Flag of Michigan Article

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Michigan
Flag of Michigan.svg
Use Civil and state flag
Proportion2:3
AdoptedJune 26, 1911; 107 years ago (1911-06-26)
Design Coat of arms of Michigan on a blue field
Flag of the Governor of Michigan.svg
Variant flag of Michigan
Name Flag of the Governor of Michigan
AdoptedAugust 1, 1911
Design Coat of arms of Michigan on a white field

The flag of the state of Michigan depicts the state's coat of arms on a dark blue field, as set forth by Michigan state law. [1] (The Governor has a variant of the flag with a white instead of blue field. [1]) The state has an official flag month from June 14 through July 14. [2]

Design

The state coat of arms depicts a light blue shield, upon which the sun rises over a lake and peninsula, and a man with a raised hand representing peace and holding a long gun representing the fight for state and nation as a frontier state. [3]

As supporters, the elk and moose are derived from the Hudson's Bay Company coat of arms, and depict great animals of Michigan. The bald eagle represents the United States which formed the state of Michigan from the Northwest Territory. [4]

The design features three Latin mottos. From top-to-bottom they are:

  1. On red ribbon: " E Pluribus Unum," means "Out of many, one," a motto of the United States.
  2. On light blue shield: "Tuebor," means "I will defend."
  3. On white ribbon: "Si Quæris Peninsulam Amœnam Circumspice," means "If you seek a pleasant peninsula, look about you." (The official state motto).

History

The present flag, adopted in 1911, is the third state flag. The first flag featured a portrait of Michigan's first governor, Stevens T. Mason, on one side and the state coat of arms and "a soldier and a lady" on the other side. The first flag is completely lost, and no images of it exist, as far as anyone knows. The second flag, adopted in 1865, displayed the state coat of arms on one side and the United States coat of arms on the other. [4]

Possible replacement

In November 2016, a bill was introduced in the Michigan state legislature by Michigan State Senator Steven Bieda that would have provided for a public design contest to change the current state flag, but it was ultimately unsuccessful. [5] If the bill had passed, however, the current state flag would have been discontinued in January 2019 and replaced with a new design. [6] [7]

Pledge

Michigan's pledge of allegiance to the state flag was written by Harold G. Coburn and was officially adopted in 1972. [2]

Rating

The North American Vexillological Association (NAVA), in its 2001 survey of U.S. state, U.S. territorial and Canadian provincial flags rated the current Michigan flag 59th out of 72 flags evaluated; it was given an average score of just 3.46 out of a possible 10 points. [8]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Act 209 of 1911 Coat-of-Arms and State Flag in Michigan Compiled Laws
  2. ^ a b Murray, Dave (April 9, 2012). "Did you pledge allegiance to the Michigan flag today?". Flint Journal. MLive.com. Retrieved July 12, 2018.
  3. ^ History of the Great Seal
  4. ^ a b www.netstate.com
  5. ^ http://www.legislature.mi.gov/%28S%28gf2eardsmyh4kmtu4xwkw2em%29%29/mileg.aspx?page=getobject&objectName=2016-SB-1160
  6. ^ https://archive.is/20161121090026/https://www.michigandaily.com/section/state/senator-steve-bieda-proposes-bill-change-michigan-flag-design
  7. ^ https://archive.is/o/qG4Ph/www.legislature.mi.gov/documents/2015-2016/billintroduced/Senate/pdf/2016-SIB-1160.pdf
  8. ^ "2001 State/Provincial Flag Survey - NAVA.org" (PDF). nava.org.

External links