It was established in November 1679 by a band of French explorers led by René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle on the banks of what was then called the River Miami as a mission and Indian trading outpost. His soldiers destroyed it the next year.  It was rebuilt in winter 1680-81.
In 1700, a second fort was erected by a visiting Jesuit mission and remained in French possession until the French and Indian War (1754-1763), at which point it was conquered by the British.
It came under the command of Colonel John Colonel, who with a handful of soldiers resisted regular attacks by surrounding indigenous tribes. It fell to a raiding party during Pontiac’s Rebellion in 1763 until quickly returning to British rule at the end of the same year. 
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- Timothy Edward Howard (1907). A history of St. Joseph County, Indiana, Volume 1. The Lewis publishing company. p. 24. Retrieved 2011-04-22.
- McIntyre, James R. (2008). The Encyclopedia of North American Colonial Conflicts to 1775: A Political, Social, and Military History. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. p. 265.
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