Derby, Vermont Article

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Derby, Vermont
Town
Located in Orleans County, Vermont
Located in Orleans County, Vermont
Location of Vermont with the U.S.A.
Location of Vermont with the U.S.A.
Coordinates: 44°58′N 72°8′W / 44.967°N 72.133°W / 44.967; -72.133
DERBY VERMONT Latitude and Longitude:

44°58′N 72°8′W / 44.967°N 72.133°W / 44.967; -72.133
CountryUnited States
State Vermont
County Orleans
OrganizedSeptember 1, 1955
Area
 • Total57.6 sq mi (149.2 km2)
 • Land49.6 sq mi (128.6 km2)
 • Water8.0 sq mi (20.7 km2)
Elevation
1,011 ft (307 m)
Population
(2000)
 • Total4,604
 • Density92.8/sq mi (35.8/km2)
 • Households
1,832
 • Families
1,319
Time zone UTC-5 ( EST)
 • Summer ( DST) UTC-4 ( EDT)
ZIP code
05829
Area code(s) 802
FIPS code50-17350 [1]
GNIS feature ID1462081 [2]

Derby is a town in Orleans County, Vermont, United States. The population was 4,604 at the 2000 census. The town contains four unincorporated villages: Beebe Plain, Clyde Pond, Lake Salem and North Derby; and two incorporated villages: Derby Center and Derby Line. [3]

The Town of Derby encompasses the largest area in Orleans County. [4] As of the 2010 censuses, Derby surpassed the city of Newport to also become the most-populous community in the county.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 57.6 square miles (149.2 km2), of which 49.6 square miles (128.5 km2) is land and 8.0 square miles (20.7 km2) (13.87%) is water. The town lies in the northernmost part of Orleans County, forming part of Vermont's border with Canada, and is otherwise bordered to the east by Holland, the southeast by Morgan and Charleston, the southwest by Coventry and Brownington, and to the west by Lake Memphremagog.

Lake Salem is within the town boundaries. Clyde Pond was formed by damming the Clyde River. [5] [6]

Government

Derby is represented by Loren Shaw (R-Derby, elected 2012) and Lynn Batchelor (R-Derby Line, elected 2010) in the Orleans-1 district of the Vermont House of Representatives. It is represented by John S. Rodgers (D-Glover, elected 2012) and Robert Starr (D-North Troy, elected 2004) in the Essex-Orleans district of the Vermont Senate.

Local

  • Moderator - H. Kendrick Young [7]
  • Selectmen - Stephen Gendreau (2010), Brian Smith (2010)
  • Lister - Tom Roberts
  • Budget - $2,124,460

School district

History

On October 29, 1779, the state of Vermont chartered it to Timothy Andrus and fifty-nine associates, with an area of 23,040 acres (93.2 km2). It was named after Derby, in England. [8]

In the War of 1812, an expeditionary force of Quebec Eastern Townships' volunteers destroyed a barracks built at Derby with no personnel casualties. [9]

Portus Baxter and David Camp were Underground Railroad agents before the Civil War. [10]

On October 31, 1866, the town erected a granite monument at Derby Center in honor of those who died in the Civil War. It is inscribed: "In Memory of the Volunteers from Derby, who Lost their Lives in the Great Rebellion, 1861-’65.” It lists the names of fifty-three men from Derby. [11] [12] It is the oldest community memorial to that war in the United States. [13]

The failed town of Salem was annexed to Derby by an act of the legislature of 1880, and took effect March 1, 1881. This increased the land size of Derby so it became the largest in Orleans County. [11]

Like many Orleans County towns, Derby grew in population until 1890, after which the depression (then called "panics") of 1893 affected the local economy and agricultural prices. Population fluctuated until it hit a bottom in 1940. The town has grown steadily since. [14]

In 1917, the city of Newport was formed from portions of the towns of Newport (the former village of Newport) and Derby (the former village of West Derby).

In 1928, the Canadian Gateway Airport opened off Vermont 111, within walking distance from Derby Center. It was the third airport constructed in the state. The larger and older airport, Burlington, was given the designation of "entry airport" from Canada resulting in the closure of Gateway in 1933. [15]

A Drive-in theater opened in 1950 and closed in 1985 on the Derby Road (Route 5). [16]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800178
1810714301.1%
182092529.6%
18301,46958.8%
18401,68114.4%
18501,7504.1%
18601,9068.9%
18702,0397.0%
18801,967−3.5%
18902,90047.4%
19003,27412.9%
19102,530−22.7%
19202,201−13.0%
19302,165−1.6%
19402,118−2.2%
19502,2456.0%
19602,50611.6%
19703,25229.8%
19804,22229.8%
19904,4796.1%
20004,6042.8%
20104,6210.4%
Est. 20144,502 [17]−2.6%
U.S. Decennial Census [18]

As of the census [1] of 2000, there were 4,604 people, 1,832 households, and 1,319 families residing in the town. The population density was 92.8 people per square mile (35.8/km2). There were 2,258 housing units at an average density of 45.5 per square mile (17.6/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.57% White, 0.28% African American, 0.48% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.11% from other races, and 1.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.67% of the population.

There were 1,832 households out of which 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.1% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.0% were non-families. 23.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the town, the population was spread out with 27.2% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, and 15.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.8 males.

Economy

Personal income

As of the census of 2000, [1] the median income for a household in the town was $35,313, and the median income for a family was $39,688. Males had a median income of $31,120 versus $21,940 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,192. About 8.8% of families and 10.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.8% of those under age 18 and 8.8% of those age 65 or over.

Development

In 1917 the village of West Derby separated from the town of Derby and merged with the village of Newport in Newport Town to create the city of Newport. [19]

Newer construction is overflowing from Newport onto the Newport-Derby Road ( US Route 5). Already built are two supermarkets, Shaw's and Price Chopper. Walmart received a permit to build a 147,000-square-foot (13,700 m2) store in 2005. The Walmart store, Vermont's 6th, opened for business in the fall of 2016. Other chain stores and restaurants are located on this stretch of road as well.

Lowe's has requested an Act 250 permit for a 112,000 sq ft (10,400 m2) store. [20] Should Lowe's build, that will be their third store in Vermont.

The headquarters of the Community National Bank, which has 12 branches in Vermont, is located in Derby. [21]

Indoor Recreation of Orleans County (IROC) was constructed in 2004 and featured a sports arena, aquatic center and a multipurpose gymnasium facility that could be utilized for a range of sports, including basketball, volleyball and indoor soccer. [22] The facility was foreclosed in 2013 and has been converted into a hardware store, Sticks N Stuff.

Media

Radio

  • WMOO - 92.1 FM; Derby Center

Notable people

Transportation

With 103 miles (166 km), Derby has the most miles of road of any town or city in Orleans County. [24] Derby also has the most Class 3 roads (dirt) of any town in Orleans County.

Interstate 91 has two interchanges, and its northern terminus, in Derby.

The Rural Community Transportation provides buses for general use, four buses north and south during the week from west Newport city to Derby Center, and two buses each way on Saturday. The fare is US 25 cents. [25] These provide special services for the handicapped and the elderly upon request.

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ Vermont Villages, Towns, Counties Archived October 12, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ [1][ dead link]
  5. ^ Vermont Water Quality report retrieved June 8, 2008
  6. ^ Vermont Water Quality report Basin 17 retrieved June 8, 2008
  7. ^ Voters approve sewer spending,The Chronicle,March 7, 2007, page 3
  8. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 104.
  9. ^ "Townships Heritage Web Magazine". A Distant Drum: The War of 1812 in Missisquoi County. Archived from the original on April 23, 2005. Retrieved 2006-01-02.
  10. ^ Sherburne, Michelle Arnosky (2013). Abolition & the Underground Railroad in Vermont. Charleston, SC: The History Press. ISBN  978-1-62584-494-1.
  11. ^ a b Gazetteer of Lamoille and Orleans Counties, VT.; 1883-1884, Compiled and Published by Hamilton Child; May 1887
  12. ^ Ishinan. "XX indexVermont". Rootsweb.ancestry.com. Retrieved 2012-01-25.
  13. ^ The Northland Journal, November 2008, page 15, "Civil War Monument in Derby - Oldest Community Memorial to that War in the United States", Scott Wheeler
  14. ^ Vermont Genealogy Resources - Derby, Orleans County
  15. ^ Wheeler, Scott (June 2010). "Remembering the Canadian Gateway Airport in Derby". Vermont's Northland Journal. 9 (3): 4–10.
  16. ^ "Don "Sleepy" McNally:from Vaudeville to Drive-in Pioneer". Vermont's Northland Journal. 7 (4): 3. July 2008.
  17. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Archived from the original on May 23, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  18. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 19, 2015.
  19. ^ Matthew Farfan, The Vermont-Quebec Border: Life on the Line, page 17, 2009
  20. ^ Gresser, Joseph (February 13, 2008). Lowes seeks permit for big box store. the Chronicle.
  21. ^ "Home". Community National Bank. 2011-12-08. Archived from the original on 2010-08-19. Retrieved 2012-01-25.
  22. ^ [2] Archived October 21, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  23. ^ Ullery, Jacob G. (1894). Men of Vermont illustrated. Brattleboro, VT: Transcript Publishing Company. p. 186.
  24. ^ Microsoft Word - 2004 Miles by County-Town.rtf
  25. ^ Rural Community Transportation Large Format Bus Schedule - The Highlander (Newport/Derby/Derby Line. 2008.

External links

See also