|Fayette County, Alabama|
Fayette County courthouse in Fayette
Location in the U.S. state of Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
|Founded||December 20, 1824|
|Named for||Marquis de Lafayette|
|• Total||629 sq mi (1,629 km2)|
|• Land||628 sq mi (1,627 km2)|
|• Water||1.7 sq mi (4 km2), 0.3%|
|• ( 2017)||16,468|
|• Density||27/sq mi (10/km2)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC−6/ −5|
Fayette County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,241.  Its county seat is Fayette. Its name is in honor of the Marquis de Lafayette  (or de la Fayette), who aided General George Washington in the American Revolutionary War.
Fayette County was established on December 20, 1824 during Lafayette's historic tour of the 24 United States
- Marion County (north)
- Walker County (east)
- Tuscaloosa County (southeast)
- Pickens County (southwest)
- Lamar County (west)
|U.S. Decennial Census
1790–1960  1900–1990 
1990–2000  2010–2017 
As of the census  of 2010, there were 17,241 people, 7,493 households, and 5,342 families residing in the county. The population density was 30 people per square mile (11/km2). There were 8,472 housing units at an average density of 14 per square mile (5/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 86.92% White, 11.93% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.27% from other races, and 0.51% from two or more races. 0.82% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
As of 2012 the largest self-reported ancestry groups in Fayette County were:
There were 7,493 households out of which 30.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 10.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.70% were non-families. 26.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.92.
In the county, the population was spread out with 22.30% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 26.50% from 25 to 44, 25.30% from 45 to 64, and 17.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 93.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.60 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $28,539, and the median income for a family was $34,560. Males had a median income of $29,239 versus $20,606 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,439. About 13.10% of families and 17.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.30% of those under age 18 and 17.90% of those age 65 or over.
Of 3,143 counties in the United States in 2013, Fayette County ranked 2,882 in the longevity of male residents and 3,091 of female residents. Males in Fayette County lived an average of 71.2 years and females lived an average of 75.3 years compared to the national average for longevity of 76.5 for males and 81.2 for females. The average longevity of men in Fayette County increased by 2.0 years from 1985 to 2013 compared to a national average for the same period of an increased life span for men of 5.5 years. The average longevity, however, for females in Fayette County declined by 4.2 years between 1985 and 2013 compared to the national average for the same period of an increased life span of 3.1 years for women. High rates of smoking and obesity and a low rate of physical activity appear to be contributing factors to the low level of longevity for both sexes. 
One study concluded that Fayette County between 1985 and 2010 was one of the few U.S. counties which saw a decline in the longevity of women, and that the decline in female longevity in Fayette Country was the largest of any county in the nation. 
- Berry High School
- Berry Elementary School
- Fayette County High School
- Fayette Middle School
- Fayette Elementary School
- Hubbertville School
- U.S. Highway 43
- State Route 13
- State Route 18
- State Route 96
- State Route 102
- State Route 107
- State Route 129
- State Route 171
- State Route 233
Richard Arthur Field (Municipal)- A 5,000 ft (1,500 m) paved runway with JET A and 100LL fuel service. Located about 3 miles (4.8 km) northeast of the city center.
- Ashcraft Corners
- Boley Springs
- Cedar Hill
- Fowlers Crossroads
- Lawrence Mill
- Mt. Vernon
- New Hope
- Pea Ridge
- Rossland City
- Studdard Crossroads
- Walnut Lane
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Fayette County, Alabama
- Properties on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage in Fayette County, Alabama
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- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 124.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
- Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 24, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- "Fayette County, Alabama", http://www.healthdata.org/sites/default/files/files/county_profiles/US/County_Report_Fayette_County_Alabama.pdf, accessed 12 Oct 2016
- Wang et al, "Population Health Metrics", 2013, 11:8, http://www.pophealthmetrics.com/content/11/1/8, accessed 13 Oct 2016
- "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved November 16, 2016.