Fort Phoenix State Reservation Article

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Fort Phoenix State Reservation
Fairhaven Beachfront.jpg
Aerial view of the reservation;
Fort Phoenix's remnant ramparts may be seen in the foreground at the bottom of the image
Map showing the location of Fort Phoenix State Reservation
Map showing the location of Fort Phoenix State Reservation
Location in Massachusetts
Location Fairhaven, Bristol, Massachusetts, United States
Coordinates 41°37′27″N 70°53′56″W / 41.62417°N 70.89889°W / 41.62417; -70.89889
FORT PHOENIX STATE RESERVATION Latitude and Longitude:

41°37′27″N 70°53′56″W / 41.62417°N 70.89889°W / 41.62417; -70.89889
[1]
Area28 acres (11 ha) [2]
Elevation7 ft (2.1 m) [1]
EstablishedEarly 1960s
Governing body Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation
Website Fort Phoenix State Reservation

Fort Phoenix State Reservation is a public recreation area on Buzzards Bay in the town of Fairhaven, Massachusetts. The reservation encompasses 28 acres (11 ha) adjacent to the remains of Fort Phoenix, an American Revolutionary War fort and national landmark from which the reservation takes its name. Off shore, the first naval battle of the Revolutionary War was fought near the Elizabeth Islands, which may be visible from the remnants of the fort's ramparts. [3] [4] [5] The state park is maintained by the Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation, while Fort Phoenix is separately managed and maintained by the town of Fairhaven. [6]

Park history

Military use of the fort ended in 1876. [6] The reservation's beach saw the first flush of popularity in the 1880s when visitors were brought here by trolley from New Bedford.

The property was put up for sale by the United States Government, and was bought in 1925 for $5,000 by Cara Broughton, daughter of Fairhaven native and Standard Oil Company industrialist Henry Huttleston Rogers, who then presented Fort Phoenix to the Town of Fairhaven as a public park. [6] [7] Fort Phoenix was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973. [6]

Activities and amenities

The park's half-mile beachfront offers swimming, hiking, picnicking and wheelchair-accessible restrooms, [3] as well as tennis and basketball courts, outdoor showers, grills, and playground. [6]

References

  1. ^ a b "Fort Phoenix Beach State Reservation". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  2. ^ "2012 Acreage Listing" (PDF). Department of Conservation and Recreation. April 2012. Retrieved March 16, 2017.
  3. ^ a b "Fort Phoenix State Reservation". MassParks. Executive Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
  4. ^ "A Historical Timeline of Fairhaven Massachusetts". Town of Fairhaven. February 4, 2005. Archived from the original on July 6, 2008. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
  5. ^ Flanagan, John (March 17, 1946). "Many ownership changes seen in tiny tract where Vikings, Indians and colonists roamed". The Standard-Times. New Bedford. Reproduced at West Island Spyglass. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
  6. ^ a b c d e "Fairhaven Visitors Guide" (PDF). Town of Fairhaven, Office of Tourism. 2014. Retrieved March 16, 2017.
  7. ^ Fraga, Brian (April 8, 2006). "Fairhaven to mark Fort Phoenix purchase". SouthCoastToday.com. Retrieved November 25, 2017.

External links