|Churchill County, Nevada|
Churchill County Courthouse in Fallon
Location within the U.S. state of Nevada
Nevada's location within the U.S.
|Named for||Sylvester Churchill|
|• Total||5,024 sq mi (13,012 km2)|
|• Land||4,930 sq mi (12,769 km2)|
|• Water||94 sq mi (243 km2), 1.9%|
|• ( 2017)||24,230|
|• Density||4.91/sq mi (1.90/km2)|
|Time zone||Pacific: UTC−8/ −7|
Churchill County is a county in the western U.S. state of Nevada. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 24,877.  Its county seat is Fallon. The county, named for Mexican–American War hero brevet Brigadier General Sylvester Churchill, was formed in 1861.
Churchill County comprises the Fallon, NV Micropolitan Statistical Area. It is in northwestern Nevada.
Churchill County is noteworthy in that it owns and operates the local telephone carrier, Churchill County Communications. 
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Communities
- 5 Politics
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Churchill County was established in 1861, and was named for Fort Churchill (which is now in Lyon County), which was named for General Sylvester Churchill, a Mexican–American War hero who was Inspector General of the U.S. Army in 1861. Churchill County was not organized until 1864, and its first county seat was Bucklands (which is now in Lyon County). In 1864 the county seat was moved to La Plata;  in 1868 it was moved to Stillwater; and in 1904 it was settled in its present position, Fallon. In the 19th century there were several attempts to eliminate Churchill County because of its small population, but Assemblyman Lemuel Allen was able to stop it on all occasions including convincing the Governor to veto an 1875 bill after it had been passed by both houses.
The Eagle Salt Works Railroad ran for 13.5 miles (21.7 km), primarily on the original Central Pacific grade from Luva (2 miles (3.2 km) east of Fernley) to Eagle Salt Works.
The Central Pacific portion of the nation's first transcontinental railroad ran through Churchill County, although a portion of the original route has been shifted for a new route south of Wadsworth in favor of Fernley. The Central Pacific later became the Southern Pacific Railroad which was merged into Union Pacific in 1996.
The terrain of Churchill County consists of rugged mountainous ridges, dotted with lakes and ponds.  The county's east and west sides are higher than the intermediate valley; its highest point around the county periphery is a ridge on the lower east boundary line, at 9,380' (2859m) ASL.  The county has a total area of 5,024 square miles (13,010 km2), of which 4,930 square miles (12,800 km2) is land and 94 square miles (240 km2) (1.9%) is water.  The county's highest point is Desatoya Peak at 9,977' (3041m), while the most topographically prominent peak is Mount Augusta, at 9,970' (3039m) ASL.
- Interstate 11 (Future)
- Interstate 80
- U.S. Route 50
U.S. Route 50 Alternate
- U.S. Route 95
U.S. Route 95 Alternate
- State Route 115
- State Route 116
- State Route 117
- State Route 118
- State Route 119
- State Route 120
- State Route 121
- State Route 361
- State Route 715
- State Route 718
- State Route 720
- State Route 722
- State Route 723
- State Route 726
- State Route 839
Protected areas 
Lakes and reservoirs 
- Big Water
- Carson Lake
- Cattail Lake
- Division Lake
- Dog Head Pont
- Dry Lake
- Dutch Bill Lake
- East Alkali Lake Number One
- East Alkali Lake Number Two
- Foxtail Lake
- Goose Lake
- Humboldt Lake (partial)
- Lahontan Reservoir
- Little Soda Lake
- North Nutgrass Lake
- Pintail Bay
- Scheckler Reservoir
- Soda Lake
- Stillwater Point Reservoir
- Swan Creek
- Swan Lake
- Tule Lake
- West Nutgrass
- Willow Lake
|US Decennial Census
1790-1960  1900-1990 
1990-2000  2010-2013 
As of the 2000 United States Census,  there were 23,982 people, 8,912 households, and 6,461 families in the county. The population density was 5 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 9,732 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 84.20% White, 1.60% Black or African American, 4.78% Native American, 2.71% Asian, 0.23% Pacific Islander, 3.22% from other races, and 3.27% from two or more races. 8.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 8,912 households out of which 37.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.70% were married couples living together, 10.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.50% were non-families. 22.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.09.
The county population contained 28.90% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 28.70% from 25 to 44, 22.30% from 45 to 64, and 11.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 100.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.10 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $40,808, and the median income for a family was $46,624. Males had a median income of $36,478 versus $25,000 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,264. About 6.20% of families and 8.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.80% of those under age 18 and 7.00% of those age 65 or over.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 24,877 people, 9,671 households, and 6,631 families in the county.  The population density was 5.0 inhabitants per square mile (1.9/km2). There were 10,826 housing units at an average density of 2.2 per square mile (0.85/km2).  The racial makeup of the county was 82.0% white, 4.5% American Indian, 2.7% Asian, 1.6% black or African American, 0.2% Pacific islander, 4.8% from other races, and 4.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 12.1% of the population.  In terms of ancestry, 19.2% were English, 18.8% were German, 13.6% were Irish, 6.5% were Italian, and 5.9% were American. 
Of the 9,671 households, 33.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.0% were married couples living together, 11.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.4% were non-families, and 25.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.01. The median age was 39.0 years. 
The median income for a household in the county was $51,597 and the median income for a family was $63,599. Males had a median income of $45,057 versus $32,550 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,997. About 6.8% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.3% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over. 
Unincorporated places 
- Clan Alpine
- Cold Springs
- Dixie Valley
- Humboldt Salt Marsh
- Island City
- Nevada City
- Nevada Hills
- Red top
- Salt Wells
- Sand Springs
- St. Clair
- White Cloud City
Lying on the boundary between the northwest urban areas of Nevada and the archconservative Mormon Great Basin, Churchill County has more in common with the latter region, being overwhelmingly Republican. It was one of three Nevada counties to be won by Barry Goldwater in 1964, and since that time only Jimmy Carter in 1976 and Barack Obama in 2008 have passed so much as thirty percent of the county’s ballots. The last occasion Churchill County voted for a Democratic Presidential candidate was when supporting Franklin D. Roosevelt against Wendell Willkie in 1940.
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Churchill County, Nevada
- USS Churchill County (LST-583)
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 23, 2013.
- "Churchill County Communications is the only county-owned telephone company in the United States." (accessed 10 February 2019)
- Churchill County NV Google Maps (accessed 10 February 2019)
- "Find an Altitude" Google Maps (accessed 10 February 2019)
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 10 February 2019.
- "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
- "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
- "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
- "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved December 20, 2014.
- "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 11 September 2013. Retrieved 31 January 2008.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Geographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 21 January 2016.
- "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 21 January 2016.
- "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 21 January 2016.
- "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 21 January 2016.
- Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 12 April 2018.