Geneva County, Alabama Article

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Geneva County, Alabama
Alabama-Geneva County Courthouse.jpg
The Geneva County Courthouse in Geneva
Map of Alabama highlighting Geneva County
Location in the U.S. state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
FoundedDecember 26, 1868
Named for Geneva, New York
Seat Geneva
Largest cityGeneva
Area
 • Total579 sq mi (1,500 km2)
 • Land574 sq mi (1,487 km2)
 • Water4.5 sq mi (12 km2), 0.8%
Population (est.)
 • ( 2017)26,421
 • Density47/sq mi (18/km2)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC−6/ −5
Website www.genevacounty.us
Footnotes:  
  • County Number 34 on Alabama Licence Plates

Geneva County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census, the population was 26,790. [1] Its county seat is Geneva. [2] The county was named after its county seat, which in turn was named after Geneva, New York which was named after Geneva, Switzerland, by Walter H. Yonge, an early town resident and Swiss native. [3] Geneva County is a dry county in certain areas. Beer and wine are sold in Geneva, Samson, and Slocomb, but it isn't sold in any capacity in Hartford.

Geneva County is part of the Dothan, AL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Geneva County was established on December 26, 1868.

The county was declared a disaster area in September 1979 due to damage from Hurricane Frederic.

On March 10, 2009, a gunman, identified as Michael McLendon, went on a shooting spree at nine locations in Geneva County from the town of Samson to the city of Geneva, killing ten people and wounding six others. McLendon entered his former place of employment, Reliable Metal Products on the northeastern side of Geneva, where he took his own life.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 579 square miles (1,500 km2), of which 574 square miles (1,490 km2) is land and 4.5 square miles (12 km2) (0.8%) is water. [4] It is the fifth-smallest county in Alabama by total area.

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18702,959
18804,34246.7%
189010,690146.2%
190019,09678.6%
191026,23037.4%
192029,31511.8%
193030,1042.7%
194029,172−3.1%
195025,899−11.2%
196022,310−13.9%
197021,924−1.7%
198024,25310.6%
199023,647−2.5%
200025,7649.0%
201026,7904.0%
Est. 201726,421 [5]−1.4%
U.S. Decennial Census [6]
1790–1960 [7] 1900–1990 [8]
1990–2000 [9] 2010–2017 [1]

2010

The 2010 United States Census has the breakdown as:

2000

As of the census [10] of 2000, there were 25,764 people, 10,477 households, and 7,459 families residing in the county. The population density was 45 people per square mile (17/km2). There were 12,115 housing units at an average density of 21 per square mile (8/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 87.11% White, 10.65% Black or African American, 0.76% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.62% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. 1.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 10,477 households out of which 30.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.40% were married couples living together, 11.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.80% were non-families. 26.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 25.30% from 45 to 64, and 16.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,448, and the median income for a family was $32,563. Males had a median income of $26,018 versus $19,341 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,620. About 15.90% of families and 19.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.20% of those under age 18 and 21.80% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Towns

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Government and politics

Much like the state and the rest of the Deep South, Geneva County was locked for the Democrats before 1964, except when powerful anti-Catholic and Prohibitionist feelings directed against “wet” Democratic nominee Al Smith allowed Herbert Hoover to win in 1928 by forty-eight votes. [11] However, ever since 1980, Geneva County has been a Republican stronghold. The last Democrat to carry the county was Deep South native Jimmy Carter in 1976. Geneva is also noteworthy for being the best county in the country for segregationist and Alabama native George Wallace in the 1968 election, [12] where his main support was from the Deep South and was strongest in the Wiregrass and Piney Woods regions.

Presidential elections results
Geneva County vote
by party in presidential elections [13]
2016 85.0% 9,994 13.0% 1,525 2.0% 239
2012 81.0% 9,175 18.0% 2,039 1.0% 117
2008 80.8% 9,417 18.3% 2,134 0.9% 106
2004 79.3% 8,342 20.1% 2,113 0.6% 65
2000 68.9% 6,588 29.0% 2,769 2.1% 202
1996 52.6% 4,725 35.3% 3,174 12.1% 1,084
1992 49.1% 4,843 36.7% 3,622 14.2% 1,402
1988 67.3% 5,703 31.7% 2,685 1.0% 84
1984 70.0% 6,308 25.9% 2,330 4.1% 373
1980 49.3% 4,747 48.9% 4,703 1.9% 178
1976 30.5% 2,663 68.5% 5,983 1.1% 93
1972 84.3% 5,851 15.1% 1,049 0.6% 38
1968 3.3% 284 4.4% 380 92.3% 7,917
1964 80.7% 4,502 19.3% 1,074
1960 33.0% 1,502 66.9% 3,050 0.2% 7
1956 28.6% 1,179 69.0% 2,841 2.4% 98
1952 26.0% 950 73.9% 2,703 0.1% 3
1948 13.5% 286 86.5% 1,837
1944 16.0% 385 83.4% 2,004 0.6% 15
1940 12.4% 364 87.2% 2,565 0.4% 13
1936 10.0% 295 89.9% 2,652 0.1% 2
1932 9.5% 270 90.3% 2,559 0.1% 4
1928 50.8% 1,533 49.2% 1,485 0.0% 0
1924 27.9% 477 69.5% 1,191 2.6% 45
1920 41.7% 1,088 57.0% 1,488 1.4% 36
1916 35.4% 713 62.8% 1,265 1.7% 35
1912 6.4% 99 57.9% 891 35.6% 548
1908 32.9% 500 56.2% 854 11.0% 167
1904 31.1% 473 48.9% 743 20.0% 304

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 10, 2011. Retrieved May 16, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ "Geneva County". Alabama Department of Archives and History. June 4, 2009. Retrieved Aug 1, 2009.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
  8. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 24, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  11. ^ Phillips, Kevin P.; The Emerging Republican Majority, p. 212 ISBN  9780691163246
  12. ^ "1968 Presidential Election Statistics". Dave Leip’s U.S. Election Atlas.
  13. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved November 16, 2016.

External links


GENEVA COUNTY ALABAMA Latitude and Longitude:

31°05′32″N 85°50′18″W / 31.09222°N 85.83833°W / 31.09222; -85.83833