Chisel-toothed kangaroo rat Article

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Chisel-toothed kangaroo rat
Dipodomys-microps.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Heteromyidae
Genus: Dipodomys
Species: D. microps
Binomial name
Dipodomys microps
( Merriam, 1904)

The chisel-toothed kangaroo rat (Dipodomys microps) is a species of rodent in the family Heteromyidae. [2]

It is endemic to the United States (found in Nevada, Utah, California, Oregon, and parts of Arizona and Idaho). [3] Their tail is 6.5 inches(136 mm) long, over two inches longer than the rest of their body, which is usually 4.25 inches. [4] There are 13 sub-species. [5] Saltbush leaves are a major dietary component, requiring specialized physiology to eliminate the salt while retaining water. [6] Their usual habitat is desert shrub. [7]

References

  1. ^ Linzey, A.V. & Hammerson, G. (NatureServe) (2008). "Dipodomys microps". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2008. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 13 January 2009.
  2. ^ Patton, J.L. (2005). "Family Heteromyidae". In Wilson, D.E.; Reeder, D.M. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 846–847. ISBN  978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC  62265494.
  3. ^ Reid, Fiona A. (2006). Mammals of North America. ISBN  0-395-93596-2.
  4. ^ Reid, Fiona A. (2006). Mammals of North America. ISBN  0-395-93596-2.
  5. ^ Wilson, Don E. (ed.). The Smithsonian Book of North American Mammals. Smithsonian Institution Press. ISBN  1-56098-845-2.
  6. ^ Mares, Michael A. (1 November 2003). "Desert dreams: seeking the secret mammals of the salt pans - Naturalist at Large" (PDF). Natural History: 29–34.
  7. ^ http://www.fws.gov/fishsprings/pdfs/MammalList.pdf