Fairlee, Vermont Article

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Fairlee, Vermont
Town
Fairlee from Morey Mountain c. 1907
Fairlee from Morey Mountain c. 1907
Located in Orange County, Vermont
Located in Orange County, Vermont
Location of Vermont with the U.S.A.
Location of Vermont with the U.S.A.
Coordinates: 43°55′N 72°10′W / 43.917°N 72.167°W / 43.917; -72.167
CountryUnited States
State Vermont
County Orange
Chartered1761 [1]
Area
 • Total21.2 sq mi (55.0 km2)
 • Land20.2 sq mi (52.3 km2)
 • Water1.0 sq mi (2.7 km2)
Elevation
430 ft (421 m)
Population
(2000)
 • Total967
 • Density47.9/sq mi (18.5/km2)
 • Households
395
 • Families
265
Time zone UTC-5 ( EST)
 • Summer ( DST) UTC-4 ( EDT)
ZIP code
05045
Area code(s) 802
FIPS code50-25675 [2]
GNIS feature ID1462095 [3]
Website http://www.fairleevt.org/

Fairlee is a town in Orange County, Vermont, United States. The population was 977 at the 2010 census. It includes the village of Ely. Fairlee is home to Lake Morey, which claims to have the longest ice skating trail in the United States. [4]

History

One of the New Hampshire grants, Fairlee was chartered by Governor Benning Wentworth on September 9, 1761 and awarded to Josiah Channey, Joseph Hubbard and 62 others. [5] It was first settled in 1766. On February 25, 1797, the western half was set off as West Fairlee. The population was 575 by 1859, when it had several sawmills, a gristmill, and an establishment for lead pipe and pumps. [6] The Fairlee Railroad Depot was built in 1848 by the Connecticut & Passumpsic Rivers Railroad. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1998, it is the oldest surviving railroad structure along the Connecticut River. [7]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 21.2 square miles (55 km2), of which, 20.2 sq mi (52 km2) of it is land and 1 sq mi (2.6 km2) of it (4.90%) is water. Bounded by the Connecticut River, Fairlee is drained by Glen Falls Brook, Big Brook and the outlet of Lake Morey.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790463
1800386−16.6%
1810983154.7%
18201,14316.3%
1830656−42.6%
1840644−1.8%
1850575−10.7%
1860549−4.5%
1870416−24.2%
188046912.7%
1890398−15.1%
190043810.1%
19104380.0%
19204594.8%
1930456−0.7%
194053517.3%
19505716.7%
1960569−0.4%
19706046.2%
198077027.5%
199088314.7%
20009679.5%
20109771.0%
Est. 2014987 [8]1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census [9]

As of the census [2] of 2000, there were 967 people, 395 households, and 265 families residing in the town. The population density was 47.9 people per square mile (18.5/km2). There were 575 housing units at an average density of 28.5 per square mile (11.0/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.52% White, 0.21% African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 0.21% from other races, and 1.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.83% of the population.

There were 395 households out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.2% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% were non-families. 25.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the town, the population was spread out with 23.6% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 25.4% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.5 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $44,018, and the median income for a family was $48,250. Males had a median income of $31,736 versus $25,217 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,454. About 2.6% of families and 5.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of those under age 18 and 13.4% of those age 65 or over.

Sites of interest

Infrastructure

Transportation

The town is crossed by I-91.svg Interstate 91, US 5.svg U.S. Route 5, and Vermont 244.svg Vermont Route 244.

Notable people

References

  1. ^ "Town of Fairlee Vermont". Town of Fairlee Vermont. Retrieved October 22, 2012.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ Lake Morey Ice Skating Trail
  5. ^ A. J. Coolidge & J. B. Mansfield, A History and Description of New England; Boston, Massachusetts 1859
  6. ^ A. J. Coolidge & J. B. Mansfield, A History and Description of New England; Boston, Massachusetts 1859
  7. ^ National Register of Historic Places -- Fairlee Railroad Depot
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Archived from the original on May 23, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved May 16, 2015.
  10. ^ Sally Denton, The Pink Lady: The Many Lives of Helen Gahagan Douglas, 2009, page 12
  11. ^ Edward T. James, Janet Wilson James, Paul S. Boyer, Notable American Women: A Biographical Dictionary, Volume 5, 2004, page 178
  12. ^ Smith, Win (16 June 2010). "Myt Turn:Taxes put sustainability at risk". Burlington, Vermont: Burlington Free Press. pp. 6A.
  13. ^ Vermont Historical Society, Proceedings of the Vermont Historical Society, 1915, page 203
  14. ^ "MALLARY, Richard Walker, (1929 - 2011)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 22, 2012.
  15. ^ "Samuel Morey". Find A Grave. Retrieved October 22, 2012.
  16. ^ "MORRISON, George Washington, (1809 - 1888)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 22, 2012.
  17. ^ "Niles, Nathaniel (1741-1828)". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved October 22, 2012.
  18. ^ "Stephen Thomas". Vermont in the Civil War. Retrieved October 22, 2012.

External links


FAIRLEE VERMONT Latitude and Longitude:

43°56′13″N 72°10′05″W / 43.937°N 72.168°W / 43.937; -72.168