Elsmere, Delaware Article

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Elsmere, Delaware
Town
Kirkwood Highway in Elsmere
Kirkwood Highway in Elsmere
Location of Elsmere in New Castle County, Delaware.
Location of Elsmere in New Castle County, Delaware.
Elsmere is located in Delaware
Elsmere
Elsmere
Location within the state of Delaware
Elsmere is located in the US
Elsmere
Elsmere
Elsmere (the US)
Coordinates: 39°44′21″N 75°35′53″W / 39.73917°N 75.59806°W / 39.73917; -75.59806
ELSMERE DELAWARE Latitude and Longitude:

39°44′21″N 75°35′53″W / 39.73917°N 75.59806°W / 39.73917; -75.59806
Country  United States
State  Delaware
County New Castle
Incorporated1909
Government
 • Type Mayor-council
 • MayorEric Scott Thompson
Area [1]
 • Total1.01 sq mi (2.61 km2)
 • Land1.01 sq mi (2.61 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation98 ft (30 m)
Population ( 2010)
 • Total6,131
 • Estimate (2016) [2]6,106
 • Density6,069.58/sq mi (2,342.35/km2)
Time zone UTC−5 ( Eastern (EST))
 • Summer ( DST) UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP code19805
Area code(s) 302
FIPS code10-24540
GNIS feature ID213941 [3]
Website https://www.townofelsmere.com/

Elsmere is a town in New Castle County, Delaware, United States, bordering the city of Wilmington along Wilmington's western border. According to the 2010 Census, the population of the town is 6,131. [4]

History

Elsmere dates back to 1886 when real estate developer Joshua Heald bought farmland and converted it into houses, building the first suburb in northern Delaware. The community was built at an intersection of railroad lines and allowed working-class families easy access to Wilmington. Trolley lines were later built leading to Elsmere. In 1909, Elsmere was incorporated as a town. [5]

During the 1910s, the Delaware State Fair Association purchased land and built a new fairgrounds within Elsmere's town limit. The grounds, including a racecourse for horses, cars and motorcycles, were located south of New Road and Wilmington Avenue and west of the previously established streets. This land became the site of the Delaware State Fair from 1917 to 1928, and provided a large parking area and ready access from the nearby trolley line. Agricultural exhibits provided the backbone of the fair, but in addition to the races, the summer attraction also included horse and dog shows, vaudeville acts, music, and fireworks. After 1928, the State Fair had moved to Harrington, but the grandstand and the races remained until 1943, when the property was converted to land for residential housing. [6]

In 1950, a 336-bed Veteran's Administration hospital opened on the western edge of town. This was the ninth VA hospital built after the conclusion of World War II. [7]

Geography

Elsmere is located at 39°44′21″N 75°35′53″W / 39.73917°N 75.59806°W / 39.73917; -75.59806 (39.7392796, -75.5979812). [8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2), all land.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Elsmere has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

Climate data for Elsmere, Delaware
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 74
(23)
74
(23)
87
(31)
94
(34)
94
(34)
98
(37)
101
(38)
100
(38)
97
(36)
89
(32)
84
(29)
73
(23)
101
(38)
Average high °F (°C) 39
(4)
42
(6)
51
(11)
62
(17)
72
(22)
81
(27)
85
(29)
83
(28)
76
(24)
64
(18)
54
(12)
43
(6)
63
(17)
Average low °F (°C) 25
(−4)
27
(−3)
34
(1)
43
(6)
53
(12)
63
(17)
68
(20)
66
(19)
59
(15)
47
(8)
39
(4)
29
(−2)
46
(8)
Record low °F (°C) −9
(−23)
−5
(−21)
5
(−15)
19
(−7)
29
(−2)
41
(5)
51
(11)
43
(6)
35
(2)
24
(−4)
14
(−10)
−1
(−18)
−9
(−23)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.71
(94.2)
3.10
(78.7)
4.52
(114.8)
4.21
(106.9)
4.38
(111.3)
4.19
(106.4)
5.36
(136.1)
3.67
(93.2)
4.90
(124.5)
3.81
(96.8)
3.48
(88.4)
4.10
(104.1)
49.43
(1,255.4)
Source: The Weather Channel [9]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910374
192062065.8%
19301,323113.4%
19401,63023.2%
19505,314226.0%
19607,31937.7%
19708,41515.0%
19806,493−22.8%
19905,935−8.6%
20005,800−2.3%
20106,1315.7%
Est. 20166,106 [2]−0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census [10]

As of the census [11] of 2000, there were 5,800 people, 2,299 households, and 1,487 families residing in the town. The population density was 5,891.0 people per square mile (2,285.1/km²). There were 2,395 housing units at an average density of 2,432.6 per square mile (943.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 82.41% White, 9.45% African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.97% Asian, 5.10% from other races, and 1.84% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.09% of the population.

There were 2,299 households out of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.5% were married couples living together, 16.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.3% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.09.

In the town, the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 31.1% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.8 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $39,415, and the median income for a family was $46,357. Males had a median income of $35,427 versus $28,089 for females. The per capita income for the town was $18,643. About 6.7% of families and 8.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.8% of those under age 18 and 8.6% of those age 65 or over.

Government

Town hall and police station in Elsmere

Elsmere has a mayor-council system of government consisting of a Mayor and a six-member Town Council, with Town Council members elected by district. As of 2018, the Mayor is Eric Scott Thompson while the Town Council consists of Marianne Skipski (1st District), Ted Pfirrmann (2nd District), Robert Kacperski (3rd District), Edward Zielinski (4th District), Joann Personti (5th District), and Brian Hurst (6th District). [12]

Police services in the town is provided by the Elsmere Police Department, which consists of a Chief of Police, Administrative Assistant, Lieutenant, two Patrol Sergeants, Sr. CPL, CPL, two PFCs, and three Patrolmen. [13] Fire protection in the town is provided by the Elsmere Fire Company No. 1, which was founded in 1921. [14]

Parks and recreation

Elsmere is home to multiple small neighborhood parks. Parks in Elsmere include Junction Street Park, Fairgrounds Park, Joseph R. Walling Park, Maple Avenue Park, Brian Martin Park, Vilone Park, and Veterans Park. The town is also home to Elsmere Bark Park, which is a dog park. [15]

Education

The town of Elsmere is served by the Red Clay Consolidated School District for public education. The school district maintains one school in the town: Austin D. Baltz Elementary School (Grades K through 5). [16] Public school students in Elsmere in grades 6 through 8 attend Alexis I. duPont Middle School in Greenville while students in grades 9 through 12 attend Thomas McKean High School northwest of Elsmere near Hockessin. [17] [18]

The Diocese of Wilmington operates All Saints Catholic School (PreK through 8). Formally known as Corpus Christi School, All Saints is a merge of Corpus Christi, St. Matthew School, St. Catherine of Siena, and Our Lady of Fatima.

Infrastructure

Transportation

The main east-west road in Elsmere is Delaware Route 2 (Kirkwood Highway), which heads east to Wilmington and west to Newark. Delaware Route 100 (Dupont Road) runs north-south through the eastern part of Elsmere. Delaware Route 141 passes to the west of Elsmere, with access to the town via an interchange with DE 2 in Prices Corner. DE 141 heads south through Newport and provides access to Interstate 95, Interstate 295, and Interstate 495. [19] DART First State provides bus service to Elsmere along Route 6, which follows Kirkwood Highway and heads east to Wilmington station, which is served by Amtrak and SEPTA Regional Rail's Wilmington/Newark Line, and west to the Newark Transit Hub. [20] Freight trains pass through Elsmere along CSX Transportation's Philadelphia Subdivision line and East Penn Railroad's Wilmington & Northern line, both of which interchange at Elsmere Junction. CSX Transportation operates the Wilsmere Yard to the south of Elsmere near the former Wilmington Assembly plant used by General Motors. [19] [21]

Utilities

Delmarva Power, a subsidiary of Exelon, provides electricity and natural gas to Elsmere. [22] [23] Artesian Water Company, a subsidiary of Artesian Resources, provides water to Elsmere. [24] Sewer service in Elsmere is provided by New Castle County. Trash and recycling collection in Elsmere is provided under contract by Waste Management. [25]

Health care

Elsmere is home to the Wilmington VA Medical Center, a veterans hospital operated by the Veterans Health Administration. [26] Hospitals near Elsmere include Wilmington Hospital and St. Francis Hospital in Wilmington and Christiana Hospital in Christiana.

Notable person

References

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 25, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ "Elsmere". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  4. ^ "The Delaware Census State Data Center". Stateplanning.delaware.gov. Archived from the original on 2016-12-31. Retrieved 2013-07-19.
  5. ^ Francis, William (2014). Along the Kirkwood Highway. Images of America. Charleston, SC: Arcadia Publishing. p. 25. Retrieved December 23, 2016.
  6. ^ "History of Elsmere". Town of Elsmere. Archived from the original on 18 September 2009. Retrieved 23 September 2009.
  7. ^ "Wilmington VA Medical Center". United States Department of Veteran's Affairs. Retrieved 23 September 2009.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. ^ "Climate Statistics for Elsmere, Delaware". Retrieved March 5, 2018.
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  12. ^ "Mayor & Council". Town of Elsmere. Retrieved March 5, 2018.
  13. ^ "Police Officers". Town of Elsmere. Retrieved March 5, 2018.
  14. ^ "History". Elsmere Fire Company No. 1. Retrieved March 5, 2018.
  15. ^ "Parks". Town of Elsmere. Retrieved March 5, 2018.
  16. ^ "Austin D. Baltz Elementary School Attendance Zone" (PDF). Red Clay Consolidated School District. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
  17. ^ "Alexis I. duPont Middle School Attendance Zone" (PDF). Red Clay Consolidated School District. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
  18. ^ "Thomas McKean High School Attendance Zone" (PDF). Red Clay Consolidated School District. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
  19. ^ a b Delaware Department of Transportation (2008). Delaware Official Transportation Map (PDF) (Map). Dover: Delaware Department of Transportation.
  20. ^ "Routes and Schedules". DART First State. Retrieved August 16, 2013.
  21. ^ "Delaware State Rail Plan" (PDF). Delaware Department of Transportation. 2011. Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  22. ^ "Service Territory". Delmarva Power. Archived from the original on 2014-05-25. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
  23. ^ "Gas Delivery Service Area". Delmarva Power. Retrieved August 14, 2017.
  24. ^ Geographic Information (Map). New Castle County, Delaware. Retrieved March 5, 2018.
  25. ^ "Trash Collection". Town of Elsmere. Retrieved March 5, 2018.
  26. ^ "Locations and Directions - Wilmington VA Medical Center". U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. Retrieved March 5, 2018.

External links