Coles County, Illinois Article

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Coles County, Illinois
Coles County, IL, USA courthouse.JPG
Map of Illinois highlighting Coles County
Location in the U.S. state of Illinois
Map of the United States highlighting Illinois
Illinois's location in the U.S.
FoundedDecember 25, 1830
Named for Edward Coles
Seat Charleston
Largest city Mattoon
Area
 • Total510 sq mi (1,321 km2)
 • Land508 sq mi (1,316 km2)
 • Water1.8 sq mi (5 km2), 0.4%
Population
 • ( 2010)53,873
 • Density106/sq mi (41/km2)
Congressional district 15th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/ −5
Website www.co.coles.il.us

Coles County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 53,873. [1] Its county seat is Charleston, [2] which is also the home of Eastern Illinois University.

Coles County is part of the Charleston- Mattoon, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History

Coles County was organized on December 25, 1830 out of Clark and Edgar counties. It was named after Edward Coles, [3] the second governor of Illinois, from 1822 to 1826.

Folklore

Coles County is home to several well-known legends and folktales, including the Mad Gasser of Mattoon and the ghost of Mary Hawkins at Pemberton Hall. Michael Kleen has documented many of these tales, including the "witch's grave" of St. Omer Cemetery and story of "Rag Doll Cemetery," in his book Tales of Coles County, Illinois. [4] [5] The legend of "Rag Doll Cemetery" formed the basis of the independent film Rag Doll, which was filmed primarily in and around Mattoon, Illinois in 2010. [6] Additionally, the novel A Family Possessed by L. W. Stevenson is based on poltergeist activity experienced by a rural family living in Coles County in the 1980s. [7] Ashmore Estates has long been a part of local folklore. Originally the almshouse at the Coles County Poor Farm, it is now a haunted attraction and a place of interest for paranormal investigators. [8]

Notable person

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 510 square miles (1,300 km2), of which 508 square miles (1,320 km2) is land and 1.8 square miles (4.7 km2) (0.4%) is water. [9]

Climate and weather

Charleston, Illinois
Climate chart ( explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
2.2
 
 
35
19
 
 
2.4
 
 
41
24
 
 
3.4
 
 
53
33
 
 
4
 
 
65
43
 
 
4.2
 
 
75
52
 
 
3.9
 
 
85
61
 
 
4.7
 
 
88
65
 
 
3.5
 
 
86
63
 
 
3.2
 
 
79
56
 
 
3.3
 
 
68
45
 
 
3.9
 
 
53
34
 
 
3.2
 
 
40
24
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel [10]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Charleston have ranged from a low of 19 °F (−7 °C) in January to a high of 88 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −27 °F (−33 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 110 °F (43 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.20 inches (56 mm) in January to 4.65 inches (118 mm) in July. [10]

Adjacent counties

Major highways

Demographics

2000 census age pyramid for Coles County, skewed by Eastern Illinois University
Historical population
Census Pop.
18409,616
18509,335−2.9%
186014,20352.1%
187025,23577.7%
188027,0427.2%
189030,09311.3%
190034,14613.5%
191034,5171.1%
192035,1081.7%
193037,3156.3%
194038,4703.1%
195040,3284.8%
196042,8606.3%
197047,81511.6%
198052,2609.3%
199051,644−1.2%
200053,1963.0%
201053,8731.3%
Est. 201652,343 [11]−2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [12]
1790-1960 [13] 1900-1990 [14]
1990-2000 [15] 2010-2013 [1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 53,873 people, 21,463 households, and 11,963 families residing in the county. [16] The population density was 106.0 inhabitants per square mile (40.9/km2). There were 23,425 housing units at an average density of 46.1 per square mile (17.8/km2). [9] The racial makeup of the county was 92.9% white, 3.8% black or African American, 1.0% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.6% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.1% of the population. [16] In terms of ancestry, 25.6% were German, 16.4% were Irish, 11.1% were American, and 10.0% were English. [17]

Of the 21,463 households, 25.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.8% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 44.3% were non-families, and 31.4% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.87. The median age was 31.6 years. [16]

The median income for a household in the county was $36,457 and the median income for a family was $54,170. Males had a median income of $38,915 versus $28,781 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,601. About 10.6% of families and 20.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.6% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over. [18]

Communities

Township and municipality map of Coles County.

Cities

Villages

Townships

Coles County is divided into these twelve townships:

Education

Politics

Coles County leans strongly towards the Republican Party in Presidential elections. Although it was carried by Illinoian Barack Obama in 2008, the GOP regained the county in 2012 and Donald Trump won by 26 percent in 2016. In earlier years, the county consistently voted Democratic only in landslide victories, although Hillary Clinton’s 33 percent is the second-lowest Democratic percentage behind Jimmy Carter’s from 1980.

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results [19]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 59.3% 13,003 33.4% 7,309 7.3% 1,606
2012 54.3% 11,631 43.2% 9,262 2.5% 544
2008 47.4% 10,978 50.6% 11,716 2.0% 459
2004 57.1% 13,015 42.0% 9,566 0.9% 199
2000 52.2% 10,495 44.3% 8,904 3.5% 694
1996 41.7% 8,038 46.4% 8,950 12.0% 2,310
1992 36.3% 8,098 42.2% 9,402 21.5% 4,800
1988 56.6% 11,043 42.7% 8,327 0.7% 134
1984 66.0% 14,044 33.6% 7,156 0.5% 95
1980 58.0% 11,994 32.6% 6,743 9.4% 1,934
1976 54.7% 11,021 42.9% 8,639 2.5% 502
1972 62.9% 13,681 36.7% 7,988 0.4% 82
1968 52.9% 10,449 37.1% 7,337 10.0% 1,980
1964 43.8% 8,878 56.2% 11,377
1960 58.5% 12,166 41.5% 8,629 0.1% 19
1956 62.1% 12,436 37.8% 7,569 0.1% 10
1952 61.6% 12,660 38.3% 7,876 0.1% 20
1948 50.6% 8,638 49.1% 8,393 0.3% 53
1944 51.3% 9,473 48.4% 8,936 0.3% 54
1940 47.8% 10,528 51.8% 11,409 0.4% 77
1936 42.2% 8,800 57.2% 11,931 0.7% 137
1932 39.4% 7,313 59.7% 11,081 0.9% 165
1928 69.1% 11,479 30.5% 5,071 0.3% 57
1924 54.9% 8,342 36.5% 5,544 8.6% 1,308
1920 58.8% 8,563 39.9% 5,811 1.4% 200
1916 50.8% 8,314 47.5% 7,772 1.7% 271
1912 26.9% 2,263 41.0% 3,453 32.1% 2,710
1908 50.8% 4,388 45.8% 3,957 3.3% 287
1904 55.5% 4,901 38.9% 3,435 5.6% 492
1900 53.6% 4,706 44.7% 3,921 1.7% 152
1896 52.5% 4,534 46.1% 3,982 1.4% 117
1892 48.6% 3,693 47.5% 3,611 4.0% 300

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 87.
  4. ^ Tales of Coles County, Illinois. Black Oak Press, Illinois. 2010 [2004].
  5. ^ "Student author gets creative with Coles history". Daily Eastern News. 28 October 2005. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016.
  6. ^ "Mattoon-based thriller gets a name". Journal Gazette/Times-Courier. 14 May 2010.
  7. ^ "A Ghost Story of local proportions". Journal Gazette/Times-Courier. 28 October 2000.
  8. ^ "TV team uses technology to root out spirits at Ashmore Estates". Times-Courier. 20 July 2008.
  9. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11.
  10. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Charleston, Illinois". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
  11. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  12. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
  14. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 4, 2014.
  16. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11.
  17. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11.
  18. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-11.
  19. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-10-31.

External links


COLES COUNTY ILLINOIS Latitude and Longitude:

39°31′13″N 88°13′18″W / 39.52028°N 88.22167°W / 39.52028; -88.22167