Gillette, Wyoming Article

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Gillette, Wyoming
Gillette seen from Overlook Park
Gillette seen from Overlook Park
Location of Gillette in Campbell County, Wyoming.
Location of Gillette in Campbell County, Wyoming.
Coordinates: 44°16′58″N 105°30′19″W / 44.28278°N 105.50528°W / 44.28278; -105.50528
GILLETTE WYOMING Latitude and Longitude:

44°16′58″N 105°30′19″W / 44.28278°N 105.50528°W / 44.28278; -105.50528
Country  United States
State  Wyoming
County Campbell
Government
 • Type Mayor–Council
 • BodyGillette City Council
 • MayorLouise Carter-King [1]
Area
 • Total19.00 sq mi (49.21 km2)
 • Land18.97 sq mi (49.13 km2)
 • Water0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2)
Elevation
4,554 ft (1,388 m)
Population
 • Total29,087
 • Estimate 
(2016) [5]
32,398
 • Density1,533.3/sq mi (592.0/km2)
Time zone UTC−7 ( Mountain (MST))
 • Summer ( DST) UTC−6 (MDT)
ZIP code
82716-82718
Area code(s) 307, exchanges 670, 682, 685-688
FIPS code56-31855 [6]
GNIS feature ID1609094 [7]
Website gillettewy.gov

Gillette is a city in and the county seat of Campbell County, Wyoming, United States. [8] The population was estimated at 32,398 as of July 1, 2016. [9] Gillette is centrally located in an area involved with the development of vast quantities of American coal, oil, and coalbed methane gas. The city calls itself the "Energy Capital of the Nation," noting that the state of Wyoming provides nearly 35% of the nation's coal. [10] Over the last decade Gillette saw a population increase of 48% from the 2000 census of 19,646 residents. [11] [12]

History

Map of Gillette in 1918

Gillette started as Donkey Town named after Donkey Creek and then was moved and called Rocky Pile after rocky draw. [13] Gillette was founded in 1891 with the coming of the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad and incorporated on January 6, 1892, less than two years after Wyoming became a state. Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad changed the name to Gillette for Edward Gillette, who worked as a surveyor for the company. [14]

The first airplane to be flown in Wyoming happened in Gillette for the July 4th celebration in 1911. Pilot George W. Thompson made a few flights in a Mathewson biplane and performed tricks. Thousands of people from cities in a 100 mile (160 km) radius came to see the event. [15] [16]

In 1974, U.S. psychologist ElDean Kohrs used the town as the basic example of what he called the ' Gillette Syndrome': the social disruption that can occur in a community due to rapid population growth. During the 1960s, Gillette doubled its population from 3,580 to 7,194 residents. [17] Kohrs proposed that this fast increase of population caused the phenomenon known as Gillette Syndrome, resulting in increased crime, high costs of living and weakened social and community bonds. Some of Kohrs' claims about the energy industry's influence have later been disputed, since similar increases in divorce rates, welfare usage, and crime were also seen in other rapidly growing areas of the country. [18]

The census-designated place Antelope Valley-Crestview was annexed by the city on January 1, 2018. [19] The population of Antelope Valley-Crestview was 1,658 at the 2010 census and it has a total area of 4.9 square miles (12.7 km²).

Geography

With few natural landmarks the Rockpile signaled to cowboys they were near the end of the stock trail. [20]

Gillette is located at 44°16′58″N 105°30′19″W / 44.28278°N 105.50528°W / 44.28278; -105.50528 (44.282660, −105.505256). [21] It is situated between the Bighorn Mountains to the west and the Black Hills to the east, in the Powder River Basin.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.00 square miles (49.21 km2), of which, 18.97 square miles (49.13 km2) is land and 0.03 square miles (0.08 km2) is water. [3]

Climate

Gillette has a semi-arid climate ( Köppen climate classification BSk) and is situated in USDA plant hardiness zone 4b. [22]

Climate data for Gillette, Wyoming
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 67
(19)
70
(21)
80
(27)
88
(31)
95
(35)
104
(40)
107
(42)
106
(41)
102
(39)
89
(32)
75
(24)
69
(21)
107
(42)
Average high °F (°C) 30.9
(−0.6)
36.6
(2.6)
45.2
(7.3)
54.7
(12.6)
64.5
(18.1)
76.0
(24.4)
84.5
(29.2)
83.5
(28.6)
71.8
(22.1)
58.7
(14.8)
42.1
(5.6)
32.9
(0.5)
56.8
(13.8)
Daily mean °F (°C) 20.5
(−6.4)
25.7
(−3.5)
33.4
(0.8)
41.9
(5.5)
51.5
(10.8)
61.9
(16.6)
69.3
(20.7)
68.4
(20.2)
57.5
(14.2)
45.6
(7.6)
31.2
(−0.4)
22.5
(−5.3)
44.1
(6.7)
Average low °F (°C) 10.0
(−12.2)
14.8
(−9.6)
21.5
(−5.8)
29.1
(−1.6)
38.4
(3.6)
47.7
(8.7)
54.1
(12.3)
53.3
(11.8)
43.2
(6.2)
32.4
(0.2)
20.3
(−6.5)
12.1
(−11.1)
31.4
(−0.3)
Record low °F (°C) −36
(−38)
−40
(−40)
−23
(−31)
−12
(−24)
11
(−12)
28
(−2)
35
(2)
32
(0)
10
(−12)
−12
(−24)
−26
(−32)
−37
(−38)
−40
(−40)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.56
(14)
0.54
(14)
1.00
(25)
1.97
(50)
2.95
(75)
2.64
(67)
1.78
(45)
1.33
(34)
1.43
(36)
1.57
(40)
0.70
(18)
0.67
(17)
17.14
(435)
Source #1: NOAA (normals, 1971–2000) [23]
Source #2: The Weather Channel (Records) [24]

Geology

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900151
1910448196.7%
19201,157158.3%
19301,34015.8%
19402,17762.5%
19502,1910.6%
19603,58063.4%
19707,194100.9%
198012,13468.7%
199017,63545.3%
200019,64611.4%
201029,08748.1%
Est. 201632,398 [5]11.4%
[17]

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $69,581, and the median income for a family was $78,377. Males had a median income of $41,131 versus $22,717 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,749. About 5.7% of families and 7.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.2% of those under age 18 and 14.1% of those age 65 or over.

Racial makeup 2016 Est. [25] 2010 [26] 2000 [27]
White 94.4% 92.2% 95.5%
Black or African American 1.1% 0.4% 0.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.8% 1.2% 1.0%
Asian 0.9% 0.7% 0.4%
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 0.0% 0.0% 0.1%
Other race 0.9% 3.2% 1.3%
Two or more races 2.0% 2.2% 1.5%
Hispanic or Latino of any race 9.7% 9.5% 3.9%

2010 census

The Gillette downtown area on South Gillette Avenue

As of the census [4] of 2010, there were 29,087 people, 10,975 households, and 7,299 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,533.3 inhabitants per square mile (592.0/km2). There were 12,153 housing units at an average density of 640.6 per square mile (247.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.2% White, 0.4% African American, 1.2% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 3.2% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.5% of the population.

There were 10,975 households of which 38.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 33.5% were non-families. 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.09.

The median age in the city was 30.6 years. 28% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 30.6% were from 25 to 44; 24.8% were from 45 to 64; and 5.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 52.3% male and 47.7% female.

Economy

Top employers

Coal

Coal mines near Gillette, from ISS, 2015
A large surface coal mine near Gillette

Coalbed Methane Gas

Oil

Culture

The Wyoming Center, a 9,000 seat arena located at the CAM-PLEX just east of the city, was completed in 2008. The CAM-PLEX hosts events ranging from concerts and balls to the National High School Finals Rodeo.

Art

Museums

Parks

Night view of Gillette from Overlook Park

Sports

The Campbell County Recreation Center is a 190,000 square foot facility that was established April 2010. This facility includes a 42-foot climbing wall resembling the Devils Tower National Monument. There is also an 81,000 square foot field house that contains a six-lane track and 5 indoor tennis courts. [28]

The Energy Capital Sports Complex site has four fast-pitch softball fields that can be converted for Little League baseball. The fields use Slitfilm synthetic turf with sand-rubber infill. There is a 28,000 square foot protected spectator viewing area with a grass play area. There is also a 2.4 mile recreation trail around the complex. Since the grand opening in 2015, the Energy Capital Sports Complex has hosted many tournaments including the Razor City Softball Tournament and the 2016 Wyoming ASA State Softball Tournament. [29]

Education

Gillette College main building

Public education in the city of Gillette is provided by Campbell County School District #1. Gillette is home to Campbell County High School and Thunder Basin High School. Gillette College, a two-year college, is part of the Northern Wyoming Community College District.

Libraries

Government

Mayor Louise Carter-King

Gillette is governed by an elected mayor and a city council with six members. Gillette is split into three wards each represented by two council members. Both the mayor and council members serve four-year terms. [2]

Under the mayor and city council the city government consists of the city attorney, municipal court, and city administration. The city administration consists of several departments and their divisions. Those departments are Human Resources Department, Finance Department, Police Department, Development Services Department, Public Works Department, and Utilities Department. [30]

City Council

The City Council holds regular sessions on first and third Tuesday of every month in the Council Chambers at City Hall. In addition the council also holds agenda review meetings and pre-meetings before regular sessions. All meetings are open to the public except executive sessions. [31]

Military

Media

Transmitter located at 44°14′35″N 105°32′19″W used by KGWY and KLED. [33] [34]

Newspapers

Gillette has one newspaper, the Gillette News-Record, published by Ann Kennedy Turner, The News-Record was originally two newspapers, the Gillette News and the Campbell County Record. The News-Record became a daily July 14, 1975.[ citation needed]

Magazines

Gillette has many local magazines, including The Gillette Wy Adventure Guide, published online by Tyson Waggener. Print magazines include: Anybody's Autos, The House Hunter, and W Magazine.[ citation needed]

Radio

Call sign [35] [36] Frequency Format [37] City of license Transmitter Owner
KGLL 88.1 MHz FM Religious Gillette 44°13′50.00″N 105°27′45.00″W / 44.2305556°N 105.4625000°W / 44.2305556; -105.4625000 Real Presence Radio
KLOF 88.9 MHz FM Christian Contemporary Gillette 44°12′34.00″N 105°28′4.00″W / 44.2094444°N 105.4677778°W / 44.2094444; -105.4677778 Educational Media Foundation
KAXG 89.7 MHz FM Religious Gillette 44°12′34.00″N 105°28′4.00″W / 44.2094444°N 105.4677778°W / 44.2094444; -105.4677778 Hi-Line Radio Fellowship
KUWG 90.9 MHz FM Public Radio Gillette 44°12′34.00″N 105°28′4.00″W / 44.2094444°N 105.4677778°W / 44.2094444; -105.4677778 University of Wyoming
KLWD 91.9 MHz FM Religious Gillette 44°13′50.00″N 105°27′45.00″W / 44.2305556°N 105.4625000°W / 44.2305556; -105.4625000 Calvary Chapel of Twin Falls
KLED 93.3 MHz FM Country Antelope Valley-Crestview (annexed by Gillette in 2018) [19] 44°14′35.00″N 105°32′19.00″W / 44.2430556°N 105.5386111°W / 44.2430556; -105.5386111 Real Presence Radio
K232CT (retransmits KCSP-FM) 94.3 MHz FM Christian Contemporary Gillette 44°12′34.00″N 105°28′2.00″W / 44.2094444°N 105.4672222°W / 44.2094444; -105.4672222 Western Inspirational Broadcasters
KCOV-LP 95.7 MHz FM Religious Gillette 44°17′15.00″N 105°30′21.00″W / 44.2875000°N 105.5058333°W / 44.2875000; -105.5058333 First Presbyterian Church
KAML-FM 97.3 MHz FM Top-40 Gillette 43°59′57.00″N 105°15′15.00″W / 43.9991667°N 105.2541667°W / 43.9991667; -105.2541667 Legend Communications of Wyoming
K253AZ (relays KLQQ) 98.5 MHz FM Top-40 Gillette 44°12′34.00″N 105°28′4.00″W / 44.2094444°N 105.4677778°W / 44.2094444; -105.4677778 Bill Rawlings
KGCC 99.9 MHz FM Classic Rock Gillette 44°17′33.00″N 105°26′10.00″W / 44.2925000°N 105.4361111°W / 44.2925000; -105.4361111 Keyhole Broadcasting
KGWY 100.7 MHz FM Country Gillette 44°14′35.00″N 105°32′19.00″W / 44.2430556°N 105.5386111°W / 44.2430556; -105.5386111 Legend Communications of Wyoming
K294BD (relays KLED) 106.7 MHz FM Country Gillette 44°14′35.00″N 105°32′19.00″W / 44.2430556°N 105.5386111°W / 44.2430556; -105.5386111 Legend Communications of Wyoming
K298CT (relays KIML AM) 107.5 MHz FM News/Talk Gillette 44°14′35.10″N 105°32′19.00″W / 44.2430833°N 105.5386111°W / 44.2430833; -105.5386111 Legend Communications of Wyoming
KIML 1270 kHz AM News/Talk Gillette 44°18′12.00″N 105°29′52.00″W / 44.3033333°N 105.4977778°W / 44.3033333; -105.4977778 Legend Communications of Wyoming

Television

Gillette Public Access Television is the only television station located in Gillette. It is a traditional PEG cable access station operated by the City of Gillette. It can be viewed on Charter Communications Cable channels 189 (Education), 190 (Public Access) and 192 (Government). Programming on GPA-TV can be viewed live and archived online at [1]. [38]

Transportation

Wyoming Highway 59 seen from Interstate 90 in Gillette

Airport

Gillette–Campbell County Airport (GCC) is served by United Airlines operated by SkyWest Airlines. SkyWest currently operates 6 flights daily in and out of Gillette to Denver. [39]

Highways

Infrastructure

At Gillette, Wyoming there is a LORAN-C transmitter at 44°00'11" N and 105°37'24" W. Its antenna, a 700 ft (213.36 meter) high guyed radio mast, is the tallest structure in Wyoming.[ citation needed]

Tallest buildings

Name Height Floors Built [40] Address Image
Farmers Coop Association Feed and Grain Elevator 1928 [41] 207 East 1st Street
Farmers Coop Association Feed and Grain Elevator in Gillette, Wyoming.jpg
First Interstate Bank 1983 220 South Gillette Avenue
First Interstate Bank in downtown Gillette, Wyoming.jpg
Campbell County Memorial Hospital 1982 501 South Burma Avenue
Campbell County Memorial Hospital in Gillette, Wyoming.jpg

Notable features around Gillette

Pronghorn are plentiful in the Gillette area. [42]

Devils Tower National Monument is an hour drive from Gillette. This flat-top volcanic formation rises more than 1,200 feet above the ground and is a popular site to visit. Many people walk the 1.3 mile path around the entire monument while others climb the formation.

Keyhole State Park is also a 49 minute drive from Gillette that is a popular place to visit in both the summer and winter. Many residents enjoy the reservoir during the summer by camping, hiking, and engaging in water sports. During the winter many people ice fish at keyhole which is excellent fishing for walleye, catfish, small mouth bass, and northern pike. Another winter sport you can find people doing around keyhole is snowmobiling. [42]

Gillette is a midway point between the Bighorn Mountains and the Black Hills, and has a somewhat close proximity to both.

Notable people

Born in Gillette

From Gillette

In popular culture

In David Breskin's bildungsroman The Real Life Diary of a Boomtown Girl [46], Randi Bruce Harper is raised by parents in the Wyoming "oil-field service business;" as an adult she drives a Wabco haul truck "down in the pit" while living with her husband in Gillette. Randi is a member of the first all-female blasting team, the "Boom-Boom Girls."

The Manticore facility is set in Gillette in the cyberpunk TV show Dark Angel [47] and the books based on the show. [48] Several fan fiction stories were written with Gillette central to the story because of the reference. [49] [50]

Marcus Sakey, in his Brilliance trilogy, lists Gillette as one of the three entrances (along with Rawlins and Shoshoni) to the New Canaan Holdfast, a large portion of Wyoming land owned by "abnorms." [51]

In an interview with HorrorHound magazine, actor and musician Bill Moseley of the band Cornbugs said he was the great-grandson of Edward Gillette and named their studio album Donkey Town in honor of Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad's decision to change the name of Donkey Town to Gillette as a reward for Edward Gillette's surveying work. [52]

On December 5, 1998 Cheryl Trover a math teacher at Campbell County High School kidnapped and tied up her children, shot her husband John Trover with a .22-caliber pistol, and stabbed him to death with a hunting knife. She had stolen the gun from her lover of 4 years John Riley the principal at the same school. She then set fire to her pickup truck and lied to police about who committed her planned crimes. Once police suspected her she killed herself with a .270 rifle at a friend's house. [53] The events were dramatized in the crime story TV shows Redrum and Murderous Affairs. [54] [55]

Sister cities

Yulin, Shaanxi, China

After the Mayor of Gillette visited a coal conference in China a delegation from Yulin, Shaanxi, China came to Gillette. These meetings eventually lead both becoming sister cities in 2012. [56] [57]

References

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  5. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
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  13. ^ Urbanek, Mae (1988). Wyoming Place Names. Mountain Press Publishing Company. p. 81.
  14. ^ Edward Gillette (1925). Locating the iron trail. The Christopher Publishing House. p. 75. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
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  19. ^ a b Filbin, Patrick (2018-03-08). "City Accepts Deeds to Annexed Parks". Gillette News Record. Gillette, Wyoming. Retrieved 2018-08-16.
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  44. ^ Appel, JM. Phoning Home. University of South Carolina Press, 2014
  45. ^ "Biographical Profile for Jillian Balow". Vote-wy.org. Retrieved December 11, 2014.
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  47. ^ Cameron, James (executive director). Dark Angel (Television production). United States: Fox.
  48. ^ Collins, Max Allen (October 2002). Dark Angel: Before the Dawn. Random House Publishing Group. p. 3. ISBN  9780345463210.
  49. ^ Diivine (2007-03-24). "Two of a kind". FanFiction. Retrieved 2018-01-23.
  50. ^ Doc Dracula (2006-02-27). "L'ennemi Caché". FanFiction. Retrieved 2018-01-23.
  51. ^ Marcus,, Sakey,. Brilliance. Daniels, Luke,. Grand Haven, Michigan. ISBN  9781480504509. OCLC  853166671.
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  53. ^ The News-Record staff (1998-12-10). "Police tell of Trover affair with her boss". The News-Record. Gillette, Wyoming. pp. 1, 12.
  54. ^ "School House Rocked". Redrum. Season 3. Episode 13. 2015-05-19.
  55. ^ "Turmoil". Murderous Affairs. Season 1. Episode 32. 2016.
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  57. ^ Collins, Abby (2012-06-12). "Gillette and Yulin, China, are on a path to be sister cities". Gillette News Record. Gillette, Wyoming. Retrieved 2017-12-21.

External links