Franconia, New Hampshire Article

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Franconia, New Hampshire
Town
Franconia Village with Sugar Hills background c. 1908
Franconia Village with Sugar Hills background c. 1908
Motto(s): "Explore the Road Not Taken"
Location in Grafton County, New Hampshire
Coordinates: 44°13′38″N 71°44′54″W / 44.22722°N 71.74833°W / 44.22722; -71.74833
FRANCONIA NEW HAMPSHIRE Latitude and Longitude:

44°13′38″N 71°44′54″W / 44.22722°N 71.74833°W / 44.22722; -71.74833
CountryUnited States
State New Hampshire
County Grafton
Incorporated1764
Government
 •  Board of SelectmenJill Brewer, Chair
Eric Meth
Jeffrey Blodgett
 •  Town AdministratorHolly Burbank
Area
 • Total 66.0 sq mi (170.9 km2)
 • Land65.7 sq mi (170.1 km2)
 • Water0.3 sq mi (0.8 km2)  0.47%
Elevation928 ft (283 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total1,104
 • Density17/sq mi (6.5/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 ( Eastern)
 • Summer ( DST) UTC-4 ( Eastern)
ZIP code03580
Area code(s) 603
FIPS code33-27300
GNIS feature ID0873599
Website www.franconianh.org

Franconia is a town in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 1,104 at the 2010 census. [1] Set in the White Mountains, Franconia is home to the northern half of Franconia Notch State Park. Parts of the White Mountain National Forest are in the eastern and southern portions of the town. The Appalachian Trail crosses the southern part.

History

Old Man of the Mountain on the New Hampshire quarter

The town was first granted in 1764 by Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth as Franconia, [2] a name widely applied to the region by 1760 [3] due to the terrain's resemblance to the Franconian Switzerland in the region of Franconia in Germany. [4] Upon claims that a settlement was not made within the time prescribed under the terms of the charter, it was regranted in 1772 by his nephew, Governor John Wentworth, as Morristown. Sometime between 1779 and 1782, after a legal battle over the two grants, the first grant was recognized and the original name of the town was resumed. [5] [6]

The town sits on a rich iron deposit, and the region once produced pig iron and bar iron for farm tools and cast iron ware.

before 1980
after 1980
Cannon Mountain Aerial Tramway (old and new)

Franconia is home to the Cannon Mountain Aerial Tramway, which rises to the 4,100-foot (1,200 m) summit of Cannon Mountain. Built in 1938, it was the first passenger aerial tramway in North America. From the time of its construction in 1938 to its retirement in 1980, the original tramway carried 6,581,338 passengers to the summit of Cannon Mountain. The original tramway was replaced by a new 80-passenger tram in 1979. Construction and testing of the new tram were completed in February 1980, and the red and yellow tram cars are still running year-round today. [7]

Around 1940, actress Bette Davis vacationed in Sugar Hill, the town bordering Franconia to the west. On a solo hike to Bridal Veil Falls at the western foot of Cannon Mountain, she got lost in the woods. Arthur Farnsworth, who worked at Peckett's Ski School, found her and rescued her from the woods. They fell in love and soon married. [8] Farnsworth died unexpectedly as a result of freak accident in Los Angeles. Davis had erected in a rock on the trail to Bridal Veil Falls a plaque to commemorate Farnsworth, in which was inscribed the words "The Keeper of Stray Ladies," although Davis did not include her name in the plaque. The plaque can be seen today on the Coppermine Trail to Bridal Veil Falls.

Center of town celebrating Bode Miller's 2010 Winter Olympics gold, silver and bronze medals

The town was home to Franconia College during the 1960s and 1970s. In the 21st century Franconia has been known as the home of skier Bode Miller who has accumulated several Olympic medals.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 66.0 square miles (170.9 km2), of which 65.7 square miles (170.2 km2) is land and 0.3 square miles (0.8 km2) is water, comprising 0.47% of the town. [9] Franconia is drained by the Pemigewasset River, the Gale River, and the Ham Branch of the Gale River, in addition to Lafayette Brook. The north-western two-thirds of Franconia lies within the Connecticut River watershed, while the south-eastern corner lies in the Merrimack River watershed. [10]

The area of Franconia Notch is well known for its natural features, including Profile and Echo lakes, the Basin, Mount Lafayette, Mount Lincoln, and Cannon Mountain. Mount Lafayette, at 5,249 feet (1,600 m) above sea level, is the highest peak in Franconia. The Old Man of the Mountain, a profile-like cliff which inspired Nathaniel Hawthorne to write The Great Stone Face, collapsed on May 3, 2003.

In addition to the mountains around Franconia Notch, there are several other four-thousand footers within the town limits: Mount Garfield, Galehead Mountain, South Twin Mountain, and Owl's Head.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
179072
180012979.2%
1810358177.5%
18203734.2%
183044318.8%
184052318.1%
185058411.7%
186070821.2%
1870549−22.5%
18805500.2%
18905948.0%
190065510.3%
1910504−23.1%
1920440−12.7%
193051416.8%
194056810.5%
1950549−3.3%
1960491−10.6%
197065533.4%
198074313.4%
19908119.2%
200092413.9%
20101,10419.5%
Est. 20151,117 [11]1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census [12]

As of the census [13] of 2000, there were 924 people, 384 households, and 243 families residing in the town. The population density was 14.0 people per square mile (5.4/km²). There were 702 housing units at an average density of 10.7 per square mile (4.1/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.51% White, 0.11% African American, 0.65% Native American, 0.87% Asian, 0.11% from other races, and 0.76% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.32% of the population.

There were 384 households out of which 27.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.4% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.7% were non-families. 28.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.76.

In the town, the population was spread out with 20.0% under the age of 18, 4.5% from 18 to 24, 21.9% from 25 to 44, 33.1% from 45 to 64, and 20.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $40,114, and the median income for a family was $46,979. Males had a median income of $29,500 versus $24,000 for females. The per capita income for the town was $20,351. About 7.8% of families and 8.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.1% of those under age 18 and 4.9% of those age 65 or over.

Sites of interest

Notable people

References

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
  2. ^ The Franconia Charter, 1764
  3. ^ Herbert, Phyllis Bond. The Early History of Franconia, N.H., p. 6
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 130.
  5. ^ Welch, Sarah Nelson. A History of Franconia New Hampshire, p. 32
  6. ^ Franconia Area Heritage Council. Old Landmarks of Our Neighborhood, p. 32.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-07-02. Retrieved 2016-02-06.
  8. ^ The Keeper of Stray Ladies
  9. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001) - Franconia town, New Hampshire". U.S. Census Bureau American Factfinder. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved November 10, 2011.
  10. ^ Foster, Debra H.; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N.; Medalie, Laura (1995). Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers. U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.
  11. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

External links