Dependent territory Information

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A dependent territory, dependent area, or dependency is a territory that does not possess full political independence or sovereignty as a sovereign state, yet remains politically outside the controlling state's integral area. [1]

A dependent territory is commonly distinguished from a country subdivision by being considered not to be a constituent part of a sovereign state. An administrative subdivision, instead, is understood to be a division of a state proper. A dependent territory, conversely, often maintains a great degree of autonomy from its controlling state. Historically, most colonies were considered to be dependent territories. The dependent territories that currently remain in the world today generally maintain a very high degree of political autonomy. Not all autonomous entities, though, are considered to be dependent territories, [2] and not all dependent territories are autonomous. Most inhabited dependent territories have their own ISO 3166 country codes.

Some political entities inhabit a special position guaranteed by an international treaty or another agreement, thereby creating a certain level of autonomy (e.g., a difference in immigration rules). Those entities are sometimes considered to be, or are at least grouped with, dependent territories, [3] [4] but are officially considered by their governing states to be an integral part of those states. [3] Examples are Åland (a part of Finland) and Hong Kong (a part of China). [5]

Dependent territories and their sovereign states. All territories are labeled according to ISO 3166-1 [note 1] or with numbers. [note 2] Colored areas without labels are integral parts of their respective countries. Antarctica is shown as a condominium instead of individual claims.
Aruba, an autonomous country in the Lesser Antilles, included within the Kingdom of the Netherlands

Summary

The lists below indicate (or can be interpreted to indicate) the following:

Dependent territories

  • Two states in free association, one territory and one Antarctic claim in the listing for New Zealand;
  • One uninhabited territory and two Antarctic claims in the listing for Norway;
  • 13 overseas territories (10 autonomous, two used primarily as military bases, and one uninhabited), three Crown dependencies, and one Antarctic claim in the listing for the United Kingdom;
  • 13 unincorporated territories (five inhabited, eight uninhabited) and two claimed but uncontrolled territories in the listing for the United States.
Greenland in North America is an autonomous territory within the Kingdom of Denmark

Similar entities

Lists of dependent territories

This list includes all territories that have not been legally incorporated into their governing state, including several territories that are not on the list of non-self-governing territories of the General Assembly of the United Nations. [6] All claims in Antarctica are listed in italics.

New Zealand

Summary: New Zealand has two self-governing associated states, one dependent territory ( Tokelau), and a territorial claim in Antarctica.

States in free association Administration ISO 3166 country codes
  Cook Islands Self-governing state in free association with New Zealand since 1965. Cook Islands' status is considered to be equivalent to independence for international law purposes, and the country exercises full sovereignty over its internal and external affairs. [7] Under the terms of the free association agreement, however, New Zealand retains some responsibility for the foreign relations and defence of the Cook Islands. These responsibilities confer no rights of control and are exercised only at the request of the Cook Islands Government. The government of New Zealand does not consider it appropriate for the Cook Islands to have a separate seat at the United Nations, due to its continued use of the right of Cook Islanders to have New Zealand citizenship. [8] CK
  Niue Self-governing state in free association with New Zealand since 1974. Niue's status is considered to be equivalent to independence for international law purposes, and the country exercises full sovereignty over its internal and external affairs. [7] Under the terms of the free association agreement, however, New Zealand retains some responsibility for the foreign relations and defence of Niue. These responsibilities confer no rights of control and are exercised only at the request of the Government of Niue. The government of New Zealand does not consider Niue to be sovereign due to its continued use of New Zealand citizenship. [8] NU
Dependent territory Administration ISO 3166 country codes
  Tokelau Territory of New Zealand. As it moves toward free association with New Zealand, Tokelau and New Zealand have agreed to a draft constitution. A UN-sponsored referendum on self-governance in February 2006 did not produce the two-thirds supermajority necessary for changing the current political status. Another one was in October 2007, which failed to reach the two-thirds margin. TK
Dependent territory
(uninhabited, claimed)
Administration ISO 3166 country codes
  Ross Dependency This is New Zealand's Antarctic claim. Unlike Tokelau and the associated states (Cook Islands and Niue), the Ross Dependency is, according to the New Zealand government, constitutionally part of New Zealand. [9]

Norway

Summary: Norway has one dependent territory and two Antarctic claims. Norway also possesses the inhabited islands of Svalbard where Norwegian sovereignty is limited ( see below).

Dependent territory
(uninhabited)
Administration ISO 3166 country codes
  Bouvet Island Dependency administered from Oslo by the Polar Affairs Department of the Ministry of Justice and the Police. BV
Dependent territories
(uninhabited, claimed)
Administration ISO 3166 country codes
  Peter I Island Dependencies (subject to the Antarctic Treaty System) administered from Oslo by the Polar Affairs Department of the Ministry of Justice and the Police.
  Queen Maud Land

United Kingdom

Summary: The United Kingdom has three " crown dependencies", 13 "overseas territories" (10 autonomous, two used primarily as military bases, and one uninhabited), and one Antarctic claim.

Overseas territories Administration ISO 3166 country codes
  Anguilla House of Assembly of Anguilla handles domestic affairs. Appears on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. AI
  Bermuda Parliament of Bermuda handles domestic affairs and the territory is defined by the UK as self-governing. Appears on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. BM
  British Virgin Islands House of Assembly of the British Virgin Islands handles domestic affairs. Appears on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories VG
  Cayman Islands Legislative Assembly of the Cayman Islands handles domestic affairs. Appears on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. KY
  Falkland Islands Legislative Assembly of the Falkland Islands handles domestic affairs. Appears on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. Also claimed by Argentina. FK
  Gibraltar Gibraltar Parliament handles domestic affairs. Almost complete internal self-government. Appears on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. GI
  Montserrat Legislative Council of Montserrat handles domestic affairs. Appears on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. MS
  Pitcairn Islands Island Council of the Pitcairn Islands handles some domestic affairs, however decisions are subject to approval by the Governor of the Pitcairn Islands, reporting to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. Appears on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. PN
  Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Legislative Council of Saint Helena, Ascension Island Council and Tristan da Cunha Island Council handle domestic affairs. Appears on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. SH
  Turks and Caicos Islands House of Assembly of the Turks and Caicos Islands handles some domestic affairs. Appears on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. TC
Overseas territory
– Sovereign base areas
Administration ISO 3166 country codes
  Akrotiri and Dhekelia Two sovereign base areas administered as a single British overseas territory by the Commander of British Forces Cyprus, reporting to the Ministry of Defence. Permanent Cypriot population, as well as British military personnel and their families.
Overseas territories
(uninhabited)
Administration ISO 3166 country codes
  British Indian Ocean Territory Administered by the Commissioner of the British Indian Ocean Territory, reporting to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. Original population removed between 1967 and 1973. Presently the territory is restricted to military personnel, principally the hosted US base at Deigo Garcia. Also claimed by Mauritius. IO
  South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Administered by the Commissioner of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (who is also the Governor of the Falkland Islands), reporting to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. Also claimed by Argentina. GS
Crown dependencies Administration ISO 3166 country codes
  Bailiwick of Guernsey Responsibility for defence, international representation, and good government rests with the United Kingdom. The Parliament of the United Kingdom can legislate on their behalf, if it deems it necessary to do so. [10] [11] [12] GG
  Bailiwick of Jersey JE
  Isle of Man IM
Overseas territory
(uninhabited, claimed)
Administration ISO 3166 country codes
  British Antarctic Territory Administered by the Commissioner of the British Antarctic Territory, reporting to the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. The UK's Antarctic claim.

United States

Summary: the United States has 13 " unincorporated" dependent territories under its control and two claimed territories outside its control. The uninhabited Palmyra Atoll is administered similarly to some of these territories, and is usually included on lists of U.S. overseas territories, but it is excluded from this list because it is classified in U.S. law as an incorporated territory. [13]

Unincorporated organized territories Administration ISO 3166 country codes
  Guam Unincorporated organized territory of the U.S.; policy relations conducted through Office of Insular Affairs, Department of the Interior. Appears on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. GU or

US-GU

  Northern Mariana Islands Commonwealth in political union with the U.S.; federal funding administered by the Office of Insular Affairs, Department of the Interior. MP or

US-MP

  Puerto Rico Unincorporated organized territory of the U.S. with commonwealth status; policy relations conducted through the Executive Office of the President. PR or

US-PR

  U.S. Virgin Islands Unincorporated organized territory of the U.S.; policy relations conducted by the Office of Insular Affairs, Department of the Interior. Appears on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. VI or

US-VI

Unincorporated unorganized territories Administration ISO 3166 country codes
  American Samoa Unincorporated unorganized territory administered by the Office of Insular Affairs, U.S. Department of the Interior. Appears on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. AS or

US-AS

Unincorporated unorganized territories
(uninhabited) [note 3]
Administration ISO 3166 country codes
  Baker Island Unincorporated unorganized territories of the U.S. administered by the Fish and Wildlife Service of the Department of the Interior. UM-81
  Howland Island UM-84
  Jarvis Island UM-86
  Johnston Atoll UM-67
  Kingman Reef UM-89
  Midway Atoll UM-71
  Navassa Island Unincorporated unorganized territory of the U.S. administered by the Fish and Wildlife Service of the Department of the Interior from the Cabo Rojo National Wildlife Refuge in Cabo Rojo, Puerto Rico. Claimed by Haiti and privately via the Guano Islands Act. UM-76
  Wake Atoll Unincorporated unorganized territory of the U.S. administered by the U.S. Air Force under an agreement with the Department of the Interior. Claimed by the Marshall Islands. UM-79
Unincorporated unorganized territories
(uninhabited, claimed)
Administration ISO 3166 country codes
  Bajo Nuevo Bank Administered by Colombia. Claimed by the U.S. (under the Guano Islands Act) and Jamaica. A claim by Nicaragua was resolved in 2012 in favor of Colombia by the International Court of Justice (U.S. not a party nor recognizes the court's jurisdiction).
  Serranilla Bank Administered by Colombia. Site of a naval garrison. Claimed by the U.S. (since 1879 under the Guano Islands Act), Honduras, and Jamaica. A claim by Nicaragua was resolved in 2012 in favor of Colombia by the International Court of Justice (U.S. not a party nor recognizes the court's jurisdiction).

Lists of similar entities

The following entities are, according to the law of their state, integral parts of the state but exhibit many characteristics of dependent territories. This list is generally limited to entities that are either subject to an international treaty on their status, uninhabited, or have a unique level of autonomy and are largely self-governing in matters other than international affairs. As a result, it does not include entities with no unique autonomy, such as the overseas regions of France, the home nations of the United Kingdom, and Alaska and Hawaii of the United States. Entities with only limited unique autonomy, such as the autonomous regions of Portugal, the autonomous communities of Spain, and Zanzibar are also not included. All claims in Antarctica are listed in italics.

Australia

Summary: Australia has six external territories in its administration and one Antarctic claim.

Although all territories of Australia are considered to be fully integrated in its federative system, and the official status of an external territory does not differ largely from that of a mainland territory (except in regards to immigration law), debate remains as to whether the external territories are integral parts of Australia, due to their not being part of Australia in 1901, when its constituent states federated (with the exception of Coral Sea Islands, which was a part of Queensland). [14] They are often listed separately for statistical purposes.

External territories Administration ISO 3166 country codes
  Christmas Island Administered from Canberra by the Department of Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development, and Communications. [15] CX
  Cocos (Keeling) Islands CC
  Norfolk Island NF
External territories
(uninhabited)
Administration ISO 3166 country codes
  Ashmore and Cartier Islands Administered from Canberra by the Department of Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Communications. [15]
  Coral Sea Islands [note 4]
  Heard Island and McDonald Islands Administered from Canberra by the Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment. [15] HM
External territory
(uninhabited, claimed)
Administration ISO 3166 country codes
  Australian Antarctic Territory Administered from Canberra by the Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment. [15]

China

Summary: China has two special administrative regions (SARs) that are governed according to the constitution and respective basic laws. The SARs greatly differ from mainland China in administrative, economic, legislative and judicial terms, including by currency, left-hand versus right-hand traffic, official languages and immigration control.

Special administrative regions Administration ISO 3166 country codes
  Hong Kong Former British colony. Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China since 1997 according to the Sino-British Joint Declaration, an international treaty registered with the United Nations. The Hong Kong Basic Law provides for the territory to enjoy a high degree of autonomy per the " one country, two systems" model under the central government of China. Although the territory is not part of Mainland China, it is officially considered an integral part of the People's Republic of China. [16] [17] [18] HK or

CN-HK

  Macau Former Portuguese colony. Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China since 1999 according to the Sino-Portuguese Joint Declaration, an international treaty registered with the United Nations. The Macau Basic Law provides for the territory to enjoy a high degree of autonomy per the " one country, two systems" model under the central government of China. Although the territory is not part of Mainland China, it is officially considered an integral part of the People's Republic of China. MO or

CN-MO

Denmark

The Kingdom of Denmark contains two self-governing countries, in addition to mainland Denmark, as a part of the Danish Realm.

Constituent countries Administration ISO 3166 country codes
  Faroe Islands Self-governing overseas administrative division since 1948. A constituent part of the Kingdom of Denmark, but not of the European Union. FO
  Greenland Self-governing overseas administrative division since 1979. A constituent part of the Kingdom of Denmark. Withdrew from the European Economic Community in 1985. GL

Finland

Summary: Finland has one autonomous region that is also subject to international treaties.

Autonomous region Administration ISO 3166 country codes
  Åland Åland is governed according to the Act on the Autonomy of Åland and international treaties. These laws guarantee the islands' autonomy in Finland, which has ultimate sovereignty over them, as well as a demilitarized status. AX or

FI-01

France

Summary: France has overseas six autonomous collectivities and two uninhabited territories (one of which includes an Antarctic claim). This does not include its "standard" overseas regions (which are also overseas departments) of French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, and Réunion. Although also located overseas, they have the same status as the regions of metropolitan France. Nonetheless, all of France's overseas territory is considered an integral part of the French Republic.

Overseas collectivities Administration ISO 3166 country codes
  French Polynesia Overseas collectivity since 2003; overseas country since 2004. Appears on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. PF or

FR-PF

  Saint Barthélemy Seceded from Guadeloupe to become an overseas collectivity in 2007. BL or

FR-BL

  Saint Martin Seceded from Guadeloupe to become an overseas collectivity in 2007. It is the only overseas collectivity that is fully part of the European Union. MF or

FR-MF

  Saint Pierre and Miquelon Territorial collectivity since 1985; overseas collectivity since 2003. PM or

FR-PM

  Wallis and Futuna Overseas territory since 1961; overseas collectivity since 2003. WF or

FR-WF

Sui generis collectivity Administration ISO 3166 country codes
  New Caledonia " Sui generis" collectivity since 1999. Appears on the United Nations list of Non-Self-Governing Territories. NC or

FR-NC

State's private property
(uninhabited)
Administration ISO 3166 country codes
  Clipperton Island Island administered by the Minister for Overseas Territories. FR-CP
Overseas territory
(uninhabited)
Administration ISO 3166 country codes
  French Southern and Antarctic Lands TAAF ( Terres australes et antartiques françaises) is an Overseas territory since 1955, administered from Paris by an Administrateur Supérieur.
The territory includes the Antarctic claim of Adélie Land. [19]
TF or

FR-TF [note 5]

Netherlands

Summary: The Kingdom of the Netherlands comprises three autonomous "constituent countries" in the Caribbean (listed below) and one constituent country, the Netherlands, with most of its area in Europe but also encompassing three overseas Caribbean municipalitiesBonaire, Sint Eustatius, and Saba. (Those three Caribbean municipalities are excluded here because they are directly administered by the Government of the Netherlands. [21]) All Kingdom citizens share the same nationality and are thus citizens of the European Union, but only the European portion of the Netherlands is part of the territory of the Union, the Customs Union and the Eurozone ( overseas countries and territory status).

Constituent countries Administration ISO 3166 country codes
  Aruba Defined as a "country" ("land") within the Kingdom by the Statute of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Aruba obtained full autonomy in internal affairs upon separation from the Netherlands Antilles in 1986. Part of the Kingdom but not in Europe, its citizenship nonetheless includes status as Citizens of the European Union. (The Kingdom government coincides almost exactly with the Government of the Netherlands, and is responsible for defense, foreign affairs, and nationality law.) AW or

NL-AW

  Curaçao Defined as a "country" ("land") within the Kingdom by the Statute of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Curaçao and Sint Maarten were part of the Netherlands Antilles until it was dissolved in October 2010. Part of the Kingdom but not in Europe, their citizenship nonetheless includes status as Citizens of the European Union. (The Kingdom government coincides almost exactly with the Government of the Netherlands, and is responsible for defense, foreign affairs, and nationality law.) CW or

NL-CW

  Sint Maarten SX or

NL-SX

Norway

Summary: Norway has, in the Arctic, one inhabited archipelago whose Norwegian sovereignty is limited — Svalbard. Unlike the country's dependent territory ( Bouvet Island) and Antarctic claims ( see above), Svalbard is a part of the Kingdom of Norway.

Territory Administration ISO 3166 country codes
  Svalbard This Arctic archipelago is the northernmost permanent civilian settlement in the world. Not incorporated into any county, it is administered by a governor appointed by the Norwegian government. Since 2002, its main settlement of Longyearbyen has elected a local government. Other settlements include the Russian mining community of Barentsburg, the research station of Ny-Ålesund, and the mining outpost of Sveagruva. The Svalbard Treaty of 1920 recognizes Norwegian sovereignty (administered since 1925 as a sovereign part of the Kingdom of Norway) but established Svalbard as a free economic zone and a demilitarized zone. SJ or

NO-21

Description

Three crown dependencies are in a form of association with the United Kingdom. They are independently administrated jurisdictions, although the British Government is solely responsible for defense and international representation and has ultimate responsibility for ensuring good government. They do not have diplomatic recognition as independent states, but neither are they integrated into the U.K. (nor the European Union). The U.K. Parliament retains the ability to legislate for the crown dependencies even without the agreement of their legislatures. No crown dependency has representation in the U.K. Parliament.

Although they are British overseas territories, Bermuda and Gibraltar have similar relationships to the U.K. as do the crown dependencies. While Britain is officially responsible for their defense and international representation, these jurisdictions maintain their own militaries and have been granted limited diplomatic powers, in addition to having internal self-government.

New Zealand and its dependencies share the same governor-general and constitute one monarchic realm. The Cook Islands and Niue are officially termed associated states.

Puerto Rico (since 1952) and the Northern Mariana Islands (since 1986) are non-independent states freely associated with the United States. The mutually negotiated Covenant to Establish a Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) in Political Union with the United States was approved in 1976. The covenant was fully implemented on November 3, 1986, under Presidential Proclamation no. 5564, which conferred United States citizenship on legally qualified CNMI residents. [22] Under the Constitution of Puerto Rico, Puerto Rico is described as a Commonwealth and Puerto Ricans have a degree of administrative autonomy similar to that of a citizen of a U.S. state. Puerto Ricans "were collectively made U.S. citizens" in 1917, as a result of the Jones-Shafroth Act. [23] [24] The commonly used name in Spanish of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, literally "Associated Free State of Puerto Rico", which sounds similar to "free association" particularly when loosely used in Spanish, is sometimes erroneously interpreted to mean that Puerto Rico's relationship with United States is based on a Compact of Free Association and at other times is erroneously held to mean that Puerto Rico's relationship with United States is based on an Interstate compact. This is a constant source of ambiguity and confusion when trying to define, understand, and explain Puerto Rico's political relationship with the United States. For various reasons Puerto Rico's political status differs from that of the Pacific Islands that entered into Compacts of Free Association with the United States. As sovereign states, these islands have the full right to conduct their foreign relations, while the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico has territorial status subject to United States congressional authority under the Constitution's Territory Clause, "to dispose of and make all needful Rules and Regulations respecting the Territory… belonging to the United States." [25] Puerto Rico does not have the right to unilaterally declare independence, and at the last referendum (1998), the narrow majority voted for "none of the above", which was a formally undefined alternative used by commonwealth supporters to express their desire for an "enhanced commonwealth" option. [25]

This kind of relationship can also be found in the Kingdom of the Netherlands, which is termed a federacy. The European continental part is organized like a unitary state. However, the status of its "constituent countries" in the Caribbean ( Aruba, Curaçao, and Sint Maarten) can be considered akin to dependencies [26] [27] or "associated non-independent states."

The Kingdom of Denmark also operates similarly, akin to another federacy. The Faroe Islands and Greenland are two self-governing territories or regions within the Kingdom. The relationship between Denmark proper and these two territories is semi-officially termed the Rigsfællesskabet ("Unity of the Realm").

Overview of inhabited dependent territories

Name Population (2016) [28] Area (km²) [29] Area (mi²) [29] Continent Sovereign state Legal status [30]
  Akrotiri and Dhekelia 15,700 254 98 Europe   United Kingdom Sovereign base area
  Åland 29,013 1,580 610 Europe   Finland Autonomous region
  American Samoa 54,194 199 77 Oceania   United States Unincorporated territory
  Anguilla 15,100 91 35 North America   United Kingdom Overseas territory
  Aruba 113,648 178.91 69.08 North America   Netherlands Constituent country
  Bermuda 70,537 53.2 20.5 North America   United Kingdom Overseas territory
  British Virgin Islands 34,232 153 59 North America   United Kingdom Overseas territory
  Cayman Islands 57,268 264 101.9 North America   United Kingdom Overseas territory
  Christmas Island 2,205 135 52 Asia   Australia External territory
  Cocos (Keeling) Islands 596 14 5.4 Asia   Australia External territory
  Cook Islands 18,100 240 93 Oceania   New Zealand Free association
  Curaçao 158,986 444 171 North America   Netherlands Constituent country
  Falkland Islands 2,931 12,173 4,700 South America   United Kingdom Overseas territory
  Faroe Islands 49,188 4,167 540 Europe   Denmark Constituent country
  French Polynesia 285,735 1,399 1,609 Oceania   France Overseas country
  Gibraltar 29,328 6.5 2.5 Europe   United Kingdom Overseas territory
  Greenland 56,483 2,166,086 836,330 North America   Denmark Constituent country
  Guam 162,742 544 210 Oceania   United States Unincorporated territory
  Guernsey 63,026 65 25 Europe   United Kingdom Crown dependency
  Hong Kong 7,374,000 2,755 1,064 Asia   China Special administrative region
  Isle of Man 88,195 572 221 Europe   United Kingdom Crown dependency
  Jersey 98,069 118.2 45.6 Europe   United Kingdom Crown dependency
  Macau 650,900 115.3 44.5 Asia   China Special administrative region
  Montserrat 5,267 101 39 North America   United Kingdom Overseas territory
  New Caledonia 275,355 18,576 7,172 Oceania   France Sui generis collectivity
  Niue 1,190 261.46 100.95 Oceania   New Zealand Free association
  Norfolk Island 2,210 34.6 13.4 Oceania   Australia External territory
  Northern Mariana Islands 53,467 464 179 Oceania   United States Commonwealth
  Pitcairn Islands 57 43 17 Oceania   United Kingdom Overseas territory
  Puerto Rico 3,411,307 9,104 3,515 North America   United States Commonwealth
  Saint Barthélemy 7,209 25 9.7 North America   France Overseas collectivity
  Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha 5,633 394 152 Africa   United Kingdom Overseas territory
  Saint Martin 31,949 53.2 20.5 North America   France Overseas collectivity
  Saint Pierre and Miquelon 5,595 242 93 North America   France Overseas collectivity
  Sint Maarten 41,486 37 14 North America   Netherlands Constituent country
  Svalbard 2,667 61,022 23,561 Europe   Norway Division
  Tokelau 1,499 10 3.9 Oceania   New Zealand Dependent territory
  Turks and Caicos Islands 51,430 430 166 North America   United Kingdom Overseas territory
  United States Virgin Islands 102,951 346.36 133.73 North America   United States Unincorporated territory
  Wallis and Futuna 15,664 142 55 Oceania   France Overseas collectivity

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Each territory in the United States Minor Outlying Islands is labeled UM- followed by the first letter of its name and another unique letter if needed.
  2. ^ The following territories do not have ISO 3166-1 codes:
    1: Akrotiri and Dhekelia
    2: Ashmore and Cartier Islands
    3: Coral Sea Islands
  3. ^ Midway Atoll and Wake Island have a few people, but these territories are not permanently inhabited.
  4. ^ Willis Island is permanently manned by a small team of meteorologists.
  5. ^ The Antarctic claim of Adélie Land (a district of the TAAF) [19] is not included within the ISO 3166 designation. The ISO designates the remainder of the TAAF the "French Southern Territories". [20]

References

Citations

  1. ^ United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1514
  2. ^ "United Nations Trusteeship Council".
  3. ^ a b United Nations General Assembly 15th Session – The Trusteeship System and Non-Self-Governing Territories (pages:509–510) Archived March 20, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Listaba.com[ permanent dead link]
  5. ^ The World Factbook. Cia.gov. Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  6. ^ For the list, see Special Committee on Decolonization (2002). "Trust and Non-Self-Governing Territories". United Nations, Special Committee on Decolonization. Retrieved 2010-09-23.
  7. ^ a b http://www.justice.govt.nz/publications/publications-archived/2000/pacific-peoples-constitution-report-september-2000/documents/Bibliography.doc
  8. ^ a b Conan, Neal (11 August 2015). "Pacific News Minute: Cook Islands Bid for UN Membership On Hold". Hawai'i Public Radio. Retrieved 6 April 2019.
  9. ^ New Zealand and Antarctica. NZ Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade. 2010
  10. ^ CIA (2010-07-15). "Guernsey at the CIA's page". CIA. Retrieved 2010-07-15.
  11. ^ CIA (2010-07-15). "Jersey at the CIA's page". CIA. Retrieved 2010-07-15.
  12. ^ CIA (2010-07-15). "The Isle of Man at the CIA's page". CIA. Retrieved 2010-07-15.
  13. ^ "Definitions of Insular Area Political Organizations". U.S. Department of the Interior. Retrieved 6 April 2019.
  14. ^ Carney, Gerard (2006). The constitutional systems of the Australian states and territories. Canberra: Cambridge University Press. ISBN  978-0-521-86305-6.
  15. ^ a b c d The Department of Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Communications (2020-02-28). "Territories of Australia". The Department of Infrastructure, Transport, Regional Development and Communications. Retrieved 2020-04-25. The Australian Government, through the department, administers the Indian Ocean Territories of Christmas Island and the Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Norfolk Island, the Jervis Bay Territory, the Ashmore and Cartier Islands, and the Coral Sea Islands. The department also manages the Government's interests in the Australian Capital Territory, and the Northern Territory.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list ( link)
  16. ^ 广电总局批准31个境外频道在涉外宾馆等申请接收. Gov.cn (2006-12-30). Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  17. ^ 2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报(第1号) Archived 2012-06-18 at the Wayback Machine. Stats.gov.cn. Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  18. ^ 項懷誠:香港是社保基金境外投資的首選地之一 Archived 2013-06-17 at the Wayback Machine. Big5.huaxia.com. Retrieved on 2013-07-12.
  19. ^ a b "Antarctica :: French Southern and Antarctic Lands". CIA.gov/Library/Publications/The-World-Factbook. CIA. 20 May 2020. Retrieved 3 June 2020.
  20. ^ "French Southern Territories". ISO.org. ISO. 26 November 2018. Retrieved 3 June 2020.
  21. ^ Dependencies and Areas of Special Sovereignty, U.S. Department of State. "Bonaire, Saba, and Sint Eustatius now fall under the direct administration of the Netherlands". Retrieved 17 June 2016.
  22. ^ CIA (2010-07-15). "Northern Mariana Islands at the CIA's page". CIA. Retrieved 2010-07-15.
  23. ^ The Louisiana Purchase and American Expansion: 1803–1898. By Sanford Levinson and Bartholomew H. Sparrow. New York: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers. 2005. Page 166, 178. "U.S. citizenship was extended to residents of Puerto Rico under the Jones Act, chap. 190, 39 Stat. 951 (1971) (codified at 48 U.S.C. § 731 (1987)")
  24. ^ CIA (2010-07-15). "Puerto Rico at the CIA's page". CIA. Retrieved 2010-07-15.
  25. ^ a b December 2005 report of the President's Task Force on Puerto Rico's Status Archived 2009-03-26 at the Wayback Machine
  26. ^ "Europe :: Netherlands". CIA.gov/Library/Publications/The-World-Factbook. CIA. 10 June 2020. Retrieved 13 July 2020.
  27. ^ "Dependencies and Areas of Special Sovereignty". State.gov. United States Department of State. 7 March 2017. Retrieved 13 July 2020.
  28. ^ "Country Comparison :: Population". CIA. July 2016.
  29. ^ a b "Field Listing :: Area". CIA.
  30. ^ "Field Listing :: Dependency Status". CIA.

Sources

Bibliography

  • George Drower, Britain's Dependent Territories, Dartmouth, 1992
  • George Drower, Overseas Territories Handbook, TSO, 1998