Energy in Arkansas Information
Though a small percentage of total consumption, its many waterways provide for a higher than average hydroelectric generation capacity. A higher than average solar exposure has recently begun to be taken advantage of in the state, with three solar photovoltaic generation facilities going online in 2016 and more under construction. Wind power potential is modest in Arkansas and the state has no utility-scale wind generation facilities.
A network of 17 regional cooperatives, four investor-owned companies, and a number of municipal providers generate and deliver electricity to Arkansas customers. Five utilities deliver natural gas. 
Property assessed clean energy (PACE)
Arkansas enacted property assessed clean energy (PACE) legislation in 2013. The law enables bonds to be issued in voluntarily created energy improvement districts that are then used to fund low-interest loans for renewable energy or efficiency upgrades.  Cities Fayetteville and North Little Rock have since formed local energy improvement districts. 
Net metering rules in the state were first established by the Arkansas Public Service Commission in 2002 and were expanded in 2007.  Energy generated by renewable systems up to 25 kilowatts for residential customers and up to 300 kilowatts for nonresidential is eligible. Under the law, utilities grant customers credits for excess energy fed to the grid. Unused credits at the end of a billing year are usable in the next billing year up to the customer's four-month average use in the previous year. Any additional credits are forfeited to the utility. 
The American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy ranked Arkansas 31st among the most energy-efficient states in 2017, down from 27th in 2016.  Arkansas ranked 17th among fellow states in 2014 for overall per capita energy consumption. 
The average per-kilowatt-hour electricity rate in Arkansas was $0.08 in 2014, the fourth-lowest in the country.  Rates by sector in 2014 were $0.10 for residential, $0.06 for industrial, and $0.08 for commercial. 
Generation facilities providing public power in the state include:
- five coal-fired plants
- 20 hydroelectric installations, including one pumped storage facility
- 10 natural gas-fired plants
- seven dual-fuel natural gas/ petroleum-fired plants
- six photovolatic solar facilities
- two landfill gas facilities
- one nuclear power plant
- one petroleum-fired plant
In 2014, Arkansas' power industry released 30 million metric tons of carbon dioxide, 66,524 metric tons of sulfur dioxide, and 33,229 metric tons of nitrogen oxides.  In 2013, Arkansas ranked 30th in the most energy-related carbon dioxide emissions and 16th-highest for per capita energy-related carbon dioxide emissions. 
Three utility-scale solar photovoltaic generation facilities began operating in Arkansas in 2016:
- The state's first utility-scale solar facility, a 12-megawatt farm in East Camden serving an Aerojet Rocketdyne manufacturing facility. Excess energy from the farm is sold to the public electrical grid. 
- A 1-megawatt farm in Springdale operated by the Ozarks Electric Cooperative 
- A 0.5-megawatt farm in Van Buren operated by the Arkansas Valley Electric Cooperative 
Two solar photovoltaic facilities are in progress:
- The 100-megawatt Chicot Solar Project will be the state's largest solar facility upon completion. 
- A 6.5-megawatt facility is planned to open in 2018 in Clarksville. 
A 1.2-megawatt array for a L'Oréal manufacturing facility in North Little Rock is scheduled to be operational in mid-2017.  Notable small-scale solar power installations include rooftop photovoltaics on the Fayetteville Public Library and the Clinton Presidential Center in Little Rock.
The U.S. Department of Energy estimates the state has 9,200 megawatts of potential wind power capacity at 80 meters.  Arkansas is one of 9 U.S. states and the District of Columbia without utility-scale wind power. 
Arkansas is 14th among states with the most installed hydroelectric generating capacity and 16th with the most generation from biomass. In 2011, hydroelectric installations generated 2,992 million kilowatt hours, while 1,668 million kilowatt hours were generated from biomass, mostly from wood products. 
Arkansas' electric providers include four investor-owned utilities and a number of municipal and regional cooperative providers. Generation and transmission cooperative Arkansas Electric Cooperative Corporation provides wholesale energy to 17 regional member cooperatives in the state. 
The Fayetteville Shale, a narrow Mississippian age geological formation that runs across the center of the state, accounts for nearly all of Arkansas natural gas production. Proven reserves of dry natural gas in the state were estimated at 12,789 billion cubic feet in 2014. 
Marketed natural gas production in Arkansas more than doubled from 2008 to 2010. In 2014, natural gas production amounted to 1.12 million cubic feet, ranking it eighth-highest among fellow states.  Arkansas accounted for 4.1 percent of U.S. production of marketed natural gas in 2014. 
More than 1,000 minor earthquakes in 2010 and 2011 in Greenbrier led to the Arkansas Oil and Gas Commission to close several hydraulic fracturing wells. Scientists at the University of Memphis and the Arkansas Geological Survey determined the quakes were likely caused by underground fracking wastewater disposal. Local residents filed five lawsuits in federal court against Chesapeake Operating Inc and BHP Billiton. 
Oil drilling began in south Arkansas in 1920 with the Hunter No. 1 well installed in Ouachita County. Commercial oil production began in 1921 with the S.T. Busey well in Union County near El Dorado. 
- "Utilities in Arkansas". Arkansas Economic Development Commission. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
- "Electric Utilities the Commission Regulates". Arkansas Public Service Commission. Archived from the original on March 14, 2014. Retrieved March 22, 2014.
- "PACE Arkansas Initiative (SB 640)" (PDF) (PDF). Arkansas Advanced Energy Association. February 2013. Retrieved June 1, 2014.
- "NLR Adopts PACE Act, Creates Energy Improvement District". Innovate Arkansas. March 25, 2014. Retrieved June 1, 2014.
- "Energy Policy & Legislation". Arkansas Economic Development Commission. Retrieved June 1, 2014.
- "Net Metering Rules" (PDF). Arkansas Public Service Commission. September 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 7, 2014. Retrieved June 1, 2014.
- "2017 State Energy Efficiency Scorecard" (PDF). The American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy. Retrieved November 1, 2017.
- "Rankings: Total Energy Consumed per Capita, 2014". U.S. Energy Information Administration. Retrieved September 30, 2016.
- "Arkansas Electricity Generation". U.S. Department of Energy. Archived from the original on March 23, 2014. Retrieved March 22, 2014.
- "Quick Facts". U.S. Energy Information Administration. Retrieved June 20, 2014.
- "State Electricity Profiles". U.S. Energy Information Administration. March 24, 2016. Retrieved October 1, 2016.
- "Average Price by State by Provider". U.S. Energy Information Administration. October 21, 2015. Retrieved September 29, 2016.
- U.S. Energy Information Administration, Electric Power Monthly, February
- "State Electricity Profiles". U.S. Energy Information Administration. October 2016. Retrieved October 1, 2016.
- "SWEPCO's John W. Turk, Jr. Power Plant Begins Commercial Operation December 20 in SW Arkansas". Southwestern Electric Power Company. December 20, 2012. Retrieved March 7, 2014.
- "U.S. Electric Power Industry Estimated Emissions by State" (XLS). U.S. Energy Information Administration. October 21, 2015. Retrieved October 1, 2016.
- "Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions at the State Level, 2000-2013". U.S. Energy Information Administration. Retrieved October 1, 2016.
- "Energy Self-Reliant States" (PDF) (PDF). Institute for Local Self-Reliance. May 2010. p. 12. Retrieved May 13, 2014.
- "Largest Solar Energy Field in Arkansas is Operating". Silicon Ranch. March 29, 2016. Retrieved January 1, 2017.
- "Ozarks Electric Cooperative Solar Generation Facility Fully Operational; Renewable Energy Program Offering for Members Announced". Ozarks Electric Cooperative. April 22, 2016. Retrieved January 1, 2017.
- "AVECC Launches Solar Facility". Arkansas Valley Electric Cooperative. October 4, 2016. Retrieved January 1, 2017.
- "After Stuttgart, Entergy Plans Even Bigger Solar Project Near Lake Village". Arkansas Business. October 30, 2017. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
- "Largest solar farm in Arkansas planned". ArkansasOnline.com. October 31, 2017. Retrieved October 31, 2017.
- "Clarksville Light & Water Company and Scenic Hill Solar Partner for Arkansas's Largest Solar Power Plant for a Municipal Utility". Clarksville Light & Water Company. June 30, 2017. Retrieved July 3, 2017.
- "L'Oreal building solar projects at Arkansas, Kentucky plants". September 20, 2016. Retrieved January 2, 2017.
- "Estimates of Windy Land Area and Wind Energy Potential, by State, for areas >= 30% Capacity Factor at 80m" (XLS). U.S. Department of Energy. April 13, 2011. Retrieved May 12, 2014.
- "Q2 2017 Installed Wind Power Capacity (MW)". U.S. Department of Energy. 2017. Retrieved August 14, 2017.
- "Electricity Generation from Renewable Energy in Arkansas". U.S. Department of Energy. March 27, 2013. Archived from the original on March 22, 2014. Retrieved March 22, 2014.
- "Natural Gas Prices". U.S. Energy Information Administration. September 30, 2016. Retrieved October 3, 2016.
- "Natural Gas Reserves Summary as of Dec. 31". U.S. Energy Information Administration. November 19, 2015. Retrieved October 3, 2016.
- "Rankings: Natural Gas Marketed Production, 2014". U.S. Energy Information Administration. Retrieved October 3, 2016.
- "Insight: Arkansas lawsuits test fracking wastewater link to quakes". Reuters. August 27, 2013. Retrieved June 18, 2014.
- "Crude Oil". Arkansas Geological Survey. Retrieved June 15, 2014.