Elmore County, Idaho Article

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Elmore County, Idaho
Elmore county courthouse 2009.jpg
Elmore County Courthouse
Seal of Elmore County, Idaho
Seal
Map of Idaho highlighting Elmore County
Location in the U.S. state of Idaho
Map of the United States highlighting Idaho
Idaho's location in the U.S.
FoundedFebruary 7, 1889
Named forThe Ida Elmore mines, producer of silver and gold in the 1860s
Seat Mountain Home
Largest cityMountain Home
Area
 • Total3,101 sq mi (8,032 km2)
 • Land3,075 sq mi (7,964 km2)
 • Water26 sq mi (67 km2), 0.8%
Population (est.)
 • ( 2017)26,823
 • Density8.8/sq mi (3.4/km2)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Mountain: UTC−7/ −6
Website elmorecounty.org
Canyon Creek Station on the Oregon Trail, Elmore County

Elmore County is a county located in the U.S. state of Idaho. As of the 2010 census, the population was 29,130. [1] The largest city and county seat is Mountain Home. [2]

Elmore County comprises the Mountain Home, ID Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Boise-Mountain Home- Ontario, ID- OR Combined Statistical Area.

History

Elmore County was established February 7, 1889, with its county seat at Rocky Bar. It is named after the Ida Elmore mines, the area's greatest silver and gold producer of the 1860s, located near Silver City in Owyhee County. [3] [4]

While the Oregon Trail crossed the Snake River in Elmore County, at Three Island Crossing near Glenns Ferry, the significant early settlements of Elmore County were mining settlements located primarily in northern Elmore County surrounding the ghost town of Rocky Bar. Settlement at Rocky Bar commenced in 1863 with the settlement having 560 residents at the Territorial Census of that year. [5] Nearby, Atlanta was settled in 1864. [6] Elmore County north of the Snake River was originally part of Alturas County when it was created in 1864 and Rocky Bar became its county seat. The portion of Elmore County south of the Snake River was within Owyhee County until 1930. A small portion of Ada County was also annexed in 1948, bringing Elmore to its present boundary. [7] The settlement at Rocky Bar was impacted by poor management by mining companies, mining lawsuits, and its geographic remoteness between 1869 and 1880. The Wood River experienced a surge in settlement at Hailey starting in 1880 that led to Rocky Bar's loss of the county seat to Hailey in 1882. [8] [9] Rocky Bar would briefly become a county seat upon the creation of Elmore County in 1889.

A station on the overland stage route, originally named Rattlesnake, was moved west to the railroad line and became Mountain Home. On February 4, 1891, the county seat was moved to Mountain Home. [10]

Construction of what would become Mountain Home Air Force Base was begun in October 1942, 12 miles (19 km) southwest of Mountain Home. The base officially opened in August 1943 as a training base for bombers, and was an operational base under SAC through 1965. It became a fighter base in 1966 under TAC, now the Air Combat Command.

Anderson Ranch Dam is east of Mountain Home on the South Fork of the Boise River. At the time of its completion in 1950, it was the world's highest earthfill dam. [11]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,101 square miles (8,030 km2), of which 3,075 square miles (7,960 km2) is land and 26 square miles (67 km2) (0.8%) is water. [12] Elmore County's highest point is Snowyside Peak at 10,651 feet (3,246 m) above sea level, located in the northeast corner of the county in the Sawtooth Wilderness. The lowest elevation in the county is the Snake River in the southwest corner, at less than 2,500 feet (760 m).

Adjacent counties

Major highways

National protected areas

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18901,870
19002,28622.2%
19104,785109.3%
19205,0876.3%
19304,491−11.7%
19405,51822.9%
19506,68721.2%
196016,719150.0%
197017,4794.5%
198021,56523.4%
199021,205−1.7%
200029,13037.4%
201027,038−7.2%
Est. 201726,823 [13]−0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [14]
1790-1960 [15] 1900-1990 [16]
1990-2000 [17] 2010-2013 [1]

2000 census

As of the census [18] of 2000, there were 29,130 people, 9,092 households, and 6,846 families residing in the county. The population density was 10 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 10,527 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 85.37% White, 3.25% Black or African American, 0.89% Native American, 1.66% Asian, 0.19% Pacific Islander, 5.39% from other races, and 3.25% from two or more races. 11.99% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 16.8% were of German, 12.0% English, 9.2% American and 8.3% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 9,092 households out of which 43.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.10% were married couples living together, 7.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.70% were non-families. 20.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.76 and the average family size was 3.21.

In the county, the population was spread out with 28.00% under the age of 18, 13.90% from 18 to 24, 36.00% from 25 to 44, 15.00% from 45 to 64, and 7.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females there were 123.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 130.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,256, and the median income for a family was $37,823. Males had a median income of $26,248 versus $21,309 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,773. About 8.80% of families and 11.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.00% of those under age 18 and 10.80% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 27,038 people, 10,140 households, and 7,135 families residing in the county. [19] The population density was 8.8 inhabitants per square mile (3.4/km2). There were 12,162 housing units at an average density of 4.0 per square mile (1.5/km2). [20] The racial makeup of the county was 82.2% white, 2.8% Asian, 2.7% black or African American, 1.0% American Indian, 0.4% Pacific islander, 6.8% from other races, and 4.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 15.2% of the population. [19] In terms of ancestry, 20.4% were German, 13.5% were English, 12.4% were Irish, and 9.0% were American. [21]

Of the 10,140 households, 38.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.6% were non-families, and 23.8% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.11. The median age was 30.0 years. [19]

The median income for a household in the county was $43,089 and the median income for a family was $50,840. Males had a median income of $34,126 versus $25,999 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,388. About 9.2% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.3% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over. [22]

Communities

Cities

Census-designated place

Unincorporated communities

Ghost town

Politics

Presidential elections results
Previous presidential elections results [23]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 68.3% 5,816 21.3% 1,814 10.5% 892
2012 65.3% 5,227 31.4% 2,513 3.3% 263
2008 66.8% 5,665 30.5% 2,591 2.7% 230
2004 74.6% 6,011 24.3% 1,959 1.1% 91
2000 70.2% 4,891 26.4% 1,840 3.4% 235
1996 53.1% 3,668 33.7% 2,324 13.2% 912
1992 44.8% 3,087 27.0% 1,858 28.2% 1,945
1988 63.5% 3,756 35.1% 2,078 1.4% 85
1984 75.3% 4,595 23.9% 1,458 0.9% 52
1980 64.9% 3,994 28.6% 1,760 6.5% 403
1976 55.5% 2,808 42.7% 2,164 1.8% 91
1972 66.6% 3,078 24.9% 1,153 8.5% 394
1968 50.6% 1,908 32.6% 1,230 16.7% 631
1964 44.6% 1,857 55.4% 2,310
1960 47.7% 2,226 52.3% 2,440
1956 51.3% 1,849 48.8% 1,759
1952 52.7% 1,653 47.3% 1,484 0.1% 2
1948 34.1% 854 63.5% 1,589 2.4% 60
1944 38.6% 1,030 61.0% 1,627 0.4% 10
1940 39.7% 1,077 60.2% 1,632 0.2% 4
1936 28.9% 688 65.8% 1,567 5.3% 125
1932 31.9% 794 65.0% 1,615 3.1% 77
1928 59.9% 1,125 39.4% 739 0.7% 13
1924 38.0% 789 18.4% 381 43.6% 906
1920 55.1% 1,065 44.9% 867
1916 35.5% 658 59.6% 1,104 4.9% 90
1912 27.1% 415 35.0% 536 37.9% 581 [24]
1908 42.5% 662 42.4% 660 15.0% 234
1904 53.1% 593 38.8% 433 8.1% 90
1900 41.0% 393 59.0% 565

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 10, 2011. Retrieved June 30, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ Idaho State Historical Society - J. Marion More - accessed 2009-06-15.
  4. ^ "Idaho for the Curious", by Cort Conley, ©1982, ISBN  0-9603566-3-0, p.374-379
  5. ^ "Idaho State Historical Society Reference Series: Census of 1863" (PDF). Idaho State Historical Society. Retrieved 14 February 2017.
  6. ^ "Idaho State Historical Society Reference Series: Atlanta" (PDF). Idaho State Historical Society. Retrieved 14 February 2017.
  7. ^ Idaho Atlas of Historical County Boundaries (PDF). Chicago: The Newberry Library. 2010. pp. 12, 80–83. Retrieved 14 February 2017.
  8. ^ "Idaho State Historical Society Reference Series: Alturas County" (PDF). Idaho State Historical Society. Retrieved 14 February 2017.
  9. ^ "Idaho State Historical Society Reference Series: Rocky Bar Mines" (PDF). Idaho State Historical Society. Retrieved 14 February 2017.
  10. ^ idaho.gov - about Elmore County Archived 2004-12-20 at the Wayback Machine. - accessed 2009-05-15
  11. ^ USBR.gov - Anderson Ranch Dam - accessed 2011-09-27
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  13. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved Apr 7, 2018.
  14. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 30, 2014.
  15. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 30, 2014.
  16. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 30, 2014.
  17. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 30, 2014.
  18. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  19. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-09.
  20. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-09.
  21. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-09.
  22. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-09.
  23. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-04-04.
  24. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 382 votes while Socialist candidate Eugene Debs received 190 votes and Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin 9 votes.

External links


ELMORE COUNTY IDAHO Latitude and Longitude:

43°20′N 115°28′W / 43.34°N 115.47°W / 43.34; -115.47