619 families residing in the city. The population density was 960.0 inhabitants per square mile (370.7/km2). There were 6,710 housing units, at an average density of 453.38/sq mi (175.05/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 86.1% White, 8.0% Black, 0.1% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 2.1% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 4.3% of the population.

There were 5,994 households, of which 26.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.5% were married couples living together, 15.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.6% were non-families. 34.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23, and the average family size was 2.85.

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810244
1830617
1840505−18.2%
185093384.8%
1870733
18801,510106.0%
18902,05135.8%
19002,019−1.6%
19102,31614.7%
19202,55910.5%
19305,04297.0%
19405,81515.3%
19507,02520.8%
196010,06843.3%
197011,30112.2%
198012,95814.7%
199012,351−4.7%
200013,0195.4%
201014,0287.8%
Est. 201614,594 [1]4.0%
U.S. Decennial Census [14]

The age distribution was 22.0% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 25.9% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 20.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $28,083, and the median income for a family was $36,677. Males had a median income of $31,123 versus $20,964 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,697. About 14.1% of families and 19.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.2% of those under age 18 and 20.9% of those age 65 or over.

Politics

Glasgow is governed by a mayor and city council.

City Mayors of Glasgow [15]:

  • Dick Doty - January 2015-Present
  • Rhonda Riherd Trautman - January 2011 - December 2014
  • Darrell G. Pickett - January 2003 - December 2010
  • Charles B. Honeycutt - January 1986 - December 2002
  • Luska Twyman - September 1968 - December 1985
  • Robert A. Lessenberry - January 1966 - September 1968
  • Lynn Mayfield - January 1962 - December 1965
  • William H. Grissom - January 1958 - December 1961
  • W. Earl Walbert - January 1954 - December 1957
  • Leslie Moran - January 1950 - December 1953
  • Sewell C. Harlin - January 1946 - December 1949
  • Winn Davis - January 1936 - December 1945
  • J. E. Clayton - January 1926 - December 1935
  • Brice T. Leech - January 1922 - December 1925

In the mid-1990s, Glasgow began its own cable system for television and Internet access. The municipal service has saved its residents $32 million over proprietary providers. [16]

In November 2008, the city voted Yes on Proposition 8, making it legal for restaurants to sell liquor by the drink to the public; package sales were still prohibited. Another vote in 2016 legalized liquor sales throughout all of Barren County, and also legalized package sales and liquor by the drink in taverns.

In April 2010, the city council voted for a citywide smoking ban in all indoor public places. The ban began officially on June 22, 2010.

Education

Glasgow Public Schools are part of the Glasgow Independent Schools. The district has two elementary schools, one middle school and one high school. Keith Hale is the Superintendent of Schools. [17]

The city system's schools include South Green Elementary School, Highland Elementary School, Glasgow Middle School and Glasgow High School.

The Barren County School System also has schools inside the Glasgow city limits, including Barren County High School, Trojan Academy, Red Cross Elementary School and Barren County Middle School.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Glasgow has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps. [18]

The Historic Plaza Theatre in Downtown Glasgow

Economy

Major employers in Glasgow include LSC Communications (formerly R. R. Donnelley), Akebono Brake Industry, Walmart, Nemak, and ACK Controls (a joint venture of Chuo Spring and Dura Automotive Systems). Other employers include South Central Rural Telephone Cooperative and Glasgow Independent Schools. [19]

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  2. ^ "Summary and Reference Guide to House Bill 331 City Classification Reform" (PDF). Kentucky League of Cities. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  4. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Glasgow city, Kentucky". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved November 19, 2013.
  5. ^ Link, Joe. Progressive Farmer. " Best Places: Barren County, Kentucky."
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ Commonwealth of Kentucky. Office of the Secretary of State. Land Office. "Glasgow, Kentucky". Accessed 28 July 2013.
  8. ^ WKU Glasgow. "WKU Glasgow".
  9. ^ Rennick, Robert M. (1987). Kentucky Place Names. University Press of Kentucky. p. 116. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  10. ^ Goode, Cecil; Gardner, Woodford (1980). Barren County Heritage: A Pictorial History of Barren County, Kentucky. Homestead Press. p. 119.
  11. ^ Dickerson, Brad. "Historic home has new owners". Glasgow Daily Times. Glasgow Daily Times. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  12. ^ Hill, Laura (2014). "History Comes Home" (2014 Volume 20). Journal Communications. p. 12. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  15. ^ "Photo Archive of Former Mayors for City of Glasgow" (PDF). City of Glasgow. City of Glasgow. Retrieved 14 March 2018.
  16. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-09-28. Retrieved 2011-07-07.
  17. ^ "Glasgow Independent Schools". Glasgow Independent Schools. Retrieved 2012-06-24.
  18. ^ "Glasgow, Kentucky Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase.
  19. ^ Search Results – Glasgow, Kentucky – ReferenceUSA Current Businesses
  20. ^ "Women Aviators". Archived from the original on 2011-10-09.
  21. ^ The ESPN Baseball Encyclopedia. Sterling Publishing. 2007. p. 455. ISBN  1-4027-4771-3.

External links