Location within Middlesex County, Connecticut
CROMWELL CONNECTICUT Latitude and Longitude:
|• Mayor||Enzo Faizena ( R)|
|• Town council|
|• Town Manager||Anthony J. Salvatore|
|• Total||13.5 sq mi (35.0 km2)|
|• Land||12.4 sq mi (32.1 km2)|
|• Water||0.5 sq mi (1.3 km2)|
|Elevation||141 ft (43 m)|
|• Density||1,096/sq mi (423/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 ( EST)|
|• Summer ( DST)||UTC-4 ( EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0213414|
The town was named after a shipping boat that traveled along the Connecticut River, which runs along Cromwell. The ship was named after Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England.  Other theories are that the town was named after the 1776 warship Oliver Cromwell, or named directly after the Lord Protector Cromwell. 
The Evangelical Covenant Church's regional East Coast Conference offices are located in Cromwell.
- On the
National Register of Historic Places:
- Main Street Historic District – roughly bounded by Nooks Hill Rd., Prospect Hill Rd., Wall and West Sts. and New Ln., and Stevens Ln. and Main St.; since October 24, 1985
- Middletown Upper Houses Historic District – on Connecticut Route 99; since July 27, 1979
- Sage-Kirby House – 93 Shunpike Road; since April 29, 1982
- TPC River Highlands – location of the Travelers Championship, PGA Tour event
- Long-time home of hardware manufacturing company Horton Brasses, Inc.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 12.9 square miles (33 km2), of which, 12.4 square miles (32 km2) is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) (4.03%) is water.
A major north/south highway, Interstate 91, with two Cromwell exits, runs through the Town. The Central Connecticut Expressway (Route 9), opened at the end of 1989, enhances the Town's location as it connects I-95 in Old Saybrook, I-91 in Cromwell and I-84, the State's major east/west highway in New Britain. 
|U.S. Decennial Census |
As of the census  of 2010, there were 14,005 people, 5,212 households, and 3,262 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,038.5 people per square mile (401.1/km²). There were 5,365 housing units at an average density of 432.9 per square mile (167.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 93.08% White, 3.13% African American, 0.05% Native American, 1.24% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.03% from other races, and 1.47% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.19% of the population.
There were 5,212 households out of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 7.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.4% were non-families. 30.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the town, the population was spread out with 21.6% under the age of 18, 5.2% from 18 to 24, 31.8% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.
The median income for a household in the town was US$60,662, and the median income for a family was $70,505. Males had a median income of $46,223 versus $36,218 for females. The per capita income for the town was $29,786. About 1.6% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 3.4% of those age 65 or over.
|Voter registration and party enrollment as of October 27, 2015 |
|Party||Active voters||Inactive voters||Total voters||Percentage|
There are four public schools in Cromwell: Edna C. Stevens Elementary School (K-2), Woodside Intermediate School (3-5), Cromwell Middle School (6-8), and Cromwell High School (9-12).
- Michael "Mikey" Dickerson, Administrator of the United States Digital Service, was born and raised in Cromwell, Cromwell High School, class of 1997.  Before heading the Digital Service, he worked extensively on Healthcare.gov and the Obama presidential campaigns. For his work on Healthcare.gov, he appeared with his team on the cover of Time magazine in March 2014. 
- Actor and film producer David Gere was born and raised in Cromwell and attended Cromwell High School, class of 1993. 
- Crofut, Florence S. Mary. Guide to the History and Historic Sites of Connecticut, Vol. 2, pg. 469. Tercentenary Commission of the State of Connecticut for the Connecticut Daughters of the American Revolution, Yale University Press, New Haven, 1937.
- "Less than Obvious: The Origin of the Name 'Cromwell'" by Richard Franklin Donohue. Cromwell Historical Society.
- "Town of Cromwell, Connecticut".
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Archived from the original on May 23, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 27, 2015" (PDF). Connecticut Secretary of State. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 4, 2016. Retrieved November 2, 2016.
- "Day One: Mikey Dickerson, U.S. Digital Service Administrator". whitehouse.gov. 20 August 2014. Archived from the original on 26 December 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
- "TIME: Inside the nightmare launch of HealthCare.gov". advisory.com. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
- "David Gere". IMDb. Archived from the original on 1 April 2017. Retrieved 1 May 2018.