Covington County, Alabama Article

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Covington County, Alabama
Alabama-Covington County Courthouse.jpg
The Covington County Courthouse in Andalusia
Map of Alabama highlighting Covington County
Location in the U.S. state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
FoundedDecember 17, 1821
Named for Leonard Covington
Seat Andalusia
Largest cityAndalusia
Area
 • Total1,044 sq mi (2,704 km2)
 • Land1,030 sq mi (2,668 km2)
 • Water13 sq mi (34 km2), 1.3%
Population (est.)
 • ( 2017)37,092
 • Density37/sq mi (14/km2)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC−6/ −5
Website www.covcounty.com
Footnotes:  
  • County Number 23 on Alabama Licence Plates

Covington County (briefly Jones County), is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census the population was 37,765. [1] Its county seat is Andalusia. [2] Its name is in honor of Brigadier General Leonard Covington of Maryland [3] and Mississippi, who died in the War of 1812.

History

Covington County was established on December 17, 1821. The Alabama state legislature changed the name to Jones County on August 6, 1868. Two months later on October 10, 1868, the original name was restored. [4]

The county was declared a disaster area in September 1979 due to damage from Hurricane Frederic and again in October 1995 due to Hurricane Opal.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,044 square miles (2,700 km2), of which 1,030 square miles (2,700 km2) is land and 13 square miles (34 km2) (1.3%) is water. [5] It is drained by the Conecuh and Yellow rivers. [6]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18301,522
18402,43560.0%
18503,64549.7%
18606,46977.5%
18704,868−24.7%
18805,63915.8%
18907,53633.6%
190015,346103.6%
191032,124109.3%
192038,10318.6%
193041,3568.5%
194042,4172.6%
195040,373−4.8%
196035,631−11.7%
197034,079−4.4%
198036,8508.1%
199036,478−1.0%
200037,6313.2%
201037,7650.4%
Est. 201737,092 [7]−1.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [8]
1790–1960 [9] 1900–1990 [10]
1990–2000 [11] 2010–2017 [1]

As of the census [12] of 2000, there were 37,631 people, 15,640 households, and 10,791 families residing in the county. The population density was 36 people per square mile (14/km2). There were 18,578 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 86.2% White, 12.4% Black or African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.2% Asian, <0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.2% from other races, and 0.6% from two or more races. 0.8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 15,640 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.0% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 17.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 91.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,336, and the median income for a family was $33,201. Males had a median income of $27,453 versus $19,640 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,365. About 14.1% of families and 18.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.9% of those under age 18 and 19.2% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the census [13] of 2010, there were 37,765 people, 15,531 households, and 10,791 families residing in the county. The population density was 37 people per square mile (14/km2). There were 18,829 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 84.8% White, 12.5% Black or African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 0.4% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. 1.3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 15,531 households out of which 26.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.2% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.1% were non-families. 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.6% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 22.8% from 25 to 44, 28.4% from 45 to 64, and 18.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.4 years. For every 100 females there were 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.4 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,852, and the median income for a family was $43,468. Males had a median income of $32,463 versus $26,241 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,822. About 15.7% of families and 19.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.3% of those under age 18 and 12.8% of those age 65 or over.

As of 2012 the largest self-reported European ancestry group in Covington County is English with 41.2% of people in Covington County citing that they were of English descent. They were followed by people who wrote that they were of "American" ancestry, who made up 16.0% of Covington county. Irish was the third largest self-reported European ancestry with 14.5% of people in the county writing that they were of Irish descent.

Government

Presidential elections results
Covington County vote
by party in presidential elections [14]
Year GOP Dem Others
2016 83.2% 13,267 15.0% 2,387 1.8% 286
2012 78.7% 12,153 20.5% 3,158 0.8% 128
2008 78.8% 12,444 20.5% 3,240 0.7% 103
2004 76.0% 11,119 23.4% 3,423 0.6% 85
2000 65.8% 8,961 32.6% 4,440 1.6% 212
1996 50.7% 6,035 38.1% 4,543 11.2% 1,335
1992 49.0% 6,840 35.8% 5,004 15.2% 2,118
1988 67.3% 8,130 31.9% 3,845 0.8% 98
1984 71.6% 9,944 27.5% 3,812 0.9% 127
1980 51.5% 7,014 46.3% 6,305 2.1% 289
1976 40.7% 4,977 57.9% 7,081 1.4% 166
1972 85.3% 9,278 14.2% 1,547 0.5% 56
1968 6.3% 831 6.0% 791 87.6% 11,506
1964 82.3% 7,554 17.7% 1,621
1960 26.2% 2,047 73.4% 5,744 0.4% 33
1956 30.1% 2,257 65.3% 4,887 4.6% 346
1952 24.1% 1,581 75.6% 4,956 0.3% 21
1948 5.3% 154 94.8% 2,782
1944 7.9% 256 92.0% 2,972 0.1% 3
1940 3.9% 186 96.1% 4,635 0.1% 3
1936 3.8% 167 95.9% 4,265 0.3% 15
1932 2.5% 99 97.2% 3,855 0.4% 14
1928 45.6% 1,681 54.3% 2,000 0.1% 5
1924 7.5% 156 85.9% 1,776 6.6% 136
1920 20.7% 548 76.8% 2,039 2.5% 67
1916 14.0% 305 79.9% 1,738 6.0% 131
1912 6.5% 110 73.5% 1,251 20.0% 340
1908 21.2% 315 70.9% 1,054 7.9% 118
1904 23.2% 310 68.0% 907 8.8% 117

Communities

Cities

Towns

Unincorporated communities

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 17, 2014. Retrieved May 16, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 94.
  4. ^ Owen, Thomas McAdory (1921). History of Alabama and Dictionary of Alabama Biography. I. Chicago: S. J. Clarke Publishing Company. p. 429.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
  6. ^ Wikisource Ripley, George; Dana, Charles A., eds. (1879). " Covington. I. A S. county of Alabama". The American Cyclopædia.
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 24, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved August 22, 2015.
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2015-07-19.
  14. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved November 16, 2016.


COVINGTON COUNTY ALABAMA Latitude and Longitude:

31°14′31″N 86°27′09″W / 31.24194°N 86.45250°W / 31.24194; -86.45250