Clinton County, Iowa Article

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Clinton County, Iowa
The Clinton County Courthouse.jpg
Map of Iowa highlighting Clinton County
Location in the U.S. state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location in the U.S.
Founded1837
Named for DeWitt Clinton
Seat Clinton
Largest cityClinton
Area
 • Total710 sq mi (1,839 km2)
 • Land695 sq mi (1,800 km2)
 • Water15 sq mi (39 km2), 2.1%
Population (est.)
 • ( 2015)47,768
 • Density71/sq mi (27/km2)
Congressional district 2nd
Time zone Central: UTC−6/ −5
Website www.clintoncounty-ia.gov

Clinton County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 49,116. [1] Its county seat is Clinton. [2] Its name is in honor of the seventh Governor of New York State, DeWitt Clinton.

Clinton County comprises the Clinton, IA Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Davenport- Moline, IA- IL Combined Statistical Area. [3]

History

Clinton County was formed on December 21, 1837. It was named for DeWitt Clinton, [4] a Governor of New York and most ardent advocate for the construction of the Erie Canal. The cities of DeWitt and Clinton were also named after him.

In 1835, Elijah Buell built a log cabin for himself and his family and was thus the first settler of the region. In 1854, the first newspaper was issued and in 1858, the Lyons Female College for girls opened its doors. The tuition was set at $175 per student. [5]

The county has used three courthouses in its history. The structure currently in use was constructed in Romanesque style and opened in 1897. [6]

Early Settlement

Clinton county was first settled in 1836, by Mr. Bourne, who located upon Sec. 1, T. 80, R. 4, East. The county was surveyed in 1837, by the Messrs. Burtz. The Surveyor General's office was then at Cincinnati, Ohio. In 1840, the county was organized by Sheriff Bourne. In 1841, R. R. Bed ford and others formed a little settlement at De Witt, and during the same year Messrs. Wheeler and Evans erected a log court-house. In stepping from the past to the present, we quote the language of one of the "oldest inhabitants." He says: "Clinton County was originally settled by the poorest class of people on God's earth; and it is with great pleasure that I have witnessed their progress, slow but sure, and now find the most of them very comfortably situated."

The population of this County in 1840, was 821; in 1850, 2822; in 1854, 7000; and in 1856, 11,000. The population of Lyons in 1850, was 453. In 1856 the population increased to 2700.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 710 square miles (1,800 km2), of which 695 square miles (1,800 km2) is land and 15 square miles (39 km2) (2.1%) is water. [7] It includes the easternmost point in the state of Iowa, on the Mississippi River in Elk River township in the northeast section of the county.

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected area

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840821
18502,822243.7%
186018,938571.1%
187035,35786.7%
188036,7634.0%
189041,19912.1%
190043,8326.4%
191045,3943.6%
192043,371−4.5%
193044,3772.3%
194044,7220.8%
195049,66411.1%
196055,06010.9%
197056,7493.1%
198057,1220.7%
199051,040−10.6%
200050,149−1.7%
201049,116−2.1%
Est. 201647,309 [8]−3.7%
U.S. Decennial Census [9]
1790-1960 [10] 1900-1990 [11]
1990-2000 [12] 2010-2013 [1]

2010 census

The 2010 census recorded a population of 49,116 in the county, with a population density of 70.67/sq mi (27.286/km2). There were 21,733 housing units, of which 20,223 were occupied. [13]

2000 census

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Clinton County

As of the census [14] of 2000, there were 50,149 people, 20,105 households, and 13,671 families residing in the county. The population density was 72 people per square mile (28/km²). There were 21,585 housing units at an average density of 31 per square mile (12/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.87% White, 1.89% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.56% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.34% from other races, and 1.08% from two or more races. 1.25% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 20,105 households out of which 31.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.60% were married couples living together, 9.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.00% were non-families. 27.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.60% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 27.00% from 25 to 44, 23.30% from 45 to 64, and 15.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,423, and the median income for a family was $46,450. Males had a median income of $35,049 versus $21,333 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,724. About 7.70% of families and 10.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.70% of those under age 18 and 7.80% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Cities

Unincorporated communities

Townships

Clinton County is divided into these townships:

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Clinton County. [15]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)

1 Clinton City 26,885
2 DeWitt City 5,322
3 Camanche City 4,448
4 Wheatland City 764
5 Grand Mound City 642
6 Delmar City 525
7 Lost Nation City 446
8 Calamus City 439
9 Charlotte City 394
10 Low Moor City 288
11 Goose Lake City 240
12 Welton City 165
13 Toronto City 124
14 Andover City 103

Politics

Presidential Elections Results
Presidential Elections Results [16]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 48.9% 11,276 43.8% 10,095 7.4% 1,696
2012 37.7% 9,432 60.6% 15,141 1.7% 427
2008 37.7% 9,324 60.8% 15,018 1.5% 380
2004 43.2% 10,666 56.0% 13,813 0.8% 205
2000 41.6% 9,229 55.4% 12,276 3.0% 675
1996 35.3% 7,624 53.2% 11,481 11.5% 2,490
1992 35.0% 8,746 46.8% 11,683 18.2% 4,531
1988 44.5% 10,243 54.6% 12,549 0.9% 210
1984 54.8% 13,914 44.3% 11,240 1.0% 250
1980 51.7% 13,025 38.5% 9,698 9.9% 2,488
1976 50.6% 12,401 47.9% 11,746 1.6% 387
1972 55.6% 12,768 43.1% 9,895 1.3% 301
1968 51.9% 11,513 42.9% 9,515 5.2% 1,147
1964 36.5% 8,219 63.3% 14,267 0.2% 47
1960 56.7% 13,797 43.2% 10,508 0.1% 25
1956 63.6% 14,765 36.2% 8,394 0.2% 49
1952 65.7% 15,372 34.1% 7,975 0.2% 38
1948 52.8% 9,859 45.7% 8,534 1.5% 272
1944 58.8% 11,533 40.9% 8,028 0.3% 63
1940 54.2% 12,177 45.6% 10,251 0.2% 50
1936 43.5% 10,016 53.3% 12,269 3.3% 757
1932 41.5% 9,085 57.5% 12,587 1.0% 208
1928 58.6% 12,295 41.2% 8,643 0.3% 54
1924 52.7% 10,359 19.4% 3,811 28.0% 5,495
1920 67.0% 11,746 18.0% 3,153 15.0% 2,637
1916 56.6% 5,576 39.6% 3,903 3.8% 371
1912 20.6% 1,890 39.6% 3,633 39.9% 3,662
1908 48.7% 4,836 48.5% 4,821 2.8% 277
1904 53.2% 5,265 41.2% 4,074 5.6% 552
1900 51.2% 5,344 45.6% 4,758 3.2% 337
1896 54.0% 5,584 44.4% 4,590 1.6% 163

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1,". 2011 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. June 2012. Archived from the original ( CSV) on April 27, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-01.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 85.
  5. ^ Looking Back at the history of Clinton County Iowa
  6. ^ History of Clinton County Iowa
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  9. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
  11. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
  13. ^ "Population and Housing Occupancy Status: 2010 - State -- County". United States Census Bureau American FactFinder. Retrieved March 12, 2011.
  14. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  15. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-12-21. Retrieved 2013-02-10.
  16. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-04-25.

External links


CLINTON COUNTY IOWA Latitude and Longitude:

41°53′34″N 90°31′39″W / 41.89278°N 90.52750°W / 41.89278; -90.52750