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|Motto||Spiritual Formation. Academic Rigor. Creative Ministry.|
|Type||Private, graduate seminary|
|President||Avis Stewart (Interim)|
|Dean||Matthew Hisrich (Acting)|
EARLHAM SCHOOL OF RELIGION Latitude and Longitude:
|Affiliations||Association of Theological Schools in the United States and Canada, North Central Association, Bethany Theological Seminary|
Earlham School of Religion (ESR), a graduate division of Earlham College, located in Richmond, Indiana, is the oldest graduate seminary associated with the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers). ESR's Mission Statement is as follows: "Earlham School of Religion is a Christian graduate theological school in the Quaker tradition. ESR prepares women and men for leadership that empowers and for ministry that serves. This mission grows out of our Christian belief that God calls everyone to ministry. Using a transformative model of education, ESR encourages students to explore the intellectual, spiritual, and practical dimensions of their calls to ministry."
ESR was founded in 1960  by Wilmer Cooper, D. Elton Trueblood and others for the training of Quaker ministers. Earlham School of Religion was opened on an experimental basis by Earlham College in the autumn of 1960. An M.A. in Religion was offered for the first two years. Then, the Board of Trustees authorized the expansion of the program to include a three-year Bachelor of Divinity degree. The B. Div. is now called either the Master of Ministry degree, a name many Quakers prefer, or the Master of Divinity degree, preferred by some who wish the name to correspond to that of other seminaries.
Earlham School of Religion was accredited in 1969 by the Association of Theological Schools in the United States and Canada (ATS) and by the North Central Association through affiliation with Earlham College.
In 1994, Bethany Theological Seminary, affiliated with the Church of the Brethren, relocated to Richmond, Indiana, from Oak Brook, Illinois, and entered into a partnership with Earlham School of Religion. The schools remain independent but coordinate curriculum through a jointly operated Academic Services office, and they operate a combined computer network through Seminary Computing Services.
In 2010, Earlham School of Religion celebrated its 50th anniversary.  In 2014, 2015, 2016, and 2017 ESR was designated as one of the " Seminaries that Change the World" by The Center for Faith and Service.  
Today Earlham School of Religion grants the Master of Divinity or Master of Ministry degree with emphases in Christian Spirituality, Pastoral Care, Pastoral Ministry, Peace and Justice, Quaker Ministry, Religious Leadership, Teaching, and Writing as Ministry. ESR also offers a Master of Arts in Religious Studies degree with four areas of concentration: Biblical Studies, Christian Theology, Quaker Studies, and Peace and Justice Studies. In addition, students can enroll in Certificate programs in Quaker Studies, Spirituality, and Writing as Ministry, or take individual courses as Occasional Students. Earlham School of Religion maintains its accreditation through ATS. 
In addition to its regular on-campus program, ESR also operates an ATS-accredited, degree granting distance education program called ESR ACCESS.
Earlham School of Religion also maintains a number of websites for Quaker research, development, and networking. These include the Digital Quaker Collection, the Quaker Bible Index, the Quaker Career Center, the Quaker Information Center, as well as a site on Leadership in the Religious Society of Friends.
In 2016, Earlham School of Religion launched ESR Talks, a podcast featuring interviews with faculty, staff, and students.
The Earlham School of Religion has had five deans.
- Wilmer Cooper
- Thomas Mullen
- Alan Kolp
- Andy Grannell
- Jay Wade Marshall
- Quaker Colleges, Universities and Study Centers Archived 2012-12-14 at the Wayback Machine
- "Theological Education" on the ESR website.
- "Congratulations, Earlham School of Religion". Friends Journal. Retrieved 2017-05-02.
- "Report: Area seminaries help 'change the world'". Pal-Item. Retrieved 2017-05-02.
- "Local seminaries recognized for social justice engagement'". Pal-Item. Retrieved 2017-11-17.
- "Member Schools | The Association of Theological Schools". www.ats.edu. Retrieved 2017-05-02.