Crime in Oregon Article

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This article refers to crime in the U.S. state of Oregon.

Crime statistics (1960–2009)

Reported cases of crime in the state of Oregon between 1960 and 2009: [1]

Year Population Index Violent Property Murder Forcible rape Robbery Aggravated
assault
Burglary Larceny
theft
Vehicle
theft
1960 1,768,687 34,970 1,232 33,738 43 166 563 460 7,175 24,252 2,311
1961 1,799,000 36,000 1,242 34,758 48 138 626 430 7,276 24,983 2,499
1962 1,864,000 38,364 1,461 36,903 54 174 714 519 8,268 25,871 2,764
1963 1,826,000 40,362 1,393 38,969 55 161 554 623 8,823 27,023 3,123
1964 1,871,000 47,438 2,009 45,429 34 225 703 1,047 10,727 30,812 3,890
1965 1,899,000 52,376 2,290 50,086 65 226 873 1,126 12,079 34,161 3,846
1966 1,955,000 58,400 2,470 55,930 53 247 895 1,275 13,394 37,840 4,696
1967 1,999,000 69,268 3,147 66,121 61 248 1,317 1,521 17,140 43,515 5,466
1968 2,008,000 74,978 3,955 71,023 64 346 1,536 2,009 18,978 46,612 5,433
1969 2,032,000 85,543 4,527 81,016 81 371 1,760 2,315 22,853 51,692 6,471
1970 2,091,385 98,048 5,373 92,675 97 377 2,144 2,755 26,632 59,082 6,961
1971 2,158,000 106,601 6,335 100,266 70 478 2,383 3,404 28,933 63,543 7,790
1972 2,182,000 110,156 6,494 103,662 119 574 2,390 3,411 32,049 63,178 8,435
1973 2,225,000 117,860 6,512 111,348 110 653 2,211 3,538 35,772 66,494 9,082
1974 2,266,000 143,772 8,326 135,446 127 732 2,964 4,503 41,766 83,060 10,620
1975 2,288,000 154,491 10,034 144,457 142 745 2,982 6,165 43,738 90,053 10,666
1976 2,329,000 148,097 10,654 137,443 97 829 3,091 6,637 39,587 88,661 9,195
1977 2,376,000 142,256 10,830 131,426 117 948 2,948 6,817 38,880 83,306 9,240
1978 2,444,000 148,483 12,278 136,205 123 1,008 3,204 7,943 39,523 87,033 9,649
1979 2,527,000 161,045 13,781 147,264 107 1,121 3,299 9,254 40,682 96,823 9,759
1980 2,610,477 174,561 12,802 161,759 132 1,084 3,978 7,608 45,641 106,712 9,406
1981 2,647,000 186,267 12,671 173,596 117 1,105 4,780 6,669 52,067 112,518 9,011
1982 2,649,000 173,973 12,529 161,444 136 1,057 4,433 6,903 47,410 106,061 7,973
1983 2,662,000 166,398 12,986 153,412 109 1,078 4,533 7,266 46,472 98,880 8,060
1984 2,674,000 166,956 13,533 153,423 128 1,201 4,508 7,696 48,755 96,742 7,926
1985 2,687,000 180,830 14,807 166,023 125 1,363 4,986 8,333 50,690 105,725 9,608
1986 2,698,000 191,037 14,830 176,207 178 1,379 5,555 7,718 53,062 112,312 10,833
1987 2,724,000 189,835 14,697 175,138 153 1,247 5,338 7,959 48,562 113,907 12,669
1988 2,741,000 193,479 14,959 178,520 139 1,111 5,289 8,420 48,355 113,872 16,293
1989 2,820,000 173,744 14,625 159,119 134 1,314 4,282 8,895 40,197 103,690 15,232
1990 2,842,321 160,478 14,405 146,073 108 1,332 4,102 8,863 32,273 100,765 13,035
1991 2,922,000 168,165 14,795 153,370 133 1,561 4,387 8,714 34,363 105,145 13,862
1992 2,977,000 173,289 15,189 158,100 139 1,580 4,507 8,963 32,945 109,274 15,881
1993 3,032,000 174,812 15,254 159,558 140 1,554 3,930 9,630 31,072 110,878 17,608
1994 3,086,000 194,307 16,067 178,240 150 1,333 4,264 10,320 33,970 122,506 21,764
1995 3,141,000 206,173 16,408 189,765 129 1,309 4,332 10,638 34,640 133,075 22,050
1996 3,204,000 192,132 14,837 177,295 129 1,272 3,914 9,522 31,664 128,618 17,013
1997 3,243,000 203,328 14,412 188,916 95 1,306 3,811 9,200 33,507 136,129 19,280
1998 3,282,000 185,323 13,778 171,545 126 1,307 3,452 8,893 30,442 123,841 17,262
1999 3,316,154 165,866 12,432 153,434 88 1,219 2,858 8,267 26,749 113,052 13,633
2000 3,421,399 165,780 12,000 153,780 70 1,286 2,888 7,756 25,618 114,230 13,932
2001 3,473,441 175,174 10,650 164,524 84 1,174 2,749 6,643 26,648 123,034 14,842
2002 3,520,355 171,443 10,298 161,145 73 1,238 2,742 6,246 25,696 118,925 16,524
2003 3,564,330 180,369 10,506 169,863 68 1,218 2,847 6,373 28,562 122,327 18,974
2004 3,591,363 177,199 10,724 166,475 90 1,283 2,751 6,600 30,072 117,868 18,535
2005 3,638,871 170,643 10,444 160,199 80 1,266 2,478 6,620 27,621 113,316 19,262
2006 3,700,758 145,168 10,373 135,895 86 1,195 2,689 6,403 23,879 97,556 14,460
2007 3,747,455 142,920 10,777 132,143 73 1,255 2,862 6,587 22,821 94,773 14,549
2008 3,790,060 134,144 9,747 124,397 82 1,156 2,641 5,868 20,879 92,187 11,311
2009 3,825,657 123,255 9,744 113,511 85 1,168 2,461 6,030 19,377 84,265 9,869

Capital punishment laws

The Oregon Constitution originally had no provision for a death penalty. A statute was enacted in 1864 allowing for the death penalty in cases of first degree murder. Authority to conduct executions was initially granted to local sheriffs, but in 1903, the Oregon Legislative Assembly passed a law requiring all executions to be conducted at the Oregon State Penitentiary in Salem, the first state prison in Oregon which opened in 1866. [2]

Oregon voters amended the Constitution in 1914 to repeal the death penalty, with 50.04% of the vote. The repeal was an initiative of Governor Oswald West. [3] The death penalty was restored, again by constitutional amendment, in 1920. [2]

Initially, all executions were performed by hanging; lethal gas was adopted as the method after 1931. [2]

Voters outlawed the death penalty in the general election of 1964, with 60% of the vote. Governor Mark Hatfield commuted the sentences of three death row inmates two days later. [2]

Notable cases

Criminals

Name Lifespan Crime(s) Notes Ref.
Danford Balch 1811–1859 Murder Convicted of murdering his son-in-law, Mortimer Stump, in 1859; was the first person executed by hanging in Portland. [4]
Ben Boloff 1893–1932 Criminal syndicalism Soviet Russian communist sentenced to ten years imprisonment. [5]
Dallen Bounds 1971–1999 Serial murder Born in Ashland, but did not commit any known murders in Oregon; convicted of murders in Washington, North and South Carolina [6]
Jerry Brudos 1939–2006 Serial murder, necrophilia Committed multiple murders in Portland and Salem regions [7]
Ted Bundy 1946–1989 Serial murder, rape Born in Vermont; confirmed to have abducted and murdered one female from the Oregon State University campus in 1974. [8] Potentially responsible for additional unknown murders. [9]
Robert Lee Burns 1930–2002 Murder, robbery Charged in 1963 robbery and murder of a police officer in California; subject of an extradition dispute between Oregon and California, but died before being extradited. [10]
Scott William Cox 1963– Serial murder Convicted of two homicides in Portland in 1993, and suspected in at least 20 others in the Pacific Northwest. Paroled in 2013. [11]
Diane Downs 1955– Murder, attempted murder Shot and killed daughter in rural Springfield; attempted to kill her two other children. [12]
Jim Elkins 1901–1968 Racketeering Portland mobster and crime boss. [13]
John K. Giles 1895–1979 Murder Convicted of murder in Oregon; escaped, and was later transferred to Alcatraz Island. [14]
George Hayford 1858–unknown Forgery Lawyer convicted of forgery in Oregon and California; falsely claimed to be Oregon Attorney General. Later arrested in Harlem, New York City and Washington, D.C. [15]
Keith Hunter Jesperson 1955– Serial murder Also known as the "Happy Face Killer"; committed at least two murders in Oregon, and is serving life sentence at Oregon State Penitentiary. [16]
Kip Kinkel 1982– Spree killing Murdered parents before committing 1998 1998 Thurston High School shooting; killed 2 students and injured 25. [17]
Richard Laurence Marquette 1932– Serial murder Convicted of murdering and dismembering three women in Portland in the 1960s and 1970s. He was the first person ever to be added as an eleventh name on the FBI Ten Most Wanted List. [18]
Harry Charles Moore 1941–1997 Murder Second person executed in the state of Oregon since 1978 for murders of Thomas Lauri and Barbara Cunningham. [19]
Dayton Leroy Rogers 1953– Serial murder Murdered at least 6 women near Molalla between 1983 and 1987. Also known as the "Molalla Forest Killer." [20]
Ward Weaver III 1963– Murder Committed 2002 murders of Ashley Pond and Miranda Gaddis in Oregon City. [21]
Randall Woodfield 1950– Serial murder, rape, robbery Committed multiple crimes along Interstate 5 in Oregon, Washington, and California; estimated to have murdered over 44 people. [22]
Douglas Wright 1940–1996 Serial murder First criminal executed by lethal injection in Oregon. Lured three homeless men to Warm Springs Indian Reservation and murdered them in 1993; confessed to the murder of fourth homeless man. Also committed double murder in 1969 in Portland. [23]

Crimes

Year(s) Incident / victim(s) Location(s) Notes Ref.
1844 Murder of George LeBreton Oregon City Massachusetts-born pioneer and Oregon politician killed in the Cockstock Incident. [24]
1887 Hells Canyon Massacre Hells Canyon Massacre of thirty-four Chinese goldminers by members of a white horse gang. [25]
1895–1906 Sheepshooters' War Crook County Range war between cattle men and sheepherders. Resulted in the killing of over 10,000 sheep and several farmers. [26]
1924 Lava Lake murders Deschutes National Forest Triple-murder of three fur trappers near Big Lava Lake; one of the oldest unsolved murder cases in Oregon history. [27]
1946 Oak Grove Jane Doe Oak Grove Unidentified unsolved murder; victim discovered dismembered in the Willamette River over a six-month period. [28]
1949 Murder of Thelma Taylor Portland Teenage murder victim abducted and killed in St. Johns. Her killer, Morris Leland, was executed for her murder in 1953. [29]
1974 Cowden family murders Copper Family of four murdered while camping in the Siskiyou Mountains; murders remain unsolved. [30]
1974 Murder of Martha Morrison Portland Teenage murder victim who disappeared in Portland in 1974. Remains discovered in late 1974 in Vancouver, Washington, but were unidentified until 2015. Murder unsolved. [31]
1984 Rajneeshee bioterror attack The Dalles Followers of Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh deliberately contaminated various eateries with Salmonella, resulting in 751 infections and 45 hospitalizations. [32]
1988 Murder of Mulugeta Seraw Portland Ethiopian immigrant murdered by three white supremacists; Kenneth Murray Mieske, Kyle Brewster, and Steve Strasser were convicted of his murder in 1990. [33]
1989 Murder of Michael Francke Salem Director of the Oregon Department of Corrections, stabbed to death outside department building. Murder remains unsolved. [34]
1995 Murders of Roxanne Ellis and Michelle Abdill Medford Hate crime murder of lesbian couple. Robert Acremant convicted of their murders and sentenced to death in 1996; sentence later reduced to life without parole. [35]
2004 Murder of Brooke Wilberger Corvallis One of the most publicized murder investigations in Oregon history. Joel Patrick Courtney was convicted of her murder in 2009. [36]
2012 Clackamas Town Center shooting Portland Mass shooting at Clackamas Town Center shopping mall; resulted in three deaths (including the perpetrator). [37]
2015 Umpqua Community College shooting Roseburg Deadliest mass-shooting in Oregon history; 10 deaths (including perpetrator) and 8 injuries. [38]

References

  1. ^ www.disastercenter.com
  2. ^ a b c d "History of Capital Punishment in Oregon". Oregon.gov. Archived from the original on June 16, 2006.
  3. ^ Horner, John B. (1919). Oregon: Her History, Her Great Men, Her Literature. Press of the Gazette-Times. p. 313.
  4. ^ McArthur, Lewis A.; Lewis L. McArthur (2003) [1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (7th ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. pp. 46–47. ISBN  0-87595-277-1.
  5. ^ MacColl, E. Kimbark (1979). The Growth of a City: Power and Politics in Portland, Oregon, 1915–1950. Portland: Georgian Press. p. 394. ISBN  0960340815.
  6. ^ Townsend, Catherine (August 9, 2017). "Crime History: Serial Killer Dallen Bounds Killed Four Victims, Then Shot Himself". Crime Feed. Investigation Discovery. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
  7. ^ Holmes, Ronald M. (January 1997). "Sequential Predation: Elements of serial fatal victimization". Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity. 4 (1): 33–42. doi: 10.1080/10720169708400129
  8. ^ "FBI Records: The Vault: Ted Bundy". Federal Bureau of Investigation. FBI.gov. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
  9. ^ Keppel, Robert D.; Michaud, Stephen G. (2011). Terrible Secrets: Ted Bundy on Serial Murder (Enhanced E-Book ed.). Irving, Texas: Authorlink Press. p. 337. ISBN  978-1-928704-97-3.
  10. ^ Zamora, Jim Herron (April 27, 2001). "Paying for the past / States argue over fate of man convicted of murder in California, considered rehabilitated by Oregon". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
  11. ^ "Police: Convicted killer released in McMinnville violated his parole". KPTV. August 28, 2013. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
  12. ^ Geringer, Joseph. "Diane Downs: Her Children Got in the Way of Her Love'". TruTV. Archived from the original on March 4, 2009. Retrieved May 28, 2015.
  13. ^ Donnelly, Robert C. Dark Rose: Organized Crime and Corruption in Portland. Seattle: University of Washington Press. pp. 60–62. ISBN  978-0-295-99111-5.
  14. ^ Simpson, Paul (2013). The Mammoth Book of Prison Breaks. London: Hachette Book Group. n.p. ISBN  978-1-472-10024-5. OCLC  863221636.
  15. ^ "A Slick Swindler". Weekly Oregon Statesman. Portland. February 23, 1900. p. 7 – via Newspapers.com. closed access publication – behind paywall
  16. ^ Kreuger, Peggy; Kendra Justice & Amy Hunt (March 2006). " Keith Hunter Jesperson: Happy Face Killer" (PDF). Radford University Department of Psychology. Retrieved August 21, 2010.
  17. ^ "The Killer at Thurston High: Who is Kip Kinkel?". Frontline. PBS. Retrieved June 24, 2007.
  18. ^ Rule, Ann (1993). "Rehabilitation of a Monster". A Rose for Her Grave and Other True Cases. Simon and Schuster. pp. 441–75. ISBN  978-0-671-79353-1.
  19. ^ Associated Press (May 17, 1997). "Oregon Executes a Killer". The New York Times. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
  20. ^ Associated Press (May 5, 2000). "Oregon Serial Killer Must Be Resentenced". The New York Times. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
  21. ^ Hotz, Robert Lee; Johnson, John. "Behavior May Leave a Mark on Genes". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 9, 2018.
  22. ^ Wertheim, L. John (November 21, 2016). "The I-5 Killer". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved February 9, 2018.
  23. ^ Associated Press (September 7, 1996). "Oregon and South Carolina Execute Killers". The New York Times. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
  24. ^ Holman, Frederick V. (June 1912). "A Brief History of the Oregon Provisional Government and What Caused Its Formation". The Quarterly of the Oregon Historical Society. 13 (2): 89–139. JSTOR  20609900.
  25. ^ Associated Press (August 20, 1995). "Files Found in Oregon Detail Massacre of Chinese". The New York Times. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
  26. ^ Tupper, Melany (2010). The Sandy Knoll Murder, Legacy of the Sheepshooters. Central Oregon Books. pp. 2–20, 75. ISBN  978-0-983-16912-3.
  27. ^ LeBlanc, Suzi (August 2, 1961). "After 37 years, Lava Lake case unsolved". The Bend Bulletin. p. 9 – via Google News. Free to read
  28. ^ Gianola, Jeff (February 28, 2017). "Unsolved: The Case of the 1946 Willamette River torso". KOIN. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
  29. ^ "Oregon's Next Executions Set". Eugene Register-Guard. January 5, 1953. p. 7A. Retrieved September 19, 2013 – via Google News. Free to read
  30. ^ Rule, Ann (2009). But I Trusted You, and Other Case Files. New York: Simon and Schuster. p. 425. ISBN  978-1-439-16054-1.
  31. ^ Gillespie, Emily (July 13, 2015). "Remains of homicide victim found near Vancouver identified after 41 years". The Columbian. Retrieved March 21, 2018.
  32. ^ Urbano, Mary Theresa (2006). The Complete Bioterrorism Survival Guide. Sentient Publications. pp. 60–61. ISBN  1-59181-051-5.
  33. ^ "Assets of White Supremacist Are Target of Legal Maneuver". The New York Times. December 25, 1990. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
  34. ^ "Defense seeks delay in Francke case". The Eugene Register-Guard. Eugene, Oregon. October 6, 1990. p. 5B – via Google News. Free to read
  35. ^ "State of Oregon v. Robert Acremant". Oregon Judicial Department. March 17, 2005. Archived from the original on August 8, 2007. Retrieved July 31, 2007.
  36. ^ Netter, Sarah. "Brooke Wilberger Found: Killer Gives Location of Remains to Avoid Death Penalty". ABC News. Retrieved September 21, 2009.
  37. ^ Johnston, Ian; Raftery, Isolde (December 11, 2012). "Two people shot to death at mall in Portland, Oregon; gunman also dies". NBC News. Retrieved December 19, 2012.
  38. ^ Jackson, Derrick Z. (October 2, 2015). "The shameful irony of Ore. mass shooting". The Boston Globe. Retrieved October 2, 2015.