Connecticut Turnpike Article

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Gov. John Davis Lodge Turnpike marker

Gov. John Davis Lodge Turnpike
Connecticut Turnpike
Map of southern Connecticut with Connecticut Turnpike highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by ConnDOT
Length128.47 mi [1] (206.75 km)
Existed1958–present
Component
highways
Major junctions
West end I-95 at the New York state line in Greenwich
 
East end US 6 at the Rhode Island state line in Killingly
Location
Counties Fairfield, New Haven, Middlesex, New London, Windham
Highway system
  • Routes in Connecticut

The Governor John Davis Lodge Turnpike, formerly named and still locally called the Connecticut Turnpike, is a controlled-access highway and former toll road in the U.S. state of Connecticut; it is maintained by the Connecticut Department of Transportation (ConnDOT). Spanning approximately 128 miles (206 km) along a generally west–east axis, its roadbed is shared with I-95 for 88 miles (142 km) from the New York state border in Greenwich to East Lyme; I-395 for 36 miles (58 km) from East Lyme to Plainfield; and Route 695 for 4 miles (6.4 km) from Plainfield to the Rhode Island state border at US 6 in Killingly. The turnpike is briefly concurrent with US 1 from Old Saybrook to Old Lyme and Route 2A from Montville to Norwich.

Construction on the Connecticut Turnpike began in 1954, and the highway was opened in 1958. It originally followed a sequentially-based exit numbering system that disregarded route transition, where the exit numbers on I-395 were a continuation of the exit numbers on I-95. In 2015, the I-395 exit numbers were changed to a mileage-based system reflecting their distance from the split from I-95, effectively removing the defining element of the turnpike. In some sections west of New Haven, it carries an annual average daily traffic of over 150,000 vehicles. [2]

Route description

Northbound Exit 48 offramp from the I-95 section, before the reconstruction of the I-95/I-91 interchange

I-95

Interstate 95 enters Connecticut as the Connecticut Turnpike in Greenwich at the New York state line. The turnpike stretches for 128.5 miles (206.8 km) across the state, but only the first 88 miles (142 km) is signed as I-95. This portion of the highway passes through the most heavily urbanized section of Connecticut along the shoreline between Greenwich and New Haven, going through the cities of Stamford, Norwalk, Bridgeport, and New Haven, with daily traffic volumes of 120,000 to over 150,000 throughout the entire 48-mile (77 km) length between the New York border and the junction with I-91 in New Haven. [3] The Turnpike intersects with several major expressways, namely U.S. Route 7 at Exit 15 in Norwalk, Route 8 at Exit 27A in Bridgeport, the Merritt and Wilbur Cross parkways at Exit 38 (via the Milford Parkway) in Milford, and Interstate 91 at Exit 48 in New Haven.

North (east) of I-91, the Turnpike continues along the Connecticut shoreline, usually with less traffic. The six-lane highway is reduced to four lanes in Branford, interchanges with Route 9 at Exit 69 in Old Saybrook, crosses the Connecticut River on the Raymond E. Baldwin Bridge and continues until the interchange with Interstate 395 at Exit 76 near the East Lyme-Waterford line.

I-395

The Turnpike leaves I-95 at Exit 76 in East Lyme continuing on as I-395 North heading towards Norwich, Jewett City and Plainfield until Exit 35, where the Governor John Davis Lodge Turnpike & I-395 split. I-395 continues north towards Worcester, Massachusetts, ending at Interstate 290 and the Massachusetts Turnpike. The Connecticut Turnpike officially ends at U.S. 6 (Danielson Pike) in Killingly, which continues on towards Providence, Rhode Island. Unlike the I-95 portion, the I-395 portion of the turnpike has changed very little over the years, retaining its grass median with a guardrail separating directions of travel.

US Route 1

The Connecticut Turnpike incorporated a pre-existing relocation of U.S. Route 1 between Old Saybrook and Old Lyme, which included the original Raymond E. Baldwin Bridge over the Connecticut River, which opened in 1948. Upon the Turnpike's opening in 1958, Route 1 has been co-signed with the Turnpike between Exit 68 in Old Saybrook and Exit 70 in Old Lyme.

Route 2A

Route 2A was constructed to serve as a bypass around Norwich. It shares its alignment with the Connecticut Turnpike from its northern terminus at Route 2 to Exit 9 on I-395, where it turns east and serves the Mohegan Sun Casino before crossing the Thames River and ending at Route 2 south of Norwich.

SR 695

State Road 695 (SR 695) is the 4.49-mile (7.23 km) unsigned portion of the Turnpike from I-395 in Plainfield to US 6 at the Rhode Island state line in Killingly. The road is not signed as Route 695 but eastbound as "To US 6 East" and westbound as "To I-395 South". SR 695 would have become part of the now-defunct alignment of the I-84 freeway between Hartford, Connecticut and Providence, Rhode Island, had that freeway been built. (Present-day Interstate 84 continues eastbound from Hartford into Massachusetts where it ends at Interstate 90, the Massachusetts Turnpike). There are two partial exits on SR 695. Westbound Exit 1 (formerly Exit 90) at Squaw Rock Road is only accessible westbound. The easternmost exit (also numbered Exit 1, but formerly unnumbered), located 1,500 feet (460 m) east of the Squaw Rock Road onramp and accessible only eastbound, is for Ross Road, and the only onramp provided from Ross Road is for SR 695 westbound. The intersection with I-395 is only partial: there is no access provided from SR 695 westbound to I-395 northbound and no access from I-395 southbound to SR 695 eastbound.

History

The general route and construction of the Turnpike were both mandated by state law. [4] Intended to relieve congestion on U.S. Route 1 and Route 15 (the Merritt and Wilbur Cross parkways), design work began in 1954. The Connecticut Turnpike opened on January 2, 1958; [5] however, the westernmost portion of the highway (the three miles (5 km) connecting Greenwich with the New England Thruway) opened ten months later. Tolls were originally collected through a series of eight toll booths along the route.

The turnpike was renamed after former Connecticut Governor John Davis Lodge on December 31, 1985, two months after the tolls were removed. Local legend is the initial phase of Turnpike construction in 1954 was so disruptive in heavily Republican Fairfield County that local voters there turned on incumbent Republican Governor John Davis Lodge, leading to his defeat by Abraham Ribicoff. [6]

Accidents

Several horrific accidents have occurred throughout the turnpike’s history. Arguably, the most notorious of these was a serious incident on January 19, 1983, in which a tractor trailer after a brake failure collided with four cars at the Stratford toll plaza, killing seven people and injuring several others. The investigation following the crash determined that the truck driver fell asleep at the wheel just before the crash took place. [7]

In June 1983, a section of the Turnpike's northbound Mianus River Bridge in Greenwich collapsed due to corrosion of its substructure, killing three motorists crossing it at the time.

On March 25, 2004, a tanker truck carrying fuel swerved to avoid a car that cut the truck off and subsequently overturned, dumping 8,000 gallons of home heating oil onto the Howard Avenue overpass in Bridgeport. Passing vehicles kicked up the oil which ignited a towering inferno that subsequently melted the bridge structure and caused the southbound lanes to sag several feet. The northbound lanes, which received less damage from the fire, were opened five days later after being reinforced with temporary scaffolding. The southbound lanes opened on April 1, after a temporary bridge was erected. [8]

Relieving gridlock

Northbound I-95 in Stamford

Stalling of upgrades by budget deficits and lawsuits

The Connecticut Turnpike opened southwest Connecticut to a mass migration of New Yorkers, leading to substantial residential and economic growth in Fairfield and New Haven counties. The Turnpike became a primary commuter route to New York City. With additional segments of I-95 opening in the 1960s connecting to Providence and Boston, the Turnpike became an essential route for transporting people and goods throughout the Northeast. As a result, much of the Turnpike had become functionally obsolete by 1965, with traffic exceeding its design capacity. Originally designed to carry 60,000 vehicles per day (VPD) on the four-lane sections and 90,000 VPD on the six-lane portion west of New Haven, the Turnpike carried 75,000–100,000 VPD east of New Haven, and 130,000–200,000 VPD between New Haven and the New York State line as of 2006.

There were dozens of plans discussed to alleviate traffic congestion and improve safety on the Turnpike for nearly 30 years, but most of these plans languished amid political infighting and lawsuits brought on by special-interest groups. Still, traffic and deadly accidents continued to increase each year on the Turnpike, and by the 1990s the Connecticut Turnpike had started to become known as "The Highway of Death". [9]

Furthermore, while most of the Turnpike is signed as Interstate 95 or 395, the highway was designed and built before the Interstate Highway System was established. As a result, much of the Turnpike does not meet Interstate standards, particularly with overpasses ranging from 13.5 feet (4.1 m) to 15 feet (Interstate standards require 16 feet (4.9 m) of vertical clearance). Interchanges are too closely spaced; ramps and acceleration-deceleration lanes need to be lengthened. In some areas, median and shoulder widths and curve radii also fall short of Interstate standards. [10]

Complicating efforts to upgrade the Turnpike to Interstate standards is that engineers did not acquire enough right-of-way to accommodate future expansion when the Connecticut Turnpike was built during the late 1950s, which means adjacent land must be seized to upgrade the Turnpike, resulting in lengthy and costly eminent domain battles between the State of Connecticut and landowners refusing to give up their property. Additionally the Turnpike passes through areas with some of the highest property values in the country, making land acquisition for expanding the highway extremely expensive.[ clarification needed] Finally, the Turnpike was built through environmentally sensitive ecosystems and wetlands associated with Long Island Sound, meaning most expansion projects require lengthy environmental impact studies that are able to withstand constant litigation by environmental groups. Air pollution laws also cause conflict, since Connecticut is grouped into the federal statistical areas around New York City and it suffers from consequences and special regulations applied to non-compliant air quality areas. An example of this is that it is easier to lengthen an entrance or exit ramp than to add a full lane, since adding any capacity to a road, by definition, will increase the pollution created by the road, further violating federal air quality standards. In 2000, one CONNDOT official commented during a public meeting on expanding Interstate 84 (an interstate route that parallels I-95 about 20 miles further inland), "If we had tried to build I-95 today, it would be impossible because of the sensitive ecosystems it passes through. It would never get approved."[ citation needed]

Bridge collapse jumpstarts turnpike upgrades

A comprehensive plan to address safety and capacity issues on the Connecticut Turnpike did not progress beyond the initial planning stages until the collapse of the Mianus River Bridge on June 28, 1983. [11] Following the collapse, governor William A. O'Neill initiated an $8 billion program to rehabilitate Connecticut's highways. Included in this program was the inspection and repair of the Turnpike's nearly 300 bridges and overpasses. Furthermore, Governor O'Neill directed the Connecticut Department of Transportation to develop a viable plan for addressing safety and congestion on the state's roads.

High-priority status

Throughout the late 1980s and early 1990s, the Connecticut Department of Transportation developed a comprehensive plan to improve the Turnpike through Fairfield and New Haven counties. In 1993 CONNDOT embarked on a 25-year multibillion-dollar program to upgrade the Connecticut Turnpike from the Connecticut River at Old Saybrook to the New York state line at Greenwich. The program included the complete reconstruction of several Turnpike segments, including replacing bridges, adding travel lanes, reconfiguring interchanges, upgrading lighting and signage, and implementing the Intelligent Transportation System with traffic cameras, a variety of embedded roadway sensors, and variable-message signs. Since the start of the program, a 6-mile (9.7 km) section through Bridgeport was completely rebuilt to Interstate standards. In 2015, a long-term $2 billion program was completed, to rebuild 12 miles (19 km) of turnpike between West Haven and Branford, including a new extradosed Pearl Harbor Memorial Bridge over the Quinnipiac River and New Haven Harbor.

Plans to upgrade the Turnpike received a boost in 2005 when federal legislation known as SAFETEA-LU designated the I-95 portion of the Connecticut Turnpike from the New York state line to Waterford as High Priority Corridor 65. Corridor 65 also includes the 24-mile (39 km) section of I-95 from Waterford to the Rhode Island state line that was built in 1964, which is not part of the Turnpike.

Plans for the I-395/CT-695 section

Traffic is relatively light on the rural I-395 section and the northeast leg ( Connecticut Route 695) in Killingly; this section is largely unchanged from its original 1958 profile. The only two major projects completed on this section since were the 2015 renumbering of exits based on I-395 mileposts (with Exit 77 becoming Exit 2, up to Exit 90 becoming Exit 35), and the reconstruction of the northbound on and off ramps at Exit 11 (old Exit 80) in Norwich, completed in 2009.

Improvement projects

  • Raymond E. Baldwin Bridge replacement (Connecticut River), Old Saybrook (to Old Lyme): $460 million, completed in 1994
  • Saugatuck River Bridge replacement, Westport: $65 million, completed in 1996
  • Lake Saltonstall Bridge Widening, East Haven: $50 million, completed in 1997
  • Widening and reconstruction Exits 8-10, Stamford: $80 million, completed in 2000
  • Reconstruction of Interchange 40, Milford: $30 million, completed in 2002
  • Reconstruction of Interchange 41, Orange: $60 million, completed in 2000
  • Reconstruction/widening Exits 23-30, Bridgeport: $570 million, completed in 2006 (two years behind schedule and $170 million over budget) (NOTE 1)
  • Widening between Exits 51 to 54, East Haven/Branford: $86 million, completed in 2006
  • Reconfigure northbound ramps at Exit 80, Norwich: $8 million, started in April 2009, completed in November 2009.
  • Widening between Exits 51 and 49 (NOTE 2), East Haven/New Haven: $70 million, started in 2005, completed in 2008
  • Pearl Harbor Memorial Bridge Replacement, New Haven: $490 million, started in 2008, completed in 2015 (NOTE 3)
  • I-91/ Route 34 Interchange Reconstruction, New Haven: $270 million, initial phases started in 2004, completed in 2016
  • Interchange 42 reconstruction, West Haven: $36 million, started in 2003, completed in 2007
  • Housatonic River Bridge replacement, Milford/Stratford: $300 million, work started in September 2009, completed in 2016
  • West River Bridge replacement and widening (including reconstructing Exit 44 and removing Exit 45), New Haven: $200 million; construction began in 2014, expected completion in 2018
  • Widening between Exits 10 and 13, Darien: $35 million, started in 2008, completed in 2010
  • Widening between Exits 14 and 15, Norwalk: $50 million, started in 2013, completed in 2015
  • Widening between Exits 15 and 16 (including replacement of the Yankee Doodle Bridge over the Norwalk River), Norwalk: Cost TBD, start time TBD, expected completion TBD
  • Widening and reconstruction between Exits 45 and 47 (Long Wharf Section), New Haven: $200–500 million, started in 2009, completed in 2013
  • Add a travel lane in each direction from Branford to Waterford: $1.0 billion, start time TBD, expected completion TBD.
  • Reconstruction and widening Exits 6-8, Stamford: Cost TBD, expected start TBD, expected completion TBD.
  • Add a travel lane in each direction from New York State Line to Bridgeport: Cost TBD, expected start TBD, expected completion TBD
  • In addition, CONNDOT has been reconstructing the median of the Turnpike in stages, replacing the pre-existing steel guide rail and grass divider with a 6-foot (1.8 m) wide, 48-inch-tall Jersey barrier along the highway's length from the Baldwin Bridge to the New York State line.
  1. Exit 49 was permanently closed in October 2006 as part of this project. Access to Stiles Street is now provided at Exit 50 via the newly constructed Waterfront Connector. The southbound on-ramp still exists onto the Pearl Harbor Memorial Bridge.
  2. The southbound off-ramp and northbound on-ramp for Exit 28 were removed in 2000 during reconstruction of the Connecticut Turnpike in Bridgeport.
  3. Replacement of the Pearl Harbor Memorial Bridge in New Haven was planned to start in 2007. Due to the rising cost of materials however, there were no contractors interested in the project when it was advertised for bid in 2006. CONNDOT has since broken the project up into several smaller contracts, with the first contracts scheduled for bid in October 2007.[ needs update]

Tolls

Tolls on the Connecticut Turnpike have been a source of controversy from the Turnpike's opening in 1958 to the removal of tolls in 1985, and the debate continues today. The Connecticut Turnpike originally opened with a barrier toll system (or open system), unlike toll roads in neighboring states, which used a ticket system (or closed system) for collecting tolls. Initially tolls on the Connecticut Turnpike were $0.25 and the toll barriers were located in the following locations, Greenwich, Norwalk, Stratford, West Haven, Branford, Madison, Montville, and Plainfield. Tolls also were collected until the early 1970s in Old Saybrook at the west end of the Baldwin Bridge over the Connecticut River. Additionally, unlike other toll roads which featured widely spaced interchanges and generally ran along the outskirts of major urban centers, the Connecticut Turnpike was built through the middle of several large cities (notably Stamford, Bridgeport, and New Haven) and has over 90 interchanges along its 129-mile (208 km) length—50 of which are along the 50-mile (80 km) stretch between the New York State line and New Haven.

Token war with New York City Subway

There was some controversy in the early 1980s when New York City Subway riders discovered that tokens purchased for use in the Connecticut Turnpike toll booths were of the same size and weight as New York City Subway tokens. Since they cost less than one third as much, they began showing up in subway collection boxes regularly. [12] Connecticut authorities initially agreed to change the size of their tokens, [13] but later reneged, and the problem went unsolved until 1985, when Connecticut discontinued the tolls on its turnpike. [14] At that time, the MTA was paid 17.5 cents for each of more than two million tokens that had been collected during the three-year "token war". [14]

Abolition of tolls

After a 1983 truck crash that killed seven people at the Stratford toll plaza, toll opponents pressured the State of Connecticut to remove tolls from the Turnpike in 1985. Three years later, these same opponents successfully lobbied the Connecticut General Assembly to pass legislation abolishing tolls on all of Connecticut's highways (with the exception of two car ferries across the Connecticut River in Chester and Glastonbury). While the 1983 Stratford accident was cited as the main reason for abolishing tolls in Connecticut, the underlying reason was that federal legislation at that time forbade states with toll roads from using federal funds for road projects. Because the Mianus River Bridge was rebuilt with federal highway funds following its June 1983 collapse, Connecticut was required by Section 113(c) of the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1956 to remove tolls from the Turnpike once its construction bonds were paid off. [15]

The debate over tolls on the Connecticut Turnpike did not end in 1988 with the abolition of tolls. Prior to their removal in 1985, the tolls generated over $65 million annually. Since their removal in the late 1980s, Connecticut lawmakers have continuously discussed reinstating tolls, but have balked at bringing tolls back out of concern of having to repay $2.6 billion in federal highway funds that Connecticut received for Turnpike construction projects following the abolition of tolls.

During the economic recession of the early 1990s, legislators studied reinstating tolls on parts of the Connecticut Turnpike and portions of highways around Hartford to make up for budget deficits. Proposals for reinstating tolls were scrapped in lieu of implementing an income tax and increasing the state gasoline tax and sales tax, and imposing a new tax on corporate windfall profits.

Continuation of toll debate

With continual budget woes in Hartford, the idea of reinstating tolls resurfaced in January 2010. State Rep. Tony Guerrera, D-Rocky Hill, estimated a $5 toll at Connecticut's borders could generate $600 million in revenue. Gov. Dannel P. Malloy expressed pessimism that toll revenue would be spent exclusively on infrastructure repairs, but a need to generate additional revenue, paired with decreases in traditional highway funding sources (such as federal aid and gas tax revenue) means the idea could receive serious consideration in the state legislature.[ citation needed]

Service plazas and rest areas

The turnpike has 13 service plazas, which are open 24 hours a day. All feature a Subway, a Dunkin' Donuts, a convenience store, and fuel service provided by ExxonMobil (branded as Mobil). Most plazas also offer a variety of other food service options, including McDonald's and Sbarro. From 2011 to 2015, the original plazas were rebuilt with new and expanded buildings and improved fueling facilities. Prior to the rebuilding, the plazas on the I-395 section only had a convenience store.

  • Darien southbound — MP 9 between Exits 10 and 9 – Food and fuel – Rebuilt 2013
  • Darien northbound — MP 12 between Exits 12 and 13 - Food and fuel — Connecticut Welcome Center - Rebuilt 2013. The McDonald's restaurant at this service area claims to be the busiest in the country. [16]
  • Fairfield northbound and southbound — MP 25 between Exits 21 and 22 - Food and fuel - Rebuilt 2014
  • Milford northbound and southbound — MP 41 between Exits 40 and 41 - Food and fuel - Rebuilt 2011
  • Branford northbound and southbound — MP 52 between Exits 53 and 54 - Food and Fuel - Rebuilt 2013-14
  • Madison northbound and southbound — MP 65 between Exits 61 and 62 - Food and Fuel - NB Rebuilt 2014, SB Rebuilt 2015
  • Montville southbound only – MP 96 between Exits 9 and 6 – Food and fuel - Rebuilt 2013
  • Plainfield northbound and southbound — MP 123 between exits 32 and 35 – Food and fuel – Rebuilt 2012

The former northbound Montville service area has been turned into a State Police barracks.

In addition to the service areas listed above, there was a rest area, with restrooms, phone, picnic area, and tourist information, located northbound at MP 74 between exits 65 and 66. In July 2016, the rest area was closed due to budget cuts and barriers were placed on the highway blocking access to the facility. The future of the area is unclear.[ citation needed]

There are three State Police stations located on the turnpike: Troop F – Westbrook at MP 74 on southbound side of turnpike. Troop E – Montville at MP 96 on northbound side of turnpike (at former service plaza). Troop G – Bridgeport at MP 29 and the junction with Routes 8 and 25 (on surface road – exit 27, just below interchange).

There is one weigh station located northbound at MP 2 in Greenwich. Weigh stations on both sides of the Turnpike used to exist near Exit 18 in Westport; these were removed during the 1990s. The former southbound weigh station in Westport is now used by CONNDOT to store construction materials, while the northbound station was demolished; the grounds returned to their natural state.

The administration building for the former West Haven toll plaza can still be seen by drivers between Exits 42 and 43. Today, CONNDOT uses the old toll building as a maintenance facility.

During 2013, electric vehicle (EV) charging for Tesla automobiles was added to the Milford northbound and southbound service plazas in support of Tesla's effort to create a Boston-Washington EV corridor. These locations were the 2nd Supercharger installations on the East Coast, the 1st being in Newark, Delaware at the Delaware Turnpike's service plaza. Each of the Milford locations received 2 Supercharger stalls. Later in 2014, the Darien northbound and southbound service plazas each received 4 Supercharger stalls. In addition, the southbound Darien service plaza received 2 chargers for CHAdeMO-equipped EV's. [17]

Exit list

CountyLocationmi [1]kmOld exitNew exitDestinationsNotes
Fairfield Greenwich0.000.00 I-95Continuation into New York
0.801.292Delavan Avenue – Byram
2.003.22Former toll plaza
2.544.093Arch Street – Greenwich
3.736.004Indian Field Road – Cos Cob, Greenwich
4.35–
4.85
7.00–
7.81
Mianus River Bridge over the Mianus River
5.538.905 US 1 – Riverside, Old Greenwich, Mianus
Stamford6.50
6.62
10.46
10.65
6Harvard Avenue
West Avenue
Northbound exit and southbound entrance
Southbound exit and northbound entrance
7.3411.817 To Route 137 north / Greenwich AvenueAccess to Route 137 via Washington Boulevard ( SSR 493); northbound exit and southbound entrance
7.68
8.20
12.36
13.20
8Canal Street
Elm Street
Northbound sign changed from Atlantic Street to Canal Street after exit ramp was realigned and opened November 2017
Southbound signed as exit 7 to Route 137 North (via SSR 493)
Southbound exit and northbound entrance
9.2814.939 US 1 / Route 106 – Glenbrook
Darien10.7517.3010 Noroton
11.6118.6811 US 1 – Darien, Rowayton
12.2319.6812 Route 136 (Tokeneke Road) – RowaytonNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
13.1621.1813 US 1 ( Post Road)
Norwalk14.8323.8714 US 1 (Connecticut Avenue)No northbound exit
15.5024.9415 US 7 – Norwalk, Danbury
South Norwalk
Split northbound into exit 14 (South Norwalk) and exit 15 (US 7)
15.91–
16.08
25.60–
25.88
Yankee Doodle Bridge over the Norwalk River
16.2426.1416East Avenue – East Norwalk
1829Former toll plaza
Westport18.1429.1917 Route 33 / Route 136 – Westport, Saugatuck
20.3632.7718Sherwood Island Connector ( SSR 476) To US 1 and Sherwood Island State Park
Fairfield22.88
23.12
36.82
37.21
19Center Street – Southport
US 1 – Southport
Northbound exit and southbound entrance
Southbound exit and northbound entrance
23.7238.1720Bronson Road – FairfieldSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
24.3839.2421Mill Plain Road – Fairfield
25.03
25.22
40.28
40.59
22Round Hill Road – Fairfield
Route 135 (N. Benson Road) – Fairfield
Northbound exit and southbound entrance
Southbound exit and northbound entrance
25.7341.4123 US 1 (Kings Highway) – Fairfield
26.7042.9724 Black Rock Turnpike ( US 1)Connects to Routes 58 and 59
Bridgeport27.44
27.66
44.16
44.51
25Commerce Drive, State Street
Route 130 (Fairfield Avenue)
Northbound exit and southbound entrance; off-ramp is within Fairfield
Southbound exit and northbound entrance
28.3045.5426Wordin Avenue
29.0046.6727Lafayette Boulevard – Downtown BridgeportNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
29.0346.7227A Route 25 / Route 8 north – Trumbull, Waterbury
29.1546.9127B-CLafayette Boulevard – Downtown BridgeportSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
29.33–
29.81
47.20–
47.97
P.T. Barnum Bridge over the Pequonnock River
29.8748.0728 Route 127 (East Main Street)Northbound exit and southbound entrance
30.1948.5929 Route 130 (Stratford Avenue) / Seaview Avenue
BridgeportStratford line31.07
31.30
50.00
50.37
30 Route 113 (Lordship Boulevard)
Surf Avenue – Stratford
Northbound exit and southbound entrance
Southbound exit and northbound entrance
Stratford32.12
32.30
51.69
51.98
31Honeyspot Road
South Avenue
Northbound exit and southbound entrance
Southbound exit and northbound entrance
32.8752.9032West Broad Street – Stratford
3353Former toll plaza
34.0054.7233 US 1 / Route 110 / Route 130 / Ferry Boulevard – DevonNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
Housatonic River34.25–
34.86
55.12–
56.10
Moses Wheeler Bridge
New Haven Milford35.3756.9234 US 1 – Milford, Devon
35.8557.6935School House Road / Sub Way / Bic Drive
36.6959.0536Plains Road
37.4560.2737High StreetNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
37.6060.5138 Route 15 ( Merritt Parkway, Wilbur Cross Parkway via SR 796)
39.1362.9739
A-B
A: US 1 south – Downtown Milford
B: US 1 north – Orange
Signed as exits 39A (south) and 39B (north)
40.2564.7840Old Gate Lane (Woodmont Road)
Orange41.8067.2741Marsh Hill Road – Orange
West Haven43.9370.7042 Route 162 (Saw Mill Road) – West Haven
4471Former toll plaza
44.87
45.19
72.21
72.73
43Campbell Avenue – Downtown West Haven
Route 122 (First Avenue, SR 745)
Northbound exit and southbound entrance
Southbound exit and northbound entrance
New Haven46.0674.1344 Route 10 north (Ella Grasso Boulevard)Former Exit 45, Southbound
46.82–
47.26
75.35–
76.06
46Long Wharf Drive, Sargent Drive
47.46–
47.75
76.38–
76.85
47MLK Boulevard/ Downtown New HavenEastern terminus of Route 34; signage no longer references Route 34
47.58–
47.91
76.57–
77.10
48 I-91 north – HartfordSouthern terminus of I-91
47.80–
48.67
76.93–
78.33
Pearl Harbor Memorial Bridge over the Quinnipiac River
49.2179.2050Woodward Avenue – Lighthouse PointAccess to Port Area and Route 337; northbound exit and southbound entrance
East Haven49.50–
50.22
79.66–
80.82
51 US 1 (Frontage Road) – East HavenSouthbound is also signed for Lighthouse Point Park
50.5381.3252 Route 100 (North High Street) – East HavenSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
Branford5182Former toll plaza
52.3384.2253 US 1 / Route 142 / Route 146 (via SR 794) – Short BeachNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
53.2485.6854Cedar Street ( SR 740) – Branford
55.1988.8255 US 1 (East Main Street) – North Branford
56.2590.5356Leetes Island Road – Stony Creek
Guilford59.3295.4757 US 1 ( Boston Post Road) – North Branford
60.2396.9358 Route 77 – North Guilford, Guilford
61.4998.9659Goose Lane ( SR 718)
Madison63101Former toll plaza
63.48102.1660Mungertown RoadSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
64.73104.1761 Route 79 – North Madison, Madison
66.43106.9162 Hammonasset Connector – MadisonExit to Hammonasset State Park
Middlesex Clinton68.61110.4263 Route 81 – Clinton, Killingworth
Westbrook70.78113.9164 Route 145 (Horse Hill Road) – Clinton
73.14117.7165 Route 153 – Westbrook
Old Saybrook74.40119.7466 Route 166 (Spencer Plain Road)
75.93
76.74
122.20
123.50
67Elm Street
Route 154 – Old Saybrook
Southbound exit and northbound entrance
Northbound exit and southbound entrance
77.80125.2168 US 1 south – Old SaybrookSouth end of US 1 overlap
78.07125.6469 Route 9 north – Essex, Hartford
78126Former toll plaza
Connecticut River78.45–
78.93
126.25–
127.03
Baldwin Bridge
New London Old Lyme79.16127.4070 US 1 north / Route 156 – Old Lyme, Hamburg, LaysvilleNorth end of US 1 overlap
83.49134.3671Four Mile River Road – Old Lyme, East Lyme
East Lyme84.02135.2272Rocky Neck Connector ( SSR 449) – East LymeAccess to Rocky Neck State Park
85.79138.0773Society Road – East Lyme
87.28140.4674 Route 161 – Flanders, Niantic
88.05141.7075 US 1 – Waterford, Flanders
88.48
0.00
142.39
0.00
76 I-395 / Conn. Turnpike north – Norwich, Plainfield, WorcesterConnecticut Turnpike continues on I-395
Waterford2.133.43772 Route 85 – Waterford, Chesterfield
Montville5.348.59785 Route 32 (via SR 693) – New LondonSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
6.3310.19796 Route 163 – Uncasville, Montville
96.00154.50Former toll plaza
9.6015.4579A9 Route 2A east – Ledyard, PrestonSouth end of Route 2A overlap
Norwich11.0817.838011 Route 82 – Salem, Downtown Norwich
13.7122.0681E-W13A-B13A: Route 2 east / Route 32 south – Norwich, Mohegan
13B: Route 2 west / Route 32 north – Colchester, Franklin, Lebanon
North end of Route 2A overlap; signed as exits 13A (east/south) and 13B (west/north)
14.2322.908214West Town Street ( SR 642) – Yantic, Norwichtown
18.1729.248318 Route 97 – Taftville, Occum, Baltic
Lisbon19.5331.4383A19 Route 169 – Lisbon, TaftvilleNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
21.1634.0584S-N21 Route 12 – Jewett City, Griswold, Lisbon, TaftvilleSigned as exits 21A (north) and 21B (south) southbound
Griswold22.4336.108522 Route 164 / Route 138 – Jewett City, Preston, Pachaug
24.2839.078624 Route 201 – Hopeville, Jewett City
Windham Plainfield28.2345.438728Lathrop Road ( SR 647) – Plainfield, Hopeville
29.6547.728829 Route 14A – Plainfield, Sterling Hill, Oneco
32.3051.988932 Route 14 – Canterbury, Moosup, Sterling
121.00194.73Former toll plaza
35.50
0.00
57.13
0.00
9035 I-395 north – Putnam, Worcester
Begin SR 695
North end of I-395 overlap.
Killingly0.26
0.96
0.42
1.54
1Squaw Rock Road
Ross Road
Southbound exit and northbound entrance
Northbound exit and southbound entrance
4.497.23 US 6 east – Foster, ProvidenceConnecticut Turnpike ends
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References

  1. ^ a b Connecticut Department of Transportation, Highway Log Archived 2015-07-26 at WebCite as of December 31, 2006
  2. ^ Connecticut Department of Transportation Traffic Log
  3. ^ http://www.ct.gov/dot/LIB/dot/Documents/dpolicy/traflog/traflog.pdf
  4. ^ "Section 13a-21 of the General Statutes of Connecticut". Retrieved October 4, 2014.
  5. ^ Transportation, Department of. "ConnDOT: Chapter 7 DOT History". Retrieved November 6, 2016.
  6. ^ "Providence Journal: I-95 in Fairfield - WestportNow.com - Westport, Connecticut". April 24, 2003. Retrieved October 4, 2014.
  7. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/1983/01/20/nyregion/6-die-in-crash-at-toll-station-in-connecticut.html
  8. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2004/03/26/nyregion/fiery-truck-crash-closes-i-95-in-connecticut-for-weeks.html
  9. ^ https://www.reiffandbily.com/dangerous-roads-america/
  10. ^ https://safety.fhwa.dot.gov/geometric/pubs/mitigationstrategies/
  11. ^ Weizel, Richard (October 17, 2011). "Road Crews Toil As Fairfield County Bridges Age". The Greenwich Daily Voice. Retrieved July 18, 2012.
  12. ^ "CONNECTICUT HIGHWAY TOKEN BUYS SUBWAY RIDE, TOO", The New York Times, November 18, 1982, p. 1
  13. ^ "CONNECTICUT TO ALTER ITS TURNPIKE TOKENS, SOLVING SUBWAY ISSUE", The New York Times, December 15, 1982, p. 1
  14. ^ a b "17½ ACCORD PUTS AN END TO THE GREAT TOKEN WAR", The New York Times, November 7, 1985
  15. ^ "Why Does The Interstate System Include Toll Facilities? - Ask the Rambler - General Highway History - Highway History - Federal Highway Administration". Retrieved November 6, 2016.
  16. ^ https://www.nbcconnecticut.com/the-scene/food-drink/Visit_One_of_the_Busiest_McDonald_s_in_U_S__Hartford-122145459.html
  17. ^ Richard C. Hanley, P.E.,. """". EV Infrastructure Project Mgr., CT DOT Research & Implementation Unit. Missing or empty |url= ( help); |access-date= requires |url= ( help)

External links

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata