Fred Anderson (born 1949) is an American historian of early North American history.
Anderson received his B.A. from Colorado State University in 1971 and his Ph.D. from Harvard in 1981. He has taught at Harvard and at the University of Colorado, Boulder, where he is currently Professor of History. He has held fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Charles Warren Center of Harvard University, the Guggenheim Foundation and the Rockefeller Foundation.
He is the author or editor of five books including Crucible of War: The Seven Years' War and the Fate of Empire in British North America, 1754-1766 (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, February 11, 2000; London: Faber and Faber, 2000), which won the Mark Lynton History Prize and the 2001 Francis Parkman Prize as best book in American history. Together with Andrew Cayton ( Miami University), he has recently published The Dominion of War: Empire and Liberty in North America, 1500-2000 (New York: Viking; London: Atlantic Books, 2005).
His newest book,The War That Made America: A Short History of the French and Indian War (Viking) is a companion to the four-hour PBS series " The War that Made America," which was broadcast January 18 and 25, 2006.  The series and book were released to coincide with the 250th anniversary of the French and Indian War, organized by French and Indian War 250 Inc., as part of a collaborative effort with a variety of museums, historic sites and educational workshops spanning several states.
In late 2006, it was announced that Anderson and Cayton have been assigned the volume on the later colonial period (Volume II: 1674-1764) of the newest (and partially published) Oxford History of the United States.
Professor Anderson has told his students he plans to retire at the end of the Spring 2017 semester.
- A People's Army: Massachusetts Soldiers and Society in the Seven Years' War. Univ of North Carolina Press, 1984. ISBN 0-8078-1611-6
- Crucible of War: The Seven Years' War and the Fate of Empire in British North America, 1754-1766. Knopf, 2000. ISBN 0-375-40642-5
- The War That Made America: A Short History of the French and Indian War. Viking Adult, 2005. ISBN 0-670-03454-1
- The Dominion of War: Empire and Liberty in North America, 1500-2000. Viking Adult, 2004. ISBN 0-670-03370-7
- George Washington Remembers: Reflections on the French and Indian War. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2004. ISBN 0-7425-3372-7
- Jay Winik (January 8, 2006). "The Prerevolutionary War". New York Times. Retrieved June 26, 2010.