Connecticut Lakes Article

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the Connecticut Lakes
First, Second, and Third Connecticut Lake (bottom to top), northern New Hampshire

The Connecticut Lakes are a group of lakes in Coos County, northern New Hampshire, United States, situated along the headwaters of the Connecticut River. They are accessed via the northernmost segment of U.S. Route 3, between the village of Pittsburg and the Canada port of entry south of Chartierville, Quebec. The lakes are located within the boundaries of Pittsburg, but are far from the town center. Connecticut Lakes State Forest adjoins them.

There are four lakes: First, Second, Third and Fourth Connecticut Lake, numerically running south to north. First Connecticut Lake is the largest. Fourth is the smallest, northernmost, and the source of the Connecticut River. The only access to this lake is via the Fourth Connecticut Lake Trail, which goes in and out of Canada. All lakes are north of the 45th parallel.

Lake Francis lies to the south of the four Connecticut Lakes. It is a man-made reservoir and the last of the major lakes along the Connecticut in northern New Hampshire.

First Connecticut Lake

First Connecticut Lake
Location Coos County, New Hampshire
Coordinates 45°5′37″N 71°14′52″W / 45.09361°N 71.24778°W / 45.09361; -71.24778
Primary inflows Connecticut River
Primary outflows Connecticut River
Basin countriesUnited States
Max. length5.3 mi (8.5 km)
Max. width2.7 mi (4.3 km)
Surface area3,071 acres (1,243 ha)
Average depth56 ft (17 m)
Max. depth163 ft (50 m)
Surface elevation1,638 ft (499 m)
Settlements Pittsburg

First Connecticut Lake is located in the town of Pittsburg, 5 miles (8 km) northeast of the village center. At 3,071 acres (1,243 ha), [1] it is the eighth-largest lake located entirely in New Hampshire. It is the lowest (and largest) of the chain of lakes near the headwaters of the Connecticut River.

Fish species include landlocked salmon and lake trout. [2]

FirstConnLake.jpg

Second Connecticut Lake

Second Connecticut Lake
Location Coos County, New Hampshire
Coordinates 45°9′23″N 71°10′14″W / 45.15639°N 71.17056°W / 45.15639; -71.17056
Primary inflows Connecticut River
Primary outflows Connecticut River
Basin countriesUnited States
Max. length3.1 mi (5.0 km)
Max. width1.3 mi (2.1 km)
Surface area1,102 acres (4 km2)
Average depth20 ft (6.1 m)
Max. depth63 ft (19 m)
Surface elevation1,866 ft (569 m)
Islands3
Settlements Pittsburg

Second Connecticut Lake, known in the past as Lake Carmel, [3] is an 1,102-acre (4 km2) [4] water body in the town of Pittsburg, situated 2 miles (3 km) upstream from First Connecticut Lake.

Fish species include brook trout, landlocked salmon, and lake trout. [5]

SecondConnLake.jpg

Third Connecticut Lake

Third Connecticut Lake
Location Coos County, New Hampshire
Coordinates 45°14′15″N 71°12′0″W / 45.23750°N 71.20000°W / 45.23750; -71.20000
Primary inflows Connecticut River
Primary outflows Connecticut River
Basin countriesUnited States
Max. length1.1 mi (1.8 km)
Max. width0.5 mi (0.80 km)
Surface area231 acres (93 ha)
Average depth42 ft (13 m)
Max. depth101 ft (31 m)
Surface elevation2,188 ft (667 m)
Settlements Pittsburg

Third Connecticut Lake, at one time known as Lake St. Sophia, [3] is a 231- acre (93 ha) [4] water body in the town of Pittsburg, situated 5 miles (8 km) upstream from Second Connecticut Lake and less than 1 mile (1.6 km) south of the Canada–United States border. The lake is the third in a chain of lakes marking the headwaters of the Connecticut River. It is approximately 100 feet (30 m) deep at its deepest part. [6]

Fish species include rainbow trout and lake trout. [6]

ThirdFourthConnLake.jpg

Fourth Connecticut Lake

Fourth Connecticut Lake
Location Pittsburg, Coos County, New Hampshire
Coordinates 45°14′52″N 71°12′52″W / 45.24778°N 71.21444°W / 45.24778; -71.21444
Primary outflows Connecticut River
Basin countriesUnited States
Max. length0.1 miles (.16 km)
Surface area1.8 acres (0.73 ha)
Surface elevation2,670 ft (810 m)
Settlements Pittsburg

The Fourth Connecticut Lake is the northernmost, smallest and most remote of the Connecticut Lakes in New Hampshire. It is the source of the Connecticut River, situated 0.5 miles (0.80 km) upstream from and 482 feet (147 m) higher than Third Connecticut Lake. The Fourth Connecticut Lake Trail, which criss-crosses the international border between the United States and Canada, leads hikers to the lake. The land surrounding the lake is owned by The Nature Conservancy. The Fourth Lake is immediately to the northwest of the third lake.

ThirdFourthConnLake.jpg

Connecticut Lakes Natural Area

The 25,000 acres (10,000 ha) surrounding the lakes was set aside as a land conservation project in 2002 by the New Hampshire Fish and Game Department. The protected area is within the towns of Clarksville and Pittsburg, up to the border with Canada. [7]

References

  1. ^ New Hampshire GRANIT state geographic information system Archived August 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ "First Connecticut Lake, Pittsburg" (PDF). NH Fish & Game. Retrieved August 12, 2014.
  3. ^ a b George Merrill Drew. "History of Coos County, New Hampshire". Retrieved April 3, 2017.
  4. ^ a b New Hampshire GRANIT database Archived August 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ "Second Connecticut Lake, Pittsburg" (PDF). NH Fish & Game. Retrieved August 12, 2014.
  6. ^ a b "Third Connecticut Lake, Pittsburg" (PDF). NH Fish & Game. Retrieved August 12, 2014.
  7. ^ New Hampshire Wildlife Management Areas Archived 2012-01-25 at the Wayback Machine.. Wildlife.state.nh.us. Retrieved on 2013-08-21.