Crawford County, Iowa Article

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Crawford County, Iowa
Crawford courthouse denison iowa.jpg
Map of Iowa highlighting Crawford County
Location in the U.S. state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location in the U.S.
Founded1851/1855
Named for William Harris Crawford
Seat Denison
Largest cityDenison
Area
 • Total715 sq mi (1,852 km2)
 • Land714 sq mi (1,849 km2)
 • Water0.8 sq mi (2 km2), 0.1%
Population (est.)
 • ( 2015)17,094
 • Density24/sq mi (9/km2)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/ −5

Crawford County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 17,096. [1] Its county seat is Denison. [2] The county was named for William Harris Crawford, [3] U.S. senator from Georgia and United States Secretary of the Treasury.

History

In January 1851, the Iowa Legislature authorized the creation of 50 additional counties in the state. Due to its lack of inhabitants, the designated Crawford County area was attached to Shelby County for purposes of revenue, taxation, and judicial matters.

In 1855 there were sufficient settlers, who petitioned for separation from Shelbgy. This was granted, and a county governing structure was established. [4] The county as then designated did not include its present western townships.

In 1865, four eastern townships of Monona County were separated from that county and incorporated into Crawford County's boundary. [4]

After several adjustments and reorganizations, the present arrangement of Crawford County townships was completed in June 1872. [4]

Geography

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 715 square miles (1,850 km2), of which 714 square miles (1,850 km2) is land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2) (0.1%) is water. [5]

Major highways

  • US 30 (IA).svg U.S. Highway 30 – runs ENE across bottom of county. Enters at Dunlap, exits to Carroll County at Westside.
  • US 59 (IA).svg U.S. Highway 59 – runs generally north–south through center of county, passing Schieswig and Denison. Its exit into Shelby County is five miles east of its entry from Ida County.
  • Iowa 37.svg Iowa Highway 37 – cuts the SW corner of county, running SE from Monona County to Harrison County.
  • Iowa 39.svg Iowa Highway 39 – runs north and ENE from Denison to Kiron, then into Ida and Sac Counties.
  • Iowa 141.svg Iowa Highway 141 – enters SE part of county at Aspinwall, runs west to intersection with US Highway 59, two miles above the county's south line. [6]

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860383
18702,530560.6%
188012,413390.6%
189018,89452.2%
190021,68514.8%
191020,041−7.6%
192020,6142.9%
193021,0282.0%
194020,538−2.3%
195019,741−3.9%
196018,569−5.9%
197019,1162.9%
198018,935−0.9%
199016,775−11.4%
200016,9421.0%
201017,0960.9%
Est. 201616,940 [7]−0.9%
US Decennial Census [8]
1790-1960 [9] 1900-1990 [10]
1990-2000 [11] 2010-2013 [1]

2010 census

The 2010 census recorded a population of 17,096 in the county, with a population density of 23.944/sq mi (9.245/km2). There were 6,943 housing units, of which 6,413 were occupied. [12]

2000 census

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Crawford County

As of the census [13] of 2000, there were 16,942 people, 6,441 households, and 4,489 families residing in the county. The population density was 24 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 6,958 housing units at an average density of 10 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.10% White, 0.76% Black or African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 4.59% from other races, and 0.77% from two or more races. 8.75% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,441 households out of which 31.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.50% were married couples living together, 7.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.30% were non-families. 26.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the county, the population was spread out with 26.50% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 25.70% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, and 17.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 100.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,922, and the median income for a family was $40,231. Males had a median income of $28,696 versus $19,798 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,851. About 6.90% of families and 11.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.70% of those under age 18 and 5.60% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Former Cities

Townships

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Crawford County. [16]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)

1 Denison City 8,298
2 Schleswig City 882
3 Manilla City 776
4 Dow City City 510
5 Charter Oak City 502
6 Vail City 436
7 Westside City 299
8 Kiron City 279
9 Deloit City 264
10 Ricketts City 145
11 Arion City 108
12 Buck Grove City 43
13 Aspinwall City 40

Politics

Presidential Elections Results
Presidential Elections Results [17]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 66.6% 4,617 28.7% 1,991 4.7% 327
2012 53.2% 3,595 45.4% 3,066 1.4% 91
2008 46.5% 3,345 51.7% 3,715 1.8% 131
2004 54.6% 3,955 44.5% 3,220 0.9% 67
2000 53.1% 3,482 43.3% 2,838 3.6% 235
1996 40.0% 2,686 46.8% 3,140 13.2% 889
1992 35.1% 2,693 39.2% 3,004 25.7% 1,975
1988 46.2% 3,375 52.9% 3,868 0.9% 68
1984 56.5% 4,552 42.2% 3,396 1.3% 105
1980 61.0% 4,883 31.2% 2,500 7.7% 619
1976 48.8% 3,879 49.1% 3,903 2.1% 166
1972 58.6% 4,493 39.4% 3,018 2.0% 156
1968 55.4% 4,287 36.8% 2,851 7.8% 606
1964 37.3% 2,999 62.5% 5,024 0.2% 14
1960 56.3% 4,791 43.7% 3,720 0.1% 7
1956 55.0% 4,608 44.8% 3,749 0.2% 17
1952 63.7% 5,646 35.0% 3,107 1.3% 115
1948 43.7% 3,267 53.2% 3,983 3.1% 235
1944 56.5% 4,242 42.9% 3,218 0.7% 49
1940 55.9% 5,284 43.7% 4,130 0.4% 35
1936 37.0% 3,514 60.2% 5,720 2.8% 268
1932 26.1% 2,334 68.0% 6,084 5.9% 524
1928 43.1% 3,436 56.3% 4,495 0.6% 50
1924 36.3% 2,882 15.8% 1,255 48.0% 3,812
1920 68.7% 5,473 27.0% 2,151 4.4% 348
1916 58.3% 2,756 40.6% 1,919 1.2% 55
1912 25.0% 1,169 47.0% 2,193 28.0% 1,308
1908 47.3% 2,169 50.6% 2,322 2.1% 97
1904 54.1% 2,530 42.8% 2,004 3.1% 144
1900 45.7% 2,268 52.0% 2,578 2.3% 115
1896 47.0% 2,189 51.4% 2,396 1.6% 74

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 31 May 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 95.
  4. ^ a b c Crawford County, Iowa – Establishment of Townships
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". US Census Bureau. 12 February 2011. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
  6. ^ Crawford County IA Google Maps (accessed 27 August 2018)
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 9 June 2017.
  8. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 12 May 2015. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
  12. ^ "Population and Housing Occupancy Status: 2010 - State -- County". US Census Bureau − American FactFinder. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 11 September 2013. Retrieved 31 January 2008.
  14. ^ Astor
  15. ^ Kenwood
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 21 December 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 25 April 2018.

External links



CRAWFORD COUNTY IOWA Latitude and Longitude:

42°02′14″N 95°22′43″W / 42.03722°N 95.37861°W / 42.03722; -95.37861