Elkmont, Alabama Article

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Elkmont, Alabama
Shops along Railroad Street
Shops along Railroad Street
Location of Elkmont in Limestone County, Alabama.
Location of Elkmont in Limestone County, Alabama.
Coordinates: 34°55′48″N 86°58′37″W / 34.93000°N 86.97694°W / 34.93000; -86.97694
CountryUnited States
State Alabama
County Limestone
IncorporatedMarch 28, 1873 [1]
Area
 • Total1.61 sq mi (4.17 km2)
 • Land1.60 sq mi (4.14 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)
Elevation
807 ft (246 m)
Population
( 2010)
 • Total434
 • Estimate 
(2017) [3]
473
 • Density295.99/sq mi (114.31/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 ( Central (CST))
 • Summer ( DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
35620
Area code(s) 256
FIPS code01-23488
GNIS feature ID0117933

Elkmont is a town in Limestone County, Alabama, United States, and is included in the Huntsville-Decatur Combined Statistical Area. As of the 2010 census, the population of the town was 434, down from its record high of 470 in 2000.

History

Elkmont began as a stop known as "Fort Hampton" along the newly-constructed Tennessee and Alabama Central Railroad in 1859. The name was changed to "Elkmont," after the elk that once flourished in the area, in 1866. [4] The Tennessee and Alabama Central eventually became part of the L&N Railroad system, which built the current depot (now used as a community center) in 1887. [5] The railroad tracks have since been removed, and are now part of the Richard Martin Trail. Elkmont incorporated in 1873. [4]

During the Civil War, the Battle of Sulphur Creek Trestle was fought just south of Elkmont in September 1864. [5] The site is now listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

Geography

Elkmont is located at 34°55′49″N 86°58′38″W / 34.93028°N 86.97722°W / 34.93028; -86.97722 (34.930155, -86.977086). The town is concentrated around the intersection of County Road 49 (Upper Fort Hampton Road) and the old railroad line (now the Richard Martin Trail), several miles north of Athens, and a few miles south of the Alabama- Tennessee state line. Interstate 65 passes to the east of Elkmont, and the Elk River passes to the west. State Route 127 runs along a portion of Elkmont's western municipal boundary.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2), [6] all land.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880233
1900174
19101888.0%
192026138.8%
1930192−26.4%
1940185−3.6%
1950179−3.2%
1960169−5.6%
1970394133.1%
19804298.9%
1990389−9.3%
200047020.8%
2010434−7.7%
Est. 2017473 [3]9.0%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]
2013 Estimate [8]

As of the census [9] of 2000, there were 470 people, 172 households, and 136 families residing in the town. The population density was 292.9 people per square mile (113.4/km2). There were 189 housing units at an average density of 117.8 per square mile (45.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 83.40% White, 15.11% Black or African American, 1.06% from other races, and 0.43% from two or more races. 1.28% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 172 households out of which 40.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.0% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.9% were non-families. 19.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.10.

In the town, the population was spread out with 28.3% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 32.1% from 25 to 44, 18.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $31,771, and the median income for a family was $35,000. Males had a median income of $33,750 versus $21,250 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,654. About 15.9% of families and 20.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.9% of those under age 18 and 13.9% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

Elkmont is home to the Belle Chevre artisanal goat cheese maker.

The Richard Martin Trail passes through Elkmont along the old rail line.

The ELECTRICFIL Corporation, a subsidiary of French Group EFI Automotive, employs nearly 150 people in the Elkmont area.

Notable people

References

  1. ^ Acts of the General Assembly of the State of Alabama. 1873. pp. 318–321. Retrieved 2013-08-24. No. 283. AN ACT To incorporate the town of Elkmont, in Limestone County, Alabama.
  2. ^ "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 7, 2018.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  4. ^ a b Loretta Merrell Ellis, " Limestone County History," Limestone County official site. Accessed: 21 September 2017.
  5. ^ a b Kelly Kazek, " Scenes from Elkmont: Surprising Location of Alabama's 'Goat Cheese Capital,'" AL.com, 27 October 2014.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013". Retrieved June 3, 2014.
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

External links


ELKMONT ALABAMA Latitude and Longitude:

34°55′49″N 86°58′38″W / 34.930155°N 86.977086°W / 34.930155; -86.977086